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Publication numberUS2555031 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 29, 1951
Filing dateJul 10, 1946
Priority dateJul 10, 1946
Publication numberUS 2555031 A, US 2555031A, US-A-2555031, US2555031 A, US2555031A
InventorsFox Mary C, Howes Charles C
Original AssigneeDavison Chemical Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 2555031 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 29, 1951 3, ox AL 2,555,031

CONTAINER Filed July 10, 1946 [WE/W025 MAE/C fax N (#442455 6 {fan E5 Patented May 29; 1951 CONTAINER Mary 0. Fox and Charles C. Howes, Baltimore, Md., assignors to The Davison Chemical Corporation, Baltimore, Md.

Application July 10, 1946, Serial No. 682,527

2 Claims. .(Cl. 206-2) This invention relates to containers and more particularly to containers suitable for storing phosphatic fertilizers for extended periods.

Excessive failure of bags used for shipping superphosphate fertilizers has resulted in abnormal losses and waste of the fertilizer. This failure has been more noticeable when the bags are, 'used ,for shipping granulated phosphates than was the case in shipping the pile cured which the inner ply is asphalt treated kraft paper. This asphalt treated liner has increased the life of the bags but has not beenentirely satisfactory. A very importantobjection to the laminated, asphalt coated bags is their high cost and lack of uniformity.

It is an object of this invention to provide a container for the shipping of superphosphate fertilizers.

Another object of this invention is to provide asatisfactory container which can be made at low cost.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a container which will resist the action of the chemicals in granulated superphosphate fertilizers. 1

A still further object of this invention-is to provide a container which may be used for shipping the superphosphate fertilizers and which does not require that the composition of fertilizers be altered to protect the'containeri I With these and other objects in mind, which will become apparent in the following description, this invention resides in a container, the inner surface of which is coated with an alkalinematerial to neutralize the action of chemicals evolved from the material therein.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a paper bag employing the concept of this invention.

1 Figure 2 is a highly magnified cross sectional view taken on line 22 of Figure 1 depicting the location of the coating on the inner surface of the container.

Figure 3 is an elevational view of a carton employing the concept of this invention.

It is an established fact that the failure of bags in storing and shipping of superphosphate fertilizers is attributed to the causing of bag rot by volatile fluorine compounds.

In order to illustrate the preferred form in which this invention may be used, its application to kraft paper bags similar to those usually used "fertilizer industry has used a laminated bag in as containers for superphosphate fertilizers will be described. The bag I is usually made by joining the edges 2 of a sheet of paper 3 to form a tube-like structure and then folding and securing the paper at one end 4 to seal that end of the tube. This forms an ordinary bag-like structure which is open at one end for receiving the material to be shipped. After the filling of the bag, the top 5 is then closed in a manner similar to that used for the bottom. The edges of the sheet at the side and at both ends may be joined by any suitable means, such as sewing or gluing. This invention may be applied equally well to a bag formed from a single sheet of paper or from several sheets joined to form the container. The bag illustrated in Figures 1 and 2 is formed from two sheets but three, four, or more sheets can be employed depending on the strength desired.

The surface of the sheet of paper which will form the inner wall of the bag is coated with alkaline material 6, illustrated in Figure 2, which serves as a protective coating for the paper. The coating may be applied either before or after the construction of the bag. Ifthe bag is several sheets thick, it is necessary that the inner surface of the inside sheet be coated. A coating made primarily of lime which is secured to the surface of the paper byan adhesive has been found to give excellent protection against the materials causing bag rot. A suitable coating using lime may be prepared by mixing 50 parts of commercial hydrated lime with 100 parts of waterand 1 to 5 parts of starch. This mixture is then boiled for a few minutes and then allowed to cool. The slurry may then be applied to the paper with a brush and dried to give a relatively tough coat of lime completely covering the surface of the paper. The starch used in preparing the mixture merely serves as an adhesive which toughens the coating and also prevents it from flaking away from the pi'per. Since the starch serves only as an adhesive, it is, of course, apparent that other adhesives may be used in its place.

Tests of paper coated with lime as described above have shown excellent resistance to bag rot. Whereas uncoated bags in which granulated super-phosphate fertilizers have been stored for three months lose as much as of their bursting strength, the bags which have the inner sheet coated with lime showed no appreciable loss in strength. From a standpoint of economy, lime provides a most satisfactory alkaline material. The low equivalent weight of lime allows a thin coat to react with large quantities of hydrofluoric acid.

The deterioration of paper bags due to bag rot can also be reduced by coating the inner surface of the bag with alkaline materials other than lime. For example, sodium silicate might be used, in which case it is not necessary to mix the coating material with an adhesive. Another coating material which has been used with beneficial efiects is sodium carbonate. It is important in coating the inner surface of the container to apply suificient alkaline material to maintain that surface in an alkaline condition throughout the period the container is to be used. In the selection of a coating material it is also desirable to select one which is not hygroscopic because of the serious weakening effects of water on the paper. One of the advantages of lime, in comparison with sodium carbonate, for example, is its lower cost and the greater facility with which an adequate coating, may be applied to the paper. Lime can be applied as a slurry but the high solubility of sodium carbonate makes application in a coating sufiiciently thick somewhat difiicult.

Of course, it is not necessary that the container be a flexible bag as described above and as illustrated in Figure 1. A carton or box 1 similar to that illustrated in Figure, .3 might also be employed. If the carton is to be used without a liner, the alkaline coating might be applied directly to the inner surface 8 of the container. If ordinary wall board or cardboard is used in the manufacture of the container, the alkaline coating will protect that material from any compounds evolved by the superphosphate which might cause weakening of the container. If a liner 9 is used with the box, it is not necessary to coat the inner surface of the box. The liner may be strips of paper of the proper width which have been coated on their inner surface and placed in the box to protect it from the superphosphate. The same factors which determine the choice of alkaline material for paper-bags would, of course, apply in the choice of suitable l coating materials for the cartons.

It is apparent that this invention provides an inexpensive means for protecting the containers ordinarily used in the handling of superphosphate fertilizers from'deterioration by the com- 4 the containers during shipping, and consequently, important savings to the manufacturer and the consumer are made possible.

By protecting the bag from the materials causing the bag rot, neutralizing of the superphosphates is made unnecessary. It is thus possible to handle economically a superphosphate fertilizer with a composition gover-nedonly by the requirements of a satisfactory fertilizer. A bag protected in the manner described maintains its strength throughout the storage period ordinarily encountered.

In the description of this invention, details of construction of the container and preparation of the coating material have been disclosed; however, .it is tobe understood that the scope of thisinvention is not limited by those details or conclusions but is limited only by the appended claims.

We claim:

1. A container for the storage and shipping of phosphatic fertilizers characterized by the presence of evolution. of materials destructive. to paper, said container comprising a multi-layered bag of kraft paper or the like, a strongly adherent coating of a homogeneous mixture. of lime and an adhesive on the. inner surface of the innermost layer of the multi-layered bag, said adhesive bonding the coating to the. paper and extending through the lime and forming a strong coating providing'a continuous protective layer adapted to intercept and neutralize materials destructive to the paper prior to. contact withfthe paper.

2. A container for'the storage and shipping of phosphatic fertilizers characterized by the presence or evolution of'materials destructive to paper, said container comprising a multi-layered bag of kraft paper or the like, a strongly adherent coating of a homogeneous mixture of lime and starch on the inner surface of the innermost layer of the multi-layered bag, said starch. bonding the coating to the paper and extending through the lime andforming a. strong coating providing a continuous protective layer adapted to intercept and neutralize materials destructive to the paper prior to contact with the .paper.

MARY '0. Fox. CHARLES c. nowns.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in. the file of this patent: I

UNITED STATES" PATENTS Number Name Date 153,477 Croasdale July 28, 1874 252,072 Buck Jan. 10, 1-882 671,548 Gordon Apr. 9, 1901 1,565,798 Dillehay ..Dec. 15, 1925 1,577,450 Crowell Mar. 23,. 1926

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US153477 *Apr 15, 1874Jul 28, 1874 Improvement in bags for phosphates, guano
US252072 *Jan 10, 1882WALTON WHANN a COelton buck
US671548 *Dec 22, 1900Apr 9, 1901Isaac GordonComposition for fireproofing paper.
US1565798 *Oct 9, 1924Dec 15, 1925 A coupokation
US1577450 *Jun 11, 1923Mar 23, 1926Charles H CrowellCoated fibrous article and coating composition therefor
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4823945 *Jun 17, 1987Apr 25, 1989The Crowell CorporationProtective cushioning
US6079934 *Nov 14, 1997Jun 27, 2000Beale; Aldon E.Lift-liner apparatus
US6142727 *Apr 30, 1999Nov 7, 2000Beale; Aldon E.Methods relating to lift-liners
US6155772 *Oct 21, 1998Dec 5, 2000Beale; Aldon EvansLift-liner apparatus with improved weight-carrying capacity
US8894281Aug 11, 2006Nov 25, 2014Pactec, Inc.Lifting bag
US8894282Aug 28, 2007Nov 25, 2014Pactec, Inc.Lifting bag device
US20070127852 *Aug 11, 2006Jun 7, 2007Troy TownLifting Bag
US20080031550 *Aug 28, 2007Feb 7, 2008Troy TownLifting Bag Device
US20130330023 *Jun 7, 2013Dec 12, 2013John McGeogheanReusable, Multi-Purpose Dumpster Bag
US20140029872 *Jun 20, 2013Jan 30, 2014Danny NessBulk bag apparatus
US20150071569 *Nov 24, 2014Mar 12, 2015Pactec, Inc.Method of lifting a load using a bag coupled to a lifting sling
U.S. Classification206/524.2, 383/116, 383/113, 427/230
International ClassificationB65D75/26, B65D5/56
Cooperative ClassificationB65D5/56, B65D75/26
European ClassificationB65D75/26, B65D5/56