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Publication numberUS2564658 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 21, 1951
Filing dateMar 19, 1947
Priority dateMar 19, 1947
Publication numberUS 2564658 A, US 2564658A, US-A-2564658, US2564658 A, US2564658A
InventorsGerald V Jakeway
Original AssigneeKeeler Brass Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Slide structure for drawers, shelves, and the like
US 2564658 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 21, 1951 e. v. JAKEWAY SLIDE STRUCTURE FOR DRAWERS, SHELVES AND THE LIKE Filed March 19, 1947 INVENTOR. Gard/0 k claim/07 BY Arrow/E2.

Patented Aug. 21 1951 SLIDE STRUCTURE FOR DRAWERS, SH-ELVES, AND THE LIKE.

Gerald v. Jakeway, Grand Rapids, Mich assignor to. Keeler Brass Company, Grand Rapids, Mich., a corporation of-Michigan Application Marchli), 194:7, Serial'No. 735,630

#5. Claims. (Cl. 308-315) This invention relates to improvements in slide structures for drawers, shelves. and the like.

The main objects of this invention are:

First, to provide a slide structure for drawers, shelves and the like which is easy in operation and at the same time free from vibration and rattling and hence well adapted for supporting the shelves and shelf-like members 'in radiophonograph combination machines and other relations Wheresuch characteristics are desirable.

Second, to provide a slide structure having these advantages which issimple and inexpensive in its parts, the parts are easily assembled and at the same time durable and which do not rattle or vibrate even after long continued wear.

Objects relating to details and economies of the invention will appear from the description to follow. The invention is defined and pointed out in the claim-s.

A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a radio-phonograph combination equipped with a slide structure embodying my invention for slidably supporting the phonograph instrument.

Fig. 2 is. an enlarged fragmentary perspective view illustrating a slide. rail and its relation to the supported member- Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary section on a line corresponding to line.33 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4.- is a plan view of. one of the slide bars constituting in effect a cage for the anti-friction balls.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view illustrating a detail of the sliding structure for connection to the edge of the supported member opposite from the edge shown in Fig. 3, the sliding bar for holding the anti-friction balls being in end elevation and the slide for connection to the supported member being in section.

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view partially in section on the line 66 of Fig.3. e

The embodiment of the invention disclosed is a modification of slide structure for drawers, shelves and the like disclosed in my Patent No. 2,370,861, granted March-'6, 1945.

It has heretofore been the general practice in the manufacture of phonograph cabinets and radio-phonograph combination cabinets to provide the cabinetshaving at least one half the top thereof hinged for opening to expose the phonograph mechanism. This opening of the lid is unhandy and likewise prevents the cabinet being conveniently used as a table or stand or support for books, papers, pictures, lamps and the like.

uses but it will be apparent it has many applications in other fields. The structure while durable and permitting free and easy manipulation and retraction of the 'slidably supported member, at the same time prevents rattling or vibration.

In theembodiment of my invention illustrated, I represents .a radio-phonograph combination cabinet having a compartment 2 provided with a door '3 for the phonograph mechanism shown conventionally at. '4. This phonograph mechanism is mounted on a shelf or base 5 which is the supported member or element of my slide combination.

The slide structure in the embodiment illustrated comprises the supporting rails Bo'f channel section disposed in inwardly facing relation on opposite side walls'of the compartment in which the supported element. is housed and is designed .tov receive the. supported element or member 5 and whatevermaybe. arranged thereon.

These rails 6 of channel section are formed from suitable sheet metal stock having substantial spring quality, the legs 1 of the rails. being conformed to provide inwardly facing .concave ball races or ways 8, the ways or races of opposed legs beinginopposed relation, as clearly shown in Figs. .2 and, 3.. The slide. bars .9 are also of channel section and are disposed between the legs 1 of the rails. to face inwardly, these members being of such, shape and dimensions'as t o.be entirely out of contact with the rails in their operating relation. The Web portions [30 of the rails 6 have inturned ends H providing stops limiting the travel of slide bars within the rails.

The legs 12- of the slide bars 9 are provided with opposed holes..l3 receiving the anti-friction ball members M. In forming the holes, I prefer ably strike out portions IE on the inner sides of thelegs and portions l6 on the outer sides-of the legs. The struck-out portions iii are disposed along opposite edges of the openings IS, in a line extending transversely of .the slide bar, and the struck-out portions it are disposed along opposite edges of the. openings in a line extending longitudinally of the bar. The struck-out or bent-out portions I and I5 alternate with each other around the peripheries of the openings. The slide bar in effect constitutes a cage for the balls. It will be noted by reference to Figs. 3 and 5 that the ball engaging surfaces I5I of the struck-out portions I5 are curved vertically to engage the balls I4, and by reference to Fig. 4 that they are curved horizontally to engage the balls. These surfaces so curved constitute portions of concave spherical surfaces having a radius of curvature only slightly greater than the radius of curvature of the balls so that while permitting single point contact of the balls therewith they serve as aligning means and quite closely engage the balls. As shown in Fig. 3, the axes I52 of rotation of the balls as they rotate along the ways 8 are disposed in alignment with the concave spherical bearing surfaces I5I on the opposite sides of each ball so that these surfaces constitute bearing surfaces for the balls. As the radius of curvature of the intermediate struck-out portion I6 is greater than that of the portions I5 as shown in Fig. 4, the balls have little or no wearing contact therewith. This facilitates freedom of rotation of the balls in the opening I3 in the slide bar 9.

The supported member 5 is provided with slide members I1 and I8, shown in Figs. 3 and 5. These slides are preferably formed of sheet metal and are secured to the underside of the supported member 5 adjacent the opposite edges thereof by screws, one of which is shown at IS in Fig. 3. The slides I1 and I8 are disposed between the balls I4 and slidably supported thereby, the legs of the rails being under spring tension when the parts are assembled so that they constantly urge the assembled parts yieldingly together to eliminate rattle and vibration.

The slide member I1 is provided with a flat ball engaging portion 20 so as to permit lateral movement thereof between the balls and thus prevent any bending and avoid the necessity for great accuracy in mounting the parts and for variations in cabinet structure and the shrinking and swelling commonly incident to wood structures as a result of atmospheric conditions. The slide I1 is provided with a downwardly offset portion 2I which extends longitudinally of the slide and is slightly spaced from the balls to permit lateral movement of the flat portion 20 between the balls.

The slide I8 is conformed to provide a ball race or way 22, as shown in Fig. 5, which serves as a lateral guide for the supported member. This slide also has a downward offset 23 to compensate for the upward offset resulting from the forming of the ball way 22 in the slide.

I have illustrated and described my improvements in a very practical embodiment thereof. It is believed that this will enable the application of my invention to a wide variety of uses, particularly where free, easy operation is desired and where the structure should be free from vibration. I have not attempted to illustrate various other embodiments or adaptations which I contemplate as a I believe this disclosure will enable those skilled in the art to embody or adapt my invention as may be desired.

Having thus described the invention what is claimed as new and desired to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a slide structure, the combination with a supported member, of slide members disposed on said supported member to project from the opposite sides thereof, supporting rails of chan nel section disposed in inwardly facing relation at th sides of the supported member, said supporting rails having opposed inwardly facing longitudinal ball ways in the legs thereof, said ball ways being concave in cross section, slide bars of channel section disposed in inwardly facing relation within said rails and having opposed ball openings in the legs thereof, balls arranged in said openings to rollingly engage said ball ways in said rails, said last mentioned legs having portions bent out from the plane thereof, said bent-out portions being disposed along opposite edges of the ball openings at the opposite ends of the axes of rotation of the balls in the ball ways, the bent-out portions at the opposite ends of the axis of rotation of each ball being disposed in a line extending transversely of the direction of movement of the slide bars in the supporting rails, said bent-out portions having concave spherical bearing surfaces for the balls at and adjoining the opposite ends of the axis of rotation of each ball, the diameter of said ball openings between said concave spherical bearing surfaces being slightly less than their diameters longitudinally of the slide bar to facilitate rotation of the balls in the ball openings without wearingly and retardingly engaging the edge portions of the openings between said concave spherical bearing surfaces, the radius of curvature of the concave spherical bearing surfaces at the opposite ends of the axes of rotation of the balls being slightly greater than the radius of curvature of balls against which they bear to facilitate a one point contact of each concave spherical bearing surface with a ball, said slide members being slidably mounted between said balls, one of said slide members having a longitudinal ball way constituting a guide member, the other slide member having flat parallel upper and lower ball engaging surfaces to permit lateral movement of said other slide member between the balls.

2. In a slide structure, the combination with a supported member, of slide members disposed on said supported member to project from the opposite sides thereof, supporting rails of channel section disposed in inwardly facing relation at the sides of the supported member, said supporting rails having opposed inwardly facing longitudinal ball ways in the legs thereof, said ball ways being concave in cross section, slide bars of channel section disposed in inwardly facing relation within said rails and having opposed ball openings in the legs thereof, balls arranged in said openings to rollingly engage said ball ways in said rails, said last mentioned legs having portions bent out from the plane thereof, said bent-out portions being disposed along opposite edges of the ball openings at the opposite ends of the axes of rotation of the balls in the ball ways, the bent-out portions at the opposite ends of the axis of rotation of each ball being disposed in a line extending transversely of the direction of movement of the slide bars in the supporting rails, said bent-out portions having concave spherical bearing surfaces for the balls, the radius of curvature of the concave spherical bearing surfaces at the opposite ends of the axes of rotation of the balls being slightly greater than the radius of curvature of balls against which they bear to facilitate a one point contact of each concave spherical bearing surface with a ball, said slide members being slidably mounted between said balls.

3. In a slide structure, the combination with a supported member, of slide members on said supported member to project from the sides thereof, supporting rails of channel section disposed in inwardly facing relation at the sides of the supported member, said supporting rails having inwardly facing longitudinal ball ways in the legs thereof, slide bars of channel section disposed in inwardly facing relation and within said rails and having opposed ball openings in the legs thereof, and balls arranged in said openings to rollingly engage said ways of said rails, said last mentioned legs having concave spherical bearing surfaces disposed along the edges of the openings thereof at opposite ends of the axes of rotation of the balls in said ways, the radius of curvature of the concave spherical bearing surfaces at the opposite ends of the axes of rotation of the balls being slightly greater than the radius of curvature of balls against which they bear to facilitate a one point contact of each concave spherical bearing surface with a ball, the bearing surfaces for each ball being disposed in a line extending transversely the direction of travel of its supporting slide bar, and disposed at and adjoining the opposite ends of the axis of rotation of each ball, said slide members being slidably mounted between said balls.

4. In a slide structure, an elongated outer member of channel section having mutually facing longitudinal ball ways in the legs thereof, a slide bar of channel section disposed within the channel of said outer member and having ball openings in each of the legs thereof, balls arranged in said openings, and an elongated member disposed between the balls in the legs of the slide bar to be rollingly engaged between said balls, the legs of the slide bar being provided with concave bearing surfaces for said balls of a radius. of curvature slightly exceeding that of the balls to facilitate a one point contact of a concave bearing surface with a ball, said bearing surfaces being disposed in pairs, the bearing surfaces of a pair being disposed along the opposite edges Of a ball opening and in a line extending transversely of the sliding bar and at and adjoining the opposite ends of the axis of rotation of a ball in said opening and in said ball way.

5. In a slide structure, an outer elongated member of channel section having mutually facing longitudinal ball ways in the legs thereof, a slide bar of channel section disposed within the channel of said outer member and having ball openings in each of the legs thereof, balls arranged in the openings thereof for rollingly engaging the ball ways in the legs of the outer channel member, the legs of the sliding bar having bent-out portions provided with concave spherical bearing surfaces for said balls, the bearing surfaces being disposed in pairs, the bearing surfaces of a pair being disposed on opposite sides of a ball opening and in a line extending transversely of the direction of travel of the slide bar, said bearing surfaces constituting the sole bearing surfaces on the sliding bar for said balls, and an elongated supporting member disposed between the balls in the legs of the sliding bar to be rollingly engaged between said balls.

GERALD V. JAKEWAY.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,494,012 Parsons May 13, 1924 2,370,861 Jakeway Mar. 6, 1945

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1494012 *Jan 21, 1922May 13, 1924U S Ball Bearing Mfg CompanyBall retainer
US2370861 *Jun 15, 1942Mar 6, 1945Keeler Brass CoSlide structure for drawers, shelves, and the like
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2836469 *Jan 13, 1954May 27, 1958Alexander YorinksProgressive slide mechanism
US2880040 *Aug 29, 1955Mar 31, 1959Mc Graw Edison CoDrawer suspension
US3181925 *Feb 13, 1962May 4, 1965Fischer Henry CDrawer slide
US3186772 *Jul 11, 1962Jun 1, 1965South River Metal Products CoTelescopic mounting bracket
US3205025 *Feb 8, 1963Sep 7, 1965Standard PrecDrawer slide
US3467455 *Aug 9, 1966Sep 16, 1969Caldemeyer Daniel FEntertainment center
US3471209 *Aug 15, 1967Oct 7, 1969Howard Displays IncDisplay cabinet
US4400068 *Apr 19, 1982Aug 23, 1983Realist, Inc.Microfiche reader carrier assembly
US6132020 *Apr 19, 1999Oct 17, 2000Paul Hettich Gmbh & Co.Drawer slide assembly
US8118490 *Dec 15, 2005Feb 21, 2012Compx International Inc.Low profile baseframe with ballbearing slides
EP0958760A2 *Mar 25, 1999Nov 24, 1999PAUL HETTICH GMBH & CO.Drawer slide
Classifications
U.S. Classification384/18, 312/334.11
International ClassificationA47B88/10, A47B88/04
Cooperative ClassificationA47B2210/0032, A47B2210/0059, F16C29/04, A47B88/10, A47B2210/0035
European ClassificationA47B88/10, F16C29/04