|Publication number||US2572610 A|
|Publication date||Oct 23, 1951|
|Filing date||Jun 24, 1949|
|Priority date||Jun 24, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2572610 A, US 2572610A, US-A-2572610, US2572610 A, US2572610A|
|Inventors||Jack A Gilbert|
|Original Assignee||Jack A Gilbert|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (30), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. A. GILBERT CARTON AND CARTON BLANK Filed June 24, 1949 Oct. 23, 1951 FIG. I.
.T ma Nc. EB Wu. 1 e A. K C A .U
Patented Oct. 23, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENTl OFFICE 2,572,010 cAa'roN AND cAn'roN BLANK Jack A. Gilbert, Long Beach, N. Y.
Appucatiun June 24, 1949, serial No. 101,040
4 claims. (c1. 229-31) This invention relates to a new and improved carton or receptacle, and to a new and improved one-piece blank from which said carton can be assembled.
'I'he principal object of this invention is to provide a carton of novel construction formed from a single blank of paper-board material, the carton being particularly suitable for the safe shipping of fruits, vegetables, meats, fowl, fish, etc. 'I'he improved cartons, when stacked, form spaces therebetween, thereby permitting-ready access of air to all sides of the cartons while in such stacked arrangement. In this manner, perishable contents of the cartons are properly ventilated, thereby preventing spoilage.
Other objects of this invention are as follows:
(a) To provide a carton which can be manu-1 factured at low cost;
(b) To provide a carton which can be shipped and stored in collapsed condition and quickly set up whenever needed; and
(c) To provide a carton blank having a minimum number of fold lines, so that the sturdiness of the set-up carton will not be in the least affected.
Additional objects of the invention will be stated in the annexed description and drawing which illustrate a preferred embodiment thereof.
Fig. 1 is a plan view of the new and improved blank, which is folded or assembled in order to form the improved carton. In order to more advantageously illustrate the invention herein, the said blank is shown in inverted position;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the carton in partly assembled condition, the carton being in inverted position.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the carton when fully assembled or set-up, the carton being shown in inverted position;
Fig. 4 is a sectional view on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3; and
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a number of the cartons shown in stacked arrangement.
The blank has been generally designated by the reference letter X. It consists of a single piece of corrugated board, cardboard, paperboard or other suitable material, and itis creased or scored at the dotted lines I0, longitudinally; at the dotted lines II, transversely; and the dotted lines I2, obliquely; so as to facilitate the folding of its various parts at these lines in setting up the carton. Blank X is cut through-andthrough at I3. In order to more advantageously illustrate the invention; the said blank has been shown in an inverted position.
Blank X comprises the following foldable parts, namely, opposed side walls SI and S2; opposed 2 end walls EI and E2; rectangular spaced bottom naps BI, B2, B3 and B4; rectangular spaced top naps TI, T2, T3 and T4; triangular lateral fold sections CI, C2 and C3; and triangular end sec: tions C4 and C5.
Each lateral fold section CI, C2 and C3 compris two complementary triangular portions. Said three sections CI, C2 and C3 are integral with and connect side walls SI and S2 with end walls EI and E2. The said triangular sections CI, C2 and C3 are defined by the oblique fold lines I2 and the two triangular portions that comprise each said lateral section are defined by the oblique fold lines I2 and the vertical fold lines II.
Each of the end walls El and E2 is provided with integral bottom flaps BI and B3 respectively, and with integral top flaps TI and T3 respectively, the said flaps being respectively hinged to said end sections along score lines I0. Each of side walls SI and S2 is provided with integral bottom flaps B2 and B4 respectively, and with integral ,top aps T2 and T4 respectively. the said flaps being respectively hinged to said side walls alongv score lines I0. Flaps BI, B2, B3 and B4 form the bottom wall section of the carton, and ilaps TI, T2, T3 and T4 form the top wall section thereof. Flaps TI to T4 are spaced from each other by the cuts I3, and flaps BI to B4 are spaced from each other by the cut-outs I5.
Side wall SI is located intermediate end walls EI and E2, the said end walls being hingedly connected to the said side wall along the vertical score lines II. On its opposite side, end wall E2 is hingedly connected to side wall S2 along the vertical score line I I. End Wall EI is identical in size and configuration with end wall E2, each carrying the same integral and foldable top and bottom iiap members. The same is true with respect to side walls SI and S2. They too are identical in all respects, and carry the same integral and foldable top and bottom ap members.
In order to assemble the carton from blank X, the blank is rst folded along the vertical fold lines I I. Lateral sections CI, C2 and C3 are then folded inwardly, the two portions comprising each said section being superposed on each other. Flaps TI, T2, T3 and T4 are then all folded inwardly along the longitudinal fold lines I0 until the carton body is in the partly assembled condition shown in Fig. 2. Triangular end sections C4 and C5 are then connected to each other by a muslin or other strip of tape (not shown) or they may be otherwise connected to each other by stitching or stapling.
The important feature of the invention herein resides in the'provlsion of the integral lateral fold sections C I, C2. C3 and end sections C4 and Cl. It will be noted from Figs. 2 and 4 that the said sections are folded inwardly and are always lo; cated within the body of the carton or container. The two portions that comprise each of the Said sections are in face to face abutment, with the common fold line I I serving as the junction edge thereof. The said inwardly folded projecting sections can be moved into abutment with either of the adjacent end or side walls in order to provide additional packing space and also to prevent injury to the food products packed therein, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 4.
To close the carton, aps BI, B2, B3 and B4 are folded inwardly along the longitudinal fold lines I0, resulting in the fully assembled carton shown in Fig. 3. In this figure, the assembled carton is shown in its inverted position. It will be noted that longitudinal flaps B2 and B4 overlap naps BI and B3, and that longitudinal fiaps T2 and TI overlap or overlie flaps TI and T3.
It will be noted that in the non-assembled form side walls SI and S2 and end walls EI and E2 are rectangular in configuration. However, in the assembled position, the said side and end walls are trapezoid in configuration. In such assembled form, the said side and end walls slope towards each other.
Optionally, the carton may be provided with air openings or vents I4 in the side walls SI and S2 and in the end walls EI and E2.
Fig. 5 shows a plurality of the improved cartons in stacked position. By stacking each pair of cartons so that their respective top walls are in abutment, it will be noted that ample space is provided for the ready access of air to the side and end walls in order to properly ventilate the carton contents, thereby preventing spoilage.
In addition, when the cartons are arranged or stacked in the manner shown in Fig. 5, the contents thereof may be frozen right in the carton.
The invention herein is not to be limited to a one-piece blank; nor to any specific proportions,
size and configuration of the blank and carton.
What is claimed is:
1. A carton-blank, said blank having opposite side Wall panels and opposite end wall panels arranged in linear succession with alternate panels of similar dimensions forming opposite walls and adjacent panels forming walls angular to each other, said panels being bendable relative to each other with the respective ends of the linear arrangement adapted to be secured together to provide the body of the carton, each of said end and side Wall panels having top and bottom flaps integral therewith, said aps being bendable relative to said end and side wall panels to provide the top and bottom sections for said carton, lateral fold sections integral with and connecting said side and end wall panels, each of said lateral fold sections comprising foldable triangular portions, said lateral fold sections being bendable inwardly relative to the end and side wall panels, the foldable triangular portions of each said lateral fold section being in abutment when said sections are folded inwardly to form the carton.
2. A collapsible carton formed from a single blank of paper-board material comprising a pair of side walls and end walls hingedly connected to each other and arranged in linear succession with alternate walls of similar dimensions to form opposite walls with adjacent walls forming walls angular to each other, each of said end and side walls having top and bottom flaps hingedly con- 4 nected thereto, said flaps forming the top and bottom wall sections of the carton, lateral folded sections integral with and connecting said side and end walls, each of said sections comprising a pair of folded and abutting triangular wings, each of said lateral folded sections extending inwardly into the bodyof the carton and being movable into abutment with either of the adjacent end or side walls.
3. A blank for forming cartons of the trapezoidal type, said blank having a pair of side wall panels and a pair of end wall panels arranged in linear succession with alternate panels of similar shape and dimensions for forming opposite walls and with adjacent panels extending angular to each other, said panels being bendable relative to one another at the respective ends oi' the panels with the free ends of the outer panels adapted to be secured together to form the body portion of the carton, the end zones of the several panels each having an additional folding line extending angular to the bending line between adjacent panels with the folding line extending throughout the depth of the panel to thereby present in each end zone a triangular formation, the vertical side of which is provided by the bendable line, and with the hypotenuse provided by the folding line with the angularity thereof such' as to provide the greatest width of the formation at the bottom of the panel, the hypotenuse of adjacent connected formations extending at complemental angles, said formations being foldable inwardly of the carton with the shape of the exposed angular sides of a panel determined by the angularity of the hypotenuse of the respective triangular formations with adjacent formations combined to produce a corner zone of the body portion of the carton, each panel additionally having foldable aps at both top and bottom sides of the panel, with each flap of rectangular contour with the length of the panel equal to the distance between the respective hypotenuse ends carried by the opposite end zonesof the panel, the Width dimension of the aps differing as between the top and bottom aps, with the ap width at the top greater than that at the bottom side of the panel and with the width dimensions equal on all of the panels of the same one of such sides.
4. A collapsible carton for fruit-carrying and storage service and formed from the carton blank of claim 3 characterized in that the top and bottom of a carton extend in substantial parallelism with the side and end exposed panels each of trapezoid form and each carrying a pluralityof Ventilating openings, whereby a plurality of cartons are positionable in vertical similar tiers with contacting carton faces of similar dimensions and with the carton depth of sides and ends substantially free from contact to permit air circulation through the assembled cartons.
JACK A. GILBERT.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 708,288 Winslow Sept. 2, 1902 1,931,762 Huffman Oct. 24, 1933 2,260,230 Olsen Oct. 21, 1941 2,324,757 Botley July 20, 1943 2,345,646 Williamson Apr. 4, 1944
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US708288 *||Dec 24, 1901||Sep 2, 1902||Dion Irving Winslow||Folding blank paper box.|
|US1931762 *||Aug 6, 1931||Oct 24, 1933||Appleford Paper Products Ltd||Closure for containers|
|US2260230 *||Aug 16, 1939||Oct 21, 1941||Olson Adrian A||Container|
|US2324757 *||Jun 3, 1941||Jul 20, 1943||Hawaiian Pineapple Co Ltd||Carton, carton blank, and method of making the same|
|US2345646 *||Jul 13, 1940||Apr 4, 1944||Williamson Marshall I||Box, carton, or similar device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2643815 *||Jan 26, 1951||Jun 30, 1953||Oscar Komeo||Sanitary milk carton|
|US2792165 *||Jun 1, 1953||May 14, 1957||Thompson Paul||Packaging tray|
|US3071048 *||Jan 18, 1960||Jan 1, 1963||Henry S Levkoff||Carton erecting machine|
|US3529763 *||Oct 17, 1968||Sep 22, 1970||Westvaco Corp||Self-locking canister or box|
|US3731872 *||May 14, 1971||May 8, 1973||Union Camp Corp||Four-sided taper box|
|US3757991 *||May 22, 1972||Sep 11, 1973||Mead Corp||Article carrier|
|US4248901 *||Jan 24, 1980||Feb 3, 1981||Champion International Corporation||Combination package and sleeve support means|
|US4304327 *||Jan 21, 1980||Dec 8, 1981||Champion International Corporation||Container unitizer sleeve and support|
|US4565316 *||Mar 4, 1983||Jan 21, 1986||Willamette Industries, Inc.||Two-piece asparagus carton|
|US4600142 *||Nov 15, 1984||Jul 15, 1986||International Paper Company||Reverse elbow lock flap produce box|
|US5160307 *||Dec 17, 1991||Nov 3, 1992||Otor||Machine for making a tapering carton|
|US5400955 *||Feb 5, 1993||Mar 28, 1995||Otor||Box formed from a sheet material, blank|
|US7207473||Sep 26, 2003||Apr 24, 2007||International Paper Company||Self-locking stackable tapered container with partial top stucture|
|US7458503||Jul 25, 2007||Dec 2, 2008||International Paper Company||Self-locking stackable tapered container with partial top structure|
|US7628313||Apr 19, 2007||Dec 8, 2009||International Paper||Self-locking stackable tapered container with partial top structure|
|US7677434||Dec 19, 2005||Mar 16, 2010||International Paper Company||Containers with tapered sidewalls and stacking tabs|
|US7866538 *||Jul 11, 2008||Jan 11, 2011||Foxnum Technology Co., Ltd.||Container box|
|US8070053||Jul 25, 2007||Dec 6, 2011||International Paper||Self-locking stackable tapered container with partial top structure|
|US20030222297 *||Mar 19, 2003||Dec 4, 2003||Joachim Krumrey||Transistor configuration with a structure for making electrical contact with electrodes of a trench transistor cell|
|US20050040217 *||Sep 26, 2003||Feb 24, 2005||Fry Stanley L.||Self-locking stackable tapered container with partial top stucture|
|US20060091194 *||Dec 19, 2005||May 4, 2006||Fry Stanley L||Containers with tapered sidewalls and stacking tabs|
|US20070246521 *||Apr 19, 2007||Oct 25, 2007||Fry Stanley L||Self-locking stackable tapered container with partial top stucture|
|US20070251986 *||Apr 19, 2007||Nov 1, 2007||Fry Stanley L||Self-locking stackable tapered container with partial top stucture|
|US20070267469 *||Jul 25, 2007||Nov 22, 2007||Fry Stanley L||Self-locking stackable tapered container with partial top structure|
|US20070267470 *||Jul 25, 2007||Nov 22, 2007||Fry Stanley L||Self-locking stackable tapered container with partial top structure|
|US20080017655 *||Jul 19, 2006||Jan 24, 2008||Martel Shelly A||Food container assembly|
|US20090242618 *||Jul 11, 2008||Oct 1, 2009||Foxnum Technology Co., Ltd.||Container box|
|DE971220C *||Oct 21, 1954||Dec 24, 1958||Papier Und Pappe Ag||Oben offener Transportbehaelter fuer druckempfindliche Verpackungsgueter, insbesondere Fruechte oder Gemuese|
|EP0549837A1 *||Jan 1, 1992||Jul 7, 1993||Otor||Carton box, blank and machine for its manufacture|
|WO2000055055A1 *||Jun 30, 1999||Sep 21, 2000||Atad Shmuel||Goods shipping container|
|U.S. Classification||229/126, 229/112, 229/186, 229/916|
|International Classification||B65D5/42, B65D5/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D5/029, B65D5/4295, Y10S229/916|
|European Classification||B65D5/42V, B65D5/02K|