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Publication numberUS2563112 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 7, 1951
Filing dateSep 11, 1947
Priority dateSep 11, 1947
Publication numberUS 2563112 A, US 2563112A, US-A-2563112, US2563112 A, US2563112A
InventorsCharles Hill, Johns Charles K
Original AssigneeCharles Hill, Johns Charles K
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spring winding device
US 2563112 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1951 4 c. HILL ET AL 2,563,112


SPRING WINDING DEVICE Charles Hill, Reno, Nev., and Charles K. Johns,

- New York, N. Y.

Application September 11,1947, Serial No. 773,324

7 Claims.

This invention relates to spring winding meansand in particular to a device for connecting two winding mediums in order to protect the parts being wound from damage due to excess winding effort.

In adapting a device of the character disclosed to Watches less space is utilized in order to obtain the compact structure so essential in modern time pieces than was possible with the spring tension devices heretofore employed and in which the mounting of the tension member was done on the faces of crown or gear parts and operated toward and away from the faces of the parts in yielding action.

An important object of the invention is to provide a flat tension member the arms of which serve as the yielding agents to provide free action between the parts when a spring being would attains its fully wound state.

A further object of the invention is to provide a tension member that can be stamped out and tempered, the latter of which can be closely controlled as a step in the manufacture of the spring so that it can be turned out in large quantities and uniform in operating action in accordance with the tension desired in the use to which it is put.

Still further objects of the invention include the provision of a flat tension member whose action and position are coplanar with the memher with which it is associated for releasing action, thus conserving space by occupying a recess in the gear or disk to which it is operatively connected; to provide a device of the kind referred to which can be fitted to one of the winding gears of a watch without necessity of supplying a special mounting for said gear; to provide a device that will give an audible click when the spring is fully wound; and to provide a device that will guard against overwinding, stripping of the gears and excess strain on the mainspring, so that rupture of the parts will be prevented.

All of the objects set forth in our copending application Serial No. 761,956 filed July 18, 1947, are embraced within the scope of the present invention with the addition of space saved by the device herein.

With these and other objects in view the invention comprises certain constructions hereinr after described and then particularly pointed out in the claim, and a preferred embodiment of our invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:

Figure 1 is a view of the back of a watch with parts broken away to disclose the application of the invention to the winding wheel thereof,

Figure 2 is a view in perspective of the spring tension member used in connection with one of the gears of a watch structure,

Figure 3 is a view in cross section thereof through the middle of the member shown in Figure 2,

' the tension device in the winding gear of the watch.

Figure 5 is an enlarged diagrammatic view of a watch barrel arbor and Winding gear showing the mounting and action of the tension member therein,

Figure 6 is an enlarged section of the Winding wheel portion of Figure 4 showing a reversed position of the wheel and the tension member thereof, and

Figure 7 is a fragmentary showing of a part of a gear showing a modified form of tension member seating means.

Referring to the drawing in detail, I0 indicates a watch, which for the purpose of illustration only, is depicted as a mans pocket style watch which includes the usual winding crown member H, winding stem l2 operated thereby, the bevel gear combination l3 to operate the stud shaft 14 to which is secured a crown winding pinion l5 meshing with and driving a main winding gear I6 supported on the arbor 11. As shown in Figure 4, the arbor ll journalled in plate 18 and otherwise mounted in the watch case in the well known manner, passes through a winding drum 20 and has secured thereto one end of a main spring 2|. The other end of the spring is suitably connected to the periphery of the drum to drive the same so that the gear teeth 22 formed thereon actuate the watch mechanism in the known manner through the associated gearing 23.

The arbor IT in that portion which passes through the winding gear l6 may be square or round as desired and the winding gear I6 is provided with a round opening so that it is free to revolve on the arbor at all times.

gether while the watch is being wound through the medium of a spring tension member used as a winding medium and indicated as at 21.

The upper end of arbor I! is shouldered as at 24 to provide a support for gear l6 (Figure 4) and a square end 25 above the shoulder 24. The gear I6 is provided with a round opening at its center so that it can revolve freely on the end 25 of the arbor, and is annularly recessed in one face as at 26 to porivde a seat in which a spring tension member 2! may be housed in substantially coplanar relation with said gear [6. The upper end of the arbor is provided with a threaded opening to receive the screw 28 which retains the member 2'! and gear IS in place on the arbor and the tension member 21, at its center, has a square opening 29 through which the square end 25 of the arbor fits for driving connection to said tension member.

The spring tension member 21 of relatively thin spring tempered steel is substantially S- shaped with the arms 30 thereof diminishing in width outwardly from a central body disc por- The arbor and the winding gear however will rotate toof circular shape adapted to seatin semi-cir-' cular notches 33 or seats formed in the vertical wall 3 of the recess 26 of gear 16. The lobes 32 fit into the seats 33 less than the radial dimension thereof so that on movement of the gear I'B in either direction the lobes will ride out of the seats and along the vertical wall 34 of the recess 26 as indicated in outline in Figure when the spring 2|, being wound by the arbor, offers fully wound resistance to the further rotary movement of.

gear 16. Rotation of the gear [6 after the fully wound condition of spring 2| will provide an audible clicking sound due to the action of the lobes riding over said seats 33.

In the modified form shown in Figure '7, the gear I6 may be shaped as at 35 to provide inwardl-y directed, radially disposed projections to provide the detent means or notches similar to 33 for the lobular end 32 of the spring tension memberZ'l.

The gear may be placed on the arbor with the recess up or down as shown in Figures 4 and 6, respectively, in which latter case the tension member 21 will be hidden. Also, while the member 21 is shown in connection with the driving gear l6 it can be equallywell employed in connection with the winding pinion l5 and a suitable square portion on the stud M as employed on arbor H. The tension member 27 constitutes a spring tensionedyieldable driving connection between the gear and the shaft upon which the gear is mounted for free rotation 50 that resistance of the shaft to turning movement, indicating a fully wound spring, will cause the gear to rotate relatively to the member 2! without further affecting winding action of said shaft.

While we have shown a fiat disklike member 2 it is to be understood that a device of similar nature within the scope of the invention could 3. The combination with a spring winding gear and arbor structure of a watch having a recess in one face of the gear of the structure providing an annular seat therein and a concentric vertical .annular wall bounding said seat, a seat recess opening outwardly from said wall, a tension member shaped to provide a fiat body portion and a flat spring arm extending from said body portion and presenting an enlarged end for engagement at said enlarged end thereof with said seat recess, means for securing said body portion to the arbor to provide a driving connection between the gear and the arbor, and said arm being yieldable for disengagement of the enlarged end thereof from said seat recess to provide free rotation of the gear with respect to said arbor when the spring is wound.

4. The combination with the spring winding gear and arbor structure of a watch set forth in claim 3wherein said seat recess and the end of said arm are substantially semi-circular in shape.

'5. The combination, in a watch structure of, an arbor, a gear mounted for free rotation on the arbor and having a recess in one face thereof presenting an annular concentric vertical wall adjacent the periphery of the gear, a substantially S-shaped fiat spring tension member secured to said arbor and housed in the gear recess, the ends of said tension member constituting spring arms having flat lobe shaped ends yieldable in coplanar relation with the member for engagement with said wall, and openings in said wall be made from wire or fiat steel strip stock in the shape disclosed and having lobular ends for engagement with gear seats which maybe used in any member desired that is, one or more; or that, as shown in Fig. '7, projections 35 to provide a seat for the lobe 32 of the tension member.

Our invention is not to be restricted to the precise details of construction shown since various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the invention or sacrificing the advantages to be derived from its use.

What we claim is:

1. The combination with a spring winding gear and arbor structure of a watch having an annular main recess in one face of the gear, a spring tension member flat in the plane of the gear and, seated in said main recess, means for securing the tension member to the arbor for rotation therewith, seat recesses in said gear opening radially from said recess, arms on said tension member, lobes on the ends of said arms for close interfitting relation with said seat recesses and providing a spring winding connection between the gear and the arbor, and said arm being yieldable for disengagement of said lobes from said recesses to provide free rotation of'the gear with respect to said arbor when the spring is wound.

2. The combination with a spring winding gear and arbor of a watch structure of the character set forth in claim 1 wherein the tension member is disposed in coplanar relation with the gear in the recess of which it is seated.

constituting seats for the ends of said arms to provide a yieldable driving connection between the gear and the arbor.

6. In a device of the character set forth in claim 5 wherein the arms are radially tapered and are shaped at the .outer ends to provide sub stantially circular lobes for audible engagement with said seats when the gear rotates relatively to said arbor.

7. A yieldable separate driving connection between the winding gear train and the spring windingarbor of a Watch comprising a flat spring tension member fixedto said arbor and having a radial arm, a recess in a face of one of the gears of said train and means associated with the periphery of said recess providing a seat for yieldably detaining the outer end of the radial arm of said tension member, and said radial arm being yieldable in the planeiof said tension mem= ber to snap into and out of said seat to provide an audible signal when the spring of the watch is wound to a predetermined tension.



REFERENCES CITED The following references are .of record in the file of this-patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS 218,553 Great Britain July 10, 1924

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US1167285 *Sep 2, 1913Jan 4, 1916Gus Olaus FloglandSafety-coupling.
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2867971 *Jun 21, 1954Jan 13, 1959Friedrich Mauthe G M B HSelf-winding mechanism, more especially for wrist watches
US2928231 *Jan 27, 1956Mar 15, 1960Epple Kg Otero UhrenAutomatic winding device, preferably for wrist-watches
US3019595 *Aug 6, 1958Feb 6, 1962Kurt MurrleInertia wound watch with overwind preventer
US3142955 *Feb 27, 1961Aug 4, 1964Rene A FiechterPower clutch for the main spring of watch movements and the like
US4350472 *Nov 13, 1979Sep 21, 1982Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.Electric fan apparatus
US4766641 *Dec 31, 1985Aug 30, 1988Whirlpool CorporationDetent clutch for a vacuum cleaner
US5183140 *Feb 24, 1992Feb 2, 1993Ncr CorporationTorque limiting mechanism for use in a drive system
US5788248 *Oct 24, 1996Aug 4, 1998Power Tool Holders IncorpratedCollet chuck device
US5944327 *Oct 28, 1997Aug 31, 1999Power Tool Holders IncorporatedCollet chuck device
US6200220 *Nov 5, 1998Mar 13, 2001Chester DrewFlexible vane coupling
US6234904 *Jan 4, 2000May 22, 2001Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki SeisakushoDrive power transmission apparatus
US6240611Mar 29, 2000Jun 5, 2001Donald L. ChaseStarter spring rewinder
US7384190Apr 5, 2005Jun 10, 2008Meco SaCrown for timepiece with disconnecting gear device
US8142070 *Mar 24, 2011Mar 27, 2012Meco S.A.Timepiece crown including an uncoupling mechanism
US8337077 *Jan 19, 2011Dec 25, 2012Patek Philippe Sa GeneveUnidirectional coupling-clutch runner
US9332996Jun 14, 2013May 10, 2016Medtronic Xomed, Inc.Chuck for reciprocating surgical instrument
US20110176394 *Mar 24, 2011Jul 21, 2011Meco S.A.Timepiece crown including an uncoupling mechanism
US20130167671 *Dec 26, 2012Jul 4, 2013Taiwan Fu Hsing Industrial Co., Ltd.Transmission mechanism and electro-mechanical lock therewith
CN1989463BApr 5, 2005Aug 4, 2010梅科股份公司Crown for timepiece, and the timepiece
EP1586960A1 *Apr 14, 2004Oct 19, 2005Meco S.A.Crown for a watch with a disconnecting mechanism
WO1998017430A1 *Oct 22, 1997Apr 30, 1998Power Tool Holders IncorporatedCollet chuck device
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U.S. Classification368/209, 968/16, 464/23, 968/36, 464/37
International ClassificationG04B3/00, G04B1/20, G04B3/06, G04B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationG04B1/20, G04B3/06
European ClassificationG04B3/06, G04B1/20