US 2566818 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 4, 1951 D. BABIT 66,8 8
MULTIPURPOSE FURNITURE Filed Feb. 10, 1950 2 Shets-Sheet 1 M 11W). m an m m W "W" minim 20 26a 3/0 f, /oaz 5' 3 :;T.
DAV/D BAB/T W AGENT Patented Sept. 4, 1951 NITED 'FS TATE S :PATEN T O Fil-CE MULTIPURPOSE FURNITURE .nmdnsbn, New York, N. Y.
Application February .10, 1950, Serial No. 143,577
"stools, to form another useful article of furniture, such as a hassock.
Another object of this invention is to provide pieces of furniture of the character set forth which may be conveniently stacked and may have utility even in stacked condition.
'-A further object of my invention is to provide *1 pieces of furnitureof this character which may be combined with similar or related pieces to form a chair, stool or the like of altered propont-ions.
Theabove and 'otherobiects of the invention will become apparent from the following 'description of certain embodiments, reference being had to the accompanying drawing in which: Fig. '1 is a section, on the line l-I of Fig. 3,
of a plurality of stacked stools in accordance with the invention;
"Fig. .2 is a top :plan view of .a stool as shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a bottom view of a stool .as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, with the legs thereof in retracted position;
Fig. 4-shows several stools of the configuration illustrated in the preceding figures, stacked together to form a hassoclr;
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 1, taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 6, showing a plurality of stacked chairs according to the invention;
Fig. 6 is a front elevation of a single chair as shown in Fig. 5, illustrated in fully open position;
Fig. 7 is a bottom view, similar to Fig. 3, of one of the chairs shown in Fig. 5; and
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 4, showing several chairs according to Figs. 5-7 stacked together to form a hassock.
Referring first to Figs. 14, there are shown a plurality of stools Illa, I01), I and Hid stacked on top of one another to form a hassock I!) (Fig. 4). Each stool comprises a seat Ha, Hb, etc., provided on its underside with a recess [2a, I21), etc. for the purpose of enabling withdrawal of legs such as 13a, Ma, Ia, l6a which are pivoted to the seat Ila at Ila, l8a, [9a and a, respectively. The legs I3a, Hz: and Ma, Ifia are connected together in pairs by cross bars "-7 Claims. (Cl. '155-Z 2m, 22a, respectively, and are adapted to be braced in extended position, as shown for the unit lllb inFig. l, by means of links 23a, 24a, 15a and 26a; links 24a and 26a are pivoted to the legs 14a and lfia, respectively, and to the seat Ha, whereas links 2311 and 25a are pivoted to the legs 13a and 15a, respectively, "andtoa block Zia depending from the seat Ila. "Theseat Ha carries a pad 28a lodged in adepressionlfiu.
Each stool un i't, such as Ida, is provided with .a peripheral ledge such as 38a adapted to mate with a corresponding peripheral ridge formed on the underside of an identical stool,.such.:as the ridge 3l6 of stool 10b. Fig. 1 clearly shows how ridge 31a of unit 16a engages-ledge 30b ofrunit .tllb, thereby firmly joining the two units together against relative lateialdisplacement. .It will thus be understood that a user :may sit on, say, the unit we aftereatending its legs as shown :inEig. 1,01, if a greater height be desired (as, Pior example, in the case of a pianostool designed 'ifor small children), on the upper unit lilo of the assembly shown in'Fig. '1, or yet on the :top' unit of the stack such as shown in Fig.4.:in which the legsof alltheunitsare retracted. Also, the stack 1 B of Fig. 4 maybe used as a foot rest, a makeshift table -or the 1ike,-'in "addition to its repre-' senting a hassook of selectively adjustable height.
In Figs. 5-8 the same numeralshave been :used as in the preceding figures, prefixed, iihowever, with the digit 1 in the hundreds position. Thus the stack H9 (Fig.8) represents aihassockcomposed of four units llfla, H01), H00 and HM. In oontradistinct'ion to :the embodiment described above, these units represent chairs each provided, in addition to seats such as Illa and legs such as I |3al Ilia, with a back such as 132a, [32b etc. Back 132a is swingably hinged to the seat I I la at l33a, |34a and is provided with outward braces l35a, Him to maintain it, if desired, in the open position shown in Fig. 5; back I 32a is provided with lateral recesses l31a, l38a to accommodate the braces a, l38a, respectively, so as to prevent them from projecting beyond the outline of the back; co-extensive recesses or cutouts such as lsfia (Fig. 8) are provided in the seat Illa to receive the lower portions of these braces when the latter are in doubled-up position, with the back |32a folded over horizontally as shown in Fig. 8. The back [32a is further provided with a front and a rear cushion I40a, l4 la, respectively, lodged in its suitably recessed faces. The entire member 13211 is of such shape as to fit snugly into the bottom recess, such as I I'll), of any other unit of like configuration.
When two or more units such as IIOa, I ID!) are assembled as shown in Fig. 5, the backs of all but the uppermost unit are folded over as shown for the back I321) in this figure, being snugly engaged by the bottom recess of the next higher unit; the front cushion I40b of unit IIOb then comes to rest against the seat pad I28b thereof, so that both of these elements will be flattened, as shown. When it is desired to obtain a stack or has'sock such as IIO, the back I32a of the uppermost unit IIOa is likewise folded over as shown in Fig. 8.
By way of example, the legs II3c--II6a are shownpivoted to the seat IIIa at II'Ia-I20a,,respectively, the pivots II'Ia, 9a being in a lower plane and the pivots I IBa, I20a in an upper plane, the pairs of legs interconnected by cross bars I2 Ia and I22a being equidistant in this case.
It may be mentioned, and will be plain from the foregoing description, that chairs such as IIOa-I Id maybe used interchangeably or in combination withstools of the general character illustrated in Figs. 1-4, as by replacing the top unitI I0a of stack I ID with a stool similar to unit I0a but of square configuration. It will also be seen that Fig. 6 represents a chair of ordinary height and Fig. a chair of extra height, formed by superimposing the two units IIOa, H01), and that still greater height may be obtained by adding still another unit such as I I0c. Furthermore, by raising the back I32a of the stack I I0 into the position shown in Fig. 5, there will be formed a piece of furniture adjustable in height and adapted to serve as a reclining seat.
.It should be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific arrangements shown and described, which have been given merely by way of illustrating a stack, representing a hassock or other piece of furniture,rcomposed of a plurality of units (e. g. I0a, "011) each having a topside" and an underside of complementary or partly complementary configuration (as at 3Ia, 305 or I I2a, I321?) thereby. preventing substantial lateral displacement of any unit relative to all other units forming part of the stack. The invention, accordingly, is capable of numerous modifications and adaptations without exceeding its scope as defined in the objectsand in the appended claims.
. I claim:
seating devices, each of said seating devices being provided at its underside with a recess and with a set of legs attached thereto at said underside,
1. A hassock composed of a plurality of stacked said legs being retracted into said recess and exvtendable therefrom, each of said seating devices further having a top provided with a raised portion, the said recess of each but the lowest one of said seating devices receiving said raised portion of the top of the next lower seating device, thereby preventing substantial relative lateral displacement between said seating devices.
2. A hassock according to claim 1 wherein at least one of said seating devices is a stool having a top provided with a raised portion forming a seating surface, said seating surface entering the recess of the next higher seating device.
3. A ,hassock according to claim 1 wherein at least one of said seating devices is a chair provided with a seat and a back pivotally connected with and folded down upon said seat, said back being movable into a raised position, said folded back entering the recess of the next higher seating device. said chair being further provided with bracing means adapted to hold said back in an upright position when unfolded. I
4. A hassock according to claim 3 wherein said back is provided with a rear cushionv forming a seating surface when saidchair is placed on top of the stack and said back is folded.
5. A hassock according to claim 1 wherein all of said seating devices are identical. 7
6. A seating device comprising a body having a recess at its underside and having a top provided. with a raised portion, said raised portion being substantially coextensive with said recess, thereby fitting closely into the recess of an iden-- tical seating device, and a set of legs attachedto said body and fully retractable into said recess.
7. A seating device according to claim 6 wherein said seating device is provided with a seat and a back pivotally connected with and swingable relative to said seat, said back when swung down upon said seat forming said raised portion, said seating device being further provided with bracing means adapted to hold said back in an up,- right position when swung away from said seat.
' DAVID BABIT.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS