US 2559710 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 10, 1951 A. A. DANIELSEN 2,559,71
STOVE GRILL Filed April 24, 1946 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Q2 9 l 1 9' in F Y l a v H? I: INVENTOR AUGUST A. DANIELSEN BY M euin ,Cwclq 4 wa-wi ATTORNEYS.
5y 10, 11951 A. A. DANIELSEN 2,559,710
STOVE GRILL Filed A ril 24, 1946 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTQR AUGUST A. DANIELSEN q H vnmq ATTORNE S July 10, 1951 A. A. DANIELSEN STOVE GRILL 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed April 24, 1946 fla.
INVENTOR AUGUST A. DANIELSEN' BY El 294 M N mal?! ATTORNEYS Patented July 10, 1951 STOVE GRILL August A. Danielsen, Rosedale, N. Y., assignor, by
mesne assignments, to General Bronze Corporation, Garden City, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application April 24, 1946, Serial N 0. 664,650
3 Claims. 1
This invention relates to an outdoor stoverill.
An object of the invention resides in the provision of a stove-grill which may be used on lawns, beaches, woodland picnics and the like, and which possesses certain structural and functional advantages which will hereinafter be pointed out.
A further object of the invention resides in so constructing the device that its fire box may be adjusted to and supported in various positions beneath a grid so that different intensities of heat may be applied to different parts of the grid and to the food supported thereby.
It is a further object of the invention to so construct the adjusting means for the fire box that either or both sides of the fire box may be raised or lowered and securely locked in their adjusted positions against accidental displacement.
Another object of the invention is to so construct the device that it will include supporting legs, an adjustable fire box, a grid for the food, a shelf which may also be used as a hot plate and a spit support, all of which are so constructed and arranged that when the stove-grill is not in use various parts may be folded into a compact assembly.
With these and other objects in view, such as will appear as the description of this invention progresses, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts described in the specification, illustrated in the drawings and recited in the appended claims.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the stove-grill, the position of one of the legs as it is moved toward a folded condition being shown in dot and dash lines;
Figure 2 is an end view of the stove-grill;
Figure 3 is a top plan View with parts thereof broken away;
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view, showing particularly the adjusting and supporting means for the fire box;
Figure 5 is a section on line 55 of Figure 1 showing the mounting of the grid; and
Figure 6 is a fragmentary view showing the relation of the grid, fire box and legs when the stove-grill is folded for transportation.
Referring now to the drawings, the stove-grill is provided with a grid that includes a foraminous food supporting portion I, that is carried by a frame 2. This frame is preferably formed of angular metal having horizontal webs as disclosed in Figure 5.
The vertical web of each end member and of each side member of the frame 2 carries a grid support 2' which is adapted to support the foraminous food supporting portion l of the grid. Each of these supports 2' is spaced from the adjacent horizontal web of the frame 2 of the grid to form a space for the reception of the foraminous food support I. This support l terminates short of the adjacent vertical webs of the frame 2 and freely rests on the supports 2 so that when the food support I expands under the influence of heat there will be no force exerted against its edges which will tend to buckle it out of form.
In order to support this grid there is provided a plurality of legs, preferably one at each corner of the grid. Each of these legs, as illustrated in Figures 1 and 2, for instance, includes a stub section 3, which is permanently and rigidly secured to the frame 2 of the grid and is preferably angular in horizontal cross section.
Each leg also includes a movable leg section 4 which is preferably angular in horizontal cross section and is pivoted at 5 to the adjacent stub section 3. Preferably, one pair of the legs may be provided with wheels 6 to facilitate the movement of the grill-stove. In use, however, the other pair of legs will act to anchor the stovegrill against accidental movement.
In order that the stub sections 3 and the movable leg sections 4, when the latter are in their extended positions, may be maintained in a rigidassociation with each other, the stub sections are provided with keys I and the movable leg sections 4 are provided with slots 8 through which the keys may be caused to project. Each key and its cooperating slot are so constructed that,
after the key has passed through the slot, it
may be turned to lock the sections 3 and 4 of the leg together.
A multiple compartment fire box 9 is adjustably supported by the legs so that it may be adjusted horizontally to occupy a position substantially parallel to the plane of the grid and so that either end of the fire box, and consequently one or the other of its compartments, may be adjusted to occupy a position closer to the grid than the other end.
The adjusting means is so constructed that,
regardless of the adjusted positions of the fire box, the fire box will be securely maintained in its adjusted position against accidental displacement. In order to accomplish this adjusting and ing thereby projections it that extend upwardly beyond the lower ends of the notches.
At each end of the fire box 9 is an adjusting and fire box supporting bar i i/which is provided with end portions 25 that extend into and are slidable in slots i i of opposite legs. Each of theserods I4 is maintained permanently in the slots 18 by suitable means such as end pieces 15". Each of these adjusting and supporting bars Hi is provided with arms (6 which terminate in trunnions I1, these trunnions being pivotally engaged with the fire box 9, the pivotalengagement in 'the'form:
of the invention illustrated in the drawings being by means oi-bearing-members l8 that arosecured to the opposite sides of the -fire box adjacent their ends. Each adjusting and-supporting bar [4 is provided with a handle 19, which is constituted by a portion 29 that extends outv-Jardly in angular relation to the arms 15 and by a handgripportion 2! that extends downwardly from the angular portionl-fl preferably insubstantial parallelism with the arms it. With this con-' struction'either end-of the fire box 9 may be moved upwardly or-downwardly irdependently of the other end,- or simultaneously with the other end toacljust the fire box into a horizontal position or into a position where on end of the fire box is lower than the other end. It will be obvious that the adjusting and supporting bar 54 at either end of the frame, when located in the slot it, may bemoved upwardly or downwardly by means of the hand grip 2! of the handle to bring theadglusting andsupporting bar into substantial alignment with any of thenotches l2, or-into the lowermost notch l l. Moreover, when the adjusting and supporting bar is in such substantial alignment the bar may be moved inwardlythrough force applied to the hand grip 2ito engage in the notch It with which it is substantially aligned.-- Theadiusting and supporting bar l4 during such adjustment moves about the trunnions ll as a pivot. When the adjusting and supporting her It rests in the bottoms of aligned notches t3, the is will be inclined inwardly and downwardly from their points of pivot at the trunnions llcrwillin eifcct be beyond what might be termed dead center. That is to say, inwar'dly of a vertical line dropped from the center or" the pivot of the trunnions !1. At the same timethe hand grip portion willlbe caused to extend inwardly and downwardly from the angular portion 25 and will be locatedwithin the confines of the frame, and thus protected from accidental engagement by exterior moving bodies.
This position of the arms it will insure the retention of. the adjusting and supporting bar M in the engaged notches for the weight of the fire box and its contents will tend to more firmly force'the adjusting and supporting bar it into the notches:
Moreover, the projections i?- will create a barrier to the accidental outward movement of the andthrown into the dot and dash line position illustrated in Figure l, where it is to the other 4 side of dead center, as defined and within the slot it).
Thus, assuming the adjusting and supporting bar it to be within the slot it and located at the lower end thereof, as at H of Figure 1, the adjacent end of the fire box may be adjusted upwardly by drawing the hand grip into a convenient outwardly extending position, at which time the adjusting and supporting bar it will ride upwardly 1 on the curved side 22 of the slot it against the force exerted by the weight of the fire box and its contents, if any there be. This side of the box may then be raised by :simply pulling up on the hand "grip 2!, at which time the adjusting and supporting bar it will engage the edge 23 of the slot is and thus maintain the handle in its outwardlyextending position, the upward movement imparted through the hand grip 2i will move the adjusting and supporting bar it upwardly in the slot l8, and at the same time raise the fire box. When the.-adjusting and supporting bar M "is aligned with the coinplemental notches 12 in the adjacent legs of the frame; the adjusting and supporting bar maybe pushed inwardly to engage. in said notches and permitted to rest upon the. bottoms of complemental notches.
inwardly, as illustrated in Figure 4.
Of course'it is to be understood that-either or both. ends of the fire box may. thusbe adjusted,.
and either simultaneously or successively. When it is desired to adjustthe fire box at one end, for. v
instance, when the adjusting. and supporting bar ii is withinthe notches Q2 of the complemental legs, the hand grip 2 iis'pulled outwardly and the bar forced over the projections l3 and moved into the slot. iii, which .willpermit adjustment to an: other pair of notchesifi. or. to the. lowelxnotchcs However, accidentaliorce which would tend. to displace the adjusting and supporting bar 14.
from. the. notches with .which-it. is ..engaged, ;must
beef such magnitude'that the resistanceto moves mentoi th'ebarill created by .the-weightof the.
box not only may the fire be adjusted in relation to the food stufi that is'being cooked, but additionally to .facil 'ate the replenishing 'oi the .fueLwithout' in any way disturbing the food stuff upon the grid.
'Ihepreierred form of. the fire box as has been disclosed in the drawings is divided between its ends by a partition '24,- which resolves the fire box into two compartments 25 and 25 for separate fuel banks. This partition 24, as illustrated "at the left hand of Figure' l, is maintained in position by a struck out portion 21.
The bottom-ofeach fuel compartment is made and is provided-withdraft perforations 28. ment is mounted slidably in clips 38' that-are struck frornthe sidewalls of the fire box. The
ing movement of the bottorntfi by engagement l with an abutment 3!" that isstruck from each end of the fire box as disclosed in Figure 4 of the drawings.
Each end of latch 32", which the fire box 9 carries a pivoted This move-. ment will swing the hand grip 2| downwardly and the fire box may bemoved downwardly.
This perforated bottom 290i each compart-- engages the end of each slidable bottom 29"and prevents its accidental outward movement. It will be realized, however, that when'it is desired to drop the fire or ashes, the
latch 32' of either or both of the compartments may be swung upwardly about its pivot and the bottom or bottoms 29 drawn outwardly to create a dropping space.
The stove-grill is also provided with a roasting or broiling spit which includes a shaft 33, a pronged food support 34, which is slidably, adjustably and removably mounted on said shaft,-a crank handle 35 and supports 36.
Each of these supports 36, as illustrated in Figure 2 of the drawings, is pivotally and slidably mounted on a pivot 31 carried by the frame 2 of the grid, and is notched as at 38 for the reception of the shaft 33 of the spit. The lower end of each support 36 is notched as at 39, in which notch is adapted to engage a stud 49 which is carried by the frame through the medium of a bracket 4 I. This engagement prevents the movement of the support pivotally in one direction in the manner later described and also prevents the tilting upwardly of the upper end of the support. At the lower end of each support 36 is a projection 42, which is substantially longer than the length of the slot 43, in which the pivot 31 operates. The pin 31 and slot 43 permit the support to be moved upwardly while in a vertical position until the lug 46 disengages the notch 39, at which time the pivot 3! will engage the bottom of the slot 43 and at which time the projection 42 will not clear the lug 46. With this arrangement it is possible to swing the support 35 only in one direction, namely, to the left in Figure 2. When swung into alignment with the frame 2, the supports will be in their folded or inoperative positions and will engage with and be maintained in folded position by spring clips 44.
The grid is provided with a shelf 45 which is pivoted to the frame 2 by pivots 46 operating slidably in slots 41, thus permitting the shelf to be swung outwardly to the position shown in Figure l, or inwardly over the grid to act as a hot plate in the position shown in dot and dash lines in Figure 1, the shelf being supported in its extended position by a bracket 48 and being held in its hot plate position by a clip 49 that engages the frame 2 of the grid.
When it is desired to fold the stove-grill for per ends of the slots [2 adjacent the pivot piece 5. When the fire box is in this position the movable leg sections 4 may be swung inwardly about the pivots 5 while the fire box remains permanently attached to the legs because of the fact that the arms [6 on the rods I5 swing about the pivot piece I l in an inward direction, the lengths of the arms being sufiicient to permit such swinging of the legs about the pivot 5 while the rods remain in the slots l0. One pair of movable leg sections, such as the right hand pair of Figure 1, is swung inwardly to and beyond the dot and dash line position illustrated in Figure l, and into position in close proximity to the bottom of the fire box. The other pair of movable leg sections 4 is then swung inwardly to overlap the already folded leg sections until the latch members 56 and 5| respectively on the legs and the fire pot interengage. This interengagement will maintain the pair of legs on which the latch member 59 is mounted in folded condition and the other pair of legs which have been previously folded will be maintained in their folded positions by engagementwith the cross bar 52.
The shelf may be folded over into the dot and dash line position shown in Figure l and maintained in this position by the latch 43 and the spit supports 36 folded into alignment with the ends of the frame 2 in the manner. that has been described.
The spit having been removed from the supports 36 and the food prongs 34 having been removed from the shaft 33, the shaft may be inserted in holes 53 in complemental stub sections 3 of two of the legs. It is, of course, possible to store the food supporting prongs within the fire box or to reinsert the shaft 33 through the prong member after the shaft 33 has been inserted through one of the holes 53 and to support the prong member on the shaft thereafter. It will be noted that when it is desired to use the stovegrill without the spit, the spit supports may be foided intoparallelism with the ends of the frame 2 and so that this may be accomplished at the end of the grid adjacent the shelf 45, a space 54 is provided between the end of the grid and the adjacent edge of the shelf.
When it is desired to move the grill from place to place while the fire box contains burning fuel, and even when food is being cooked upon the grid, this may be safely and easily accomplished by swinging the movable leg sections 4 of the legs opposite to those on which the wheels 6 are mounted upwardly into engagement with the clips 51, the grill being supported at this time by the grasping of the bracket or handle 43. Thus the grill may be moved as desired without disturbing the fire in the fire box or the food upon the grid.
While a particular form, of the invention has been illustrated in the drawings and described in the specification, it is to be understood that details of structure may be varied without departing from the spirit of the invention or exceeding the scope of the claims, and it is therefore not desired that this invention be limited to the specific embodiment that is illustrated and described.
What is claimed is:
1. A stove-grill comprising a grid including a substantially rectangular frame, a pair of legs adjacent each end of said frame and each including a stub section rigid with said frame and extending downwardly therefrom and a movable section pivoted to said stub section and adapted to extend downwardly therefrom in substantial alignment therewith and to be moved on said pivot to extend in angular relation thereto beneath said frame, a fire box mounted for vertical movement between said legs, each of said legs having a vertical series of notches therein, a rod extending between the members of each pair of movable sections and having extensions adapted to selectively engage in said notches, said rod including arms extending upwardly therefrom and trunnions on the ends of said arms pivotally engaged with said fire box.
2. The construction defined in claim 1 wherein each rod is provided with a handle extending angularly in relation thereto and toward the adjacent end of said stove-grill, said handle including a hand grip extending downwardly from said angular portion.
3. The construction defined in claim 1 wherein said extensions when engaged in said notches are