US 2568975 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 25, 1951 R. E- WARNE LIGHTWEIGHT REFRIGERANT BLOCK Filed Nov. 22, 1948 (lat/7 509 illl'llllllil 5r lillilliillii Wadded Newspaper Fibrous Insulating Material w m L N r p n a a, P W 5 m Na a n 5 WW a w a 2 1A 2 I\ M 1m 7 1M 4 m Patented Sept. 25, 1951 UNITED STATES" PATENT OFFICE,"
2,568,975 LIGHTWEIGHT REFRIGERANT BLOCK Robert E. Warne, Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii :Application November 22, 1948, Serial No. 6 1,483
A further object of this invention is to provide a slow melting refrigerant block made of inexpensive materials.
A further object'of this invention is to provide a refrigerant block that is substantially lighter stance across the ocean or the continent.
A still further objectof this invention is to provide a refrigerant block that is an improvement over the refrigerant blocks disclosed in U, S. Patents: 1,727,878 and 2,210,946, and that serve the purpose of such prior blocks in addition to purposes herein set forth.
, A still further 'objectf'of this invention is to provide a refrigerantblock whose main ingredient is old or used newspapers.
A yet further object of this invention is to provide a refrigerant block provided with numerous interstices filled with chilled air, thus providing lightness and slow melting.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, as will hereinafter become apparent, this invention relates to the method, constructions, combinations and arrangement of parts as hereinafter set forth, disclosed, and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a perspective section of a shipping case containing the perishables being preserved by the refrigerant blocks of this invention;
Fig. 2 is a perspective, partly broken away, view of one form of this invention, and
Fig. 3 is a similar view of anotherform.
The basic feature of this invention is the provision of a frozen block made of lightweight and inexpensive material, and is shown in two forms in Figs. 2 and 3. The basic lightweight material used is wadded newspaper, shown at III in the drawing.
In Fig. 2 this wadded newspaper It) is first made wet by soaking it in water, then stufiin it rather tightly in a bag ll, of proper size, made of muslin or other inexpensive cloth material. As will be apparent, such wadded newspaper l0, made of crumpled up individual sheets of paper, will be provided with innumerable interstices i2 filled with air, many of which air cells will still remain in spite of the paper being soaked with -water. After the'bag ll" hasbee'n stuffed with the wet paper [0, it"is drained -at least two to four minutes, or more, thus making the bag substantially dripless. Obviously, many' of the larger interstices will again become air-filled during the draining process, while the smaller'interstices that do not drain will, of course, retain their water content through capillary attraction, thus being non-dripping. The bag II is then stapled as at [3 to close it. Next, the closed bag is placed ina freezer, or otherwise subjected to a low temp'eraturefuntil it' is frozen solid. Of course the bag will be self shaping as shown, but if an absolutelyrectangularly -shaped frozen bag block is desired, it may be placed in a suitable mold while being'frozen, which mold may be removed from the frozen brick, or it may be a cardboard carton, 'similar'to that shown at l5 in theform in Fig. 3. M I,
In Fig; 3 the carton I5 is shown as being first lined with wet paper 16 and then packed tightly with the wadded wet newspaper Lthen drained andfrozen. it
Obviously, themany interstices in the wadded paper provide air 'c ells of'varying sizes, many of which still "exist in the frozen 'bag or cardboard carton block.
These many still existing air-cells make the completed frozen block rather lightweight compared to the prior art frozen blocks, and are extremely desirable when weight is an important factor. In addition, these air-cells have an insulating effect and greatly extend the period of time that it takes for the frozen block to melt,
thus providing a refrigerant block that will maintain a desired temperature a much longer period, and particularly, a temperature that is not too extreme. It is particularly desirable for use in shipping perishables, such as flowers, long distances by air-shipment, because it enables the flowers to be kept at the most desirable temperature. One instance of this use is in shipping flowers by air across the ocean, as from Honolulu to the United States, where many hours may elapse between the time the flowers are packed and are unpacked. Frozen blocks made according to this invention have remained frozen in their center for as long as thirty to forty hours,
while in a similar use, ice blocks of the same size are long since melted.
In Fig. 1 is shown one example of how the blocks of this invention are used. The flowers are packed in cartons l1 similar in size and shape to that of the frozen block. A dozen blossoms may be packed in a carton 3" x 5" x 7". and these cartons I1 are then placed in a shipping box l8 containing twelve, sixteen, twenty or more :cartons 4 1. One or more-of these flower containing cartons 'l! are omitted and replaced by the frozen blocks of this invention, the number of frozen blocks used being dependent on the size of the shipping container itas'wellxas the distance the flowers are to be shipped. In addition, the shipping container 18 may be wrapped in a fibrous insulating paper l-9-one form of which is commercially known as Kimpack, and then in a Wrapping paper 20. Of course any type of insulating paper, even dry newspaper, may be 'used.
A container ll iilledwith flower boxes Hand one or more of the frozen blocks of this invention will be but very slightly heavier than one containing only flower boxes, and will be considerably lighter in weight than one containing blocks of solid ice or of other material .of the .same size as the'frozen blocks :of this invention. In addition, the flowers will not :be chilled as much as with ice, an undesirable condition, but will be maintained at a :cool but non-freezing temperature. Furthermore, the ice, as it melts, would wet the flower boxes, but due to the frozen blocks of this invention having been drained before freezing, they will be substantially drip proof. Also, the :solid ice will melt completely .in a much shorter time than the frozen blocks of this invention, because with .these blocks the desired cool temperature will be maintained a much longer time, enabling the flowers to be perfectly preserved at the end of a very long air Journey.
While wadded newspaper-has "been disclosed as the preferred basic material, obviously any type of more or less absorbent paper may .be used, so
long as it may be crumpledand wadded to provide numerous interstices or air-cells. .Old newspaper is preferred principally because of its :cheapness and ready availability. 01? course, with different types of paper, the melting time may vary slightly, and some slight variations in melting time may result from varying the tightness with which the wadded paper is packed.
There is thus provided a comparatively longlived frozen block, light in weight, capable of maintaining perishables at a desired cool temperature during long air shipments.
While the above description and accompanying drawing comprehend only the general and preferred embodiments of this invention, it will be understood that various changes in construction, combination, and arrangement of parts may be made within the scope of what is hereinafter claimed, without sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention.
1. A light weight refrigerant adapted to be placed within a shipping case to preserve lightweight perishable goods packed therein, comprising wadcled absorbent water-soaked paper that has been packaged in a container, drained, and then frozen, the refrigerant container comprising a cardboard carton lined with wet paper.
2. :A light weight refrigerant adapted to be placed within a Shipping case to preserve "lightweight perishable goods packed therein, comprising wadded absorbent water-soaked newspaper that has been :packaged in a container. drained, and .then vfrozen, the refrigerant containercomprising a cardboard carton lined with wet newspapers.
3. A heat absorbing body for the purpose described, consisting .of a block, the block comprising tightly packed, water-soaked, wedded newspaper packaged in a container for holdin! it in its block form, the packaged container being drained to substantially eliminate free dripping therefrom and then frozen, the container being a cardboard carton lined with wetted newspaper.
ROBERT E. WABNE.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are :of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES "PATENTS Number Name Date 1,727,878 Griswold Sept. 10, 1929 2,087,966 Clarke July 27, 1937 2,154,938 Hadsell Apr. 18. 19.39 2,210,946 Moore Aug. 13, 1940 2,216,365 Fernandez Oct. .1, 1940 2,288,745 Sammis July 7, 1942