|Publication number||US2561561 A|
|Publication date||Jul 24, 1951|
|Filing date||Jun 7, 1949|
|Priority date||Jun 7, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2561561 A, US 2561561A, US-A-2561561, US2561561 A, US2561561A|
|Inventors||Joseph F Cella|
|Original Assignee||Joseph F Cella|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (6), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 24, 1951 J. F. CELLA 2,561,561
STACKING GUIDE FOR CRATES, BOXES AND CASES Filed June 7, 1949 Fig.1.
1' Nl "EN TOR.
Patented July 24, 1951 OFFICE STACKIN G GUIDE FOR CRATES, BOXES, AND CASES Joseph F. Celia, Crestwood, N. Y.
Application June 7, 1949, Serial No. 97,512
This invention relates to stacking guides adapted for use on various types of containers, such as crates, boxes or cases used for holding milk bottles or other bottled goods, and various other commodities.
In cases or crates of this character rigid projections are generally provided at the four top corner portions of the crate, such projections arising from the top of the crate on the inside of the same. When another crate is placed on top of the first, the four upwardly projecting stacking guides will extend upwardly into the open bottom of the upper crate at the inside corners thereof and thus align the upper crate with respect to the under one. These rigid, upwardlyextending guides are often damaged by crates placed on top of them, often becoming bent and thus disaligned and preventing proper stacking of the crates. To withstand the rough treatment imposed upon them, these rigid stacking guides must be made of heavy gauge metal and despite this are very often knocked out of alignment.
The present invention therefore contemplates the provision of a stacking guide which will be free from the disadvantages above mentioned; which will be located at the bottom of the case or crate rather than at the top thereof, and which will automatically be moved out of projecting position when the crate is rested upon a floor, conveyor or other flat surface. Another object of the invention is to provide a stacking guide which will be gravity-controlled; that is to say, will descend into operative or projecting position only when the crate is raised or elevated from a supporting surface and will drop into guiding position when oneplate is placed on top of another.
These and other objects are attained by the invention, a more particular decription of which will hereinafter appear and be set forth in the claims appended hereto.
In the accompanying drawing, wherein an illustrative embodiment of the invention is disclosed,
Fig. 1 is a sectional view through an end wall of a crate or case, looking at one of the corners of the crate on the inside of the same and showing one of the improved stacking guides; Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows; Fig. 3 is a sectional view, taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows and showing the guide in its lowered position; Fig. 4 is a side elevation of a case or crate, on a reduced scale, showing two of the stacking guides in lowered or guiding position, and Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the stacking guides.
In the drawing is shown a box, case or crate of a character generally employed for containing milk bottles or other commodities. Such a crate usually has an open or mesh bottom and wire partitions or separators located between the bottles, and other elements not herein shown. In the form shown, one of the side walls of the box, which may be either of metal or of relatively thick wood, is shown at l, and a metal end wall shown at 2. ihe lower end of the end wall 2 is reinforced by a metal-enclosed cross brace 3. The open bottom of the crate is shown at I2.
The side wall I and the end wall 2 are disposed at right angles to one another and joined to provide the conventional corner joint in which the stacking guide is located. It will be understood that a similar stacking guide is located in each of the four corners of the crate, hence a description of one will suffice for the others.
One of the stacking guides is generally indicated at 4 and is shown in detail in Fig. 5. It will be therein noted that the same is an angular metal member or piece having a vertical flange 5 which is disposed flatwise against the inner face of the side wall I near the corner junction of this wall with the end wall 2. The flange 5 is formed with a vertically-arranged slot 1 which fits loosely around a projecting part of a headed pin or rivet 8 secured in and extending from the wall I of the crate.
Located at right angles to the vertical flange 5 is a similar vertical flange 6 which is disposed against the inner face of the lower portion of the end wall 2 or againstthe inside face of the cross brace 3 near the corner junction of the same with the side wall I substantially as shown in Fig. 2. At its lower end, the guide t is formed with an inturned reinforcing flange H lending rigidity and strength to the guide.
From the foregoing, the operation of the stacking guide will be readily understood. It is understood that there is one of each of these guides located in each inside corner of the box or crate, two of the guides being shown in the side elevation of the box or crate inFig. 4. When the box or crate is placed upon a flat support, such as the floor, a conveyor belt or other flat surface, the lower flanges ll of the four stacking guides will come into contact with the surface upon which the box or crate is rested, and the guides 4 will thereupon be forced upwardly until the lower ends of the same are at least flush with the bottom l2 of the crate. This will be noted in Fig. 1, wherein [3 indicates a floor or other supporting surface on which the crate has been rested. At this time, the guide 4 has been forced upwardly so that the rivets 8 and Ill have reached the bottoms of their respective slots '2' and 9. The slots being freely movable on the rivets permit the guides to be readily raised or elevated as above described. Thus, the box or crate may be readily slid about on a floor, sidewalk, conveyorbelt or other relatively fiat support without damage to contactwith a-supporting surface. 7
Whenithebox or crate is raised or is picked up from the supporting surface [3, pressure is no longer imposed upon the lower ends of the guides;
4 and hence the same are at, once free to drop down or descend by gravity to the downwardl -J projecting position shown in Figs. 3 and 4. The" limit of descent of the guides is determined by the rivets 8 and I reaching the upper limits oi the slots 1 and 9 in which said rivets are dis posed, in the manner disclosed in Fig. 3,. v 7
With the guides in the;downwardly-projecting position, the crate is lifted and placed on top of another rate, he guides readily finding their way into the upper four corners of the lower crate l4 3) thus aligning the two crates into properly stacked relations-hip.
Since the stacking guides are only exposed and projected out of the bottom of the crate while thelcrate is raised or is held in position to be stacked, and are maintained up out of harms. way while the. crate is resting on the floor or other support, it will be apparent that a considerable measure of protection is afforded for the guides and the possibility of the same being deformed or damaged by the roughhandling imposed upon these crates will be; greatly reduced.
I have herein shown the guides as being of a certain form and shape adapted for application to bottle crates; and similar containers. However, it will be understood that, the shape and form of the guide largely determined by the type of crate or; box to, whichitis applied, hence changes may. be made both in the guides, in the form of box or crate to which it is applied, andin its manner of application to thecrate or container, h ut epartin om the ri o t e in eni t escq e f. h ai s a p nded h to.
What I- claim is;
l, A stackin guide 'forcrates; comprising, a crate having a pair of inwardly projectingpins adjacent to one of; its inside lowercorners, an a l iec ha n slo ted vertica 1s. the slots. n sa d llsrece v e he pin o t e e y att ch the angle-piece to he corner f. t crate and. permit said angle-piece to have a limited sliding movement, such movement allowing the piece to d end brenari y ohrine; its lower end below the lower end of the crate and to permit the piece to be elevated to an extent to bring its lower end flush with the bottom oi the crate and. house the I piece within the crate when the crate is rested upon the floor or on a similar supporting surface. A stacking guide for a container comprising, an open-bottom container having a side wall and an end wall connected to form a corner, an
angular stacking guide located in said corner within the crate, said guide having slots, pins projecting inwardly from the walls of the slots and passing through the slots, said pin-and-slot arrangement permittin the guide to descend by gravity to the limit of its slots in one direction and to an extent to cause. the. lower end of, the stacking guide to; be disposed below the bottom offthe. container, said pin-andrsl'ot arrangement also permitting the, guide to be elevated in the. opposite direction when the container is rested upon a flat surface. to. bring the lower end of the guide at least flush with the lower end of the container.
3. 'In a container, a side Wall and an end. wall angularly meeting and joined together to form. a corner of the container, a stacking guide on the inside of the container overlying inner surfaces of the sidewall and end walls of said con tainer; said, stacking guide being in the form of an angular member having slotted vertical flanges, pins in the walls of the container extending through they slots in said flanges and upon which the guide is slidable, said stacking guide having limited raising and lowering movement on said pins whereby upon the descent of the guide by gravitythe lower end ofv the guide; will project below the bottom of the container, said guide being capable of raising movementby; contact with a flat surface when the container is resting on, its base upon such surface. 7
JOSEPH F. CELLA.
REFERENCES CITED The-following references. are of, record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,6893%? White i Oct. 30, 1928' 1,834,649 Walp Jan. 1'7; 1933- 2;053;,9j69 Olds Sept. 8; 1936 57,842 Sm-ithetal' I Y Jan. 4, 1949
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|U.S. Classification||206/512, 206/821|
|International Classification||B65D6/36, B65D21/02|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S206/821, B65D21/0215|