Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2563917 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 14, 1951
Filing dateOct 13, 1944
Priority dateOct 13, 1944
Publication numberUS 2563917 A, US 2563917A, US-A-2563917, US2563917 A, US2563917A
InventorsCaesar Orville S, Raymond Loewy
Original AssigneeGreyhound Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Double-deck coach
US 2563917 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 14, 1951 o. s. CAESAR ET AL 2,563,917

DoUBLEmEcK COACH Filed not. 15, 1944 3 Sheets--SheetI 2 Aug. 14, 1951 o. s. cAEsAR ET AL 2,563,917

DOUBLE-DECK COACH Filed oct. 15, 1944 5 sheets-sheet s jfl' Patented Aug. 14,r 1951 DOUBLE-DECK COACH Orville S. Caesar, Barrington, lll., and Raymond Loewy, New York, N. Y., assignors to The Greyhound Corporation, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Delaware Application October 13, 1944, Serial No. 558,578

The principal object of the present invention is to make better use of the spacewithin a double deck coach so as to provide accommodations for a greater number of passengers, to`

make the aisles and seats wider, and to provide more baggage space, all without increasing any of the dimensions of a comparable standard coach, except to make it very slightly higher.

A further object of the invention is so to arrange the seats within a double deck coach as to accommodate the greater number of passengers on the upper deck, well above the impact line, and yet to have the center of gravity low enough to insure safety.

Another object of the invention is so to arrange the seats upon the lower deck as to protect the passengers from sideswipe.

Another object of the invention is to provide a double deck coach in which the greater part of the pay load is carried inside of the track of the wheels.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a double deck coach in which the lower deck is depressed between adjacent sets of wheels, thus lowering the center of gravity.

Still another object of the invention is to arrange the seats for the passengers upon the upper deck so as to increase visibility.

A further object of the invention is to provide a double deck coach having a substantially centrally located entrance door leading to a central vestibule from which all seats within the coach are substantially equally accessible.

A further object of the invention is to provide a double deck coach having a central vestibule which is provided with an emergency exit which is equally accessible to all the passengers within the coach.

A further object is to provide a double deck coach having a central vestibule within which is located toilet and washroom facilities and an attendants station.

Other objects of the invention and the numerous advantages thereof will more fully be brought out as the description proceeds.

In the accompanying drawings, we have illustrated a practical embodiment of our invention, but it is to be understood that we do not confine ourselves to the precise details therein disclosed. It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that the broad concepts of our invention are susceptible of embodiment in other .forms without departing from the spirit of your invention or sacricing any of its advantages.

2 Claims. (Cl. 296-28) In these drawings,

Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a coach embodying our invention;

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical section taken substantially on line 2-2 of Fig. 5;

Fig. 3 is a section taken substantially on line 3-3 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a section taken substantially on line 4 4 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is a front elevation;

Fig. 6 is a rear elevation;

Fig. 7 is a cross-section taken substantially on line 'I-T of Fig. l; and

Fig. 8 is a cross-section taken substantially on line 3-8 of Fig. l. A

Referring now to drawings, the coach of our invention comprises side walls II and a top I2 which are connected to, or merged into, a iront wall I3 and a rear wall I4.

In the upper part of the side walls, we have provided a series of windows I5 for the passengers on the upper deck. And in the lower part of the side walls, we have provided windows I6 for the lower deck.

Our coach is provided with front wheels I1, intermediate wheels I8, and rear wheels I9. The latter may be mounted upon a trailer truck member 20 which may be of the construction shown in the co-pending application of Orville S. Caesar, Serial Number 557,599, led October 7, 1944, now Patent Number 2,415,460, granted February 11, 1947.

In one of the side walls of our coach, preferably the right side wall, we provide a substantially centrally located entrance door 2|. If desired, an additional door 22 may be provided in the same side wall but located more towards the front of the coach.

Fig. 2 which is a longitudinal vertical section of our coach shows the arrangement of the decks and the seats thereon. By reference to this figure,

.it will be seen that we have provided a lower deck having a portion 23 which is depressed so as to be somewhat lower than the center of the wheels I'I and I 8, between which the said depressed portion 23 is located. The lower deck 3 larly to Fig. 4 that this vestibule 25 is located substantially centrally of the Vehicle as will be more fully brought out. This location of the vestibule results in numerous advantages in our construction.

The said central vestibule 25 extends across the entire width of our coach and is large enough to provide an ample washroom 26, place for a water cooler 21, and an attendants station 28. There is suilicient space at the attendants station for such equipment as may be necessary in case it is desired to provide the passengers with light refreshments.

Leading forwardly from the vestibule :25.and along the righthand side wall A|| is an aisle -Bil by which access may be had to the lower deck seats 3|.

Adjacent the opposite or left side wall Il extends a baggage compartment 32, to which access may be had from the outside as through a door 33 (see Fig. '1).

It will thus be seen that the lower `deck seats 3| are located within a separate compartment which is easily reached from'thefcentral vestibule 25. This compartment may be used as a smoking room or for card playing, and the like. These lower deck seats 3| may be so constructed and positioned that they may be removed' from the compartment and thus convert it into a freight or baggage space whenever theseats are not required for the accommodation of passengers. It is possible, also, so to arrange the seating within this lower deck compartment as to provide sleepingspace, if desired.

It will be noted that the passengers occupying the lower deck seats 3|' are protected from sideswipe because Vthe said seats are spaced inwardly from one of the side walls by the aisle 3D and from the other side wall by the baggage space 32.

The upper deck comprises a forward portion 35 and a rear portion 36 extending in opposite directions from the central vestibule 25.

The forward portion 3 5 of the upper deck is reached by steps 31 which ascend from the vestibule v25 adjacent the side wall I which is opposite the entrance door 2|. The said steps 31 communicate with an aisle 38. The seats 39 on the forward portion 35 of the upper deck extend from theaisle 38 across the width of the coach to a baggage space 45, the bottom 4| of which is raisedabove the level of the noor 35 (see Fig. 7) soas to provide additional and adequate head room over the lower deck aisle 30.

It will thus be Seen that the passengers occupying the seats 39 on the forward portion 35 of the upper deck are not only located above the impact line but they are also protected from any sideswipe by reason of `the aisle 38 and the baggage space 40 which run parallel to the side Walls and space the seats therefrom.

The rear portion 36 of the upper deck extends rearwardly from the central vestibule 25 and is reached by steps 42 communicating with an aisle 43 which is located substantially centrally of the said rear portion 35 of the upper deck. On this part of the upper deck are located seats 44, preferably in pairs on opposite sides of the aisle 43, and at the rear of this part of the deck we have l0- cated a series of seats 45.

The rear part of the upper deck is separated from the forward part by a partition 46 which preferably is made of transparent plastic material so as notk to interfere with the visibility of `transparent plastic partition 52.

the passengers occupying the rear portion of this upper deck.

The drivers seat 41 (see Figs. 2 and 3) is located on a separate platform 48 which is somewhat lower than the forward part 35 of the upper deck so that the passengers occupying the seats .39 may have clear visibility in a for-ward direction through the windshield. The drivers compartment is separated from the passenger space of the upper deck by a partition 49 which, like the partition 46, may also be made of transparent plastic material.

vAdjacent theV Idrivers compartment, but on a somewhat lower platform 50, we have located two additional passenger seats 5|. These seats are separated-*from the drivers compartment by a The seats 5| are reached from the lower deck aisle 30 by way of the 'steps 52. The driver may reach his seat 41 in the same way or he may ascend the steps 31 .and g-.o forwardly, along the aisle 38.

Oneof theY outstanding improvements in Your present construction is the provision of adequate baggage and package space. We have already referred tothe ,compartments or spaces 32 and 40. .In addition to these, we have provided baggage spaces 54 below the `rear portion 36 of the upper .deck `and on each side of the central aisle 43; These spaces are accessible from the outside ofthe vehicle through doors 55.

There is also a large baggage space 56 which is accessible from the outside through doors 51. At vthe rear of the coach there is an additional baggage space 58 which is accessible through a rear door 59.

At the forward end of the vehicle, and beneath the .platform 5U, we have provided a compartment G0 for the storage of a spare tire and for tools and other accessories. This compartment is accessible from Ythe front through adoor 6 Adequate interior package space is also provided, as the racks above the seats on the upper deck and the top of the baggage compartment 32 on thelower deck.

Communicating with the vestibule 25, and substantially directly opposite the main entrance door 2|, we have located an emergency exit door 5 2. As will be seen, this emergency exit 62 is readily accessible to all the passengers within-the coach.

The foregoing described arrangement has a great advantage in that it provides for ease of movement of passengers into and out of the coach. All passengers will enter by the central door 2| into the vestibule 2,5. As will be seen, the floor of the vestibule is on the same level as the portion 23 of the lower deck. From the central vestibule, the passengers proceed to their seats by the steps and aisles heretofore described, all of which lead from the vestibule. In this way, all the seats are substantially equally accessible from the vestibule and the emergency exit 62 is conveniently reached by all passengers.

Also, because of the adequate space provided in the centrally located vestibule 25, it is plain that the toilet and washroom facilities located therein are readily accessible to all passengers.

Our construction also contemplates adequate space for an air conditioning and heating system. Air will enter the coach from the system through inlet ducts 64 located in the `top of the coach and in the ceiling of the lower deck compartment, and adequate return grills 65 are provided Anear the floor of each compartment and along the side walls of the rear aisle 43.

The foregoing described arrangement provides for fifty passengers, thirty-eight of whom are carried on the upper deck, well above the impact line, and twelve of whom are located on the lower deck inwardly from the side walls and thus protected from sideswipe.

The coach thus described which accommodates fifty passengers is of the same horizontal dimensions, that is, length and width, as coaches heretofore designed and which accommodate only forty-one passengers. Thus, we have achieved in this arrangement an increase of twenty per cent in passenger carrying capacity. We have also proportionately increased the amount of baggage space so as to allow substantially the same amount per passenger, namely, about four and one-half cubic feet. In addition, the seats and aisles are wider.

This has been accomplished by only a very slight increases, about ten inches, in the height of the coach, Despite this increase in height, the coach, when unloaded, is only ten feet ten and one-half inches high, which is Well under the limit of vertical dimension provided by most State regulations. At the same time, the seats are so placed as substantially to lower the center of gravity, and by keeping the load well balanced and distributed, We improve the safety of operation. Y

It is within our contemplation that the emergency exit door 62 may be used as the main entrance to the coach, in which case the door 2| may' serve as the emergency exit. Because pas--k senger coaches of our type are usually loaded and unloaded in depots or at stops oi the highway, there is no danger in having the passengers enter and leave by a door in the left side of the coach, and there may be advantage in locating'the emergency exit on the right side.

We claim as our invention:

1. A double deck coach comprising a body having side walls, upper and lower passenger-carryB ing decks in said body, a vestibule extending across said body, and a plurality of seats on said upper deck placed back to back above said vestibule, said upper deck being elevated under said seats and in the space between the backs thereof, whereby to provide head room in said vestibule without increasing the height of said body.

2. A double deck vehicle comprising a body having side walls, upper and lower passengercarrying decks in said body, a vestibule extending across said body, an entrance door in one of said side walls leading to said vestibule, an emergency eXit door in the other of said side walls leading from said vestibule, and a plurality of seats on said upper deck placed back to back above said vestibule, said upper deck being elevated under said seats and in the space between the backs thereof, whereby t0 provide head room in said vestibule without increasing the height of said body.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the iile of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,085,504 Spangler Jan. 27, 1914 1,111,971 Rowntree Sept. 29, 1914 1,300,201 Spangler Apr. 8, 1919 1,588,906 Rackham June 15, 1926 1,596,212 Newell et al Aug. 17, 1926 1,727,721 Langlands et al Sept. 10, 1929 1,864,710 Austiny June 28, 1932 1,902,607 Austin Mar. 21, 1933 1,998,697 Austin Apr. 23, 1935 2,173,727 Ramstrum Sept. 19, 1939 2,285,933 Ledwinka et al June 9, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 217,108 Switzerland Jan. 16, 1942 323,411 Great Britain Jan. 2, 1930 352,295 Great Britain July 9, 1931 841,627 France Feb. 13, 1939 Dedication Barrington, Ill. and Rag/mond Loewy, New Ork, N. Y. DOUBLE-DECK COACH. Pa

tent dated Aug. 14, 1951. Dedication led Aug. 22, 1957, by the assignee, The Greg/hound Corporation.

Hereby dedcates to the public the unexpired term of said patent.

[Oficial Gazette October 1, 1957.]

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1085504 *Oct 10, 1913Jan 27, 1914Ludwig SpaenglerDouble-decked vehicle.
US1111971 *Apr 4, 1912Sep 29, 1914Nat Pneumatic CoDouble-deck car.
US1300201 *Sep 4, 1914Apr 8, 1919Ludwig SpaenglerDouble-decked vehicle.
US1588906 *Oct 16, 1924Jun 15, 1926Yellow Coach Mfg CoDouble-deck vehicle
US1596212 *Sep 17, 1925Aug 17, 1926George NewellPassenger coach
US1727721 *Apr 2, 1927Sep 10, 1929Eric LanglandsMotor vehicle
US1864710 *Apr 2, 1928Jun 28, 1932Austin Dwight EVehicle and sleeping berth construction
US1902607 *May 7, 1927Mar 21, 1933Austin Dwight EAutomobile stage body
US1998697 *Apr 1, 1931Apr 23, 1935Gen Motors Truck CorpPassenger vehicle body
US2173727 *Feb 25, 1939Sep 19, 1939American Car And Foundry MotorDouble-deck vehicle
US2285933 *Jun 5, 1940Jun 9, 1942Budd Edward G Mfg CoDouble deck rail car
CH217108A * Title not available
FR841627A * Title not available
GB323411A * Title not available
GB352295A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3284127 *Dec 18, 1963Nov 8, 1966Temple Willson LouTrailer dwellings
US4342370 *Mar 30, 1979Aug 3, 1982M.A.N. Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nuernberg AgArticulated omnibus
US5967583 *Jan 8, 1998Oct 19, 1999Wishart; Randell J.Multi-level recreational vehicle
US6126218 *Mar 26, 1999Oct 3, 2000Karhumaki; JormaArrangement in vehicle
US6851134Oct 15, 2001Feb 8, 2005Walter FrellerBerth system, especially for means of transportation
US7891725 *May 12, 2005Feb 22, 2011The Wrights Group LimitedPassenger service vehicles
US8118365 *Mar 23, 2009Feb 21, 2012Henshaw Robert JVehicle seating
US9340239 *May 8, 2013May 17, 2016Alexander Dennis LimitedPassenger service vehicle
US20040012235 *Oct 15, 2001Jan 22, 2004Walter FrellerBerth system, especially for means of transportation
US20060273623 *Nov 17, 2005Dec 7, 2006Romano Ronald JOpen air elevated deck bus
US20060273624 *Mar 9, 2006Dec 7, 2006Romano Ronald JElevated deck bus with removable roof
US20070007786 *Feb 24, 2006Jan 11, 2007Doyle Ronald AOpposed drawer assembly for vehicles
US20070252400 *May 12, 2005Nov 1, 2007Paul BlairPassenger Service Vehicles
US20090243358 *Mar 23, 2009Oct 1, 2009Henshaw Robert JVehicle Seating
US20150137500 *May 8, 2013May 21, 2015Alexander Dennis LimitedPassenger Service Vehicle
DE1275369B *Jul 20, 1962Aug 14, 1968Uerdingen Ag WaggonfabrikOmnibus mit drei Tueren
EP1728708A1Mar 31, 2006Dec 6, 2006Ronald J. RomanoOpen air elevated deck bus
WO2002032718A1 *Oct 15, 2001Apr 25, 2002Walter FrellerBerth system, especially for means of transportation
WO2003002397A1 *Jun 27, 2002Jan 9, 2003Alan B Denning Investments Pty LtdMulti-floor passenger coaches
U.S. Classification296/178, 105/340, 296/64, 296/37.1
International ClassificationB62D31/04, B62D31/00
Cooperative ClassificationB62D31/04
European ClassificationB62D31/04