US 2564369 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 14, 1951 M. MILLER 2,564,369
CHILDRENS COMBINATION GARMENT Filed Aug. 6, 1949 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. MORRIS MILLER Aug. 14, 1951 M. MILLER 2,564,369
CHILDREN S COMBINATION GARMENT Filed Aug. 6, 1949 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 MORRIS MILLER BY g \ v I IN VEN TOR.
ATFUHNE'Y Patented Aug. 14, 1 951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,564,369 CHILDRENS COMBINATION GARMENT Morris Miller, Brooklyn, N. Y. I
Application August 6, 1949, SerialNo. 108,967
2 Claims. (01. 2-71) This invention relates to new and useful improvements in childrens combination garments, and more particularly, the aim is to provide a novel combination garment characterized by the inclusion of a bodice or waistportion, a skirt portion, and a panty portion, all so brought together in a single garment that a number of unique and highly important features are present whereby corresponding advantages are obtained.
A feature of the new garment is that a one- ,piece garment is produced wherein the waist and skirt portions are both inclusive of one or more sections of material or each of which is of unbroken extension through both these portions from the top to the bottom of the garment.
Another feature is that a garment is made as just described with its panty portion inclusive of one or more sections of material each of which is substantially coextensive with the entire expanse of the panty portion.
A further feature of the invention is that a garment incorporating all the features already mentioned is so constructed that it may be readily openable in one or both of two ways; one such opening being from the top to the bottom of the component comprised of the waist and skirt portions, and another such opening being such that, when it is closed the panty snugly engages and encloses the buttocks, the upper thighs and the crotch of the child, and when it is opened it depends as a single vertically elongated panel hung at the rear of the wearer and by suspension from approximately the waist-line of said component and at the inside thereof, with the major portion of the connection between the panty member and the main body of the garment at the back of the latter.
Still a further feature of the invention is that readily releasable fastening means are provided for closing both said openings, with both of these openings at the frontal zone of the garment; and this means preferably consists of a plurality of snap fasteners.
Still another feature of the invention is a connection between the waist and skirt component, on the one hand, and the upper edge of the panty, on the other, whereby both said component and the panty are jointly served by improved resilient means whereby the entire garment elastically yet comfortably adapts itself ,to the abdominal girth of the child as such girth from time to time changes in dimension or distention.
At the same time, the invention may practicably include, and preferably does include, a waterproof lining for the panty.
A particular object is to provide an improved combination garment, and one including a waist portion, a skirt portion and a panty portion, with said three portions all permanently interconnected, and with these parts so arranged and related that when the child stands or walks the panty is covered and concealed by what is apparent a conventional frock. At the same time, the garment is one which may be entirely removed from the childs body merely by opening up the waist and skirt component as above from top to bottom and then releasing the panty for drop in back of the child. Furthermore, when the child has to respond to a call of nature, is instantly made ready for that contingency either merely by releasing the panty, or, if desired, especially when the skirt is not as full as it might well be made, by first opening merely the skirt portion of the outer component of the garment and then by releasing the panty.
7 Another particular object of the invention is to obtain various novel utilities as above summarized, but, nevertheless, to provide a combination garment that incorporates a waist portion, a skirt portion and a panty portion so arranged that the garment is relatively simple to make, of long life, and one which can be manufactured and sold at a reasonable retail selling price.
For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of this disclosure:
Fig. 1 is a front elevational view of a combination garment constructed in accordance with the present invention, showing the same as it would be worn.
Fig. 2 is a rear elevational view of said garment.
Fig. 3 is another front elevational view of the same garment, with the aforesaid opening at the front of the waist and skirt component freed of its fastening means but swung upward for wide spacing only at the skirt portion, and with the panty not yet opened.
Fig. 4 is still another front elevational view of the same garment, spread more or less flat, and with the said opening at the front of the waist and skirt component now spread widely open at the skirt portion and with the panty open,but with the aforesaid resilient means in normal unstretched condition. I 1
Fig. 5 is likewise a front elevational view with 3 the skirt portion, however, only fragmentarily shown; but with now the said resilient means stretched almost to, its maximum limit of stretch, that is, stretched as far as permitted by the adjacency thereto and connection therewith of the various non-stretchable parts of the garment.
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary vertical section, taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 7. is a detail elevational view for showing on an enlarged scale the parts appearing at the top right in Fig.
Fig. 8 is a further enlarged detail View, this being a transverse section taken on the line B8 of Fig. 7. 4
The new combination garment, according to the present invention, includes a waist portion 10, a skirt portion II and a parity l2, the latter having a suitable waterproof lining 14.
"Said lining is preferably a sheet of transparent resinous plastic material, but may be formed of oiled silk or any other generally'similar and/or suitable waterproof inateriai. The main expanse of the panty, aside from the lining i 4, and the main expan'se of the waist and skirt component, are preferably formed of knit material.
The design and ornamental features of the waist and skirt portions may be varied as desired, but as herein shown the waist portion comprises a main body having a neck opening l5 finished by a band H5 of knit material folded longitudinally on itself, and suitably stitched in place with the marginal subdivisions or side edges thereof respectively at the inside and outside of the garment.
Short sleeves l! are also shown as included in the waist portion,-each of these at its outer end being similarly finished by a band I8 of knit material.
The finishing of the bottom of the skirt portion may be by means of an inturned hem [9. A single band; the said band I6, is shown as the edge finishing not only at the neck opening I 5, but down along both sides of the front opening of the waist and skirt component l0-l'l as perhaps shown most clearly in Fig. 4.
A half-collar for thatportionof the neck opening 15 at the front of the garment is in the form of two quarter-collars each edge finished by a band 2| of knitmaterial, and with the rear ends of said quarter collars and their said bands 2| entered into and caught within shoulder seams 22. V
The front opening of the garment, from the top of the waist portion in down to the bottom of the skirt portion ll, is designated 23-. For closing this opening, a series of suitably spaced snap fasteners are provided and to assist in carrying the snap fastener elements two tapes are suitably stitched in place at theinside of the garment and along opposite sides of said opening 23. Along one of said tapes, that marked 24, are secured socket-type snap fastener elements 26; and along the other of said tapes, that marked are secured the complementary post-type snap fastener elements 21.
As herein shown the waist and skirt component I0-II is made in three main sections, a back section 28 and two front. sections 29 and 30, with each of the latter stitched in place in an up and down direction along its rear edge to a different one of the two sides of the back section 28, the seams thereby resulting being designated 3| and 3-2. As Will be noted, each of these three sections extends uninterruptedly from top to bottom of said component.
The panty l2 has a pair of spaced leg openings 33 which when closed will encircle the legs of th child. The main back section of the panty is faced by the lining l4 and said main back section and said lining are cut to substantially the same size and shape, both being so cut as to have an outline suggesting that of a substantially equilateral triangle with its base uppermost as seen in Fig. 5, but, however, with the two downwardly converging sides of the triangle concavely incut to provide said openings'33.
Along said downwardly converging sides of the panty l2, and at the interior of the panty at the straight portions of said sides above and below the openings 33, non-stretchable tapes 3- 35, 36 and 31 are suitably stitched in place. These tapes are provided to assist in carrying suitably spaced snap fastener elements for being coupled to close 'seconc'l-mentioned opening of the new garment, thereby to arrange the panty diaper-fashion relative to the body of the child. Along the tapes 34 and 35, respectively, are secured post-type snap fastener elements 38 and 39, and along the tapes 36 and 31, respectively, are secured the complementary socket-type snap fastener elements 40 and 4|. As indicated in Fig. 5, the posts of the elements 38 and 39 face away from the observer in that view, and the mouths of the sockets of the elements 10 and 41 are directed away from the observer in that view.
The curved edge portions at opposite sides of the panty I2 which define the leg openings 33 are finished by a band 42 of knit material applied and stitched inplace in the same manner as described inconnection with the band It; such stitching for engaging and locking in place also the adjacent marginal portions of the two plies of sheet material of which the panty is comprised. Similarly, the stitching which holds in place the tapes 25 and 36 (see Fig. 8) engages and locks in place the adjacent mang'inal portions of said plies. At the bottom straight horizontal edge of the panty a marginal portion of the knit or other main back ply of the panty is upturned to form a hem 42' there suitably stitched in place. In Fig. 8, the now preferred Way of stitching in place one of said tapes'and for joining it to adjacent sheet elements is shown, with two lines 43 and 44 of stitching applied to th tape 36 and to the adja'cent sheet elements (compare Fig. 7). In these two views, the knit or other selected backing for the lining I4 is designated 45.
It may here be stated that, in view of the scale on which the several views are drawn, many of the various stitchings above referred to have not been attempted to be shown, (this for the purpose of keeping the drawings as clear as possible), with the exception of some stitchings thought better to be indicated in certain of the views, notably in Fig. '7, and with the exception also of such stitchings as have been or as will below be referre'd'to by referencenumerals.
An approach to a possible maximum stretchwidth of the component l'9-Il will be noted in Fig. 5. Normally, however, such girthwi'sely-to function dimension Of said component is about that indicated in Figs. 1-4. This advantage is made possible by the inclusion of a length of longitudinally stretchable elastic tape at, which in normal stretched condition is somewhat longer than as shown in Fig; 5. The tape 46' is horizontally extended along the inside of the component |0- l at about the waist line of the-garment. The rear upper edge of the parity I 2 is interposed between'th'etape 46' and theinain back section 28 of the garment which as already stated, extends uninterruptedly from the neck opening l5 down to the bottom of the skirt portion ll. With the parts stretched, preferably somewhat more than as shown in Fig, 5, a zig zag stitching 47 is added to tack down the resilient tape 16 in place in almost fully stretched condition.
It is to be noted particularly from Figs. 5 and 7 that the tape 36 at its upper end overlaps the tape 25; that an end of the tape as overlaps the tape 36; and that one of the snap fastener elements (here one of the elements 26) is passed through the adjacent end of said tape 46 and also through the two non-stretchable tapes 35 and 25 as well as through an outer section (here the section 39) of the garment. The same interlockin construction is provided at the opposite side of the garment.
The manner of using the combination garment of the present invention is as follows:
To put the garment on a child, with all the snap fasteners open, and then, consequently, with the garment opened up the arms of the child are passed through the sleeves if, then the panty portion [2 is lifted at its lower end and swung forward and through the crotch and then brought up to lie over the upper front of the abdomen of the child. The panty is closed by engaging the snap fastener elements 39 with the elements 38 and the elements it with the elements 45, and, finally, the entirety of the opening 23 extending from the top to the bottom of the garment is closed by engaging the snap fastener elements 27 with the elements 26.
To remove the garment, the above procedure is reversed.
While I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiment of my invention, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the precise construction herein disclosed and the right is reserved to all changes and modifications coming within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent is:
1. A childs garment incorporating three permanently interconnected portions one of which is a waist portion, another of which is a skirt portion and another of which is a panty, said waist and skirt portions being in the main inclusive of at least one section of textile material which is integral from top to bottom of the garment, the component comprised of said waist and skirt portions presenting an opening extending from top to bottom of the garment, said panty being permanently secured alon its upper edge to the inside of the waist and skirt component at about the waistline of the garment, said panty having downwardly converging sides each interrupted intermediate its ends by a concavely curved leg opening readily releasable spaced means along opposite sides of said opening for fastening the garment to close the same from top to bottom, readily releasable spaced means arranged along the opposite sides of the panty beyond both ends of said leg openings for interconnecting various parts of the panty to establish the same as a diaper-like housing relative to the body of the child, .said
panty having a lining of waterproof material permanently incorporated therein, the means for permanently securing the panty along its upper edge to the waist and skirt component also acting as the means for securing the upper edge of the lining in the panty, the means last named including a line of stitching, and an elastic tape extending across and attached in a stretched condition by said stitching to the waist and skirt component substantially at the waistline thereof.
2. A childs garment incorporating three permanently interconnected portions one of which is a waist portion, another of which is a skirt portion and another of which is a panty, said waist and skirt portions being in the main inclusive of at least one section of textile material which is integral from top to bottom of the garment, the component comprised of said waist and skirt portions presenting an opening extending from top to bottom of the garment, said panty being permanently secured along its upper edge to the inside of the waist and skirt component at about the waistline of the garment, said panty having downwardly converging sides each interrupted intermediate its ends by a concavely curved leg opening readily releasable spaced means along opposite sides of said opening for fastening the garment to close the same from top to bottom, readily releasable spaced means arranged along the opposite sides of the panty beyond both ends of said leg opening for interconnecting various parts of the panty to establish the same as a diaper-like housing relative to the body of the child, said parity having a lining of waterproof material permanently incorporated therein, the means for permanently securing the panty along its upper edge of the waist and skirt component also acting as the means for securing the upper edge of the lining in the panty, the means last named including a line of stitching, and an elastic tape extending across and attached in a stretched condition by said stitching to the waist and skirt component substantially at the waistline thereof, said upper edge of the panty being interposed between the adjacent faces of said waist and skirt component and said elastic tape, said elastic tape being normally in substantially unstretched condition, the width of said waist portion and said skirt portion at the location of said elastic tape being the same as the length of said tape in stretched condition to agree with the length of said tape when almost in fully stretched condition, and the stitching for attaching the elastic tape to said component and to the upper edge of the panty extending zig-zag fashion across and along the length of the elastic tape.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 310,171 Beers Jan. 6, 1885 1,072,776 Routery Sept. 9, 1913 1,568,449 Gardner Jan. 5, 1926 1 993 568 Rosenberg Mar. 5, 1935