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Publication numberUS2557514 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 19, 1951
Filing dateOct 16, 1945
Priority dateOct 16, 1945
Publication numberUS 2557514 A, US 2557514A, US-A-2557514, US2557514 A, US2557514A
InventorsRay William A
Original AssigneeGen Controls Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fluid control valve
US 2557514 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jun 19, 1951 w RAY FLUID CONTROL VALVE Filed Oct. 16, 1945 W 0 A M m L P W jhxzw,

attorney.

Patented June 19, 1951 FLUID CONTROL VALVE William A. Bay, North Hollywood, Calii'., assignor to General Controls (30., Glendale, CaliL, a cor poration of California Application October 16, 1945, Serial No. 622,525

.7 Claims. (Cl. 251-20) My present invention relates to fluid control valves and more particularly to those of the type wherein means, such as a solenoid operator, is provided for applying a sudden force to the valve closure to move it out of engagement with its seat against the pressure of the fluid at the inlet of the valve. When the inlet pressure is relatively high, in order to effect opening of the valve without the expenditure of an excessive amount of energy it is customary to pro vide means for effecting a so-called impact action to initiate the opening movement of the closure. In valves of the solenoid-operated type there is for this purpose a lost-motion connection between the plunger and the closure so 'that when the plunger is attracted it can travel a short distance before force is applied to the closure so that the kinetic energy of the plunger is effective to initiate the opening movement Whererpon, since the operating pressure differential is then reduced, the continued pull of the plunger is cap-able of effecting full-opening of the closure.

It is an object of the present invention to still further facilitate opening of a valve of the character described hereinabove, and I accomplish this object by providing means for reversing the general direction of flow of a portion of the fluid after it has passed the partially-open closure so as to raise the fluid pressure at the discharge side of the closure and thereby decrease the pressure differential across it.

A further object of the invention is to provide means for causing the fluid to flow past the partially-open closure substantially centrally of the port therebeyond, and means in the path of the discharged fluid for directing a portion of it back toward the side walls of the port.

For full understanding of the invention, and further appreciation of its objects and advantages, reference is to be had to the following. detailed description and accompany drawing, and to the appended claims.

In the drawing:

Figure l is a sectional view of a valve embodying the invention; and

Figure 2 is an enlarged, fragmentary, sectional view wherein the valve closure is shown in partially-open position for the purpose of indicating the path of the fluid in the valve port.

Referring now more particularly to the drawing, the numeral l I indicates a valve casing having an inlet l2 and an outlet l3 separated by a right-angled partition 14. In the horizontal portion of the partition is a discharge port I5 which 2 is lined by a cylindrical sleeve or port-member IS, the reduced upper end of which constitutes a valve seat I]. Threadedly mounted in the hollow upper portion or neck l8 of the valve casing is an electromagnetic solenoid operator generally indicated at l9, this operator being of conventional construction and comprising a plunger freely reciprocable in a guide sleeve.

2| around which is an energizing coil 22. The plunger 20 is, of course, of magnetic material, and is generally square in cross-section; the section shown in the drawing being taken along a line through opposite sides of the square. Threaded in the hollow lower end of the plunger is a guide bushing 23 for a stem 24 which carries a conical closure 25 biased by a compression spring 26 normally into engagement with the valve seat ll. The stem 24 is freely slidable in the bushing 23 so that when, upon energization of the solenoid, the plunger is attracted the closure 25 remains seated until the head 21 of the stem 24 is engaged by the top surface of bushing 23, whereupon a sudden lifting force or impact is applied to the closure. If the pressure differential between the inlet and outlet of the valve is not excessive in comparison with the power of the solenoid, the closure is dislodged from its seat and, since the pressure differential across the closure is then somewhat reduced, continued upward movement of the plunger normally effects full opening of the valve.

In order to efiect the full opening ofthe valve under higher fluid pressure conditions, means is provided adjacent the outlet end of the port l5 for increasing the fluid pressure in that port above its normal value when the closure is initially opened or cracked." This means comprises a stem 28 adjustably threaded in an opening, coaxial with the port 15, through a thickened cylindrical portion 29 of the bottom wall of the valve casing. Around the outer end portion of this stem is a conventional sealing means comprising packing 30 and a gland 3|; a threaded cap 32, encompassing the bottom of portion 29, serving as an additional sealing means. In the top surface of the reduced upper end portion 33 of the stem 28 is an annular recess or concavity 34 (Fig. 2)

When, as is shown in Fig. 2, the closure 25 is brought to its partially-open position (as under the effect of the plunger impact) the fluid stream tends to follow down the conical surface of the closure so that its path is generally central of the port, as indicated by the flow-lines 35. Upon reaching the concavity 34 a portion of the stream is thereby directed backwardly, as indicated at 15, toward the side walls of the port so that the fluid pressure in the port is substantially increased and continued upward movement of the closure facilitated. By the improvement of the 5 present invention, I have found that the operating pressure of an experimental valve, of the general construction shown in the drawing, was increased approximately 20%. l

The specific embodiment of the invention herein shown and described is obviously susceptible of modification without departing from the spirit of the invention, and I intend therefore to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim as my invention: 1.;

1. In a fluid control valve: a casing having a port through which the fluid is discharged, flowcontrolling means at the inlet end of said port, and a member mounted in said casing having a surface so positioned in the path of the discharged fluid as to direct a portion of the fluid back into said port to raise the pressure of the fluid therein when in the opening movement of said flow-controlling means the same is in partially-open position, the area and position of said surface relative to the port being such as to have minimum eflect on flow through the valve when the flow-controlling means is fully open.

2. In a fluid control valve: a casing having a port through which the fluid is discharged, flowcontrolling means at the inlet end of said port, and a member mounted in said casing substantially axially of said port adjacent the outlet end thereof and having a surface so positioned as to direct aportion of the discharged fluid back into the port so as to raise the pressure of the fluid therein when in the opening movement of saidflow-controlling means the same is in partiallyopen position, the area and position of said surface relative to the port being such as to have minimum effect on flow through the valve when the flow-controlling means is fully open.

3. In a fluid control valve: a casing having an elongated port through which the fluid is discharged, a movable closure cooperable with the inlet end of said port to control the flow therethrough, said closurebeing so formed that when it is in a partially-open position the path of the passing fluid is substantially central of the port, and a member mounted in said casing having a) a surface so positioned in said fluid-path as to direct a portion of the fluid back toward the sidesof the port when in the opening movement of said closure the same is in said partially-open position, the area of said surface and its position in said fluid-path being such as to have minimum effect on flow through the valve when the closure is fully open.

4. In a fluid control valve: a casing having an elongated port through which the fluid is disso charged, a movable closure cooperable with the inlet end of said port to control the flow therethrough, said closure being so formed that when it is in a partially-open position the path of the passing fluid is substantially central of the port, 05 and a member mounted in said casing having an annular concavity concentric of the port, said concavity facing the port and being spaced outwardly from the outlet end thereof for directing a portion of the fluid in said path back toward [0 the sides of the port when in the opening movement of said closure the same is in said partiallyopen position, the area of said concavity and its position in said fluid-path being such as to have 4 minimum effect on flow through the valve when the closure is fully open.

5. In a fluid control valve: a casing having an .elongated port through which the fluid is discharged, a closure cooperable with the inlet end of said port and biased to closed position, said closure being arranged for movement along the axis of the port, means for app ing a sudden opening force to said closure, and means for facilitating full-opening of the closure comprising a member mounted in said casing and having a surface adjacent the outlet end of said port so positioned as to direct a portion of the discharged fluid back into the port to raise the pressure of the fluid therein when in the opening movement of the closure the same is in partiallyopen position, the area and position of said surface relative to the port being such as to have minimum eflect on flow through the valve when the closure is fully open.

6. In a fluid control valve: a casing having an elongated port through which the fluid is discharged, a closure cooperable with the inlet end of said port and biased to closed position, said closure being arranged for movement along the axisof the port, means for applying a sudden opening force to said closure, said closure being so formed that when it is in a partially-open position the path of the passing fluid is substantially central of the port, and means for facilitating full-opening of the closure comprising a member mounted in said casing having a surface so positioned in said fluid-path as to direct a portion of the fluid back toward the sides of the port when in the opening movement of said closure the same is in said partially-open position, the area of said surface and its position in said fluid-path being such as to have minimum effect on flow through the valve when the closure is fully open.

7. In a fluid control valve: a casing having an elongated port through which the fluid is discharged, a closure cooperable with the inlet end of said port and biased to closed position, said closure being arranged for movement along the axis of the port, means for app ying a sudden opening force to said closure, said closure being so formed that when it is in a partially-open position the path of the passing fluid is substantially central of the port, and means for facilitating full-opening of the closure comprising a member mounted insaid casing having an annular concavity concentric of the port, said concavity facing the port and being spaced outwardly from the outlet end thereof for directing a portion of the fluid in said path back toward the sides of the port when in the opening movement of said closure the same is in said partially-open position, the area of said concavity and its position in said fluid-path being such as to have minimum effect on flow through the valve when the closure is fully open.

WILLIAM A. RAY.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the flle of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,542,570 Mueller June 16. 1925 2,111,232 Wetzel Mar. 15, 1938 2,269,865 Shaw Jan. 13, 1942 2,289,494 Hadley July 14, 1942 2,327,449 Parker Aug. 24, 1943

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1542570 *Oct 15, 1923Jun 16, 1925Adolph MuellerSupply valve for drinking fountains
US2111232 *Aug 28, 1937Mar 15, 1938Milwaukee Gas Specialty CoSolenoid
US2269865 *Feb 12, 1940Jan 13, 1942Penn Electric Switch CoSolenoid valve
US2289494 *Apr 16, 1940Jul 14, 1942John O ClarkeVaporizer
US2327449 *Dec 14, 1940Aug 24, 1943Parker Arthur LConduit fitting
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3043336 *Apr 17, 1959Jul 10, 1962Atkomatic Valve Company IncSolenoid valve
US3738387 *Jan 11, 1971Jun 12, 1973Girling LtdControl valves for hydraulic fluids
US3974998 *Jul 9, 1974Aug 17, 1976Crown Cork & Seal Company, Inc.Spray coating apparatus
US4030668 *Jun 17, 1976Jun 21, 1977The Bendix CorporationElectromagnetically operated fuel injection valve
US4057190 *Jun 17, 1976Nov 8, 1977Bendix CorporationFuel break-up disc for injection valve
Classifications
U.S. Classification251/76, 251/129.19, 251/118
International ClassificationF16K25/02, F16K31/06, F16K25/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16K31/0655, F16K25/02
European ClassificationF16K25/02, F16K31/06C6