US 2562632 A
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W. F. MOSMAN DEPOSITORY SAFE July 31, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Dec. 29. 1949 K I N VEN TOE yi/Ae/eE/v F MO5/wmv July 31, 1951 l w. F. MosMAN 2,562,632
DEPOSITORY SAFE Filed Deo. 29. 1949 "2 sheets-sheet 2 5/151 4f 7@av 52 INVENTOR Mmef/v FMaJw/v y ATTORNEYSj Patented July 31, 1951 DErosrroRY SAFE Warren F. Mosman, Hamilton, Ohio, assignor to Herring-Hall-Marvin Safe Company, Hamilton, Ohio, a corporation of Florida Application December` 29, 1949, seria1No.135,c3o
This invention relates to safes and more particularly to a burglar resistive depository in which an employee of a commercial house for example, may deposit his collections of money and from which only one with authority to do so may remove such deposits. Many businesses employ'truck drivers, route salesmen,'collectors, etc. who collect receipts during their normal days work, but who do not return to their home ofce until after oiiioe hours. The present invention aords a means for such persons to safely deposit their days receipts which may be removed for accounting and banking the following morning when the office again is open for business.
One of the objects of the invention is to pro` vide a burglar resistive safe or depository in which one authorized to make deposits may do so but only one having authority to remove the deposits may obtain access for the purpose of such removal. Y
Another object of the invention is to provide a depository of the above character having an upper depository compartment and a lower holding compartment, each compartment having its own door with a combination lock,` and which are in communication only when the upper door is closed.
Another object of the invention is to provide a depository safe of the above character in which the communication between the upper and lower compartments is through a gravity swung trap door which automatically closes in the event the safe is inverted.
A further object of the invention is to provide a depository safe of the above character in which a drawer constitutes the upper compartment and carries the combination lock door so that theV drawer is opened or pulled out to deposit receiving position by opening the door, and in which with the understanding that various changes mayv be made therein by those skilled in the art, such as in the size, shape and arrangement of the parts, or by the substitution of equivalents, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
In order to makethe invention more clearly understood, a preferred embodimentthereof has,
e claims. (engine-166) been made Vthe subject of illustration in the accompanying drawings in which: Figure 1 is a vertical transverse sectional view of a depository safe according to the invention Y and showing the open position of the upper or deposit receiving compartment in dotted lines;
Figure 2 is a horizontal cross sectional View taken along the line 2-2 of Figure 1, looking in thedir,ection of the arrows;
Figure 3 is a vertical transverse sectional view taken along the line 3 3 of Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows; and
, Figure 4 is a fragmental sectional view taken along the line 4 4 of Figure 3 looking in the direction of the arrows.
Generally the depository according to the invention comprises a burglar resistive safe divided into an upper or deposit receiving compartment in the form of a sliding drawer, and a lower or deposit holding compartment which is in communicationV with the upper compartment only when the drawer is closed. Each compartment is tted with its own combination lock door, the combination numbers for the upper compartment door being given onlyY to those persons who deposit receipts and the combination numbers for the lower compartment door being given only to those persons entitled 'to re-V move the deposits from the safe. Preferably the two doors are respectively on the front and the back of the safe so that the safe may be installed ina wall of an oflice or building and access to the lower compartment is had only from inside the office. Preferably also at least the upper compartment dooris of the circular safe door type, unfastened by partially rotating it, and is carried by a swivel connection with the front of the drawer so that'the drawer is pulled outwardly to deposit receiving position by opening movement of the door.
Describing the invention more specifically, as best seen in Figure 1, the depository safe comprises' a rectangular shell I having integrally formed side walls 2, a top wall 3, bottom wall 4, front wall `5 and rear wall G composed of steel or other suitable tough material of relativelyheavy or thick wall section, The front wall 5, adjacent the top wall 3, is formed with an outwardly v.projecting extension 'I constituting an access openlng 8 to the upper compartment of the safe whichis designated generallyas 9. The rear wall S, adjacent the bottomwall 4, is formed with a similar but somewhatl larger extension I0 constituting an acces's'opening- Il tothe lower compartment `0fthe-safe which isgdesienated germanyl as l2.V
The extension I IJ is formed with an internal, radially notched circular flange I3 and is fitted with a circular door I4 which is attached to the shell I by means of hinges I5. The door I4 is of usual circular safe door construction and is attached to the hinge I5 by a swivel construction so that it may be rotated about its central axis. The inner face of the door is provided with the usual radial lugs I6 which enter the notches in the flange I3 in one rotative position of the door and are moved behind the ange I3 in an-V other rotatable position to fasten the door in closed position. In closed position, the door is locked against rotation by a combination lock I1 and a handle I8 is provided for rotating the door when the lock I1 is released.
The upper access opening 8 is likewise fitted with a circular safe door I9 formed with radial lugs 20 which engage an internal circular ange 2| on the extension 1 to fasten the door in the same manner as described above. The door I9 is provided with a hand wheel 22 and a combination lock 23 for locking the door against rotation in its closed and rotationally fastened position.
Instead of being hinged to the shell I, as in the case of the door I4, the door I9 is provided with a back plate 24 rigidly secured to the door and having rigidly secured thereto a circular stud 25, coaxial with the door, and formed with a radial ange 26 at its extremity. The stud 25 is rotatablj7 received in a circular aperture 21 in a plate 28 which forms the front wall of a deposit receiving drawer which is indicated generally as 29. It will be seen that the stud 25 provides a swivel communication between the door I9 and drawer 29 which permits the door to be rotated relatively to the drawer between fastening and unfastening positions, but which secures the door to the drawer so that the drawer will be opened or closed with corresponding opening and closing movements of the door as indicated by the full and dotted line positions of these parts in Figure 1.
The drawer 29 is supported for free horizontal movement between open and closed positions by means of a track and roller construction as follows: A channel shaped bracket 30 is hung from the top wall 3 (see Figure 3) by means of a pair of spaced angles 3l which are bolted to the top wall 3 and to which the side flanges 32 of the bracket` are attached, preferably for vertical adjustment relative to the top wall 3, such as by means of screws 33 which pass through vertical slots 34 in the bracket flanges and are secured to angles 3l. As seen in Figure 1 the bracket is aligned with the top access opening 8 and extends rearwardly from closely adjacent the front wall 5 of the safe shell to closely adjacent the rear wall 6. The side flanges 32 of the bracket are solid and the bottom web 34 is likewise solid ex` cept for a rectangular opening 35. Thus the bracket 30 forms a partition closing off the upper compartment 9 from the lower compartment I2', except for the opening 35.
Secured to the inner faces of the bracket flanges 32 are a pair of aligned, horizontal tracks 36 ofchannel cross section while secured tothe outer faces of the side walls of the drawer 29 are a pair of longitudinally extending channel shaped tracks 31, somewhat narrower than the tracks 36 so that they move within the channels of the tracks 36. Adjacent the rear end of the drawer 29 are a pair of anti-friction rollers 38 which are respectively mounted for rotation on the side walls of the drawer centrally positioned with respect to the tracks 31 and riding within the channels of the tracks 36. Adjacent the front wall 5 of the safe shell are a pair of anti-friction rollers 38 which are mounted respectively on the side walls 2, below the tracks 36 and engage the lower faces of the tracks 31.
The drawer 29 is of box construction and of a substantially square cross section centrally aligned with the opening 8 and of a size to move through this opening. Inclining downwardly and rearwardly from a rectangular opening 39 in the top Wall 40 of the drawer, adjacent the front plate 28, to a similar opening 4I in the bottom wall 42 of the drawer is a chute 43 formed by the side walls of the drawer and a pair of parallel angular sheets 44 and 45.
Fastened by means of a hinge 46 to the bottom wall 42 of the drawer, at the forward edge of the bottom opening 4I of the chute 43 is a door 41. The door 41 is freely swung on the hinge so that when not supported, when the drawer 29 is in its full rearward position, it will drop by gravity through the opening 35 in the bottom web of the bracket 34. In its closed posi'- tion, when the drawer is pulled forwardly, the door 41 closes the opening 4I at the bottom of the chute 43. To close the door 41 by opening movement of the drawer, there is provided an abutment plate 43 which is secured to the safe and has a downwardly turned inner end 49 located closely adjacent the hinge 46 as seen in Figure l. The plate 48 is closely adjacent the bottom Awall of the drawer so that when the drawer is pulled forwardly the door 41 will be drawn upwardly to its closed position as it rides over the curved end of the plate 48. As stated above, the door 41 is freely swung on its hinge so that in the event the safe were up ended, the door 41 would automatically swing by gravity to close the opening 4I and thereby prevent any contents of the lower compartment I2 falling into the upper compartment where access might be had thereto by opening the door I9.
Preferably the shell I is surrounded by a case 50, which may be made of sheet metal and spaced outwardly from the respective Iwalls of the shell.
The space between the case and shell is filled.
with concrete or other suitable fire resistive, ma-
terial indicated generally as 5I. y
In operation, a person making a depositand presumed to know the combination numbers of the lock 23,y operates thislock to disengage itsA bolt. He then rotates the door I9 to its released position by means of the hand wheel 22 and pulls the door forwardly which pulls the drawer 29 outwardly through the opening 8 to a position where the. upper opening of the chute 43 justv This position. To assure clears the front face of the safe. is shown in dotted lines inFigure 1. proper open position of the drawer, and to prevent its being entirely removed from the safe,
suitable stops, such as indicated generally Vby.A
lugs 52 and 52 respectively on .the bracket 34 and drawer 29 are provided. As seen in Figure 1, when the drawer is pulled outwardly to its tends slightly into the interior of the safe.
drawer, there isprovided an angle piece 53 which is secured in the bottom. of the opening 8 at the inner end thereof 'to extend upwardly to the forf-v ward edge of the bracket 34. An angle piece 54y is likewise secured in the top of the opening 18,
and angle pieces'55 and 56 are secured in the sides of these openings. These latter angle pieces extend inwardly to closely adjacent the drawer.
As the drawer is opened the door El closes the bottom of the chute d3 as described above. The depositer now makes his deposit in the chute 43 Where it is held by the door 4l until the door I9 is again closed when the door 41 will swing downwardly and drop the deposit into the lower compartment l2. After the deposit is in the lower compartment l2 it cannot be removed except by one having the combination numbers of the lower door I4.
1. In a depository safe of the class described having a shell divided into an upper and a lower compartment each having an access opening in the shell and a safe door for each opening, a drawer mounted in the upper compartment for movement from a retracted position within the compartment to an extended position through the access opening for the upper compartment, said drawer having a bottom opening communieating with the lower compartment in retracted position of the drawer, at least the door for the access opening of the upper compartment being circular and adapted to engage and release from the shell surrounding the access opening by rotary movement of the door, said circular door being carried by the drawer and having a swivel connection therewith permitting said rotary movement and moving the drawer to extended position when the door is moved from said opening.
2. A depository safe of the class described comprising a shell having an upper access opening and a lower access opening, a channel shaped partition in the shell extending rearwardly from the upper access opening and dividing the shell into an upper and lower compartment, said partition having a bottom horizontal wall with an aperture therein, a drawer of box construction mounted for sliding movement in said channel partition from a retracted position therein to an extended position through the upper access opening, said drawer having a downwardly and rearwardly inclined deposit chute therein lying entirely within the upper compartment with the bottom end of the chute registering with said aperture in. retracted position of the drawer and with the upper end only of the chute lying exteriorly of the shell in extended position of the drawer, a circular safe door for the upper access opening, and swivel means attaching the door to the drawer permitting rotary movement of the door relatively to the drawer and moving the drawer to extended position by movement of the door outwardly from the access opening, and a second safe door for the lower access opening.
3. A. depository safe of the character set forth in claim 2 including a trap door hinged to the drawer at the forward edge of the bottom end of said chute and swung downwardly to open position by gravity through the aperture in the partition in upright position of the safe and swinging in an opposite direction by gravity to closed position to close the bottom end of the chute in an inverted position of the safe.
. 4. A depository of the character set forth in claim 3 including an abutment member on the partition at the forward edge of said aperture and engaging said trap door to move the same to closed position when the drawer is moved to extended position.
5. A depository safe of the class described comprising a rectangular shell having an access opening in the upper portion of a vertical wall thereof, a circular safe door for said opening of the class securable with and releasable from the shell surrounding said opening by rotary movement of the door, a drawer mounted for horizontal movement in the shell from a retracted position therein to an extended position projecting through said opening, a plate having a circular aperture therein and forming the front wall of the drawer, a circular flanged stud mounted for rotary movement in said aperture and rigidly secured to the door concentrically therewith and forming a swivel connection between the door and drawer permitting said rotary movement of the door and moving the drawer to extended position by outward movement of the door from said opening.
6. A depository safe of the character set forth in claim 5 in which said drawer has a bottom opening communicating with the lower interior of the shell in retracted position of the drawer to dump contents of the drawer into said lower interior when the drawer is in retracted position, a second access opening in the lower portion of a vertical wall of the shell and a second safe door for the second access opening.
WARREN F. MOSMAN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 527,239 Garfield Oct. 9, 1894.
1,838,581 Sioberg Dec. 29, 1931 2,008,119 Williams July 16, 1935