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Publication numberUS2561370 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 24, 1951
Filing dateJul 9, 1948
Priority dateJul 9, 1948
Also published asDE811254C
Publication numberUS 2561370 A, US 2561370A, US-A-2561370, US2561370 A, US2561370A
InventorsHenschke Ulrich K, Mauch Hans A
Original AssigneeHenschke Ulrich K, Mauch Hans A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Artificial leg with controlled knee locking means
US 2561370 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

ly 1951 u. K. HENSCHKE ET AL ARTIFICIAL LEG WITH CONTROLLED KNEE LOCKING MEANS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 9, 1948 INVENTORS. VIE/K X4 l/f/Xffflkf BYH/Z/VE 4. M4 67/ Made,

Arron/vm 7 H/I'EAIT y 1951 u. K. HENSCHKE ET AL 2,561,370

ARTIFICIAL LEG WITH CONTROLLED KNEE LOCKING MEANS Filed July 9, 1948 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I; k 57-4 $2 a 43 wi J 55 I 5 53 54 INVENTORS.

Q GEN 7" Patented July 24, 1951 ARTIFICIAL LEG WITH CONTROLLED KNEE LOCKING MEANS Ulrich K. Henschkc and Hans A. Ma-uch, Dayton, Ohio Application July 9, 1948, Serial No. 37,746

16 Claims.

(Granted under the act of March 3, 1883, as amended April 30, 1928; 370 O. G. 757) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes without payment to us of any royalty thereon. I

This invention relates to artificial legs and more particularly to means of automatically and voluntarily controlling the knee joint of such legs, and to provisions for controlling the yielding rate of knee bends.

Numerous attempts have been made in the last decades to improve thigh prosthetic devices by incorporating in them a braking or a locking device which brakes or looks the bending motion of the knee joint whenever it seems desirable during various situations occurring in walking, for instance, in order to prevent the amputee from stumbling. The chief difiiculty which has to be overcome is not so much the construction of the braking or locking device itself, but the finding and constructing of a satisfactorily working control for the braking or locking device.

Another difiiculty which would be desirable to overcome is to vary the locking effect of the braking or locking device. The most desirable should be a control which permits the amputee to vary the locking effect continuously and progressively over the whole range between the unlocked and the fully locked position. Since the realization of such a control is difiicult, practical solutions renounce the continuous working principle and confine themselves to the two extreme control positions, the unlocked and the fully locked one. The choice between them is made in Walking either automatically or voluntarily, for instance, by toe or heel contact, by some kind of muscle control, etc. These legs protect the amputee against incidental jackkn'ifing or stumbling, but they are of no additional value for other walking situations or necessities. They may even be disadvantageous, for instance, if they prevent desirable jackknifing during walking downstairs or downhill. The present invention aims at the realization of an artificial leg which secures the amputee automatically against stumbling and which enables him in walking downstairs and downhill to use voluntarily a yielding braking action of the knee joint. The invention, furthermore, aims at the realization of such leg without using controlling means outside the braking or locking device proper, such as toe or heel contact or muscle pads, etc.

According to the present invention, those aims are achieved by a thighv prosthesis which contains a braking or looking devicepreferably of the hydraulic type-and a control element. The

control element, according to this invention, is positioned by restoring forces such as gravity, acceleration, springs, or magnetism and by forces produced by the movement of the leg and acts on the knee locking device in such amanner that'the latter is placed in its engaged positionin which it adjustably yields under the weight of the ampute-before the beginning of the stance phase and placed in its disengaged position-in which it yields freely-before the beginning of the swing phase of each stride.

The braking or locking device Willin thehydraulic case by use of a check 'valve.tend to brake or look the bending motion of the knee joint and offer only slight resistance to the straightening motion. By taking advantage of gravity, acceleration, spring, magnetic or similar restoring forces, singularly 'or in combination, the control element normally is held in a position in which it keeps the braking or locking device unlocked even for the bending motion of the knee joint-in the hydraulic case by preventing the check valve from closing. During the straightening motion, and for a short period of time after stopping of the -'straightening motion, the control element will be brought and held, in counteraction to said forces, in a position in which it will permit the engagement of the braking or locking device for the bending motion. In the case of a hydraulic braking or locking device this is efiected particularly by using the reversion of the direction of the fluid current during the straightening motion. The maintaining of th locking position of the control element for a short period of time after stopping of the straightening motion, which is a very important feature of the present invention, is achieved preferably by using the inertia of the control element and/or the fluid current.

Since all the stumbling situations, which the wearer of an artificial leg may experience, are chiefiychara-cterized by a sudden reversion of the straightening motion into the bending motion of the knee joint, and since the present invention provides for the maintaining of the locking position of the control element for a short period of time after stopping of the straightening motion, jackknifing of the knee joint in stumbling situations will be prevented. On th other hand, the natural j-ackknifing, which in normal walking marks the end of the stance phase and the be= ginning of the swing phase, will b permitted because it occurs late enough after the stopping of the straightening motion to allow that short period of time to elapse.

due to the elapsing of that short period of time.

The present invention, therefore, provides that the locking position of the control element is maintained beyond the elapsing of that short period of time as long as the bending tendency of the knee joint exists provided this bending tendency has begun befor the elapsing of that short period of time. In the case of a hydraulic braking or locking device with a check valve, this is achieved by utilizing the fact that the check valve indicates a bending tendency of the knee joint by moving into its closed position and re- 'maining there as long as the bending tendency lasts. Thus it is only necessary t arrange the control element in such a way that the check valve in its closed position prevents the control element from returning to its unlocking position. Besides the fact that this feature of the present invention makes the stumbling safety complete, it has an additional advantageous consequence. At the ends of the forward swing phase of the artificial leg, before the amputee puts the heel on the floor, the shank part of the leg tends to drop downward due to its own weight. Since this occurs within that short period of time, the braking or locking device will become engaged and prevent the shank from dropping. Since the bending tendency of the knee joint lasts, due to the weight of the shank, as long as th amputee keeps the heel from striking the floor, the knee joint will remain locked also after the elapsing of said short period of time. This means that the amputee has the possibility of choosing the stepping spot carefully without hurry and, moreover, that the leg will not buckle even if he forgets to press his stump backward while putting the heel on the floor. A further advantage of this feature of the invention will become clear as the description proceeds to walking downstairs and downhill.

Before that, one more feature of the invention has to be pointed out. If the holding of the control element in its normal unlocking position is effected or influenced by gravity or acceleration forces, the direction of those forces may change in the course of the walking phases. Apparently the essential moment in which the control element has to be in its normal unlocking position is the end of the stance phase the beginning of the swing phase. During the swing phase it has to be in its unlocking position too but that can be effected, according to the present invention, despite the eventually changing direction of the gravity and acceleration forces by maintaining the initial position of the control element at the beginning of the swingphase through the whole swing phase. In the case of the hydraulic not lock fully but yields under the weight of the wearers body at a rate which is convenient for walking downstairs and downhill. In the case of a hydraulic braking or locking device this can be easily effected by the arrangement of a constricted passage parallel to the check valve. The constriction may be adjustable to meet various demands of diiferent amputees. If the amputee, in walking downstairs or downhill after the end of the swing phase, puts the heel on the floor without pressing his stump backward, the artificial leg will yield slowly in a natural manner under the weight of the wearers body. Also for stumbling prevention, it is better to have the leg yielding instead of fully locking because the former offers a better shock absorption and gives the amputee still enough time to recover his balance.

For walking upstairs or uphill and for other activities in which a stiff leg may be of advantage, the braking or locking device according to the present invention may be locked completely at any knee angle by manually operating a voluntary override. In the case of the hydraulic braking or locking device, this voluntary override closes a valve which is located in series with the check valve.

It is a primary object of this invention to provide a thigh prosthesis which enables an amputee to walk safely on level or slanting ground, and to walk downstairs and downhill in a normal manner.

A further object of this invention is to provide a thigh prosthesis which contains a braking or locking device and a control element, the former tending to brake or look the bending motion of the knee joint and offering only slight resistance to the straightening motion, the latter normally held by restoring forces, natural and produced, in a position in which it keeps the braking or locking device unlocked even for the bending motion of the knee joint; the latter, furthermore, brought and held in counter-action to said forces during the straightening motion and for a short period of time after stopping of the straightening motion in a position in which it will permit the engaging of the braking or looking device for the bending motion.

It is still a further object of this invention to provide a thigh prosthesis in which the locking position of the control element is maintained be yond the elapsing of said short period of time after stopping of the straightening motion as long as the bending tendency of the knee joint exists, provided this bending tendency has begun before the elapsing of said short period of time.

It is still another object of this invention to provide a thigh prosthesis in which the unlocking position of the control element at the beginning braking or locking device with a check valve,

of the swing phase is maintained through the whole swing phase despite the eventual change in restoring forces acting on that control element.

A further object of the invention is to provide a thigh prosthesis in which the braking or looking device in its engaged position is not locked fully but yields under the weight of the wearers body at a rate which is convenient for walking downstairs and downhill and which may be adjustable.

It is still another object of this invention to provide a thigh prosthesis in which a hydraulic braking or locking device contains a check valve which opens during the straightening motion of the knee joint and tends to close during its bendanon-sac ing motion, both under the influence of the fluid current; the check valve being lay-passed by an adjustable constriction and influenced by a control element which in its normal position, maintained by restoring forces, natural and produced, prevents the check valve from closing and which in its displaced position, caused during the straightening motion of the knee joint by the reversed fluid current and maintained for a short period of time after stopping of the straightening motion by the inertia of the fluid current and/or of the control element itself, permits the check valve to close.

One more object of this invention is to provide 'a thigh prosthesis in which a hydraulic braking or locking device contains a check valve and a control element, the latter having a normal and a displaced position and bein in mechanical interaction wi .21 the check valve in such a way that the check valve can only close if the control element is in its displaced position, that furthermore, the control element can only return to its normal position if the check valve is open and that finally the control element will be jammed in its normal position by the check valve as long as the latter tends to close under the influence of the fluid current.

These and other objects and advantages will become more apparent as the description proceeds when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. l is a fragmentary elevational view of the artificial leg of this invention with parts shown in section;

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary elevational view of some of the elements shown in Fig. 1 to illustrate the relation of these parts;

Fig. 3 is a greatly enlarged fragmentary sectional view of the piston and cylinder of the hydraulic cylinder knee brake; and

Figs. 4, 5 and '6 show a modification of the control mechanism in different positions in space.

Referring now more particularly to Figs. 1 and 2, there is shown the lower end of a thigh part which has a socket for receivin the stump of an amputee on the upper end (not shown) and the upper end of a shank I l which are Journaled to provide a knee joint by the pin l2 which may be hollow to reduce weight. Viithin shank H is preferably a Ll-shaped bracket H3 which is fastened to the back wall of the shank H by bolts M or other securing means. The U- shaped bracket it supports a cross pin 'on which is journaled the lower end of a hydraulic cylinder generally referred to by the reference character l 6 and later to be more fully described. Two straps ll are secured on opposite ends to the pins i2 and E5 on opposite sides of the hy 'draulic cylinder it to provide substantial sta bility to the U-shaped bracket it during the periods of applied force by the hydraulic cylinder later to be described. In this manner of construction, the knee is permitted to bend from a straight le position to a fully bent knee, or sitting position of the prosthesis.

Within the knee portion of the thigh part I!) is a cross pin 2 1i fixed with respect to the thigh part in a position above and behind. as well as parallel with the journal pin l2. Journaled on the cross pin 28 is a tubular piston shaft 21 slidable through the upper hydraulic fluid chamber 22 and sealed against fluid leakage by sealing rings 23 and 24 The lower sealing ring at is retained within an annular piston 25 that is bi- 6 l ased downwardly by a spring 26 against a snap rin 21 resting in a groove in the cylinder wall. The fluid, as oil, may be retained in the lower portion of the cylinder under pressure by an amount equal to the force exercised by the spring biasing means 26 in order that the piston, later to be more fully described, is operative in fluid held under pressure as more fully described in our co-pendi-ng application Serial No. 37,745 filed July '9, 194.8, now Patent Number 2,480,856. Within the tubular piston shaft 28 is a rod 28 having 'a groove 29 cut partially around the surface near the upper end thereof. A set screw '30 threaded through the tubular piston shaft 21 has the end thereof within the groove 29 but out of contact with the rod 28 to permit the rod to rotate freely for several degrees and to be moved longitudinally a substantial amount without interference from the set screw 31]. A jam nut 31 is threaded on the set screw '30 for the purpose of locking the set screw in a suitable position in the well known manner. A second or cammed set screw 32 having a conical portion 33 terminating in a cylindrical pilot portion 34 .is threaded in the tubular piston shaft 2| above the set screw 39 such that the conical portion 33 is reciprocable across the top end of the rod 28 which rod is rounded on the top end to establish a substantially point contact with the conical surface 33. By threading the set screw 32 inwardly in the tubular shaft 2|, the conical portion 33 of the set screw '32 will force the rod 28 downwardly, and by threading the set screw 32 outwardly, the conical portion 33 is retracted to allow the rod 28 to rise for the purpose later to be described. The cammed, set screw also has a jam nut thereon for looking the set screw in adjusted positions. The set screws 30 and 32 are arranged at the top of the tubular piston shaft 21 near the journal pin 20 to make them easily accessible for quick and easy adjustment. A bilateral extension 36 attached to the rod 22d extends through openings in the tubular piston shaft 2| for manual operation preferably by strings or cables attached to opposite ends of the bilateral extension to rotate the rod 28. By pushing the right side of the bilateral extension or by pulling the left side of the bilateral extension by means of the string or cable, rod 28 will be rotated counterclockwise, locking downwardly, and vice versa.

As more clearly shown in Fig. 3, the tubular piston shaft 2] extends downwardly into the hydraulic cylinder and terminates in a piston 40 slidable on the cylinder wall. An annular groove 41 is cut in the piston which retains a sealing ring 42 to cut off the passage of hydraulic fluid in either direction between the piston and cyl- 'inder wall. The piston ll? has a central bore 43 that may be a continuation of the hollowed .portion of the shaft 2| where the parts 2| and 40 are made integral. However, the piston. 4B and stem 2| maybe formed of two pieces and threadedly or otherwise connected in any well known manner. A groove 44 is out within the bore 43 and a drilled opening 45 connects this groove to -the underside of the piston til. Laterally drilled openings 46 connect the area above the piston 40 with the bore 43.

Within the bore 43 is a cylindrical piston member 41' which is 'shOWn integral with the rod '28 but may be made separable if so desired. The piston 4"! has one or more sealing rings 48 placed in the groove near the upper portion thereof to seal against leakage of hydraulic fluid upwardly assume and outwardly around the rod 28. The piston 41 has a blind bore 49 directed centrally and upwardly from the bottom with ports 50 near the upper end of this bore adapted to be placed in or out of registry with the drilled openings 46 by manipulating the handle extension 36 (Fig. 1) to rotate the rod 28 and consequently the piston 41. Also through the wall of the piston 41 is a graduated port that may take a triangular or tear-drop form that is in the region adjacent the groove 44 of the piston such that the communication through the port 5|, groove 44, drilled openings 45 may be graduated from a fully closed to a fully open position by the longitudinal movement of the piston 41 in accordance with the adjustment made by the set screw 32 (Fig. 1). The bottom end of piston 4'! is flanged as shown at 52. The flanged portion is tapped to receive three or more cap screws 53 which loosely support a check valve head 54 on the heads thereof. When the check valve head 54 is resting on the heads of the cap screws 53, the check valve is open and there is free communication between the two sides of the piston 4|! through the blind bore 49 and drilled openings 46, 50 in the position of the parts shown in Fig. 3. When the check valve 54 is closed, it is in its upward position against the flanged end of the piston 41 and any flow across the piston 40 must then be through the restricted passage 45, 44, 46, 50, 5|.

The top side of the check valve head 54 has a raised portion 55 of a considerably reduced diameter compared to the diameter of the blind bore 49. The top surface of the raised portion 55 is spherically concave as shown at 56 having the center of curvature at the point near the upper end of the blind bore 49 which is herein designated as the point 51. Suspended at the point 51, by a universal knuckle joint of any well known type that does not permit relative rotational movement and is low in friction, is a pendulous member 58 the lower end of which just clears the convex surface 56 when the check valve 54 is open. Whenever the pendulous element 58 is pivoted such that the lower end ena gages the wall of the blind bore 49, which amounts to a position on the surface of a cone whose base is the diameter of the blind bore and the angle of the apex is at least 30 degrees, the check valve 54 will be permitted to close since the annular space between the blind bore 49 and the raised portion 55 is suflicient to hold the lower end of the pendulous element 58. The pendulous element 58 is counter weighted on the front side at 59 in a relation to the length of the pendulous element such that the lower end thereof is just over the center point of the raised portion 55 of the check valve head 54 when the shank is in the slightly forward inclined position as it occurs at the beginning of the swing phase.

- The two ball valves 60 and 6! are merely relief valves to relieve unusual and excessive pressure which might occur on the piston and cylinder elements to avoid any damage to the leg parts.

Each ball valve 60, 6| controls a passage 62,

leg'incorporating the elements and features just described is positioned on an amputee for walking. Upon the amputee carrying his good leg forward shortly before beginning a step with the artificial leg, the check Valve head 54 is down and the lower end of the pendulous element 58 is well over the raised portion 55 since the shank at the beginning of the swing is at a considerable angle posterior to the body and free flow of fluid is permitted upward across the piston 46 to allow the knee to bend freely in which event the foot is well above the floor in the forward carrying movement of the stump. The flowing fluid presses the check valve head 54 against the lower end of the pendulous element 58 Jamming it so that it can not change its position regardless of what the further direction of the gravity and acceleration forces may be. As the stump is decelerated in its forward movement preparatory to taking the step, the shank is swung forward pivoting at the knee joint. This releases the fluid pressure on the check valve head 54 and the hydraulic fluid now flows through the passage 46, 56 downward. The cylindrical inside shape of the bore 45 causes the fluid to rotate about the cylinder axis forming an eddy. By this eddy rotary forces are exerted on the pendulous element 58 which therefore rotates likewise. The centrifugal forces press the pendulous element against the wall of the bore 49. This rotation continues for a short period of time due to inertia, even if the forward movement of the shank is interrupted for instance by stumbling. The check valve head 54 will therefore close, as soon as the current of the fluid begins to reverse. The leg can not jackknife and the amputee is able to recover his balance.

To achieve the optimum function of the leg, it may be expedient according to the invention to modify the movements of the pendulous element 58 by spring or other forces in order to obtain changes in its characteristics, for instance, arranged in a manner shown by spring 59a in Fig. 3. When, in continuation of the description of the normal step, the foot is set on the floor preparatory to transferring body weight to it, the knee may be biased in a bending direction, but the downward movement of the piston 40 causing a direction of fluid flow upward across the piston 45 immediately closes the check valve head 54 and locks the knee against sudden jackkniflng. The same thing happens in walking downstairs or downhill. In the event the handle extension 36 is positioned as shown in Fig. 1, the knee will bend gradually in accordance with the leak of hydraulic fluid across the piston through its restricted passage 45, 44, 46, 50 and 5|. The rate of knee yielding, as has been mentioned before, can be adjusted by the set screw 32 that adjusts the longitudinal position of the rod 28 and piston 4'! which determines the flow area of the graduated port 5! over the groove 44. If at any time the wearer wishes the knee to be positive and unyielding, it is merely necessary to rotate the rod 28 by the hand lever 36 until the ports 56 are out of .registry with the drilled openings 45.

Ordinarily, for walking upstairs step over step the amputee will want the knee brake to be unyielding; but, for walking on level ground or downhill and downstairs, the amputee will want the knee brake to yield. The set screw 30 serves as a stop which limits the rotation of the rod 28 by the hand lever 36 opening the ports 46,

50 thus determining the fluid resistance through al e h a M mbg twit er n passage 46, 50 andthereby the slight braking effect on the shank I movement during the phase.

head54 andweightis placed on the leg, as above isincapable of opening the check valvere'ga d less of the gravity forces acting to bring itfove'if the raised portion 55. 'After'the' l l'has' g ne through the stepping phase ancl'th'e body w ht is lifted from it' which lets the check val open, the knee brake is released'for the f swing of the leg as before. In the "ey t, amputee stumbles during walkin situ other than the swing phase and the arti leg is jerked quickly to rest the foot onthe r; the jerk accelerates the shank causing the end of'the, pendulous element to be held against the Wall of the bore ii? to allow the hydraulic system to brake the knee movement in order that, the fall may be averted. Since the pendulous element is universally suspended from the point 51, a fall in any direction will operate to permit the check valve 5:; to close wherein the knee brake is effective. The operation of the by-pass during conditions for falling or stumbling will not jeopardize the amputees chances of recover i-ng since the knee brake yields slowly enough toallow the amputee to regainhis attitude. During the periods of standing, the amputee can place a part or all of his weight on the artificial limb, with the by-pass passage 46, 5 out oif'and remain standing at any angle of the knee joint as long as he wishes without the leg 'jacl knifing.

The technical realization of thecon'trolmechanism can be achieved, according to the preseht invention, in various ways. One modification is shown in Figs. 4 to 6 in difierentpe'sitioiis in space wherein like elements of like reference characters and corresponding elements 'of'the reference characters are primed. All three figures show the cylindrical piston member 41. In Fig. 4 this member is in aspatial' position as it would be when the artificial leg has just completed the swing phase and the amputee "is going to put the heel on the floor. Fig. shows the cylindrical member All in a spatial position in which it would be at the beginning of the swing phase when the amputee is going to bend the leg. Both Fig. 4 and 5 areseen from to the inner wall of the blind bore 49. and at'i-ts' right side only about to the center of that bore. It extends laterally, as shown in Fig. 6, to both sides only so far that its width is about onethird of the inside diameter of that bore; "The top surface ofthe raised portion55 is spherical- -ly concave as shown at 56' havingthe center of curvature at a point near the'hal'fheight of the blind bore 39' which is herein" designated as the point ill. Supported at'tl'ie pointiii i, by a low friction joint of any well known type, is a disk-shaped member 56. This member'h as a lower extension '6? which serves as a locking means .for the raised portion =55' of ,theIch" lk When the knee is locked by the check valve 10. t, .0? on enoiher mater l. ac xbv grermansni.magn 'h a td r' x i fi he: pper w l offthe 'blindfbore49f us e adjustable mas distime fromthe' insert fifi inforder' to var the l h i n ifiilef s de 1 n 2 331 n ons 'lfl as more? clearly to be seen d. ine h s f iio e ten ions p ates for thedownward 'fl'owing jifliildjwfii fp lm si n sr i wisa ior new'i d la hap m m er. The un a sw ici i r -mu ed y. t w r s ers heinsert ttand'the lateral extensions h disk-snap dfr'nember (iii; are compen- Si" d, for by'clril-ling holes at suitable" spots through "the disk" member ts like: the --ho1e 11 which-is shown in Figs. 4 and 5.- Thus thefonly forcewhich tendstdkeep "the disk member 6% in the position asshown in Fig; 5, is the magnetic attractive "foree between permanent magnet-9 andinsert; tit; Thejforce which tends to bring andholddi'sk inember-fit in the position as shown ini Fig. lis thefirnpact of fthe downwardflowing hydraulic fluid during j leg extensions acting" on the lateral extensionslil. After stopping of this downward fiowing-fluid current, disk-*-membe'r fiii'will' return-from its position as shown in Fig. 4' to the position as shown in Fig. Sunder the influence of'the'magnetic forces only withsom'e time delay due to its own i nertia. The interaction between the. lower extension 61 and the raised. portion of the check valve head 54' occurs just'in the same way during the various phases of walking asexplain'ed for the corresponding parts Of-Fig. 3. It"rnay be noted' that in the" control arrangement as shown in Figss 4 and'5. no gravity. or'acceleration forces are used. The permanent magnet may be'replaced by a p g Ii1F.igS.. 1, 2- and 3, the pendulous control element. 58 is positioned by the normal force's'of the spring" (if used), gravity, and acceleration or. deceleration forces'acting on it; while in Figs. 4,5 'and.6., the. control element 61' is positioned. by magnetic forces. These forces act on the controlling element as restoring forces which tend to maintain the controlling element in a predetermined related. position with respect-"to the check valve 54, or 54, in opposition to other acting, forces caused by the hydraulic'fluidcurrent or mechanical engagement of associated par s- ,Itmay also be noted that by different shaping of the surfaces 55 and. at numerous different functioning patterns and throttling eifects'can easily befachi'eved'."

' While'many changes and modifications may be made" without departing from the spirit and scope of'th'isinvention we desire to be limited b th a th pended cla s 1. :Anautomatically and voluntarily controlled thigh' prosthesis having "an upper legpart' and mower-lessen connected by'an artificial lfil'iBe joint, a compressible and expansible hi draulicchamber mechanically connected between saidupp'er 'andlower legparts to be compressed by krieie bending motions and expanded by knee eXtend-inginotions occurring during the walking movements oflthe pr0sthesis;saicl hydraulic chamber adapted'to contain'a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive hydraulicfluid from fi t hydrau cham r d splac d -bv-knee mcii s en m fle a sa e mean a tiveforcek Thismember 6'6 addi in communication with said chambers such that fluid is forced through said passage means upon rotation of said knee joint in knee bending and extension movements respectively, said fluid flow passage means including means for varying the cross-sectional area of the fluid flow passage means, said means for varying said cross-sectional area being movable between at least two predetermined positions, one position permitting a substantially free flow of fluid from said expansible chamber and free articulation of the leg members about the knee joint during knee bending and extension movements and a second position causing resistance to free flow of fluid from said expansible chambers and thereby resisting articulation of said leg members during knee bending movements about the knee joint due to loads applied by the weight of the amputee, and control means for said last named means responsive to a condition of leg operation for changing the efiective area of the flow resistance passage means from said one position to the said second position, said condition of leg operation being bending articulation of said knee joint within a predetermined short time period immediately following knee extending movement.

2. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, a compressible and expansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic 1 chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, fluid passage .means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said displaced fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber, a valve contained in said fluid f throttling means, said valve being shiftable between a first position in which it leaves a comparatively large opening for said fluid displacement and a second position in which it leaves only a predetermined small opening for said fluid displacement, retarding in the latter position suificiently said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to permit only slow compression of said first hydraulic chamber and slow bending motion of said knee joint under the' joint, a compressible and expansible first hydrau lic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid'H a second hydraulic chamber to receive said hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said displaced fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid pas-- sage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber, a valve contained. in said fluid throttling means, said valve beingv shiftable between a first position permitting a substantially free fluid displacement and a second. position causing resistance to said fluid displace-- ment out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist compression of said first hydraulic chamber andv resist bending motion of said knee joint under the weight of the amputee, a control element carried by said prosthesis consisting of a mov ably supported mechanical part capable of moving through at least two positional ranges and located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said valve, said control element in its first positional range producing by said positioning interaction on said first position of said valve, said control element in its second positional range producing by said positioning interaction said second position of said valve, motion transmitting means located between said control element and said leg parts for positioning said control element in said positional ranges in response to the motions occurring in said leg parts incident to said Walking movements of the prosthesis, said control element being put thereby in its second positional range incident to knee extending motions, biasing means between the control element and the prosthesis to urge said control element to its first positional range, and means to delay for a predetermined short period of time the return of said control element in its first positional range after stopping of said knee extending motions.

4. An automatically and Voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, a compressible and expansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive said hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, fluid passage means connected between said'two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said displaced fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber, a valve contained in said fluid throttling means, said valve being shiftable between a first position in which it leaves a comparatively large opening for said fluid displacement anda second position in which it leaves only a predetermined small opening for said fluid displacement, retarding, thus, in the latter position sufiiciently said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to permit only slow compression of said first hydraulic chamber and slow bending motion of said knee joint under the weight of the amputee, a control element carried by said prosthesis consisting of a movably supported mechanical part capable 'of moving through at least two positional ranges and located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said valve, said control element in its first positional, range producing by said positioning interaction said first position of said valve, said control element in its second positional range producing by said positioning interaction said second position of said valve, and motion transmitting means located between said control element and said leg parts for selectively positioning said control element in response to the motions occurring in said leg parts incident to said walking movements of they prosthesis, said control element being put there-, by in its second positional range between beginning of knee extending motions and begin-- ning of; knee bending motions and being kept during a knee bending motion in the positional range in which it was at the beginning of said knee bending motion.

5. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, a compressible and expansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic flu-id, a second hydraulic chamber to receive said hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said displaced fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first Icy-- draulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber, a valve contained in said fluid throttling means, said valve being shiftable between a first position in which it leaves a comparatively large opening for said fluid displacement and asecend position in whichit leaves only a predetermined small opening for said fluid displacement, retarding, thus, in the latter positionsufiicientl said fluid displacement out of said first, hydraulic chamber to permit only slow compression of said first hydraulic chamber and slow bending motion, of said knee joint under the weightof the amputee, a control element carried, by the pros thesis consisting of a movably supported mechanical part capable of moving through at least two positional ranges and located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said valve, motion transmitting means located between said control element. and said leg parts for selectively positioning said control element in response to the motions occurring in said leg parts incident to said walking movements of the prosthesis, and means for manually blocking said. fluid passage means rendering the knee voluntarily locked at any desired bending angle, overriding the function of said control. element.

6. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, a compressible and ex-pansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to becompressed by knee bending motions and' expanded; by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hy-. draulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid a secondhydraulic chamber tolreoeive said hy ra lic fluid firom said first ydraulicchameber' displaced by knee bending motions, fluid passage means connected between said twohydraulic chambers for the conduit of said, displaced fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to; control the rate, of said fluid. displacement from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic, chamber,. a valve contained in, said fluid throttling means, said valve being shiftable between a first position permitting a susbtantially free fluid dis,- placement and a second position causing resistance to. said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist compression of said first hydraulic chamber and resist, bending motion of said knee joint under the weight of the amputee, and a control element carried by said prosthesis consisting of a movably supported, gravitationally unbalanced mechanical part capable or" moving through at least two positional ranges in response to the changes in the direction of the gravity and acceleration, forces occurring in the prosthesis during walking movements and located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said valve.

7. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, 2. compressible and expansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg" parts to be compressed by knee bendingmotions and expanded by knee, ex:- tending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive said hydrantlic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said. displaced fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate and said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber tosaid second hydraulic chamber, a check valve contained in said fluid throttling means, said check valve being shiftable between a first position permitting substantially free fluid displacement and a second position causing resistance to said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist compression of said first hydraulic chamber and resist bending motion of said knee joint under the weight of the amputee, said check valve being arranged regarding its response to fluid flow in such a way that fluid. flow from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber tends to put said check valve in its second position, a control element carried by said prosthesis consisting of a movably supported mechanical part capable of moving through at least two positional ranges and located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said check valve, said control element in its first positional range locking said check valve in its first position despite possible tendencies of said check valve to shift into its second position in response to fluid flow, said control element in its second positional range not obstructing the shifting of said check valve into its second position, and motion transmitting means between-said control element and said leg parts for positioning said control element in response to themotio-ns occurring in said leg parts during said walking movements of the prosthesis.

8, An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, a compressible and expansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber being adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive said hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said displaced fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber, a check valve contained in said fluid throttling means, said check valve being shiftable between a first position permitting substantially free fluid displacement and a second position causing resistance to said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist compression of said first hydraulic chamber and resist bending motion of said knee joint under the weight of the amputee, said check valve being arranged regarding its response to fluid flow in such a way that fluid flow from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber tends to put said check valve in its second position, a control element carried by the prosthesis consisting of a movably supported mechanical part capable of moving through at least two positional ranges and located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said check valve, said control element in its first positional range locking said check valve in its first position despite possible tendencies of said check valve to shift into its second position in response to fluid flow, said control element in its second positional range not obstructing the shifting of said check valve into its second position, motion transmitting means between said control element and said leg parts for positioning said control element in response to the motions occurring in said leg parts during said walking movements of the prosthesis, said control element being put thereby in its second positional range incident to knee extending motions, biasing means between said control element and the prosthesis to urge said control element to its first positional range and means to delay for a predetermined short period of time the return of said control element in its first positional range after stopping of said knee extending motions.

9. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, a compressible and expansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive said hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said displaced fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid pas?- sage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber, a check valve contained in said fluid throttling means, said check valve being shiftable between a first position permitting substantially free fluid displacement and a second position causing resistance to said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist compression of said first hydraulic chamber and resist bending motion of said knee joint under the weight of the amputee, said check valve being arranged regarding its response to fluid flow in such a Way that fluid flow from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber tends to put said check valve in its second position, a control element carried by said prosthesis consisting of a movably supported mechanical part capable of moving through at least two positional ranges and located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said check valve, said control element in its first positional range locking said check valve in its first position despite possible tendencies of said check valve to shift into its second position in response to fluid flow, said control element in its second positional range not obstructing the shifting of said check valve into its second position, and motion transmitting means between said control element and said leg parts for positioning said control element in response to the motions occurrin in said leg parts during said walking movements of the prosthesis, said control element being put thereby in its second positional range between beginning of knee extending motions and beginning of knee bending motions and being kept during a knee bending motion in the positional range in which it was at the beginning of said knee bending motion.

10. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, a compressible and expansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive said hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said displaced fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber, a check valve contained in said fluid throttling means, said check valve being shiftable between a first position in which it leaves a comparatively large opening for said fluid displacement and a second position causing resistance to said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist compression of said first hydraulic chamber and resist bending motion of said knee joint under the Weight of the amputee, said check valve being arranged regarding its response to fluid flow in such a way that fluid flow from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber tends to put said check valve in its second position, and a control element carried by said prosthesis consisting of a movably supported, gravitationally unbalanced mechanical part capable of moving through at least two positional ranges in response to the changes in the direction of the gravity and acceleration forces occurring in the prosthesisduring walking moveasersrzo 1'7 ments and-located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said check valve, said control element in its first positional range locking said check valve in its. first position despite possible tendencies of said check valve to shift into its. second position in response to fluid flow, said. control element in its second positional range not. obstructing the shifting of said check valve into itssecond position.

11. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg, part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, a compressible and expansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between.

said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said displaced fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber, to said second hydraulic chamber, a valve contained in said fluid throttling means, said valve being shiftable between a first position permitting a substantially free fluid displacement and a second position causing resistance to said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist compression of said first hydraulic chamber and resist bending motion of said knee joint under the weight. of the amputee, a control element carried by the prosthesis consisting of a movably supported, gravitationally unbalanced mechanical part capable of moving through at least two positional ranges in response to the changes in the direction of the gravity and acceleration forces occurring in the prosthesis during walking movements and located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said valve, and motion transmitting means between said control element and said leg parts for positioning said control element in response to the motions occurring in said leg parts during said walking movements of the prosthesis.

12. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, a compressible and expansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber' displaced by knee bending motions, and to deliver hydraulic fluid back tosaid first hydraulic chamber during knee extending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said hydraulic fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber, a valve contained in said fluid throttling means, said valve being shiitable between a first position permitting a substantially free fluid displacement and a second position causing resistance to said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist compression of said first by- 1-8 draulic chamber and. bending motion of said knee joint under the weight of the amputee, a control element carried by said prosthesis. consisting of a movably supported mechanical part capable of moving through at least two positional ranges and located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said valve, said control element in its first positional range" producing by said positioning interaction said first position of said valve, said control element in its second positional range producing by said positioning interaction second position of said valve, said control element being arranged within saidlfluid passage means to be moved by the fluid flowing through said passage means in response to knee motions, said control element being put thereby in its second positional" range during knee extendingmotions, biasing means between the control element and the prosthesis to urge said control" element to its first positionalrange; and means to delay'for' a predetermined short period of time the return of said controlelement in its first positional range after stopping of said kneeextending motions.

f3. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis havingan upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by anartificial knee joint, a compressible and expansible first hy-- draulic chamber mechanically connected betweensaidupper and lower leg parts-to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walk i'ng movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted co contain a hydraulicfluid, asecond hydraulic chamber toreceive said hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions; and to de liver hydraulic fluid back to said first hydraulic chamber during knee extendingmotions; fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for" the conduit of said laydraulic fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulicchamber' to' said second hydraulicchamber, a check valve contained in said fluidthrottling means, said check valve being shi ftable the tween afirst position permitting substantially free fluid displacement and a second position causing resistance tosaid fiuid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist com pression of said first hydraulic chamber and resist bending motion of said knee joint under the weight of the amputee; said check valve being arranged regarding its response to fluid flow in such a way that fluid flow from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber tends to put said check valve in. its second position, and a control element carried by said prosthesis consisting of a movably supported mechanical part capable of moving through. at least two positional ranges and locatedsuitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said check valve, said control element in its first positional range locking. said check. valve in its first position despite possible tendencies of said check valve to shift into its second position in response to fiuid flow, said control element in its second. positional range notobstructing the shifting of. said check valve into its second position, said controlelement beingv arranged within said fluid: passage means to be moved by the fluid. flowing through said passage means in response to knee motions.

a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, acompressible and expansible first hy-' draulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking. movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive said hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, and to deliver hydraulic fluid back to said first hydraulic chamber during knee extending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said hydraulic fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber, acheck valve contained in said fluid throttling means, said check valve being shiftable between a first position in which it leaves a comparatively large opening for said fluid displacement and a second position causing resistance to said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist compression of said first hydraulic chamber and resist bending motion of said knee joint under the weight of the amputee, said check valve being arranged regarding its response to fluid flow in such a way that fluid flow from said first hydraulic chamber to said second hydraulic chamber tends to put said check valve in its second position, and a control element carried by the prosthesis consisting of a movably supported mechanical part capable of moving through at least two positional ranges and located within the prosthesis to permit positioning interaction with said check valve, said control element in its first positional range looking said check valve in its first position despite possible tendencies of said check valve to shift into its second position in response to fluid flow, said control element in its second positional range not obstructing the shifting of said check valve into its second position, said control element being arranged within said fluid passage means to be moved by the fluid flowing through said passage means in response to knee motions, said control element being put thereby in its second positional range incident to knee extending motions and being maintained in said second positional range for a predetermined short period of time after stopping of knee extending motions.

15. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part and a lower leg part connected by an artificial knee joint, a compressible and expansible first hydraulic chamber mechanically connected between said upper and lower leg parts to be compressed by knee bending motions and expanded by knee extending motions occurring during the walking movements of the prosthesis, said hydraulic chamber adapted to contain a hydraulic fluid, a second hydraulic chamber to receive said hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, and to deliver hydraulic fluid back to said Q first hydraulic chamber during knee extending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic. chambers for the conduit oi said hydraulic fluid, fluid throttling means 10- cated insaid fluid passage means to control the rate of said fiuiddisplacement from. said first hydraulic chamber to said. second hydraulic chamber, a valve contained in said fluid'throt tling means, said valve, being 'shiftable between a first position permitting a substantially .free

fluid displacement and a second position causing resistance to said fluid displacement out of said first hydraulic chamber to resist compression of said first hydraulic chamber and resist bending motion of said knee joint under th'e'weight of the amputee, and a control element carried by the prosthesis consisting oi a movably supported, gravitationally unbalanced mechanical'part capable of moving through at least'two positional ranges in response to the changes in the direca tion of thegravity and acceleration forces 00- curring in the prosthesis during walking movements and located suitably within the prosthesis to permit positioning interactionwith' said valve, said control element being arranged within said fluid passage means to be moved by the fluid flowing through said passage'means in response to knee motions t i 16. An automatically and voluntarily controlled thigh prosthesis having an upper leg part fluid, a second hydraulic chamber toreceive said" hydraulic fluid from said first hydraulic chamber displaced by knee bending motions, and to deliver hydraulic fluid back to said'first hydraulic chamber during knee extending motions, fluid passage means connected between said two hydraulic chambers for the conduit of said 'hydraulic fluid, fluid throttling means located in said fluid passage means to control the rate of said fluid displacement from said first hydraulic chamber to zsa'iol second hydraulic chamber,- a third chamber containing hydraulic fluid for. replenishing such fluid lost from said first and".

second hydraulic'"chambers, a movable wall separating said third chamber from the two other chambers, biasing means acting on said movable.

wall to produce a slight superatmospheric pressure inthe fluid in said'first and second chain ber, and check valve means by-p'assing said mov-- able wall to permit hydraulic fluid to pass from said third chamber to said two other chambers ULRICH K. HENSCI-IKE. HANS A. MAUCI-I.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the. file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Re. 22,903 Hinkle Aug. 5, 1947 1,312,599v Webb Aug. 12, 1919) 2,305,29l Filippi Dec. 15, 1942' FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 498,934 France "Nov'. 4, 1919';

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1312599 *Aug 16, 1918Aug 12, 1919 Artificial limb
US2305291 *Jun 24, 1937Dec 15, 1942Pietro FilippiDevice for the automatic control of the articulation of the knee applicable to a prothesis of the thigh
USRE22903 *Aug 1, 1942Aug 5, 1947 Artificial leg
FR498934A * Title not available
FR530887A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2843853 *Nov 26, 1956Jul 22, 1958Mauch Hans AControl mechanism for artificial ankle
US2859451 *Nov 5, 1956Nov 11, 1958Mauch Hans AHydraulic system
US4727861 *Jul 13, 1987Mar 1, 1988Weston Hydraulics LimitedJoint for orthotic device
US5376138 *Mar 11, 1993Dec 27, 1994Etablissements Proteor SaHydraulic device for correcting the gait of a femoral amputee
US7918898 *Nov 30, 2006Apr 5, 2011Bloorview Kids RehabArtificial joint with locking mechanism
US8192501Jun 5, 2012Shriners Hospital For ChildrenProsthetic knee with gravity-activated lock
US20080058958 *May 16, 2007Mar 6, 2008Chia Pao ChengKnee joint with retention and cushion structures
US20080133019 *Nov 30, 2006Jun 5, 2008Bloorview Kids RehabArtificial joint with locking mechansim
US20100082115 *Apr 1, 2010Peter KapelkeProsthetic knee with gravity-activated lock
EP0549855A2 *Sep 12, 1992Jul 7, 1993Otto Bock Orthopädische Industrie Besitz- und Verwaltungs-KommanditgesellschaftSystem for controlling artificial knee joint action in an above knee prosthesis
EP2168538A1 *Sep 28, 2009Mar 31, 2010Shriners Hospitals For ChildrenProsthetic knee with gravity-activated lock
WO2011138782A3 *May 4, 2011Dec 29, 2011Lifshitz, AchiamA safe artificial joint
Classifications
U.S. Classification623/26, 623/44
International ClassificationA61F2/74, A61F2/64, A61F2/50, A61F2/60, A61F2/68
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2002/6854, A61F2002/748, A61F2/64, A61F2002/745, A61F2/68, A61F2002/6818
European ClassificationA61F2/64, A61F2/68