|Publication number||US2555459 A|
|Publication date||Jun 5, 1951|
|Filing date||Nov 21, 1946|
|Priority date||Nov 21, 1946|
|Publication number||US 2555459 A, US 2555459A, US-A-2555459, US2555459 A, US2555459A|
|Inventors||Seufer Ernst J|
|Original Assignee||Elenora W Seufer, Seufer Ernst J|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (8), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 5, 1951 F. E. SEUFER RECIPROCATORY CLOSURE FOR BOTTLES OR TUBES Filed Nov. 21, 1946 Inventor Frederick E. Seufer Patented June 5, 1951 REGIPROCATORY CLOSURE FOR BOTTLES OR TUBES Frederick E. Seufer, Evansville, Ind.; Ernst J. Seufer, administrator of said Frederick E. Seufer, deceased, assignor to Ernst J. Seufer and Elenora W. Seufer, both of Evansville, Ind.
Application November 21, 1946, Serial No. 711,375
This invention relates to improvements in closure devices adapted to selectively open and close the usual aperture in bottles, tubes, and the like.
The prime objects of this invention are to provide a device for selectively opening and closing receptacles which is efficient, simple, and inexpensive and to provide a device of improved construction capable of ease of operation and which is adaptable for use with a multiplicity of types of containers including shaving cream tubes, metallic containers, hair tonic bottles, and th like;
The invention resides in the novel combination and arrangement of parts, and in support thereof the improved operation thereof. Preferred embodiments of the instant invention are disclosed herewith, wherein Figure 1 is a plan view partly broken away in section, showing one embodiment of the instant invention;
Figure 2 is a transverse vertical sectional view of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is an elevational view of Figure 1, showing an end view of the slidable valve forming part of the instant invention;
Figure 4 is a plan view of a gasket designed especially for use in the present invention;
Figure 5 is an end view of the gasket shown in Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a sectional view of a modified form of the invention;
Figure '7 is a plan View, partly in elevation, partly broken away and partly in section, showing the modified form of the invention; and
Figure 8 is an end view of Figure 1, showing the spout in connection therewith.
Referring now to the drawing more in detail for a complete understanding of the preferred embodiments of the invention herein disclosed, wherein like reference characters indicate similar elements throughout the views of the invention, the reference numeral Ill and the reference numeral 12 are used to designate, in a general way, two embodiments of the instant inventive concept.
Taking, now, in detail the embodiment of Figures 1 through 5 and 8, a generally cylindrical housing I 4 with one planar end l6 closed, composed of any suitable material such as decorative commercial plastic, light metal or the like, is provided with friction screw threads IS in the bore thereof adapted to receive receptacles such as bottles, cans, or tubes, and the like. A gasket 20 having an off-centered aperture 22 of predetermined size and configuration therein is se- 2 Claims. (Cl. 222-561) embodiment of the invention.
cured in the innermost portion of the bore of the housing and on the bottom wall ll of said housing. It is here noted that the said gasket is used to form a more effective seal between a container and the said housing l4.
An aperture 2d extends radially of said housing, and in communication therewith is an off-centered, axially extending aperture 26. It is here noted that a convenient spout 28 is provided on said housing M which communicates with the said aperture 24.
A slot 25 is provided as a continuation of the said aperture 23 extending completely through the top portion [6 cf the said housing. In said slot 25 is a channel-shaped valve 36) having one leg 32 located in the said aperture which communicates with shoulder 34 of the spout 28 for selectively closing the same. The other leg 33 of the valve 30 is disposed exteriorly of the slot 25 and the housing [4. Beneath said channelshaped valve 30 and secured thereto is a gasket runner 36 of a suitable material for sealing the aperture 26.
The operation of this embodiment of the invention is now believed obvious. After the device is secured to a bottle or the like, the aperture 26 is in direct communication with the contents of the bottle and can be selectively opened and closed. It is noted that by this construction a convenient spout is provided for pouring.
Taking, now, Figures 4 to '7, a second embodiment of the present invention, like reference characters refer to similar elements. Each element is identical to the first embodiment of the invention except the following. The bore H8 is adapted to frictionally slide on containers and the like. This feature is especially useful in connection with tooth-paste tubes and the like, since the tops are malleable and all that is required for clampin is to slip or force the device thereon. The aperture 24 does not extend back as far in the second embodiment as the first, and the shoulders 34 and associated inner portion of the spout are not present therein.
The operation of this embodiment of the invention is similar to the operation of the first However, this form of the invention functions admirably when used with tooth-paste and shaving cream, it being noted that the leg 32 pushes the paste or cream out of the container.
While there is described and illustrated but preferred embodiments of the instant invention, it is apparent to those skilled in the art that numerous changes could be made herein Without 8 departing from the spirit and scope of this invention as set forth in the accompanying claims. Limitation is therefore desired only in accordance with the scope of the appended claims.
Obviously, the screw securing means displayed in the embodiment of Figures 1 to 3 and 8 may be used in the second embodiment and the friction clamping means shown in Figures 4 to 7, may be used in the first embodiment of the invention.
Havin thus described the present invention, what is claimed is:
1. A device for selectively opening and closing containers comprising a housing having an unobstructed top surface, threads in said housing adapted to fasten said housing to a container adjacent its usual opening, said housin having a radially disposed aperture and a slot forming an aligned continuation of said aperture, a bottom Wall in said housing disposed above said threads and having a second aperture axially oilcentered in said housing and in communication with said radially disposed aperture and adapted to communicate With the interior of the container, means in said slot for selectively opening and closing said second aperture, said last mentioned means comprising a substantially channel-shaped member with one leg adapted to abut the confines of the said radially disposed aperture, thereby defining the limits of travel of said member, the other leg of said member disposed exterior of the housing and forming a finger grip, a first gasket secured to said channel-shaped member between said legs, and a, second gasket with an aperture adapted to mate said second aperture secured in said housing.
2. A device for selectively opening and closing containers com-prising a housing having an unobstructed top fiat surface and an arcuate side, frictional securing means in said housing adapted to fasten said housing to a container adjacent its usual opening, said housing having a radially disposed aperture and a slot extending through the side opposite said aperture and forming an aligned continuation of said aperture, a bottom wall in said housing disposed above said securing means and having a second aperture axially off centered in said housing and in communication with said radially disposed aperture and adapted to communicate with the interior of the container, means in said slot for selectively opening and closing said second aperture, said last mentioned means comprising a fiat member slidably disposed in said slot with a leg secured at one end thereof adapted to abut the confines of said radially disposed aperture, thereby defining the limits of travel of said member, and the other end of said member disposed exteriorly of said housing for operating said flat member.
FREDERICK E. SEUFER.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in th file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,420,861 Porter et al June 2'7, 1922 1,713,043 Fullerton May 14, 1929 2,210,776 Polkingham Aug. 6, 1940
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1420861 *||Jul 8, 1921||Jun 27, 1922||Ries John G||Bottle cap and sifter|
|US1713043 *||Oct 11, 1926||May 14, 1929||Fullerton George W||Container|
|US2210776 *||Jan 12, 1939||Aug 6, 1940||Polkingharn Oril M||Dental powder dispenser|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3021118 *||Mar 25, 1959||Feb 13, 1962||Dedoes Arnold A||Paint mixing receptacles|
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|US5289945 *||Feb 27, 1992||Mar 1, 1994||Stradder Robert H||Sealing and dispensing cap|
|US5702025 *||May 6, 1996||Dec 30, 1997||Di Gregorio; Vito||Leak free lid with closure and spout|
|US6386778||Jan 5, 2001||May 14, 2002||The Gillette Company||Systems and methods for dispensing multi-component products|
|International Classification||B65D47/28, B65D47/04|