US 2562234 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 31, 1951 GQTTSCHALK 2,562,23
SHIRT AND COMBINATION GARMENT File 2d March 1, 1949 T 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTQR. fife/mm @orrs swam ATTORNEYS July 31, 1951 M. GOTTSQHALK 2,562,234
SHIRT AND COMBINATION GARMENT Filed March 1, 1949 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented July 31, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SHIRT AND COMBINATION GARMENT Morris Gottschalk, Bellevillo, N. J.
Application March 1, 1949, Serial No. 78,961
This invention relates to a shirt, sport shirt, outer jacket or battle jacket, or similar garment which incorporates a concealed suspender body to attach to and support a nether garment for external wear, such as trousers, knickers, skirt or the like.
The suspender body, inside the shirt, forms a yoke about the body of the wearer, said yoke is suspended directly from the shoulder piece of the shirt, so that in supporting the trousers, a portion of the load is transferred to and supported along the shoulders of the wearer. The lower portions of the suspender straps form a continuous band, except where the shirt opens at the front, around the body of the wearer.
The shirt of the garment is stitched to the suspender body at the bottom thereof, and the shirt has sufficient length of material to provide the proper blousing effect, when worn and when supporting trousers, through the full range of adjustments provided in the suspender body.
Directly beneath the line of attachment of the outer shirt and the bottom of the suspender body a zipper, or any other suitable joining means, such as a plurality of buttons, patented fasteners, or clips, is attached to an extension of the suspender body. The preferred zipper is of the type wherein one interlocking side thereof may be completely disengaged from the other interlocking side, and the two sides separated. A complete zipper is supplied with the shirt and it is intended that the lower portion thereof be separated from collar size, so that trousers having a standard size Waistmay besewn to thezipper of the shir Without previous alteration.
The combination garment, comprising an upper shirt and a nether garment attached thereto, is useful as a sports garment, a uniform for soldiers, and a garment for workmen, or in any activity where the motions and physical exertions of the wearer are of a strenuous type.
The beltless feature and other qualities of my garment not only are more healthful for the wearer, but provide a garment permitting violent movement without resulting discomfort to the wearer. The shirt cannot pull out of the trousers and the trousers hang freely from the shoulders and move about the waist of the wearer as the torso is twisted or bent. In addition, my garment permits freer shoulder and arm movement than do ordinary suspenders or other garments, for the yoke comprising the suspender straps and the shoulder piece of the shirt provides two points of suspension at the front of the shoulders of the wearer, and one point of suspension at the upper middle back of the wearer. These points of suspension are connected to the shoulder piece whichruns along the shoulders of the wearer, and are offset from each other along the length of the shoulder piece.
When ordinary suspenders are worn to support trousers a lifting of the arms, or a throwing motion of the wearer, is resisted by the continuous suspender strap running across the shoulder and the trousers are lifted on that side of the wearer that is moved, the lifting of the trousers increases the binding at the shoulder and also causes a binding at the crotch.
In my garment, the lifting of an arm will place an upward pull on one of the front straps, but not on the rear strap, as there is no continuous support directly across the shoulder of the wearer, as in the case of an ordinary suspender. Thus,
the lifting of the trousers is minimized as the 6 As an example, but -not by wayof limitation,-
sizes will be provided so that a persondesiring a size 15 collar shirt with a certain sleeve length, will have a choice of three garments of different waist sizes, corresponding to standard trouser waist measurements.
outerend of the shoulder piece slides across the shoulder under the applied load, and a "free shoulder is thereby provided for the wearer,
ment so that-the waist of the shirt and trouser ,cornbination maybe positioned on the body of the wearer as is most comfortable for the wearer, or when violent exercise or work is to be performed,
additional slack may be allowed in the straps so that the waist of the garment will be lowered and the shoulders will be extremely free and the trousers loosely hung.
An object of this invention is to provide a garment especially adapted for active use or exerelse comprising a shirt with a concealed suspender body therein adaptable to being joined with a nether garment.
Another object is to provide such a garment that is extremely comfortable and flexible, in that conventional belts and suspenders are eliminated, and one that will be pleasing in appearance, when worn.
Other objects, and advantages Of this invention will be apparent from the following descrip tion and drawings, which are set forth as an example and not a limitation, and in which:
Fig. 1 is a rear View of the shirt with the suspender body shown in dotted line, and a part of the shirt broken away to show the construction of one suspender element;
Fig. 2 is a front view of the shirt with the suspender body shown in dotted line;
Fig. 3 is a front view of the shirt with the nether garment separated therefrom;
Fig. 4 is a front view 101? the shirt with. the nether garment attached. thereto; 1
Fig. 5 is a view of the shirt opened on a plane to show the interior construction of the suspended body. I
Fig. 6 is a view of the suspender'body opened. on a plane, showing the shoulder pieceand. attached. suspender straps;
Fig. '7 is a view of the-adjustable feature of one of the suspender straps;
Fig. 8 is another view of the adjustable feature of one of the suspender straps.
As shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 5, the outside shirt I is provided with a collarill, a shoulder piece [2, sleeves l3, and a front closure M, which may be a zipper, plurality of patented fasteners or buttons, or any other appropriate means.
A zipper l encircles. the shirt at its lower end, and the fabric tab 58a of its upper interlocking portion is is affixed to the suspender body It and the outside shirt it! which are also thereby affixed to each other, along the stitched line. ll.
As can best be seen in Figs. 3 and 4, zipper I5 is composed of an upper interlocking portion l5, and a lower interlocking portion L9. The upper interlocking portion it with its fabric tab 8d is aiiixed to the outside shirt lo and the suspender body it as above described. The lower interlocking portion is with its fabric tab l9a is adapted to being affixed to a nether garment 2E1 by being stitched thereto. The zipper I5 is of the type that the upper interlocking portion [.8 and lower interlocking portion is thereof may be completely disen aged from each other and reengaged, so that the outside shirt it and the nether garment as may be separated and con veniently placed upon and removed from the body of the wearer. The waistband 2| is aflixed to the outside shirt it} along stitched line H and as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 conceals the zipper l5 and the attachment to the nether garment 29. The waistband 25, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, is split in front and may be rolled up over outside shirt is to expose the zipper i5 and permit attachment or detachment of nether garment 29. Waistband 2% may, if a cold weather garment is desired, be of any desired length, for example, it may extend to the hips or to the knees of the wearer.
As shown in Figures 1, 2 and 5, the suspender body iii comprises two front straps 22 and 23 fastened at their lowerends to the outside shirt is and fabric tab Ida of zipper it along stitched line If, and at their upper ends to the end portions of the shoulder piece l2. As can be seen in i Fig. 6, the upper ends of front straps 22 and 23 are narrower than that length of the shoulder piece 52, extending from collar II, to which said straps are affixed. But within said length of the shoulder piece, the straps may be as wide or as narrow as desired. The width and placement of the straps at the shoulder piece determines the degree of freedom and flexibility of the shirt. As can best be seen in Figs. 1 and 5, the upper end of the single back strap 24 is sewed to the center back of shoulder piece l2. The back strap 24 incorporates a section of elastic 25 therein to take bending and stretching strains caused by movements of the wearer. The lower portion of the back strap 25 widens out from elastic 25 so that, in conjunction with the Wide lower ends of front straps 22 and 23, the zipper l5 and bottom of outside shirt iii are connected along their entire length around the waist of the garment to the suspender body it.
As shown in Fig. 6, the front straps 22 and 23 and back strap 2 are attached at their upper ends to shoulder piece E2 in the relative positions indicated. A very flexible garment is provided when the straps are arranged along the shoule der piece so that no area of the shoulder piece is overlapped between the ends of the top portions of the straps. It can be seen that any load on one front strap or on both front straps will not be translated directly to back strap 25, but will first cause shoulder piece 52 to deform somewhat as it transmits a part of the load to back strap 2:2, and a second part of the load to the shoulder of the wearer through the medium of friction between shoulder piece it and the wearers shoulder, and a third part of the load along the shoulder piece l2 to the collar H and thus to the neck of the wearer.
As shown in Fig. 5, each strap 22, 23 and Z4 is composed of an upper and lower portion, which may be connected as straps 22 and 24, are, or separated as strap 23 is.
A typical strap is shown in Figs. '7 and 8, the upper portion 25, and lower portion 2'3 thereof are joined by means of a plurality of dot fasteners 28, said joining means may alternately con-- sist of a plurality of buttons or any other suitable device.
The fasteners 28 also provide a mean of adjustment to var the lengths of the straps so that the waistband of the garment may be placed in relation to the body of the wearer as the wearer may desire, within the limits of adjustment provided. Fig. 7 shows the strap adjusted to provide a low waistline, Fig. 8 shows the strap adjusted to provide a high waistline.
As an example, the dot fasteners 23 may each be separated, from the other by a distance of one half inch, a total adjustment of two inches is therefore provided in each strap. Any desired total adjustment can be provided for by providing a suitable number of fasteners on the strap interspaced at any desired distance.
Thus, the invention is for a combination garment, having unique features of freedom of movement and is not to be limited except as by the following claim:
In a garment, an outside shirt capable of being removably attached to a nether garment, a shoulder piece in said shirt, a said shoulder piece connecting the front and back portions of the shirt and having a cut-out portion adapted to receive the rear portion of the collar, a suspender body within said shirt comprising two front straps and 5 a back strap, said straps having narrow portions at the tops thereof the top ends of the front straps being secured to the front of the shoulder piece between the collar cut-out and the shoulder seam, the inner edges of the front straps being spaced from the collar, the top end of the back strap being secured to the back of the shoulder piece and being narrower than the width of the collar cutout in the shoulder piece, the straps being so arrangedalong said shoulder piece that the adjacent edges of the front and back strapsareofiset,andno area of said shoulder piece i overlapped between the offset ends of the top portions of said front and back straps, and said straps having widened portions at the bottom thereof, said suspender body connecting the waist of the shirt to the shoulder piece, and being shorter in length than the distance between said shoulder piece and'the waist of said shirt, adapted to give uniform and continuous support to said nether garment, the
combination providing a flexible garment permitting relatively unrestricted movements by the wearer.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 783,421 Carr Feb. 28, 1905 1,208,220 Shapera Dec. 12, 1916 2,030,581 Gottschalk et al. Feb. 11, 1936 2,164,683 Kessler July 4, 1939 2,242,365 Muhr May 20, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 423,091 Great Britain Jan. 24, 1935