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Publication numberUS2567201 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 11, 1951
Filing dateJun 1, 1945
Priority dateJun 1, 1945
Publication numberUS 2567201 A, US 2567201A, US-A-2567201, US2567201 A, US2567201A
InventorsGoepfert Otto F
Original AssigneeEcusta Paper Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cigarette paper booklet machine
US 2567201 A
Abstract  available in
Images(6)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 11, 1951 o. F. GOEPFERT CIGARETTE PAPER BOOKLET MACHINE 6 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 1, 1945 3nventor 15,115 (Ittorneg,

0. F. GOEPFERT CIGARETTE PAPER BOOKLET MACHINE Sept. 11, 1951 Filed June 1,

6 Sheets-Sheet 2 1 avg Q g f h w mw aw w "H W wum ksmdj kw WY RQN ww Q3 MW Sept. 11, 1951 o. F. GOEPFERT CIGARETTE PAPER BOOKLET MACHINE Filed June 1, 1945 6 SheetsSheet 5 0. F. GOEPFERT CIGARETTE PAPER BOOKLET MACHINE Sept. 11, 1951 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed June 1, 1945 QNN ZSnventor: e 6021; 8g Pan/10x7;

79-56 (Ittorneg,

Sept. 11, 1951 v o. F. GOEPFERT CIGARETTE PAPER BOOKLET MACHINE Filed June 1, 1945 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 Sept. 11, 1951 o. F. GOEPFERT CIGARETTE PAPER BOOKLET MACHINE 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 Filed June 1, 1945 Ill,

hm MEN ILI RNN

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Inventor:

2 1:8 Gttorneg,

Patented Sept. 11, 1951 U N [T ED STATES r mesnea'ssignments, toT-Ecusta Paper' corporation; Pisgah' Forest, NICQ, a :corporatlon of Delaware Application June 1, 1945, Serial No. 597,057

r; .135 Claims.

This"inventionwelatesto the manufacture of cigarette paper booklets and more particularly toan improved-"machine for high-speedg-automatic manufacture of'bookl'etscontaining-a-block of "cigarette" papers bonded along OIIBf'BdgB to the booklet-cover and adapted "to-be removed in "seriatim.

The only machine-made "type of cigarette e mt thathas' met with'commercial suco "cess' previously'inthis'c'ountryis'the thinfgiveaway-booklefiwhich' is usuallyattached to a packageofsmoking tobacco. This'b'ooklet containsonly a'feW leaves'of "cigarette-paper; e. g. '15 leaves, which are not"bonded'in the'booklet. Thecoverof this'booklet' ismade of thinp'aper stock and loosely"1olded"around the leaves '"Without'any'scoring of the folded'f'edges. I

Cigarette paper bookletfcontaining a' large *numberof cigarette paper leavessuch a'slOO or -more"have"been' commonly manufactured "here "tofore' 'by' hand and are kn'own' in the" trade as booklet is made -of relatively 'StifFcardb'oard type ofniaterial andth'e' block of 100 cigarettepapers "is" bonded to the backbone edge'o'f thisfbooklet. The'formingand assembly of this booklet'have alwa'ys required' time"consuming; hand opera- *t'ionssince -nomachine has previouslybee'n de- ---veloped which Would-form -and*assemble"'these booklets-automatically.

In accordance with the -presentinvention, a -machine'has now been developed.- that'will manufacture the five-cent+ty pebooklet-automatically A anda'tia veryhigh-rate of speedi This machine constitutes a marked technical and economic -o improvement in lthisart; considering the-fact that these. booklets are-commonly sold to the tobacco manufacturers and :distributorsin quan- .atities of five million or moreat a time.

One of .themajorj problems in 'automaticvmachine .manufacture of the five-cent type booklet -was the gluin of the cigarette'papers to, the

* backbone edge in continuousstrip formand at -a high rate of ,speed such that the block of papers in the finally cut booklewwould'berse-v -curely held as a block, but yet adapted foreasy removal of one; paperat a time, asneeded by Q the smoker, without disturbing the remaining a papersw This and the; problem ofio'rming and shaping the necessarily relatively stiff-book1et cover stock have heldback'ma-chine manufacl ture of the fiver-cent booklet for the pasttwenty years.

Now,:for the first time a commercially satisfactory. and acceptable fivei-rcentibookletai :cap-

(01.1270-41) 2 able oe-automati machine maniifacture .as a

' result ofthe present' invention.

The solution to ithe-"above' problems-involved the devlopment of arotar scoring device which scores the relatively stiff cover materialin con- "-'-tinuous strip form and comprises tworotary l members that" move in" the direction of i movement -o'fthe' co've paper'. This produces a squared; flat+surface backbone edge for secure lo and *uniiorm bon'ding ofthe cigarette 1 paper sheets thereto! 'A'n' 'im portant counterpartof this --eev1e,-wmn also functionsto produce the necessary bond for ?the c igarettepaper sheets; is an automatic; 'intermittentlyoperated'adhesive apllof'plicator that"'deposit'sf a' drop of adhesive at *---s aeedinterval's 'on therapidl'y moving booklet cover paper. And a third, cooperativedevice for obtaining effectivf bonding "is a" closed chamber d conduitthat" upply th e" adhesive and are l '50- pounds gauge essure. Thispres'sur'e systemfwh'ich is"'o-actively connected with the above -adhe si"ve. 'appliicatorflenables the use of relatively heavyi viscou s adhesive which pro- 7 wide a good bond between the booklet cover paper and the edgeg of; the block of cigarette papers without penetrating themain, surface area of the cigarettepaper sheets. 1

In the drawing: p k 3 ;:Fig. l aside-elevation of a cigarette paper -"booklet. making machine incorporating my invention;

==Fig1 2 isa' corresponding plan view;

Fig. 3 is'a diagrammatic detail partly in sec- 3 tion of the severing -irl'eans, andrelatedfeeding m'eans arid collatingmeans; V '1 Fig.--'-4 is an fiIai'g d f-i'a'gmehtary man View of-the" machineadjacent the point-at which ad- 'd hesive-is applied; H p p 1 "Fig-518 381616 elevationpartly'in section and partly cutaway ofthe adhesive applying means j and related elements or the machine;

Fig-61s a corresponding enlarged detail illus- 45" trating the disposition "off the" automatic valve elementfandrelat'edjfstoring means; i

F igslf 7 and}; 'a re fs'ec 1 illustrating the opera'tio'fi of thefii'ltomafifvlve element;

v FigQQ is a' sections ibstaiitially on'the line F ig. 1 0is a sectio substantially onthe line flll- -lflofFigfi; W pp 7 Fig. '11 is-aplan-view'of-the bookletcollecting Figs- 12 and-113 are? details of an attachment 20', maintained lifld for the collecting means used to condition the adhesive bond of the severed booklets;

Fig. 14 is a perspective view of a cigarette paper booklet formed according to my invention; and

Fig. 15 is a section on the line Il 5 of Fig. 14.

Referring at first to Fig. 1 of the drawing, the cigarette booklet making machine illustrated comprises a base portion 29 which supports a table or platform portion 2|. Substantially centrally located on the table 2| is a feeding device, indicated generally at 22, adapted to feed a plurality of superimposed strips of cigarette paper 23, of indefinite length, enclosed in a wrapper strip of cover paper 24, also of indefinite length. The wrapper enclosed strips of cigarette paper are indicated in Fig. l at 25.

The strips of cigarette paper 23 enter the machine in superimposed relation at the right hand end as shown in Fig.1, the cigarette paper strips 23 being led through an aligning guide 26 from a suitable source of supply (not shown.) The wrapper strip of covering paper 24 is fed from a roll 21, mounted for rotation on a shaft 28 in brackets as indicated at 29, over an idler roll 30. Suitable restraining means (not shown) are preferably provided for regulating the tension on the cigarette paper 23 and enclosing wrapper 24.

The enclosing wrapper strip of cover paper 24 is wrapped about the superimposed strips of cigarette paper 23 at a folding station indicated generally in Fig. 1 at 3|. The feeding device 22 is adapted to draw the strips of cigarette paper 23 and enclosing wrapper 24 through the folding station 3|, and feed the assembled wrapper enclosed strips of cigarette paper 25 to a severing device 32.

The severing device 32 (see Fig. 3) comprises two suitably journaled shafts 33 and 34 which are parallel and spaced apart. The shaft 33 oscillates in its bearings. Extending upwardly from shaft 33 is a frame 35, and on top of this frame 35a platen 36 is arranged. Secured to the shaft 34 are eccentrics 31. Mounted on the eccentrics are eccentric straps 38, to each of which is attached ends or shafts 39. These rods or shafts 39 reciprocate in corresponding bores 40 provided in the frame 35, and are connected to a crosshead 4| The crosshead 4| carries a guillotine knife 42 which cooperates with the platen 36 to form a cutting means. As the shaft 34 rotates, the guillotine knife 42 reciprocates by reason of its eccentric mounting toward and from the platen 36, and may be operated in this manner to sever the as sembled wrapper enclosed strips of cigarette paper 25 in booklet length.

Simultaneously with the movement just described of the guillotine knife 42, the frame 35 is oscillated on the shaft 33 through the connection formed by the rods 39 which as mentioned above reciprocate in the bores 40. As a result,a swinging motion is imparted to the platen 36 and knife 42 which may be adjusted in accordance with the rate at which the assembly 25 is fed so that the feeding movement of the assembly 25 is not interfered with during the cutting operation.

Beyond the severing device 32, the individual cigarette paper booklets 43 formed from the assembly 25 are fed by a suitable collating device 45 into a collecting device 46 from which they may be removed as desired.

The foregoing elements of the cigarette booklet making machine incorporating my invention are known and have been previously employed in booklet making machines so that it is not considered necessary to detail them further here.

As mentioned above, the cigarette paper booklet making machine of the present invention is adapted for making the five-cent type of cigarette paper booklet, which contains a relatively large supply of cigarette paper, e. g., of the order of or more. A cigarette booklet of this type requires a substantial cover member which will protect the enclosed cigarette papers adequately; and it is necessary to provide an adhesive mounting for the cigarette papers in the cover member so as to maintain the cigarette papers in order over the extended period for which a booklet of this type is used.

The cigarette paper booklet making machine of the present invention is accordingly provided with an adhesive applying means indicated generally in Fig. 1 at 47. The adhesive applying means 41 is mounted at the end of shafts 48, 49, 59 and 5| which extend in parallel and square-spaced relation from suitable supports 52 and 53 arranged on the table 2|. Further support is provided by pedestals 54.

The adhesive applying means 41 comprises an automatic valve element55 which is disposed in relation to an arcuate guide 56 over which the enclosing wrapper strip of cover paper 24 is drawn as it is advanced to the folding station 3 I. The automatic valve element 55 applies adhesive to the wrapper strip 24, in a manner which will be described more fully below, to provide the necessary adhesive mounting for the cigarette paper when the assembled wrapper enclosed strips of cigarette paper 25 are formed at the folding station 3!. Also, the operation of the automatic valve element 55 is timed in relation to the severing device 32 so that a separate adhesive mounting is provided for each booklet 43 ultimately formed by the severing device 32.

The'automatic valve elemet 55 is supported from a cross-bar 5! carried on extending shafts 56 and 5! Support arms 58 extend forward from the cross-bar 57 and inturn support upstanding bracket arms 59. A shaft 60, having square end portions 6i which prevent rotation, are adjustably supported in the bracket arms 59 to provide a mounting for the automatic valve element 55. The upstanding bracket arms 59 are pivotably mounted on the support arms 58 as at 58a, so that the automatic valve element 55 may be retracted when not in use. A snaplock 59a is arranged to position the automatic valve element 55 in relation to the arcuate guide 56 during operation.

The automatic valve element 55 itself (see Figs. '7 and 8) is composed of a hollow body portion 62 formed with a fiat top surface and havingan internal bore 64 corresponding to the diameter of the shaft 63. A nozzle fitting 65, having a tip 66 adapted to the contour of the arcuate guide 56, and a supplementary tubular fitting 6'! are aligned on the horizontal axis of the body portion 62. A vertically disposed tubular fitting 68 opening into the tubular fitting 61 is also arranged in the body portion 62 as shown in Figs. 7 and 8. As will be explained more in detail presently, adhesive is supplied to the automatic valve element 55 through the vertical fitting 68, and is metered in proper amounts from this fitting 68 to the fitting 6'! and through the nozzle 65 for application on the wrapper strip of cover paper 24 carried by the arcuate guide 56.

The adhesive is metered from the fitting 68 by a plunger rod 69 arranged for reciprocation in the horizontally disposed tubular fitting 61, and adapted in this manner to uncover or close the opening of the fitting 68 into the fitting 61.

.ee ee etionh th plung -gr deli? s efie {shown i ieeaan s fi ed,- l etrv czh h eueh e nnecti n withc'the rine evi 32 icha; e redesia k t Q r e .rev qusl m nti ed; opte to il eiths pnl eatien otedheshe so, t is F .dhes ve' qun me s pr v e or each; ok-

Thi

Q x- Q d.. Y heev in d v ce 3.2

onnection comprises aroclger armwhich is x onend eo equ nt xo e at swis e e n l evi esh e 3. s e.F s;. fBh The .-r e t rm st rds upwa d y,. rm v hes e ndiepiro b connected etitau er end ltith;a reetrwardly extending connecting rod 1| h fienne t ne te 1| is n-t -io nedto 1 41 9??? t i e ee v r B 95 emasta e -m u ed- 91. 193 t b T other rm. o e e iti a t h d i0; se neie nn 7 rod- 14 which; 'sslidingly supported by suitable brackets 5la c arriedf on the shaftf il and h as aien hadiu tmem S ee e? rr nge -'1; w wayj of its length. w; This second connecting rod. it extends rearwar'dlv to engageone ar n of a second transverselever l5 whichis pivoted vin a f I mounting l5a -carriedfon the shaft 69}? pporting 3; vthe automatic valve element 55. The-other arm 4. r of the second transvers e lever 'l5 is joinedto the plunger rod 69 operating in the automatic ,valve element 55. Slidingjdints (not shown) are provided where necessary in connecting these ele manta c p 7 opening of the ;vertical.1'i tting.68 into the'horisa pe n at th conngctmg n g 311515 1 zontal ,fittingfilrwhichleads to-the. nozzle :65 is 1:: gesgrilggd d ted 9 t n l tes a of the a, 1 periodically vuncoveredandclosed. It .islappar- S Y Q deviqe c 3 nt e re v ent thatswhen the-opening. of thesverticalfitting -P h p s d ll jqy-p perl iii}; is uncovered, adhesivewill.be.forcedi.into the 1; m 9 q F Ye. yme mQ m. the :horizontalnfittingfi'l and in turn .to the nozzle I WQ iF d h applieatlon 9 adheslve by ".65. by reason, of the pressure maintained on the the automatic valve element 55 may. be regulated. isupplyin reservoir 85.

' t6 Pm' t dp t mountingfgr each To provide means ufor'. .metering a: desired booklet 1 9 P3 formed a g;q =amount ofadhesive to thenozzlerfi5rduring each H V I v r 1.1. reciprocation ofthe plunger rod 69, this. rod 69 M1 3 r g h cgfi wagi Of 1 :isformed. with an lintegralcollar portion 93 befi applying means 41 fromfthe l y iyondvlwhi'cha threaded portion extends-l The wiv 32 i b deife H emilp i 18 threaded portion 9dnfits a tapped-opening in a @m hp u t 3 5 l e k iclevis memberr95 which forms theconnection for .1 te on h f fifi an L h P F the plunger. rod.l69l with the. transverse lever .arm Q are fixed ,Shaft 19 m l W P 11:5.- lThe integralcollar. portion 93 .provides a a carried b sfippdrtlbmckvetsi andnaziiwhmh pointi of...adjustment; for thecplunger rod 59-. By x pp mt the e e e 'uifl gin wadjusting the Vplunger1rod69. at this point for b fitted ta f- Shafts and 5'1. corresponding settings of the threaded portion 3 r F -i m each f .i FFP 1 94 in theclevismember 95, the position of recipdrl pm i t 32 l q h 'P P 51 251 e-rocation of theplunger rod 69 inth'ehorizontal make 1t P95511018 movethe ut y i fitting 9] may be shiftedvas desired in relation 55' and-the varcualteguidetsse as aim-lit Wlth .sto the, opening from the vertical fitting 58-. As 9 thmcks 11 pmibps 18 to 1 23 aresult,.the..period for which the opening from n h Ye P lim -3 'h g 83 1S .theltvverticall fitting 68 is uncovered during a PY -n a t mem l f the l..*;-e -reciprocation of the plunger rod 69 may be regupmmns 18 on the racks setscr'ewrs lated to allow theflow of a given amount-of ad- ?*1 e-Pm b a Fqbear I vhesive during each reciprocation and thus meter the Shafts 48 and 49 to fix theva-dheswe apply .npnthe amount of adhesive applied at the no'izle ing'means 41 m'place' when m l l ..'as desired Awlocking collar 96 -is arranged on 5 Adhsive. supplied 1 the aqtomatigyalve the threaded ortion 94 in the l v' in b 95 ment 55irom an adhesive reservoirsBB tSeeEig. oo' a fig h i b c em er T5). The'reservoir 85 is anentirelyclosed"vessel, "f: 1 1 gg t d a removable "lid"86 beinglprovided toafford an 'f; 3 Ve g g 9 as a; r: is: :9 The we: are; jfa'bly leading, rom a source of air'pressure no .i grshowmfis tapped intathe. reservoir swig-m! an 7 of rthe automatic valve element 55 1s fitted over outlet connection 88 EOTHEDIEVIIOUSIY" described e S aft as Show!) In f the shaftw'bfimg ftp-tubular fitting Vertically disposedinfirma autm ---cutaway to allow insert on of tubular-fittings maticvalve element 55 "is also providdw The 2 1 a Thefiutonglatw VaWeeImBnt-BB 1s lpressurerconnec'tmn 814s. fitt d with? reduction l I lshdmgly-pinned III-UDII ght DOSItIOH on the-shaft v w t a w s i t /r 469 from a collar 91 which is fixed on'this-shaft. fvoir lilies-indicatedbya pressure gauge' 9n, h we The collar 91 isformed with a threaded portion 35 -r imd d b a d jacket 9| on which a mating-co11ar 98 is carried in abutting provided for useinregulating the temperature of l ti nwith the body portion' -liz of the autoadhesive contained in the reservoir The matic valve element 55. The -matingcollar 98 jacket -9l =isadapted as -l-a liquidcontainer as dorms-a means for adiustmg the--latera1 -position .1 It-will thusl eseen thattheadh sivesup ly is protected. horn, loxidatio endeomement .e u rmation by the closed reservoir 85 A positive owlorf a h siv i om :thei rvo r. .85 1 ;.-efie by. he..pr ssurei onnection" 81,- :w ich also. eliminatesal e tra n d air rn the sa e iveisupply.

Further reconditioni ofwth adhe ivei p ss l throughthe. temp ra ure r ul n h h. may be effe ted from th -Jack 9 I.

These features of the-adhesive, supply system of my;inventionmaintainthesteady and uniform flow ofzsadhesive: necessarily requiredor: application ;of the adhesivegin;,relation tootherapid operationof. a. cigarette booklet making machine. vA suitable pressure,w,such, as l0 pas. i., applied to, they viscous. adhesive oausesit; to flow and:,eiect.=zpr open1y onto...the-;covers-paper. A ViSC0llS gSOll1l3iOllp0f gum :arabic .has. given good results.

,Adhesive risgsupplied to the automatic valve element 55-, as: noted :above, through,;.a..,connec ,1tion88 to the vertical tubular fitting 68 .1, The previouslydescribed connecting linkage from the severing device 321 reciprocates. the plunger rod 799 during operationoi the machine so :that the of the automatic valve element 55. A secondfixed collar 99 arranged on the shaft 60 to force a compression spring I against the other side on rods I02 which extend between the previously mentioned support brackets BI and 82. Lateral adjustment of the guide 56 is provided by a shaft I03 which carries the handwheel I04 and has a .threaded portion I05 engaging the guide 56.

This lateral adjustment provision for the guide 56 allows the wrapper strip of cover paper 24 to 1 be positioned properly in relation to the folding station 3|. The previously described lateral adjustment provision for the automatic valve ele- :ment 55 allows the adhesive to be applied at a proper lateral position on the wrapper strip 24. When the automatic valve element 55 and .;arcuate guide 56 have been set in properly ad- ,justed relation, adhesive is applied to the wrapper strip 24 during operation of the machine at a position which is laterally spaced in relation :to one edge of the plurality of superimposed .strips of cigarette paper 23 so as to dispose the .adhesive in position for bonding one edge of the cigarette paper strips 23 (see Fig. 4). As described above, the adhesive is metered from the :automatic valve element 55 so that it is applied to the wrapper strip 24 in spaced deposits as .indicated in Fig. 4 at I06 so as to form a sepa- .rate adhesive mounting for each booklet 43 to be formed at the severing device 32.

To effect adequate bonding of the cigarette paper strips 23 in the wrapper strip 24 at the folding station 3I, the wrapper strip 24 is conditioned With scored lines I0? as illustrated in Fig. 4. These scored lines I01 result in the formation of a squared backbone portion as the wrapper strip 24 is drawn through the folding station 3I. fiat surface which markedly facilitates the bonding of the cigarette paper strips 23 in the wrapper strip 24.

' The scored lines It? are formed on the wrapper strip 24 by a scoring wheel I 08 which is mounted for rotation on a stationary shaft I09 which has square end portions II 0 adjustably supported in the upstanding bracket arms 59 similar to the manner in which the automatic valve element mounting shaft 06 is supported. The scoring wheel I58 comprises a body portion III rotatably fitted on the shaft I09. Annular scoring knives IE2 are in turn fitted ,on this body portion III and a woodrufi key is arranged as shown in Fig. 10, to prevent the scoring knives I I2 from shifting on the body portion I I I'. A spacer ring H3 is disposed on the body portion III between the scoring knives II'2 to position the knives H2 in accordance with the spacing desired between the scored lines I57. This arrangement allows the spacing between the This squared backbone portion presents a an adjusting collar 6 which is carried in threaded engagement with a base member III fixed to the shaft I09. The adjusting collar H6 is disposed in abutting relation with one of the thrust bearings II5 and may be shifted on the base member II! to adjust the lateral position of the scoring knives I I2. A compression spring H8, arranged on the shaft I09 between a fixed collar H9 and the other thrust hearing I I5 renders lateral adjustment of the scoring knives H2 available in either direction. The scoring knives II2 may accordingly be positionedfeadily in correspondence with the lateral adjustment of the arcuate guide 56 and the automatic valve element 55 as previously described. 5 i

paper 24 as it passes over the arcuate guide 56 a roll member I20 is disposed in relation to the scoring knives II2 through an opening in the scored lines IE? to be adjusted for different sizes g of booklets 43, a spacing ring I I3 of appropriate thickness being used for a given size of booklet V 43. The scoring knives I I2 are held on the body portion III by a threaded collar II4 disposed on the body portion I I I as shown in Fig. 20.

The body portion III rotates on the shaft I09 between thrust bearings H5. Lateral adjust- -,ment of the scoring knives is afforded through arcuate guide 56 as shown in Fig. 6. -The roll member I20 is carried on a fixed shaft I2I mounted in the arcuate guide 56. A roller bearing I22 is arranged on this shaft I2I between fixed collars I'23. The roll member I20 which consists of a hardened steel ring is disposed on the roller bearing I22 for free rotation.

In operation the plurality of superimposed strips of cigarette paper 23 enter the machine from the right as shown in Fig. l. The wrapper strip of cover paper 24 is led from the roll 27 around the arcuate guide 56 to a position which disposes it for folding in cover relation to the strips of cigarette paper 23 when it reaches the folding station 3|. The Wrapper strip 24 and strips of cigarette paper 23 are drawn into the machine in this manner by the feeding device 22.

As the wrapper strip of cover paper 24 passes over the arcuate guide 56 it is acted on by the scoring knives II2 to form the scored lines I01. For this purpose the scoring knives II2 are adjusted in relation to the roll member I20 to form clearly defined scored lines I01, but not to: cut the wrapper strip 24- or unduly weaken it. The lateral adjustment of the scoring knives H2 is such that the scored lines I0! are formed in the wrapper strip 24 in relation to one edge of the strips of cigarette paper 23 as indicated in Fig. 4 to result in the formation of a squared backbone portion as previously mentioned when the wrapper strip 24 is drawn through the folding station 3|.

After scoring in this manner the wrapper strip 24 is advanced over the arcuate guide 56 to? the position of the automatic valve element 55." At

vcordingly leaves the arcuate guide 56 with a portion beyond one edge of the strips of cigarette paper 23 defined by scored lines I0'If'and having spaced deposits of adhesive applied to it.

Upon reaching the folding station 3I the wrapper strip 24 is folded in cover relation to .the strips of cigarette paper 23 and the portion of the wrapper strip 24 defined by the scored lines I01 assumes an upstanding position during folding so that the deposits of adhesive are presented in bonding relation to the edges of the strips of cigarette paper 23. The strips of cigarette paper 23 and wrapper strip 24 accordingly leave 9 the foldingrstation 3] as :therassembled 'wrapper.'- enclosed?strips:ofncigaretteepaper5.25. The as sembled wrapperaenclosed strips of cigarette .pa-'- 1 per 25sthenpass through the ieedingdevice-22 from which they 'arer fed'to the severing device 32 for cutting into booklet "length,- to form the cigarette 'paper 'booklets =43. The booklets 43 formedinthis manner-arecarried-by the collating1device-45 into the'collecting-device 43.

The booklets? 43- are -further conditioned in this collecting device 46 to set the adhesive bonds-It w appears; that when'the' assembled wrapper. en: closed strips of cigarette paper -25:-are=cut-at the severingdevice- 32,- the cutting *operation has av tendency to shift the stripsrof cigarettepaperZB- slightly, and'as the adhesive bond between the wrapper strip 24 v and the cigarette paper strips 1. 23 is still tacky atthis point; the bond'may'be impaired to .some extent -by; -th e-cutting opera! tion.---.The furthenconditioning of the booklets 43 is carried out in th6 C011eCting td6ViC6 -46 toinsurea sound "adhesive-bond, I

For this purpose two electric heating elements- I24 are-arranged on the collecting device 46to apply heat .to--the edge-of the booklets 43 on 25: which-the adhesive bond is-disposed as they are advanced throughthe collecting device (see Fig. 11). The heatingelements-I24are spaced apart sufliciently to-allow the-arrangementof a pressing element-I-25-between-them. The pressingelement-I25 comprises acam I26 (see Figs. 12 and 13) :whichis rotated-inrelation to the advanceof thebooklets- 43through-the collecting device46.- The cam I26 actuate a'pressure block I21 mountedin the side of-the collecting device'35 46. This pressureblockJ-ZI is --arranged on a spring mounting I28 whichurgesitto :a-position of continuity with the sideofnthe collecting device 46p Rotation oftthe cam -I26=periodically g I 55 under, adjustable pressure to provide ad qu te shiftsthe pressure block inwardly in. the collect ing device: so that the cigarette-booklets are squeezedbetween thepressure block I21.- and theopposing wall of the collectingdevice46asshown\ in FigplZ-wThe rotation of the cam 26 is such that this squeezing-action is exerted. on .each.. booklet as it is advanced through the collecting device. "This squeezing action presses the wrapper and enclosed cigarette papers into intimate contact so that any disarrangement of' the adhesive bond -is remedied and the adhesive itself is set by the heat applied by thetwo heating elements I24 to insure that the adhesive bond is secure and fast when the booklets 43 reach a position for-removal from the collecting device.

The booklets 43 are advanced through the-collecting device '46 on an endless conveyor belt I29- which-is disposed longitudinally -on pulleys 136-" 1- at theibottom of the collecting device- 46. The booklets43 are delivered to the collecting deviceym 46 in v'ertically'disposed positionf'as' is best illus-' trated Fig. 12: In this position; a short 'side of thebooklets' 43' restson the conveyor beltI29;-- and the booklet backbone I3I, on which the-ad hesive bond is disposed, is oriented adjacent'the side wall of the' collecting deviceflfiin which the presserblo'ck "I21 is mounted-As the book-= lets 43' are delivered serially from the severing device 32 by the collating -device .45, they are received in the collecting device 46 and advanced on theconveyor belt I29 as illustrated in Figs. 1, 2 and 11'. qThe abovedescribed c'onditioningof the adhesive bond for the cigarette papers contained in the booklets 43 takes place as the booklets are advanced in this manner through 5 claims.

the collecting device 46.- The arrangement for -rotatingthe cam I25 so that the presserblock I2! is actuated in relation to theadvance of the booklets 43 through the collecting device comprises a bevel gear I32 mounted onthe shaft I33 -which carries the cam I25.

meshes with a second bevel/gear I34 carried by the drive shaft I35 for the conveyor belt I29. T

This bevel gear I32 Rotation of the shaftI35 to drive the conveyor belt I29 accordingly causes rotation of-the cam I25 in relation to the travel ofv belt. I29 and consequent. actuation Of the pressure block'I2'I in relation to the advance oibooklets 43 through... ..the collecting device.

A cigarette papenbook closed position without requiring, the use of any fastening means.

The improved automatic valve element 55 of. my invention makes it possible to adjust the ads 5 hesive bondI36 to just the right condition. .If too much adhesive is appliedlto vform the bond. I36

. the cigarettepapers I31 will be slecuredto tightly and will tear when anattempt is made to remove them from the booklet 43. If on the otherhand,

1-. not enough adhesive is applied the bond I36 will not be secure. This problem is .further complicated by the factthat adhesives such as gum arabic, ,vary ,from batch tog batch in physical properties. As previously mentioned, the adhesive is forced. to theautomatic valve element automatic .valve element 55 may be adjusted as v described .above to vary the amount of the adhesive deposits applied. These features allow close regulation of the adhesive bond I39 formed,

and make. it possible to obtain satisfactory results with commerical grade adhesives.

While the means and method of the present inventionuare particularly adapted for making cigarette paper booklets as described above, it will beunderstood that my invention is applicable, generally for applying. deposits of adhesiveona traveling web of paper, as definedin the appended I claim;

rality of. strips of cigarette paper. ,in .superimposed relation-to.constitutethe leaves of a cigarette- :paperbooklet, a .folding device for en- 7 closing said strips ofcigarettepaperin .awrapper strip of cover-paper, and acuttingdevice for severing the wrapper-enclosed.strips=..of cigarette paper in booklet length; a means-ioriorming anadhesive bond ion the cigarette "pa intervals on the portion of said wrapper strip defined by said scoring means, said scoring means v let'43. formed according .1, to my invention is. illustrated in Figs. '14jand 15.. j. 1 The adhesive bond on the squared backbone por- .tion I3I of the bookletis shown at I36. jThe cigarette .papers I31 severedgfromthe superim-vposed strips 23.are 'securelymoiinted bygvirtue of 5 this adhesive-bond; I36 insthecover I38 formedij from the enclosing wr'apperstrip' 24. The over-' lapping cover flaps I39 allow easyaccess tothe cigarette papers. I31, andare readily disposed in pers .in-said enclosing Wrapper cover comprising means for scoring said wrapper-strip of cover'paper-todefine aportionof saidwrappenstrip.totbe. disposed in cover-relation tosan edgeof-flsaid strips .of cigarettepaper by said-.foldingidevice,.and an .adhe-.

sive applying means including i a .valve element 2 for depositing metered ,quantities .of.. adhesive at and said valve element being mounted at a point past which the wrapper strip of coverpaper is guided before being folded to enclose said strips of cigarette paper, and said valve element being actuated intermittently in timed relation to the operation of said cutting device to space the ad-' hesive deposits on said wrapper strip at intervals disposing the adhesive to form a separate bond for the cigarette papers in each booklet to be formed at said scoring device. I

2. In a cigarette paper booklet making machine having a feeding device for feeding a plurality of strips of cigarette paper in superimposed relation to constitute the leaves of a cigarette paper booklet, a folding device for enclosing said strips of cigarette paper in a wrapper strip of cover paper, and a cutting device for severing the wrapper enclosed strips of cigarette paper in booklet length; a means for forming an adhesive bond for the cigarette papers in said enclosing wrapper cover comprising a scoring wheel and an opposed base roller, means for guiding said enclosing strip of wrapper paper between said scoring wheel and base roller to define a portion of said wrapper strip by scored lines, means for adjusting said scoring wheel and base roller laterally with respect to said wrapper strip to position the portion of said wrapper strip defined by scored lines in correspondence with a portion of said wrapper strip to be disposed in cover relation to one edge of said strips of cigarette paper by said folding device, and an adhesive applying means including a closed adhesive reservoir, a valve element, means for forcing adhesive from said reservoir to said valve element under pressure, means for metering adhesive from said valve element for deposit on said wrapper strip of cover paper, means for adjusting said valve element laterally with respect to said wrapper strip to apply the adhesive deposited from said valve element-on the portion of said wrapper strip defined by scored lines, and means for actuating said metering means intermittently in relation to the operation of said cutting device to space adhesive deposits on said wrapper strip at intervals disposing the adhesive to form a separate bond for the cigarette papers in each booklet to be formed at said severing device.

3. In a cigarette paper booklet making machine having a feeding device for feeding a plura itv of strips of cigarette paper in superimposed relation to constitute the leaves of a cigarette paper booklet, a folding device for enclosing said stri s of cigarette paper in a wrapper strip of cover paper, a cutting device for severing the wra er enclosed strips of cigarette paper in book et en th, and a collecting device arranged to rec ive the severed lengths of wrapper enclosed ci arette paper in the form of booklets as de i ered from said cutting device: a means for app yin adhesive to bond the cigarette papers in said enc osing wrap er cover comprising means for scorin said wrapper strip of cover paper to define a portion of said wrapper strip to be disposed in cover relation to an edge of said strips of ci arette paper by said folding device, an adhesive reservoir and means for depositing metered uuantities of adhesive from said reservoir at intervals on the portion of said wrapper strip defined by said scoring means, said depositing means being actuated intermittently in timed relation to the operation of said cutting device to space the adhesive deposits on said wrapper strip at intervals disposing the adhesive to form a separate bond for the cigarette papers in each booklet formed at said severing device, and heating means and a squeezing element arranged on said collecting device and operated in timed relation to said cutting device for pressing said ad-- hesive deposited edge portion of the enclosing wrapper cover to condition and set the adhesive bond of the wrapper enclosed cigarette papers as delivered from said cutting device in the form of booklets.

4. In a cigarette paper booklet making machine, the combination with means for feeding a plurality of strips of cigarette paper in superimposed relation to constitute the leaves of a cigarette paper booklet, means for folding an enclosing wrapper strip of cover paper in cover relation to said strips of cigarette paper, means for severing the wrapper enclosed strips of cigarette paper in booklet lengths, and means for collating and collecting the severed lengths of wrapper enclose-d cigarette paper in the form of booklets as delivered from said severing machine,

of: a device for applying adhesive to bond the cigarette papers in said enclosing wrapper cover comprising a closed adhesive reservoir, a valve element, means for forcing adhesive from said reservoir to said valve element under pressure, and a plunger member disposed for reciprocation in said valve element and arranged to release and confine the adhesive forced to said valve element alternately during complementary periods of each cycle of reciprocation of said plunger member, whereby the adhesive may be deposited intermittently to provide a separate adhesive deposit on said enclosing wrapper strip of cover paper for each booklet formed at said severing device.

5. In a, cigarette paper booklet making machine, the combination defined in claim 4 and further characterized in that the position of reciprocation of said plunger member in said valve element is adjustable to vary the relation of the complementary periods of the reciprocation cycle of said plunger member, whereby the separate adhesive deposits may be metered at a desired level.

OTTO F. GOEPFERT.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 773,484 Drucklieb Oct. 25, 1904 1,265,835 Utsman May 14, 1918 1,274,510 Byrd Aug. 6, 1918 1,390,367 Massey Sept. 13, 1921 1,650,049 Smith Nov. 22, 1927 1,980,400 Grupe Q Nov. 13, 1934 2,062,265 Haskell Nov. 24, 1936 2,072,815 Heygel Mar. 2, 1937 2,123,354 Corse July 12, 1938 2,132,340 Grupe Oct. 4, 1938 2,264,632 Gerlitzki Dec. 2, 1941 2,274,432 Repsher et a1 Feb. 24, 1942 2,302,857 Harder Nov. 24, 1942 2,439,566 Gamache Apr. 13, 1948 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 461,386 Great Britain Feb. 16, 1937 4,401 Netherlands Oct. 16, 1938

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Classifications
U.S. Classification270/41, 118/410, 53/520, 53/590, 53/545, 493/334, 493/381, 493/440, 53/589
International ClassificationA24F17/00
Cooperative ClassificationA24F17/00
European ClassificationA24F17/00