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Publication numberUS2562580 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 31, 1951
Filing dateFeb 20, 1947
Priority dateFeb 20, 1947
Publication numberUS 2562580 A, US 2562580A, US-A-2562580, US2562580 A, US2562580A
InventorsFrank Satz, Samuel Sontag
Original AssigneeFrank Satz, Samuel Sontag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Axially slidable actuator for pivoted outlet element
US 2562580 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 3l, 1951 F. sATz ETAL AXIALLY SLIDABLE ACTUATOR FOR PIVOTED OUTLET- ELEMENT Filed Feb'. 20, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ..1/,1/Illllfrlllllll/{Il G m l.. l T N O N NAES. e ESE/ A O VKBE .r N u r wm A FNS AXIALLY SLIDABLE ACTUATOR FOR PIVOTED OUTLET ELEMENT Filed Feb. 20, 1947 July 3L 1951 F. sATz ET AL `2 sheets-sheet 2 /N VEA/T025 FPA NK SA 'rz MEL BEQNS gAMl/EL SOA/TAG Y ma@ ATTORNEY Patented July 31, 1,951

AXIALLY SLIDABLE ACTUATOR FOR PIVOTED OUTLET ELEMENT y Frank Satz, Mel Bel-ns; and Samuel Sontag,

Los Angeles, Calif.

Application February 20, 1947, Serial No. 729,742

4 Claims.

' This invention relates to receptacles generally, and more particularly to receptacles for tablets, pills, pellets, or granular and other non-liquid materials.

An object of this invention is to provide a dispensing receptacle of simple, durable and compact construction, preferably, althoughA not necessarily, constructed of plastic material to displace breakable glass bottles and containers, which presents a smooth, streamlined exterior, and which, when closed, adequately protects and seals the contents against dirt, dust and moisture, so as to maintain the contents in al clean, sanitary condition.

Another object of this invention is to provide a receptacle of the above described character whose closure is arranged at one rounded end orstreamlined end portion ofthe elongated receptacle body, and is pivotally mounted on the latter for opening and closing movements to control a dispensing opening, by movement of a reciprocably mounted actuator conveniently accessible on the side of the body for manipulation, all in such manner that the closure. mounting and actuating means will occupy but little space so that the capacity of the receptacle will be only slightly decreased, and the smooth, streamlined appearance of the receptacle will be maintained.

With these and otherobjects in View, this invention resides in the combinations, arrangements and functional relationships of elements as set forth in the following specification and particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

In the accompanying drawings,

Figure 1 is a perspective View of one form of dispensing receptacle embodying. this invention;

Figure 2 is a longitudinal, axial sectional View of the dispensing receptacle shown in Figure 1, with the closure of the receptacle closed;

Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2, but with the closure of the receptacle open;

Figures 4, 5 and 6 are transverse sectional views taken, respectively, on the lines 4-4, 5-5 and 6 6 of Figure 2;

Figure 7 is a perspective view of a second form of dispensing receptacle embodying this invention;

Figure 8 is a longitudinal, axial sectional View of the form of receptacle shown in Figure '7, with the closure of the receptacle closed;

Figure 9 is a view similar to Figure 8, but with the closure of the receptacle'open; and Figure 10 is a transverse sectional view taken onV the line Ill-I0 of Figure 8.`

'-Referring specifically to-the drawings and par.-l

opening I2 in the form of a slot extending substantially from the axis of the body, radially to the side thereof. The opening I2 is controlled by a closure I3 whose contour conforms to that of the rounded end of the body at the walls of the opening, and has its edges rabbeted as indicated at I4 for co-action with complementary rabbets I5 around the Walls of the opening, in providing a sealed joint between the body and closure when the latter is closed as shown in Figure 2.

Adjacent to the opening I2, the side of the body I0 is provided with a fulcrum opening 20 therethrough in which is loosely and rockably received a fulcrum lug or pin 2I projecting from an extension 22 of the closure I3. The lug 2I` projects freely into a recess 23 formed in an actuator 24 of fiat, generally rectangular outline which is reciprocably mounted on the side of the body I0 by a pin 25 Working in a longitudinal slot 26 in the body and projecting into a bore 21 in a retainer member 28.

The pin may be fixed in the bore 21 by ce1- lulose acetate cement or by other means in order to operatively connect the actuator 24 and member 28, which latter has a recess 29 freely receiving the extension 22 of the closure I3, to maintain the lug 2| in proper fulcruming relation to the opening 20. The side of the body I0 is provided with a shallow, circumferential recess 30 which is continued in the closure I3 for co-action therewith in confining a split, spring ring 3I in the form of a flat band which is flush with the exterior surfaces ,of the body and closure and normally tends to constrict so as to urge the closure to the closed position shown in Figure 2, in the operation of the invention which is as follows:

With the closure I 3 maintained in its closed position by the spring 3| as shown in Figure 2, the opening I2 is effectively sealed to protect the contents of the receptacle against foreign substances as well as moisture. To open the closure, the thumb of the hand in which the receptacle may be held is applied to the actuator 24 and the latter moved longitudinally Vof the body I0 in aV di-y rection away from the closure. This movement 24, the contents of the receptacle are accessible for dispensing therefrom upon suiciently tilting the receptacle for the discharge of the contents through the opening I2. By now restoring the actuator to its original position shown in Figure 2, the closure will be reversely swung upon the' fulcrum lug 2| to its closed position, aided by the constricting action of the spring 3I which maintains the closure tightly closed and thus insures protection of the remaining contents against dirt and moisture. It will be appreciated that the mounting and actuating means for the closure are extremely compact so as not to appreciably decrease the capacity of the receptacle or produce any unsightly and bulky projection which would detract from the otherwise smooth and streamlined appearance of the receptacle.

Reference will now be had to Figures '7 to 10, inclusive, which illustrate a second form of receptacle R including an elongated, hollow cylindrical body 50 of plastic or other suitable material, one end of which is closed by a disk bottom 5I. The other end of the body is provided with a dispensing opening 52 controlled by a closure in the form of two sections 53 having interengaging rabbeted edges 54 and 55 to provide a sealed joint between the sections when co-acting to close the opening 52 as shown in Figure 8.

Each of the closure sections 53 is mounted in the receptacle body 5B and actuated by means identical to those employed for the closure I3 of the rst form of this invention as above described. Therefore, the body 5E) is provided at diametrically opposed points with fulcrum openings 60 in which is loosely and rockably mounted fulcrum lugs or pins 6I projecting from extensions 62 of the respective closure sections 53. The lug 5I of each closure section projects freely into a recess 53 formed in an actuator 54 of flat, generally rectangular outline, which is reciprocably mounted on the side of the body 50 by a pin 65 working in a longitudinal slot G6 in the body, and projecting into a bore 81 in a retainer member 68.

The pin 65 may be fixed in the bore 61 by cellulose acetate cement or by other means in order to operatively connect the actuator 54 and member G8, which latter has a recess 69 freely receiving the extension 52 ofthe closure section 53 to maintain the lug 6I in proper fulcruming relation to the opening 60. The closure sections are provided with a shallow, circumferential recess l0 confining a split spring ring II in the form of a nat band which is flush with the exterior surfaces of the closure sections and normally tends to constrict so as to urge the clo- Vsure sections to the closed position shown lin Figure 8.

The two actuators 64 may be independently operated, or, as shown, may be operatively connected by thin, flat, arcuate webs 'I2 slidably iitting around the body 58, for movement of the actuators as a unit. Furthermore, it will be noted that inv order to reduce to a minimum the projection ofthe actuators -64 beyond the periphery of the body 50, the latter may be provided with longitudinal grooves 13 slidably receiving the actuators, which construction can also be applied to the actuator I3 should it be desired.

In the operation of this form of the invention, movement of the actuators 64 from the position shown in Figure 8 wherein the closure sections are closed, to the position shown in Figure 9, will cause the Walls of the recesses 63 of the sections to co-act with the free ends of the respective fulcrum lugs 6I in moving the latter about the floating fulcrums in the respective openings 60 of the body 50 so as to swing the sections outwardly to the open position shown in Figure 9, the extensions 62 co-acting with the members 68 is conning the lugs 6I in the openings vBIJ and in working relation to the respective actuators.

The spring 1I co-acts with the yclosure sections to maintain them tightly closed upon reversely swinging the closure sections 53 by the actuators 64 to the closed position shown in Figure 8,- with the same advantages as above set forth in connection with the rst described form of the invention.

It will be appreciated that the term closure and the term closure sections for the parts I3 and 53, respectively, are one and the same functionally, as the mounting and actuating means for such parts are identical in operation irrespective of whether the dispensing opening of the receptacle is controlled by one or a plurality of closures. Therefore, the claims are to be broadly construed accordingly.

We claim:

1. A dispensing receptacle of the class described comprising: an elongated, hollow body having a dispensing opening at one end; a plurality of closure sections co-acting to control said opening, and having fulcrum lugs supported in the body to rockably mount the closure for opening and closing movements with respect to said opening; actuators for said closure sections. movably mounted on said body and having means co-acting with said fulcrum lugs to actuate the closure sections in response to movement of the actuators; said closure sections having circumferential grooves; and a split spring ring in said grooves, normally tending to constrict upon said sections and urge them closed.

2. A dispensing receptacle of the class described comprising: a body having a dispensing opening and a fulcrum opening; a closure controlling said dispensing opening and having a fulcrum lug projecting through said fulcrum opening from the inner side of the body; an actuator; means on the inner side of the body, operatively connected to said actuator to mount same on the body for reciprocating movement in a path perpendicular to the axis of fulcruming movement of said closure in said fulcrum opening; said means having a portion engaging said closure to conne said lug thereof against displacement from said fulcrum opening; said actuator having a recess receiving the free end portion of said lug which functions as alever arm with which the walls of said recess co-a'ct to move the closure about said lug as a center, to open or closed position according as the actuator is moved in one direction or the other; and a constricting, split ring of resilient material mounted on the body to embrace said closure and urge same to its closed position. v,

3. A dispensing receptacle of the class described comprising.: abodyrhaving a dispensing opening-.and a fulcrum opening; aclosure vcontrolling said dispensing opening and having a fulcrum lug projecting into said fulcrum opening; an actuator; means mounting said actuator for reciprocating movement on the body to one extreme position or another; means engaging said closure to conne said fulcrum lug against displacement from said fulcrum opening; said fulcruni lug and actuator having means co-acting to move the closure about said lug as a center to open or closed position according as said actuator is moved to one extreme position or another; said closure having a circumferential groove; and a split, spring ring embracing said body and confined in said groove oi the closure to urge the closure to its closed position.

4. A dispensing receptacle of the class described comprising: a hollow body having a dispensing opening and a iulcrum opening through the Wall of the body adjacent to the dispensing opening; a closure controlling said dispensing opening and having a laterally extending fulcrum lug projecting from the inner side of the body; an actuator on the outside of the body having a recess receiving the portion of said lug projecting beyond said fulcrurn opening; and a retainer member on the inner side of the body engaging the side of said closure opposite to said lug so as to confine the latter against displacement from said fulcrum opening; said body having a slot; and a pin projecting through said slot and operatively connecting the actuator and retainer member for movement as a unit and coaction of said fulcrum lug with said recess of the actuator in effecting opening or closing movements of said closure with respect to said dispensing opening according as the actuator is moved in one direction or the opposite direction.

FRANK SATZ. MEL BERNS. SAMUEL SONTAG.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3419178 *Jan 4, 1968Dec 31, 1968Wendell H. SwartzCigarette server
US5356025 *Apr 5, 1993Oct 18, 1994L'orealPackaging device for cosmetic products
US5505308 *Aug 25, 1994Apr 9, 1996Boehringer Mannheim GmbhSystem for the storage of test elements
US5647498 *Dec 12, 1995Jul 15, 1997Nifco, IncorporatedHinged container cap
US8556137Feb 23, 2009Oct 15, 2013Gateway Plastics, Inc.Closure for a container
EP0508048A1 *Jan 29, 1992Oct 14, 1992Techno Mark AgCarrier for tube mail
EP0564370A1 *Apr 2, 1993Oct 6, 1993L'orealPackaging device, in particular for cosmetic products
EP0640393A1 *Aug 23, 1994Mar 1, 1995Boehringer Mannheim GmbhSystem for storing test elements
EP0726207A2 *Jan 5, 1996Aug 14, 1996Nifco Inc.Hinged container cap
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/505, 220/262, 222/517
International ClassificationB65D43/26, B65D43/00, B65D51/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65D51/00, B65D43/26
European ClassificationB65D51/00, B65D43/26