|Publication number||US2555505 A|
|Publication date||Jun 5, 1951|
|Filing date||May 18, 1950|
|Priority date||May 18, 1950|
|Publication number||US 2555505 A, US 2555505A, US-A-2555505, US2555505 A, US2555505A|
|Original Assignee||Louis Plumbo|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (8), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
R. PLuMBo ORNAMENTAL STRUCTURE Filed May 1s, 195o FIG.
FIG 5 FIG. 3.
WS, 4 O
.k I I I I nu ou E x INVENTOR ROBERT PLUMBO BY dn/M @L/ MMM ATTORNEYS FIG. 2.
June 5, 1951 Patented June 5, 1951 ORNAMEN TAL STRUCTURE Robert Plumbo, Northfield, N. J., assignor to Louis Plumbo, Atlantic City, N. J.
Application May 18, 1950, Serial No. 162,724
This invention relates to ornamental structures. More particularly, it relates to ornamental structures, such as pictures, murals, or the like, composed of colored bres which may be viewed either by reflected light or by transmitted light to give very unusual, striking, and characteristic appearances.
The formation of ornamental designs and structures is as old as recorded history itself. Many types of mediums are at the disposal of the artist or technician with which he may form a picture, illustration, mural, cartoon, advertisement, or other ornamental design. Nevertheless, attempts are being continuously made to find new ways and modes of expression for the artist and new mediums by which the artist or technician may place his work or endeavors before the public. As a consequence, there exist today a multitude of different types of devices for forming ornamental structures and a larger number of entirely different forms of ornamental structures themselves. Each basically different form of structure offers some advantages over Vthe other and the specific type which is employed by the artist depends upon the particular circumstances or upon the use to which the ornamental structures are to be placed. However, there are certain effects which have been desired from time to time by the art for the purpose of providing novel appearances or the like, but for which there has heretofore been no really satisfactory medium for accomplishing the desired elect. As an example of this, there has been a desire in the art to provide some medium for the formation of ornamental structures having a translucent appearance which could be viewed either by transmitted light or reflected light to give the same general design in either case, but of a somewhat changed appearance. Typical of this type of desired structures are those which appear to be of a solid or very indefinite design when viewed by reflected light, but which possess brilliant colors and line structures when viewed by transmitted light, e. g., ornamental light-diffusing screens.
A principal object of this invention is the provision of a new form of ornamental structure, particularly pictures, murals, or the like. Still further objects include:
1. The provision of ornamental structures which may be viewed by either reflected light or transmitted light;
2. The provision of such structures which possess a different or changed appearance when viewed by reflected light as compared with their appearance when viewed by transmitted light;
3. The provision of a new medium for the formation of ornamental or artistic designs;
4. The provision of light-diffusing screens having ornamental designs of unique and pleasing appearance; v
5. The provision of new forms of translucent pictures.
`Still further objects and the entire scope of applicability of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description given hereinafter; it should be understood, however, that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention, are given by way of il1usv tration only, since various changes and modications within the spirit and scope of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed description.
These objects are accomplished according to the present invention by forming ornamental structures from a translucent base sheet composed of mat of fibres or lamentary material and attaching separate portions of bres of different color to the top surface of the base sheet in such an arrangement as to form a desired ornamental design or picture. This fundamental structure may be modied by the addition of covering mats or sheets of brous material or by the use of protective, rigid, transparent sheets overlaying the fundamental ornamental structure.
The success of the present invention is due to a large extent to the discovery that very striking and unusual appearances can be created by proper combination of a mat of fibres, such as glass libres, and attached portions of differently colored bundles or groups of libres. It has been found that by the proper placement of the separate portions of fibres upon the base sheet or mat, a structure is produced which can be viewed either by transmitted or reflected light, but which is particularly brilliant and unusual when viewed with transmitted light, apparently due to the diffusion qualities and characteristics to the base sheet in combination with the overlaying portions of colored fibre.
A more complete understanding of the new structures of this invention will become apparent by reference to the attached drawing, in which Figure l is a plan view of an ornamental structure in accordance with the present invention;
lFigure 2 is a sectional View of the structure 3 shown in Figure 1, taken along the line 2-2 of Figure 1;
YFigure 3 is a greatly enlarged sectional view of an ornamental structure of basic nature, as prepared in accordance with this invention;
Figure 4 is an enlarged View, similar to Figure 3, showing a modiiied form of a structure of this invention;
Figure 5 is still another enlarged view, similar to Figure 3, of another modiiied form of structure of this invention.
Referring in detail to the drawing, the ornamental structure 2, shown in Figure l, comprises a base sheet Il which consists of a mat of colorless glass fibres which, due to diffusion of light, appears as a whitish sheet or layer. A design, in the case of Figure 1 a scenic picture showing the U. S. Capitol Building, is formed by placing properly shaped and positioned portions of colored glass fibres E on the top surface of the base sheet 4. The structures are then finished olf by covering the base sheet and attached separate portions of fibres with a top sheet or mat of fibres 8 which is preferably of thinner cross section than the base sheet l. A frame l is provided around the edges of the ornamental structure in order to give protection thereto and offer added support to the resulting structure.
Various modifications in the structures of this invention can be employed. Fundamentally, the ornamental structures can be limited to a base sheet Il and attached portions of separate bres 6, as shown in Figure 3. Where greater diffusion of transmitted light and more striking appearance is desired in the ornamental design, this basic form of structure can be modilied by provision of a top sheet 8 over the base sheet -4 and separate portions of bres 6, as shovvn in Figure 4. Further modification of these units is accomplished by inclusion of covering sheets so as to give added strength to the units and greater protection to the ornamental designs. rIhis latter type of embodiment of the invention is illustrated in Figure 5, where the base sheet @separate fibre portions G and top sheet 8 are shown fV enclosed in a pair of rigid, transparent plates or sheets I2.
Various types of fibres can be used in the formation of these new structures. However, because of permanence of color, resistance to ageing, and because of the cohesive nature of the fibres for one another, glass fibres are the preferred materials for forming the ornamental structures of this invention.
The separate portions 6 of the designs canbe attached to the base sheet 4 in various ways. If desired, colorless adhesive may be used for this purpose, but where the preferred materials, glass fibres, are employed for the formation-of the structures, attachment can be accomplished merely by applying and pressing the'separate portions 6 to the base sheet, since there is suffcient cohesive force between the bre mat V4 and the portions of fibre 6 tohold the fibre portion 6 in place, once they are pressed against the base mat li.
The base mat l and cover mat 8 can be formed of any desired color of bre. Preferably, `the mat is of one single color, so that a homogenous diffusion of light is afforded by these elements of the structure, although it is possible to use a varied colored mat for this purpose. In most instances, a mat of colorless bres is preferable, sinceV this provides an excellent diffusion of light and provides a whitish background, giving great- 4 est brilliance and striking appearance to the design.
Cover or protective sheets i4 can be formed of any desired rigid, transparent material, such as synthetic resin, e. g., polymethylmethacrylate or polystyrene, but preferably, these sheets are of glass, and especially plate glass. A single cover sheet can be used, but for greatest protectionv and structural strength, a pair of sheets is employed.
Once the new ornamental structures of this 'case have been formed, they may be provided with frames, stands, or similar elements, in the same fashion as known to the art for modification ofother typesof pictures, or the like.
' The 'new structures are most satisfactorily used by mounting themwith one or more lights behind them, so that they can be illuminated with a higher intensity of light from behind than from in front. Presented in this Way, these new pictures possess an appearance so pleasing and striking that the effect cannot be adequately described in words.
The present invention provides new forms vof ornamental structures which offer a new medium of expression for the artist and for the formation of pictures, illustrations, murals, advertising matter, or the like. These new structures'are distinguished from any comparable structures or devices known heretofore by uniform diffusion of transmitted light, creating ornamentaldesigns of unusual brilliance and contrast in highlights and color. They are further characterized `in change of appearance upon being viewed .by reflected -light onthe one hand, and transmitted light on the other. As a consequence, this invention offers a nevv'form of ornamental structure .which is especially useful as decorations in hotels; tap-rooms, restaurants, or the like, Where pictures or murals of striking appearance are desired, particularly' those of. large size, since the struc,-- tures of the present invention are especially adapted to the formation of units of large area.
I claim: 5
1. An ornamental, translucent structure, which possesses la changed appearance when viewed with reflected light as compared with the ape pe'arance when viewed with transmitted light, which comprises atranslucent base sheet-of 4a mat of glassA fibres land separate portions of glass fibres having a different color than said vbase sheetfattached to the surface of said base''sheet, said separate libre portions. being. arranged. inthe form of an'ornamental design.
2. An ornamental, translucent structure, which possesses a changedappearance when viewed with reflected light as compared with the appearance when viewed with transmitted light, 'which comprises a translucent mat of interlocked `glass fibres of substantially `homogenous cele-r .and separate 'Sportions of glass fibres ofa different color spread upon the surface `of said-mat-inthe form of an ornamental design forming apicture which can be viewed .by both transmitted'and reflected light.
.3. An ornamental, translucent `structurefwhich possesses a changed appearance when viewed/with reflected light as compared with the appearance when viewed with transmittedlight, which 'com-:- prises a Whitish, translucent base sheet of matted, colorless'glass `-libres and separate portionsof colored 4glass libres spread upon the surface yof said base sheet in the form of a design forming a two-dimensional picture.
4. An' ornamental, translucent structure, which possesses a changed appearance when Viewed with reflected light as compared with the appearance when viewed with transmitted light, which comprises a translucent mat of a single color of glass bres, separate portions of different colored glass fibres attached to the top surface of said mat in the form of an ornamental design, and a pair of rigid, transparent sheets en closing said mat and attached glass fibre portions as an interlayer between the transparent sheets, forming a picture which can be Viewed by both transmitted and reiiected light.
5. A structure as claimed in claim 4, wherein said transparent sheets are sheets of glass.
6. A structure as claimed in claim 4, wherein said transparent sheets are sheets of synthetic resin.
7. An ornamental, translucent structure, which possesses a changed appearance when Viewed with reflected light as compared with the ap pearance when viewed with transmitted light, which comprises a whitish, translucent base sheet of matted, colorless glass fibres, separate portions of different colored glass fibres attached to the top surface of said base sheet in the form of an ornamental, colored design, and a top sheet comprising a mat of colorless glass fibres overlaying said separate glass fibre portions of lesser thickness than said base sheet.
8. A structure as claimed in claim '7, wherein there is a pair of rigid, transparent sheets enclosing said structure as an. interlayer between the pair of rigid sheets.
9. A structure as claimed in claim l, wherein said base sheet is composed of colorless glass fibres.
10. A structure as claimed in claim 9, wherein said separate nbre portions are composed of colored glass fibres.
11. A structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein said separate fibre portions are attached by the cohesive forces between the fibres of the base sheet and the fibres of said separate portions.
12. A structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein said separate fibre portions are attached by adm hesive to said base sheet.
13. A structure as claimed in claim l, wherein said design is a picture.
14. A process for the formation of ornamental, colored structures which comprises providing a translucent base sheet of a mat of glass fibres and attaching separate portions of differentcolored glass fibres to the top surface of said base sheet in the form of a desired ornamental design.
15. A process for the formation of ornamental, translucent structures which comprises providing a translucent mat of colorless glass fibres and attaching separate portions of colored glass fibres to the top surface of said translucent mat in an ornamental design arrangement.
16. A process for the formation of a picture, which can be viewed by direct illumination on the back thereof to give a uniform diffusion of the light with brilliance and contrast between separate portions of the picture, which comprises providing a translucent mat of colorless glass fibres, attaching separate portions of colored glass fibres to the top surface of said mat in an ornamental design arrangement and covering the resulting unit with a second translucent mat of glass bres of less thickness than said first mat.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,207,341 Bentley Dec. 12, 1916 1,396,484 Weinrich Nov. 8, 1921 1,992,676 Schwarz Feb. 25, 1935
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2782544 *||Jan 7, 1955||Feb 26, 1957||Tobin Frank J||Fiber glass display article and method of making same|
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|US5741578 *||Apr 17, 1996||Apr 21, 1998||Sax; Sandra D.||Artwork comprising overlying images|
|U.S. Classification||428/29, 156/63, 40/615, 428/14|
|International Classification||B44F1/00, B44F1/06, B44F1/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B44F1/06, B44F1/02|
|European Classification||B44F1/02, B44F1/06|