|Publication number||US2571818 A|
|Publication date||Oct 16, 1951|
|Filing date||Jan 21, 1948|
|Priority date||Jan 21, 1948|
|Publication number||US 2571818 A, US 2571818A, US-A-2571818, US2571818 A, US2571818A|
|Inventors||Blodgett Herbert C|
|Original Assignee||Overhead Door Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (12), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 16, 1951 c BLQDGETT I 2,571,818
LIMIT SWITCH Filed Jan. 21, 1948 v INVENTOR. 7 -7-1 5 *1 flerfierz 65/047211 Patented a. 16,1951
LIMIT SWITCH Herbert C.'Blodgett,Hartford City,'Ind., assignor to Overhead Door Corporation, Hartford City,
Application January 21, 1948, Serial No. 3,625
This invention relates to improvements in limit switches.
The principal objects of this invention are:
First, to provide a .novel form of limit switch for limiting the movement of any mechanical device which requiresstopping at a certain point.
Second, to provide a limit switch which is extremely simple, lowin cost and efiicient in operation.
Third, to provide a limit switch of simple construction which is capable of very fine adjustment.
Other objects and advantages of my invention will be apparent from a consideration of the following description and claims. The drawings, of which there is one sheet, illustrate a preferred form of my limit switch.
Fig. 1 is a vertical cross sectional view of my limit switch in operative position and having a driving connection from a device, the operation of which is to be limited. v
Fig. 2 is an end elevational view of my limit switch with the cover partially broken away to illustrate the working mechanism of the switch.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional View along the line 3-3 in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged side elevational view of the electrical switch'mechanism used in my limit switch.
My limit switch can be used advantageously for controlling the operation of various mechanical devices such as automatic doors, machines .and the like, which devices are designed to operate in one or opposite directions and to be stopped at particular points in their cycle of operation. My limit switch can be connected to interrupt the supply of electrical energy to the device being controlled or can be connected to suitable clutch or brake mechanism for immediately effecting the stopping of the device. The particular manner in which my limit switch is connected to the device to be controlled forms no part of the present invention and so is not illustrated.
My limit switch consists of a suitable casing I having a thickened boss 2 formed in one corner thereof to provide a journal bearing fora drive shaft 3. A suitable cover'4 is provided for closing thecasing, and mounting brackets 5 are'provided as desired "for mounting my switch on a suitable support.
The driving shaft 3 is provided with collars 6 pinned to the shaft on opposite sides of the boss 2 to restrain the shaft against axial movement and the inner end of the driving shaft is provided with a worm I drivingly engageable with the gear 8. The outer end of the driving shaft is provided with a tongue 9 or other suitable means for making a driving connection with a power shaft l0.
The power shaft [0 may be connected in any of several well known manners to run in timed relationship with the device to be controlled by the limit switch and inthe example illustrated the shaft I0 is provided with a sprocket ll adapted to be driven by a chain, not illustrated, from the operating mechanism of' an overhead door. It will be appreciated that the drivin connection to the shaft It! can be geared in any desirable ratio to the-device to be controlled. The gear 8 within the casing l is non-rotatably secured to a cross shaft l2 journalled in the walls of the casing and extending at right angles to the driving shaft 3 so that rotation of the driving shaft and worm 1 will impart rotary motion to the cross shaft 12. The cross shaft rotatably carries a pair of switch actuating members generally indicated at l3 and arranged to engage and operate the rollers M of a pair of electrical switches [5. The actuating members [3 and switches I5 are of identical constructionso only one of each will-be described.
The actuating member is most clearly illustrated in Fig. 3 and consists of a bushing I6 having sliding engagement with the cross shaft l2. Partially embracing the bushin I6 is a generally U-shaped actuating arm I! which is formed ofspringable material and which is secured to the bushing by the screw H3. The legs; of the actuating arm are bent toward each otheratas l9 and are apertured to receive the adjust- "ing screw 20 which has a threaded engagement;-
with one leg of the actuating arm at 2!. A'set screw 22 is provided for clamping the bushing and actuatin arm to the cross shaft in any adj justed position thereof.
The switches l5 .are of the micro-switch type and are secured to one wall of the casing l by the bolts"23 and a U-shaped bracket 24. The term micro-switch is intended to describe any precision built switch which requires only a small and accurately controlled movementof its contacts to operate the switch. Spacer blocks 25 of insulating material are provided for accurately locating each switch over its associated 'acuating arm [3. a
Each switch 15 is provided with a lever 26 pivotally supported at Z'l'on the switch and carrying the roller I4 at its free end. The opposite end of the lever 26 is engaged with and arranged be advanced.
. 3 v to actuate the plunger 28 or operating member of the switch. A biasing spring '29 is wrapped around the pivot and in the example illustrated is arranged to bias the lever 26 to depress the plunger 28 and close the electrical circuit in the switch l5.
From the foregoing description it will be apparent that the actuating arms l3 and their bushings l6 can be roughly adjusted on the cross shaft l2 to engage and depress their associated switch rollers M at any desired point in the cycle of rotation of the driving shaft 3. For example, these points may be selected to determine the opening and closing limits of an overhead door.
The normally closed micro-switches can be connected through the conductors 30 to solenoid operated switches for energizing the driving motor of the door so that when one of the switches I5 :is actuated by depressing its roller I4 the motor and door will be stopped.
After the actuating arms I3 have. been roughly :adjusted on the cross shaft i2, an extremely fine micrometer adjustment of each switch may be obtained by adjusting the screws 20 to vary the :spacing of the converging ends 19 of the =U-shaped arms [1. Obviously if the arms l9 are converged engagement between the arms and the rollers M will be delayed relative to the rotational cycle of the cross shaft and if the arms are permitted to expand by backing off the screws 20 the engagement between the arms and the rollers will I have thus described a limit switch which is capable of very fine adjustment and which may be constructed from a few simple parts and withoutrequiring accurate control of the tolerances of the parts. The switch is thus economically manufactured and can be assembled in various arrangements depending upon the circuit or circuits to be controlled to meet practically any operating condition. Obviously more or less actuating arms and switches could be provided as desired to control any number of electrical circuits.
I have thus described a highly practical commercial embodiment of my switch so that others may reproduce the same without further description.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In combination with a limit switch having an electrical switching element and a shaft driven in timed'relationship to a port to be controlled by the switch, a bushing adjustably secured to said shaft, a U-shaped springable actuating arm partially embracing said bushing and secured thereto, the legs of said arm being bent into converging relationship and defining apertures for receiving an adjusting screw, and an adjusting screw positioned in said apertures and'having threaded engagement with one of said legs to adjust the spacing between the converging ends of said legs, said switch having an operating member positioned opposite said actuating arm to be actuated thereby, and means biasing said member to unactuated position.
2. In combination with a limitswitch having an electrical switching element and a shaftfor operating said element at predetermined angular positions of said shaft, a U-shaped springable actuating arm partially embracing said shaft, the legs of said U-shaped arm projecting laterally from said shaft and defining apertures for receiving an adjusting screw, and an adjusting screw positioned-in said apertures and having threaded engagement with one of said legs to adjust the spacing between the ends of the legs of said arm, said switch having an operating member positioned opposite said actuating arm to be actuated by the end of one of the legs thereof.
3. An actuating arm for a limit switch having a rotatable shaft element and an electrical micro-switch to be actuated therefrom, said actuating arm comprising a bushing arranged to embrace said shaft element, a set screw for clam-ping said bushing to said shaft element, a generally U-shaped strap of springable material embracing said bushing and secured thereto, the ends of said strap being bent into converging relationship, and a screw extending between the legs of said U-shaped strap and having threaded engagement with one of said legs to effect adjustment of the spacing between said legs.
4. An actuating arm for a limit switch having a rotatable shaft element and an electrical micro-switch to be actuated therefrom, said actuating arm comprising a bushing arranged to embrace said shaft element, a set screw for clamping said bushing to said shaft element, a generally U-shaped strap of springable material embracing said bushing, and a screw extending between the legs of said U-shaped strap and having threaded engagement with one of said legs to effect adjustment of the spacing between said legs.
5. An actuating arm for a limit switch having a rotatable element and an electrical switch to be actuated therefrom, said actuating arm comprising a bushing arranged to embrace said element, means for clamping said bushing to said element, a generally U-shaped strap of springable character embracing said bushing, and screw means extending between the legs of said U- shaped strap to effect adjustment of the spacing between said legs.
6. An actuating arm for a limit switch havin a rotatable element and an electrical switch to be actuated therefrom, said actuating arm comprising, a generally U-shaped strap of springable character embracing said element with the arms of the strap projecting laterally from the axis of rotation of the element, and screw means extending between the legs of said U-shaped strap to effect adjustment of the spacing between said legs.
HERBERT C. BLODGETT.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the Hicks Oct. 16, 1945
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|U.S. Classification||200/47, 200/332, 74/568.00R, 74/568.0FS|