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Publication numberUS2557174 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 19, 1951
Filing dateJan 26, 1949
Priority dateJan 26, 1949
Publication numberUS 2557174 A, US 2557174A, US-A-2557174, US2557174 A, US2557174A
InventorsEdwin Cowles
Original AssigneeCowles Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for pulping paper stock
US 2557174 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 19, 1951 E. cowLEs APPARATUS FOR PULPING PAPER STOCK 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 26, 1949 INVENTOR ATTORNEY E. COWLES APPARATUS FOR PULPING PAPER STOCK June 19, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 26, 1949 v 844 ATTOR N EY are quite severe.

Patented June 19, 1951 2,557,174 APPARATUS FOR PULPING PAPER s'rocx Edwin Cowles, Cayuga, N. Y., assignor to The Cowles Company, Princeton, N. J., a corporation of New Jersey Application January 26, 1949, Serial No. 72,867

This invention relates to machines for pulping paper stock, and pertains more particularly to that if good vertical circulation of the entire contents of the tank is to be maintained, the diameter of the impeller should be at least one fourth, and preferably one third to one half the diameter of the tank. However, it has been found that in such machines, and more particularly in the larger sizes of said machines in which the tank diameter is frequently as much as 20' and in which the impeller diameter should be from 6' to for good circulation, the mechanical and engineering requirements of a drive adequate to transmit the required power input and to maintain the desired peripheral speed of the impeller In order to insure reliability of operation over extended periods gear reducing units have been employed to transmit power to the impeller shaft and such units have added considerably to the cost of such machines.

Experience with said machines has also demonstrated that for any given peripheral speed, a small diameter impeller produces more efficient defibering action than a larger diameter impeller. For example, a 4' diameter impeller rotating at 300 R. P. M. is more eflicient than an 8' diameter impeller rotating at 150 R. P. M. as shown by the fact that thehorsepower per ton per day consumed by the smaller impeller to produce a given amount of defibering is less than that consumed by the larger impeller to produce anequal amount of defibering. However, the 4' impeller cannot be relied upon to maintain adequate vortical circulation in a 20' tank, and larger impellers have been required in large diameter tanks for this reason.

It-is ,an objectof the present invention to pro-.

vide a machine having a tank of large capacity in which a relatively small impeller may be employed, said impeller and tank being so 'con-- structed and arranged as to make it possible for a small impeller to create and maintain adequate;

circulation of all portions of'the stock in the tank in the manner hereinafter described, but

without the necessity of maintaining vortical 10 Claims. (01.92-26) circulation of all portions thereof. Such impellers, because of their relatively small diameter not only operate at higher efliciency, but also makes possible the use of smaller, lighter, cheaper gear reducing units, and in many cases makes possible the use of a simple V-belt drive at a cost considerably less than the cost of a gear reducing unit.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear hereinafter.

A preferred embodiment. of-- the invention selected for purposes of illustration is shown in the accompanying drawings, in which,

Figure 1 is a top plan view.

Figure 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of Figure 1.

Figures 3 to 9 inclusive are sections on the lines tively of Figure 1.

According to the present invention, a battle wall is placed in the tank, spaced outwardly from the periphery of the impeller and extending across the path of thdstock discharged from a portion of the impeller so as to deflect the stock discharged from that portion and prevent it from moving in a direction counter to that of the stock discharged from opposite portions of the impeller.

Referring to the drawings, the apparatus comprises a tank I within which is mounted a rotatable impeller 2 in the form of a disk, having a shaft 3 extending through a gland packing 4 in the bottom of the tank and driven in any suitable manner. In the preferred embodiment illustrated, the impeller rotates on a vertical axis and is mounted eccentrically in the tank-that is, the axis of rotation of the impeller is offset from the center of the tank so that one portion of the and the axis of rotation is offset from the center a distance greater than the radius of the impeller so that the entire area of the impeller is offset from the center of the tank.

Immediately adjacent and surrounding the rim of the impeller is a perforated ring 5 covering an annular trough 6 through which defibered material may be removed from the tank. Depending on whether the apparatus is being used for a batch or a continuous operation, defibered mate;- rial may be removed from time to time or continuously. In either case, the outward discharge from the rim of the impeller sweeps across the screen perforations at relatively high velocity and tends to keep the screen perforations clear of 3 obstruction while deilbered material is being withdrawn.

The impeller is provided with means such as vanes I extending upwardly item the surface of the disk to discharge stock outwardly around the entire periphery of the impeller, the direction of discharge being the resultant of radial and tangential components of motion imparted to the stock by the impeller and the vanes thereof. In an apparatus such as disclosed, therefore, in which the axis of rotation of the impeller is oifset from the center of the tank. and in the absence of abafllewallashereinaiterdescribedthestock discharged from one side or the impeller would tend to produce circulation of the stock in the tank in one direction, while the stock discharged from the opposite side of the impeller would tend to produce circulation in an opposite direction. As a result, except in the area immediately adjacent the impeller, the circulation would be confused and unstable, and in cases where the consistency of the stock is above 2%, as is frequently required, there would be a tendency to create dead spots where the circulation is sluggish or stagnant. In order to avoid this result and to maintain a constant circulation of all portions of thestockinthetanksothatall portionsof the stock may be repeatedly subjected to the deflbering action of the impeller, I place a bailie wall opposite a portion of the impeller, which said wall is spaced outwardly from the rim of the impeller and extends upwardly across the path of the stock discharged from that portion of the impeller to deflect it upwardly and prevent it from moving in a direction counter to that of the stock discharged from opprsite portions of the impeller.

For convenience in explaining the construction and arrangement of the haille wall, a. line drawn through the center of the tank and the center of the impeller as shownin Figure 1 may be considered as dividing the impeller into two halves which will be referred to as the free and batfled halves of the impeller, the tree half being below the dividing line and the bath half being above the dividing line as seen in Figure 1.

Thus, in the apparatus illustrated. in which the im eller is rotated in counter-clockwise direction as indicated by the arrow, the stock discharged from the major portion of the free half of the impeller. as shown in Figure 1, would tend to move around the tank in a counter-clockwise direction. The stock discharged from the major portion of the hafled half of the impeller would, unless deflected. tend to move around the tank in a clockwise direction. Accordingly, I place the battle wall ll opposite the haiiied half of the imp ller to deflect the stock discharged thereirom inanupwarddirection. AsbestshowninFigures 3 to 'l, the baflie wall is preferably curved both horizontally and vertically, the horizontal curvature being such that the wall is substanof the tank. The opposite end of the baflle wall terminates near the center of the tank and is tapered downwardly to the bottom of the tank as shown in Figures 8 and 9 with sloping surfaces to prevent pieces of stock from lodging thereon.

In the embodiment illustrated, the baille wall is made of concrete and the space between the baille wall and the wall of the tank is filled with concrete to provide an inclined surface l2 which slopes gently downwardly from the lip of the baflle wall to the bottom of the tank thereby eliminating any pocket or dead space behind the baflle wall.

The level of the lip l I is below the normal level of the stock in the tank as indicated by the line l3, and the stock discharged from the free half of the impeller maintains a steady circulatorymovement in a center clockwise movement within the tank which is assisted to some extent'by the reversed flow of the stock discharged from the baflled half of the impeller. As a result, the contents of the tank circulate in a counter-clockwise direction and all portions of the stock in the tank are repeatedly subjected to the defibering action of the impeller.

It will be understood that the invention may be variously modified and embodied within the scope of the subioined claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. Apparatus for defibering paper stock, comprising, in combination, a tank, an impeller mounted for rotation within said tank, means on said impeller to discharge stock outwardly from the periphery of said impeller, and a baflle wall within said tank, said baflle wall extending upwardly from the bottom of the tank, and being spaced outwardly from the periphery of said impeller and extending across the path of the stock discharged from a portion only of said impeller and deflecting the stock discharged thereagainst in an upward direction, one end of said baflle wall tiallyconeeniricwiththeimpeller. Thevertical,

curvahire,asshownbyfigures3to'l,issuch that the wall extends outwardly at the bottom, then upwardly and then inwardly to form a concave suriacewithanoverlnngingliplLthevei-tical curvaturenotonlytendingtodeflectthestock upwardlybutwotendingtoreversethe direc-' tionofflowofthestockwhichisdischarged a ainstthebakwalsothatasitleaves the ballewallitismovhiggenerallyincounterclockwisedirection.

Inthepreferredanbodimenhoneendcithe bailewalljoimthetankwallandisiairedodas shnwninFigureslandStomergewiththewaH- being joined to the wall of the tank, and the other end of said bafile wall being spaced from the wall of the tank.

2. Apparatus for defibering paper stock, comprising, in combination, a tank, an impeller mounted for rotation within said tank, means on said impeller to discharge stock outwardly from the periphery of said impeller, and a baille wall within said tank, said baflle wall extending up wardly from the bottom or the tank, and being spaced outwardly from the periphery of said impeller and curved substantially concentrically with the periphery of said impeller and surrounding a portion only of the periphery thereof, said wall extending across the path of the discharged stock and deflecting the same in an upward direction, one end of said bailie wall being joined to the wall of the tank, and the other end of said baflle wall being spaced from the wall of the tank.

3. Apparatus for defibering paper stock, comprising, in combination, a tank, an impeller mounted for rotation within said tank, means on said impeller to discharge stock outwardly from the periphery of said impeller, and a baflle well within said tank, said bafile wall extending upwardly from the bottom of the tank, and being spaced outwardly from the periphery of said imsaid wall, one end of said baflle wall being joined to the wall of the tank, and the other end of said bafiie wall being spaced from the wall of the tank.

4. Apparatus for defibering paper stock, comprising in combination, a tank, an impeller mounted for rotation within said tank, means on said impeller to discharge stock outwardly from the periphery of said impeller, and a bafile wall within said tank, said baflle wall extending upwardly from the bottom of the tank, and being spaced outwardly from the periphery of said impeller and curved substantially concentrically with the periphery of said impeller and surrounding a portion only of the periphery thereof,

said wall extending upwardly across the path or the discharged stock and being curved outwardly, upwardly and inwardly to form a concave surface with an overhanging lip to deflect and reverse the direction of flow of stock discharged against said wall, one end of said baflle wall bein joined to the wall of the tank, and the other end of said baffle wall being spaced from the wall of the tank.

5. Apparatu for defibering paper stock, com- .prising, in combination, a tank, an impeller mounted for rotation within said tank on an axis offset from the center of said tank, means on said impeller to discharge stock outwardly from said impeller, and a bafile wall within said tank spaced outwardly from the periphery of said impeller and curved substantially concentrically with the periphery of said impeller and surrounding a portion only of the periphery thereof, said wall extending upwardly across the path of the discharged stock and deflecting the same, one end of said battle wall being joined to the wall of the tank, and the other end of the baiile wall terminating near the center of the tank.

6. Apparatus for defibering paper stock, comprising, in combination, a tank, an impeller mounted for rotation within said tank on an axis offset from the center of said tank, means on said impeller to discharge stock outwardly from said impeller, and a baflle wall within said tank spaced outwardly from the periphery of said impeller and curved substantially concentrically with the periphery of said impeller and surrounding a portion only of the periphery thereof, said wall extending upwardly across the path of the discharged stock and deflecting the same, one end of said baiiie wall being joined to the wall of the tank, and the other end of the baflle wall terminating near the center of the tank, the space between the bafile wall and the wall of the tank being filled to provide a sloping surface extending from the top of the wall to the bottom of the tank.

7. Apparatus for defibering paper stock, comprising, in combination, a tank, an impeller within said tank, said impeller having a diameter less than one fourth the diameter of the tank and being mounted for rotation on an axis offset from the center of the tank a distance greater than the radius'o'f the impeller, means on said impeller to discharge stock outwardly from said impeller, and a bafiie wall within said tank spaced outwardly from the periphery of said impeller and extending upwardly across the path of the stock discharged from a portion of said impeller and deflecting the stock discharged thereagainst.

8. Apparatus for defibering paper stock, comprising, in combination, a tank, an impeller mounted for rotation within said tank, means on said impeller to discharge stock outwardly from the periphery of said impeller, a baiile surrounding a portion only of the periphery of said impeller to intercept and deflect a portion of the peripheral discharge from said impeller and to redirect the intercepted discharge in the direction of a portion of the peripheral discharge which is not intercepted.

9. Apparatus as claimed in claim 8 in which the axis of rotation of said impeller is offset from the center of the tank. v

10. Apparatus as claimed in claim 8 in which the impeller and baflle are located to direct both the deflected and undeflected portions of the discharge in a combined current moving along the wall of the tank.

EDWIN COWLES.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the flle of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 144,557 Moore et al. Nov. 11, 1873 2,351,492 Cowles June 13, 1944 2,434,449 Wells Jan. 13, 1948

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US144557 *Oct 2, 1873Nov 11, 1873Themselves And Homee EogeesImprovement in paper-pulp engines
US2351492 *Jan 15, 1940Jun 13, 1944Cowles CompanyMethod and apparatus for treating paper stock
US2434449 *Sep 20, 1943Jan 13, 1948Donald Wells HaroldContinuous pulper and selector
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2641971 *Feb 7, 1949Jun 16, 1953Downingtown Mfg CoPaper stock pulper
US2658426 *Jul 1, 1952Nov 10, 1953Cowles CompanyMachine for pulping paper stock
US2674927 *Jan 27, 1951Apr 13, 1954Valfrid Wicksell StureDisintegrator for fibrous materials
US2707420 *Feb 25, 1953May 3, 1955Leje & Thurne AktiebolagPulp preparing apparatus
US2954174 *Jun 19, 1957Sep 27, 1960Bolton John W & Sons IncBatch pulper
US3021080 *Mar 17, 1959Feb 13, 1962Diamond National CorpPulper
US3043526 *Aug 29, 1958Jul 10, 1962Bolton John W & Sons IncApparatus for pulping paper stock
US4075089 *Jan 10, 1977Feb 21, 1978Outokumpu OyFlotation cell with eccentric rotor and stator
DE102005026108A1 *Jun 7, 2005Dec 14, 2006Voith Patent GmbhStofflöser zur Zerkleinerung und Suspendierung von Papierstoff
EP0530124A1 *Aug 12, 1992Mar 3, 1993Pastor Daniel GarciaImprovements in pulpers for the desintegration of cellulose pulp
Classifications
U.S. Classification241/69, 241/97, 415/225, 241/277, 366/264
International ClassificationD21D1/00, D21D1/32
Cooperative ClassificationD21D1/32
European ClassificationD21D1/32