|Publication number||US2563223 A|
|Publication date||Aug 7, 1951|
|Filing date||Feb 20, 1948|
|Priority date||Feb 20, 1948|
|Publication number||US 2563223 A, US 2563223A, US-A-2563223, US2563223 A, US2563223A|
|Inventors||Carl M Dreher|
|Original Assignee||Carl M Dreher|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (20), Referenced by (7), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
barl M.Dreher,Nora Sp1 ings, Application February 20, No.
Zillaims. (c1. 65.36).
.My invention relates to a scoop such as is used for handling sugar, coffee and the like in retail stores. and it is an objectef the invention to provide a scoop from vwhicl the.,cqntents can be poured more speedily ana'w tli'less danger of scoops of previously known types. 1 H
Another object" of the invention is to "shorten the scoop and its 'handle so'tl'lat the scoop can be handled more conveniently in the close confines of a barrel or bin, while at the same time making the scoop more efiicient and speedy in use, so that more groceries such as sugar and coffee can be handled in the same time in spite of its reduced length.
Another object is to improve the handle of the scoop by shortening it, by making the users grip more secure, and by providing means for hanging the scoop up out of the way but quickly accessible.
Another object of the invention is to concave the entrance of the scoop by hollowing out the surface of the entrance to insure the proper emptying of the scoop in bag or other container without spilling the contents.
Another object is to provide a durable, bright, smooth inner and outer finish for the scoop to insure against clogging and sticking of materials to its interior, even though it be subjected to hard use for many years.
Referring to the drawings, which are made a part of this application and in which similar reference characters indicate similar parts:
Fig. 1 is a vertical longitudinal section of the device of my invention,
Fig 2, a top plan,
Fig. 3, a bottom plan,
Fig. 4, a front elevation, and
Fig. 5, a perspective.
On the drawings, reference character In indicates the short, flat bottom of the scoop from which rises the longer inclined portion II. It will be noted that the bottom is widest near the rear wall, about midway between the rear wall l3 and the line of connection between the floor portions I and II, at l4, and that said bottom narrows gradually from that widest point to the front end of the scoop. At each side there is a side wall l5, l5, and these side walls, like the rear end, are not connected to the bottom by sharp corners, but the upright walls and the bottom curve gently and gradually into each other inside and outside the scoop so as to afford no place for material to lodge or adhere.
Both the side walls and the rear wall curve spilling over the side walls than is the case with outwardly fr'o rri the bottom to provide increased capacity, and then are recurved inwardly. In the case of the'rear wall this shape at the-top pro-' vides a stop for the material to cause. the scoop to fill up to the top and yet to reduce the amount of spilling over the rear end in fillingthe Scoop; The side walls, as-stated above, are 1 curved outwardly to increase the capacity of the "scoop; but are also :curveddnwardly at the top, and are reduced in height at the forward ends and inclined inwardly toward each other, all for the purpose of so affecting the flow of the sugar or the like material as to throw it inward and forward, while preventing it from spilling over the side walls. The narrowing of the scoop toward the front is well illustrated in Fig. 4. This throws the current inward and forward, and this action is augmented by the concave shape of the floor, the upper surface of which is not entirely flat but is lower at the middle than at the sides, at least toward the front end, as best shown in Fig. 4 at [6, thereby expediting the flow. at the bottom and causing the fluent material to fall toward the middle of the scoop at its front end so as to prevent piling up at the front of the scoop, with consequent tendency to overflow at the sides.
The floor of the scoop is also curved back from the sides of the scoop to its mid-width as best shown in Fig. 2 at [6, thus aiding still further in expediting the flow of material at the middle and drawing it away from the sides to prevent spilling.
The side walls are reduced in height at the front, in addition to the streamlined shape of the entire scoop, to provide easier and more certain entry of the scoop into a bag or other container, their upper margins at the front ends approaching nearly to the level of the front end of the floor I l of the scoop.
The downwardly bent handle I! of the scoop is shortened as compared with previous practice, and is provided with oblique holes or depressions l8, l9 and 20 whose purpose in the first instance is to insure a good grip for the users hand, for which reason, the holes at l9 and 20 are prefer- .ably somewhat countersunk, as indicated in Fig. 3, but this is not necessary for hole, I8, which is larger than the others to provide means for hanging the scoop on a nail or the like. The inclined hole of uniform diameter throughout insures that the scoop will stay on its nail or like suspension means, and also that it can be taken down without danger of catching and hanging back. I
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art.
3 that many changes may be made in the device herein disclosed, all without departing from the spirit of the invention; and, therefore, I do not limit myself to what is shown in the drawings and described in the specification, but only as indicated in the appended claims.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim is:
1. A one-piece grocers scoop of cast aluminum comprisingrear and side walls, a short integral downwardly inclined handle on the rear wall, said handle being small in cross section near said wall and increasing in cross section toward its rear end, a fiat rear floor portion, a front floor portion inclined upwardly from the front end of the rear floor portion to the front end of the scoop, the upper face of the front floor portion the scoop to the middle thereof at the front end 1 4 awesome crrnn The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Re. 7,940 Richardi Nov. 6, 1877 D. 37,339 Cushman Feb. 14, 1905 D. 127,970 Myers July 1, 1941 147,854- Milligan I Feb. 24, 1874 156,485 Johnston Nov. 3, 1874 203,885 Button May 21, 1878 245,046 Ball Aug. 2, 1881 64,072 French Sept. 12, 1882 293,261 Matcham Feb. 12, 1884 422340 Marshall Feb. 25, 1890 640,972 Stilson Jan. 9, 1900 669,219 Holman Mar. 5, 1901 884,485 Gray Apr. 14, 1908 1,711,566 Jacobs May 7, 1929 1,728,858 Dreher Sept. 17, 1929 2,076,836 Goldblatt Apr. 13, 1937 2,273,642 Henderson Feb. 17, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country 7 Date 3,356 Great Britain Mar. 2, 1915 258,157 Great Britain Sept. 16, 1926 446,064 Germany June 22, 1927
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|US147854 *||Sep 6, 1873||Feb 24, 1874||Improvement in sheet-iron scoops|
|US156485 *||Aug 31, 1874||Nov 3, 1874||Improvement in dentists files|
|US203885 *||Apr 11, 1878||May 21, 1878||Improvement in scoops|
|US245046 *||Mar 18, 1881||Aug 2, 1881||Earth-scraper|
|US264072 *||Aug 8, 1882||Sep 12, 1882||Scoop|
|US293261 *||Feb 12, 1884||Blank for road-scrapers|
|US422240 *||Apr 13, 1889||Feb 25, 1890||Dust-pan|
|US640972 *||Oct 12, 1899||Jan 9, 1900||Central Stamping Company||Dust-pan.|
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|US884485 *||Sep 19, 1907||Apr 14, 1908||Malcolm E Gray||Handle for dippers.|
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|USD37970 *||Feb 27, 1906||Apr 24, 1906||SARGENT a COMPANY||Design for casket-trimming|
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|GB258157A *||Title not available|
|GB191503356A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3001404 *||Jan 29, 1959||Sep 26, 1961||Borden Co||Self-leveling measuring spoon|
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|US4458960 *||May 3, 1982||Jul 10, 1984||King-Seeley Thermos Co.||Ice body supply delivery control|
|US6234549 *||Dec 29, 1997||May 22, 2001||Louis E. Spencer||Dual Action Scooper for clumping and non-clumping cat litter|
|US6412842 *||Oct 19, 2000||Jul 2, 2002||Nadine Winston||Scoop for slot machine tray|
|US6892419||Mar 3, 2004||May 17, 2005||John F. Duprey||Scalloped edge dustpan|