|Publication number||US2564570 A|
|Publication date||Aug 14, 1951|
|Filing date||Feb 4, 1950|
|Priority date||Feb 4, 1950|
|Publication number||US 2564570 A, US 2564570A, US-A-2564570, US2564570 A, US2564570A|
|Inventors||Robert L Hatfield|
|Original Assignee||Nash Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (11), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 14, 1951 R. HATFIELD SPRING FOR FOLD-OVER ARTICLES Filed Feb. 4
/8 (marmamarmo INVENTOR. 2054-21 A. HA rr/up BY icau'wa ATTORNEYS.
Patented Aug. 14, 1951 SPRING FOR FOLD-OVER ARTICLES Robert L. Hatfield, East Orange, N. J assignor to Nash Inc., Jersey City, N. J a corporation of New Jersey Application February 4, 1950, Serial No. 142,414
The device of the present invention relates generally to fold-over articles, as for example, bill-folds or the like, and means for automatically unfolding same. Specifically, the present invention relates to a device for insertion in a fold-over article, which device can be bent medially against its normal biasing, and which will automatically open and flatten the article in which it is inserted on release of the bend holding means.
The main object of the present invention, therefore, is the provision of a device for insertion in a fold-over article which can be bent medially against its normal biasing, and which will automatically unfold to resume its normal fiat condition on release of the bend holding means.
Another object of the present invention is the provision of an H-spring, the wings of which are normally fiat lying in a single plane but may be bent over against one another.
Another object of the present invention is the provision of an H-spring comprising two elements and a holding member therefor.
Still another object of the present invention is the provision of an H-spring comprising two elements and a holding member therefor, each element comp-rising a portion of each wing of the H-spring, at diagonally opposite sides thereof.
' Other and further objects of the present invention will in part be obvious and in part pointed out specifically in the following description of an illustrative embodiment thereof. The present invention, as will be obvious, has many uses and applications. While I have described same in relation to a wallet of the bill-fold type, it is to be limited only by the scope of the claims appended hereto.
In the drawings annexed hereto and forming a part hereof,
Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4 are perspective views of the H-spring of my invention, illustrating the components and the several steps in the assembly thereof;
Figure 5 is a vertical section on the line 5--5 of Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a perspective view of the device of my invention positioned within a wallet of the bill-fold, or fold-over type; and
Figure '7 is an edge elevational view of the wallet according to Figure 6, in folded position.
Referring to Figures 1, 2 and 3, the device of I my invention comprises a pair of elongated wires or rods I 0, I 0 of thin section spring material both bent, as shown, to provide a body portion I2, I2a and leg portions I4, Ha, I6, Ifia. Legs I4, I6a are bent at right angles to the body portions I2, IZa, respectively, and legs Ma, I6 are bent down at right angles to bodies I2, I 2a, legs I4, IB and I 4a, IBa being parallel to each other. Each member I0 thus forms a zig-zag or Z-element and it will be so referred to hereinafter. The Z-elements I 0, I 0 are paired together, arranged as shown in Figure 1, with the body portions I2, I2a against one another in parallelism, and with leg I6a of one member coincident with leg I4 of the other, and with leg Ma of the one coincident with leg IB of the other. The ends of legs I4, I604 may be inturned to form eyelets as I5, Ila.
An elongated flexible coil spring I8, normally expansible, is provided, of such internal diameter as to receive the paired legs I6, I411 therethrough, and of length normally longer than body portions I2, I2a. Coil I8 is threaded over the paired legs I la, I6, as in the right hand side of Figure 2, past the right angle at I9 until it reaches the right angle at ZI. Spring I8 isthen compressed so that its length is less than the body portions I2, I 4. With one Z-member held firmly, the other Z-member is swung through with respect thereto, into the position of Figure 3, and the free ends of legs Ma and I6 are inturned into eyelets as at Ma and I! respectively. In this H-form, spring I8 is trapped between legs Ma, I6 along one side of the H, and legs I4, Ilia along the other side thereof. Each member I 0 may be swung freely about the other within coil I8, but the paired legs I l, Ma forming one wing of the spring can be swung with respect to the other wing formed of paired legs I6, Ilia only against the resistance inherent in the material, since the relative movement of the Wings causes torsional movement of the wires or rods along the length of their body portions I2, I2a.
While my H-spring will be completely operable as described hereinabove, I provide means to secure the parts in the relative positions shown in Figure 3. These means comprise plates 24, 26, of light, thin material, as acetate or other plastic sheet material. Each plate comprises a body portion 25, 21 and side flanges 25a, 25a and 21a, 21a respectively bent over against the body. Suitable rivets passing through the side flanges and the bodies of the plates, and through eyelets I5, I5a, I1, Ila secure the plates to the legs of the H-spring, as will be readily understood from Figure 4. Thus, legs [4, Ma and sheet 24 comprise one wing of the spring of my invention, and legs l6, IBa and sheet 26 comprise the other and opposing wing, on the other side of the joint line of members I2, I20, held together by coil spring 18. Plates 24, 26 are preferably of such length as to extend beyond the eyelets at the outer ends of the spring. At the inner ends of plates 24, 26, they are so spaced from the body portions 12, 120. as to avoid interference with the flexion of the members H), H] near the body portions thereof.
Each component IO, N] of my spring has five working portions. Those parts of legs l4, l6, and I6, 16a covered by the plastic plates to increase their stiffness comprise two portions of each component. The uncovered parts of the legs between the covered parts and the body portions comprise two portions of each compo- ,nent,.with the body being the fifth working portion. The leg portions act in pure fiexure, bending with different resistances, while the body portion acts in torsion, twisting on itself as the legs are bent toward each other.
The motion of the legs of each component l0, l relative to each other is through 180; that is, one wing vmay swing through an arc 180 about the middle portion, or both wings may be bent simultaneously towards each other, the total of the movements being 180. A single straight, elongated wire, round or flat, could not be satisfactorily employed, for the repeated 180 of movement would result in the acquisition of a permanent set, and the wire or rod would not return to the original flat-lying condition and position. The use of two wires I0, I0 and the offsets between the legs and the middle portion avoids the set and prevents its formation since there is no fiexure but only torsion along and about the middle parts of the wires 10, ID.
The riveting of the plastic plates to the leg eyelets prevents longitudinal movement of the plates and alteration of the overall length of the spring.
bend action takes place always along the center line of the installation.
In Figures 6 and '7, I have illustrated the use of the spring according to the present invention in a wallet of the bill-fold type; that is, a wallet which ,is folded along a center line. The wallet 50 is formed of a number of elongated sheets as 52, 54 of leather, plastic or the like, between two of which my spring is inserted as to fit snugly and be covered thereby. When one side of the wallet is bent over against the other, and looked as by a strap 55, extending from the end of one side over to the other and looked as by cooperating snaps 56, 58, the legs of the spring, stiffened by the enveloping plates will lie flatly and substantially as shown in Figure 7 against the tension built up against the normal, flat- 'lyin'g'bia'sing of the legs. The uncovered portions of thejlegs, adjacent the middles I2, lZa will .flex adjacent the twist or torsion line within coil spring 18. When the bend-holding strap 55 is unsn'apped and released, the wallet will automatically snap back, springing into the open fiat position of Figure 6, due to the loading of the wings as a result of the fold-over. I
My spring components are all of thin section material. Wires or .rods I 0, 10 may be of the order of .026" 'in'diameter, with the wire of coil I8 of about .010" thick. Thus, with a minimum clearance of some .002 between body portions l2, IZa, the outside diameter of my spring at the torsion line is about .074". The acetate plate may be of .007" in thickness, and when doubled over the legs, which are of .026" thickness, the overall thickness will be about .040", which will not be objectionably bulky even when used in a bill-fold as 55.
It will thus be seen that, with my construction, there is provided an H-spring formed of two Z-members of thin metallic material reversed with respect to each other, but with their body portions held together, a laterally extending leg of one Z-member pairing with a laterally extending leg of the other member to form a wing of the H-spring. Fexion of the material is minimized, the bend-over of the spring resulting from torsion of the central body portions of the Z-members, whereby the .spring thus created lasts longer and operates more satisfactorily than conventional spring hinge arrangements.
' What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A normally flat-lying spring hinge comprising a pair of relatively thin and'flexible elongated spring metal wires, each bent to provide a straight central body portion, a straight leg portion at one end of the body extending upwardly therefrom, and a straight leg portion at the other end of the body portion extending downwardly therefrom, the paired wires being disposed with their body portions against each other and with their legs extended in alignment from the body portions, and means coextensive in length therewith to hold the body portions against each other.
2. A spring hinge as in claim 1, in which the last named means comprise a tubular member encircling the body portions.
3. A spring hinge as in claim 1, in which the holding means comprise a flexible, tubular spring member encircling the body portions, said spring being axiall expansible and under axial compression about the body portions.
4. A spring hinge as in claim 1, in which the legs extend from the body portions at right angles thereto, and the holding means comprise a flexible, tubular spring encircling the body portions under axial compression, the spring being trapped between the extended legs on opposite ends of the body members.
5. A normally fiat-lying H-spring hinge composed of a pair of elongated members of relatively thin spring wire each bent to provide a straight central body portion and straight legs at the end thereof extending angularly therefrom in diametrically opposite directions, the wires Ibeing disposed and resiliently secured together with their body portions in coincidence forming the cross bar of the H, with their leg components extending from opposite sides and ends of the body portions in a single plane forming the side components of the H, the legs above the cross-bar defining one wing of the hinge, and the legs below the cross-bar defining the other wing of the hinge, the wings being bendable towards and into substantial parallelism with each other.
6. A normally fiat-lying H-spring hinge composed of a pair of elongated members of spring wire each bent to provide a straight central body portion and straight legs at the end thereof extending angularly therefrom in opposite directions, the wires being disposed with their body portions in coincidence forming the cross bar of the H, means encircling the body portions along the length thereof to retain the said body portions in coincidence, with their leg components extending from opposite sides and ends of the body portions in a single plane forming the side components of the H, the legs above the crossbar being connected for simultaneous movement as one wing of the hinge, and the legs below the cross-bar defining the other wing of the hinge also being connected for simultaneous movement, said wings being bendable towards and into substantial parallelism with each other.
7. An H-spring hinge composed of a pair of elongated members of spring wire each bent to provide a central body portion and legs at the end thereof extending angularly therefrom in opposite directions, the wires being disposed with their body portions in coincidence forming the cross bar of the H, with their leg components extending from opposite sides and ends of the body portions in a single plane forming the side components of the H, the legs above the cross-bar being connected for movement simultaneously as one wing of the hinge with respect to the legs below the cross-bar, said legs also being con- 6 nected for movement simultaneously as the other wing of the hinge, the leg connections being plates of thin, fiat material limiting the flexibility of the leg portions engaged thereby.
8. An H-spring as in claim 7, in which the plates engage portions of the legs on opposite sides of the body members spaced away from the body members, the plates limiting only the flexibility of the wing portions engaged thereby, the leg portion between the plates and the body portions flexing to a limited extent on movement of one wing with respect to the other simultaneously with the twisting of the body members.
ROBERT L. HATFIELD.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 178,073 Miller May 30, 1876 352,071 Shaw Nov. 2, 1886 1,070,202 Strange Aug. 12, 1913
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2730153 *||Apr 29, 1953||Jan 10, 1956||Knight Leather Products Inc||Toilet cases|
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|US2968477 *||Nov 3, 1958||Jan 17, 1961||Crane Packing Ltd||Mechanical, resilient pressure-applying devices|
|US3346030 *||May 9, 1966||Oct 10, 1967||George Woolf||Theft-proofing device for billfold|
|US4976340 *||Feb 6, 1990||Dec 11, 1990||American Tourister, Inc.||File folder for attache case|
|US6022144 *||Jun 30, 1997||Feb 8, 2000||Arthur D. Little Enterprises, Inc.||Closure system for pliable container and method and apparatus for producing same|
|US6168312||Jun 9, 1999||Jan 2, 2001||Arthur D. Little Enterprises, Inc.||Closure system for pliable container|
|U.S. Classification||267/154, 16/307, 150/136, 150/900|
|Cooperative Classification||A45C1/06, Y10S150/90|