US 2566139 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 28, 1951 Y. osTRovsKY ETAL PINLESS ADJUSTABLE DIAPER Filed April 12, 195o a l: a 0
aemmczcnam Y MEW www mm@ VT@ WSJ o0 AQ, wm IM mp ATTORNEY Patented Aug. 28, .71951S OFFICE PINLEss ADJUSTABLE DIAPER Yetta Ostrovsky and Peter Ostrovsky,
ICleveland Heights, Ohio Application April 12, 195o, serial No. 155,484
2 claims. (c1. 12s- 284) This invention relates to new and useful improvements in baby diapers.
The primary object of the present invention is to provide a diapermwhich can be quickly and readily secured in place in an adjustable manner to comfortably t various sizes of infants waists.
Another object is to provide a device of the type stated that is easily adjustable vertically about the crotch of the wearer to fit infants from birth to the training-pants stage.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a baby diaper including novel and improved means for securely fastening the same in place on a baby without the necessity of having to employ safety pins or the like which frequently, harmfully affect infants and also the fingers of the person applying the diaper.
Still another object is to provide a novel diaper characterized by the inclusion of a single sheet structure which, after being washed, normally requires no folding preparatory to putting the diaper on the infant.
Another object is to provide a diaper that can be easily and economically manufactured and will provide a proportionate-fit garment that will do away with the necessity of purchasing expensive, hard to obtain, sized diapers.
For further comprehension of the invention and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had-ato the following description and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of this disclosure:
Figure 1 shows a preferred embodiment of the new diaper, spread fiat, and looking at the inside thereof;
Figure 2 is a perspective view illustrating the Figure 1 diaper in partially closed condition;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary perspective view showing the diaper in closed condition applied to the body of an infant;
Figure 4 is a perspective view of the diaper in closed position with its waist portion adjustably folded to t a very short infant;
Figure 5 is a fragmentary view similar to that of the Figure 1, but showing the waist band ad'- justably folded against the underside of the body portion;
Figure 6 is a vertical sectional view taken along the line and in the direction of the arrows 6 6 of Figure 2; and
Figure 7 is a vertical sectional view taken along the line and in the direction of the arrows `I-`| of Figure 4.
Referring more particularly to the drawing, the diaper selected for the purposes of illustration is indicated as a whole by the numeral I and comprises one, two or more thicknesses of suitable fabric material I4 and I5, such for example as is commonly known as diaper cloth or birds-eye and is of generally T-shaped form.
The sheet element as a whole, generally com posed of a superposed plurality of such fabric. layers is cut and finished to define a letter T' having a body portion II and a transverse head portion 2|] including arms 2| and 22 extending,
laterally of said body portion in opposite direc tions.
The head 2B and body are preferably cut from a single piece of cloth although they could be of two piece construction. The body is. preferably made wedge-shaped as shown with a; wide lower edge and a narrower top edge desige nated bythe broken line I6, and side edges I2 and I3. The wedge-shaped manner of cutting produces a better lit around the infants waist and hips. When the diaper is made of several superposed layers of cloth, the several layers are stitched together around their periphery as indicated by reference numeral I8 to form for all intents I and purposes a single sheet element.
A floop or band of tape or other non-ex* tensible material is stitched tothe under-side of the diaper at its lower edge It is positioned in a vertically extending direction along the vertical center-line of the diaper` as shown in Figure 1. The distance between the stitched ends 3| and 32 of the loop is slightly greater than the width of the ends 2| and 22 of the horizontal portion 20 so that the ends 2| and 22 may be passed under the loop without wrinkling.
Reference numerals 23 and 23a. indicate fastening devices. We preferably provide two-piece snaps, one piece 23 having a stud or post stuck up from its center and the other piece a socket adapted detachably to engage said stud. We secure one piece 23 of each snap adjacent one end 22 of the horizontal portion 20 and secure the other piece 23a in similar manner to the opposite end 2| and on the opposite side thereof. We preferably provide a plurality of them on each end so that some measure of adjustment can be had to denne the size of the waist opening when the diaper is arranged as illustrated in Figure 3.
Such fastening device halves are adapted to be riveted to cloth and are made of non-'rusting` `material so that they may be treated as part of the diaper and remain on the diaper during laundering.
In using the diaper no complicated folding is necessary to shape the diaper preparatory to fitting it to the infant.
The infant is simply placed on the spread out diaper shown in the Figure 1 with its buttocks resting on the upper portion of the diaper body ward about the crotch of the infant and positioned over the abdominal region. This brings the loop 30 into a position in line with the ends 2| and 22 of the transverse portion 20. The ends 2| and 22 are passed under the loop 30 into overlapping position and secured together by the snap fastener halves 23 and 23a.
The arrangement of the several snap halves is such that the diameter of the waist opening is capable of considerable adjustment. 2| and 22 are secured together in such relationship that the transverse portion 20 fits snugly around the body of the infant to hold the diaper securely in place.
The loop 30 prevents the lower edge |l of the diaper from moving downward and holds the diaper front in correct position at all times. The edges l2 and |3 are folded upon themselves to define the leg openings as shown in the Figures 2, 3 and 4.
To adapt the diaper to short infants, the transverse portion 20 is folded under and against the lower layer l5 along the line I6 as shown in the Figure 5. This shortens the vertical length of the diaper, which is then applied in the manner described hereinabove. The relation of the several parts of the applied shortened diaper is illustrated in Figures 4 and '7. Y
The diaper just described is adjustable as t size both horizontally and vertically, as well as capable of being secured in place without the need of any pins or similar removable securing, means.
, It will be, clearly understood that proportions, kinds of material and other details may be Varied considerably without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention as illustrated and herein described.
1. A pinless diaper comprising a sheet element of generally T-shapeincluding a Wedge-shaped The lower half of the diaper is brought up- The ends e body portion and a prolongation of like material extending from the narrow edge of said body portion and transversely wider than the said body portion; relatively ilat snap fasteners comprising two detachable halves, one half of each snap fastener being secured proximate one end of the said prolongation and the other half being similarly secured at the opposite end and opposite side of said prolongation; and a positioning means located on the underside of said sheet element proximate the bottom edge thereof; the ends of said prolongation when engaged with said positioning means and secured together by the said fasteners defining the Waist band for said diaper and the sides of the body portion forming the leg holes therefor.
2. A pinless diaper comprising a multi-layer sheet element of generally T-shape, including a wedge shaped body portion and a prolongation of like material extending from the narrow edge of the body portion and transversely wider than the said body portion; relatively fiat snap fasteners comprising two detachable halves, one half of each snap fastener being secured proximate one end of the said prolongation and the other half being similarly secured at the opposite end and opposite side of said prolongation; and a loop positioned along the vertical centerline of said body portion and secured to the underside thereof proximate the wide edge; the ends of said prolongation when passed through said loop and secured together by the said fasteners defining the waist band for the said diaper and the side of the body portion forming the leg holes therefore.
YETTA OSTROVSKY. PETER OSTROVSKY.
REFERENCES CITED The following. references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS