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Publication numberUS2573164 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 30, 1951
Filing dateApr 10, 1945
Priority dateApr 10, 1945
Publication numberUS 2573164 A, US 2573164A, US-A-2573164, US2573164 A, US2573164A
InventorsScheinker Ilya
Original AssigneeScheinker Ilya
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Jogging machine
US 2573164 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 30, 1951 l. scHElNKl-:R i 2,573,164

JOGGING MACHINE Filed April l0, 1945 2 SHEETS-SHEET l Mum l. SCHEINKER JOGGING MACHINE oct. I3o, 1951 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 Filed April l0, 1945 S f Vl www.: UH mm@ mbH CA SS Wm Vl /5 .0 78 33% m v L/ 5.

Patented Oct. 30, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT Q-FFICE J'O'G'GING MACHINE vIlya Scheinker, New York, Y. `Application April 1l), 1945, vSerial YNo. .587,554

(Cl. :WIL-89.)

11 Claims. 1

This invention relates .to jogging .machines usefulfor the mechanical aligning, straightening and `stacking .of .sheets of paper and the ilike., wherein the motion of themachine i-n .connection with the parts of the table on whichithe .sheets are .placed causes the sheets to automatically stack themselves in aneat pile.

It is an object of my invention to provide v.an improved and simpliied jogging 4machine structure which .may `be .economically manufatured from comparatively inexpensive Dartsbut-.which will .be ^of .sturdyconstruction and will be reliable and e'cient in operation over long periods and will .require little nattention and adjustment.

Another objectofgtheinvention is to provide a jogging machine which lhasprovision .for `vibratingtthe table in all directions, thatis to say, there are horizontal components, Aforward .and backward .as .well as. sideways, .and .at .the .same time, vertical-'componentsall of which-combine for multidireotional complex lmotion .which is variable in intensity and non-periodic.

.Another object ofthe invention is ,tof provide .ca jogging machineof the.foregoingtypewhich.may be tilted at any desired angle inV any direction.

Another object of the invention is r.to provide a jogging machine of thefabovetype which manually adjustable at will without the Vuse f of to.olsfor `the purpose of Varying'ithe .degree or magnitude of `tlfie- -c.omple :l motion. :of its. table .or portions thereof.

Another @object .of the invention y.is Ato provi-de for eicient handling of various weights of papers. .Anotherobject is to enable :a .machine vof .the foregoing type to handle simultaneously `.more than .one .weight .andsize of paper, :by .providing for Adiierent degrees or .amplitudes .fof `irnotion over different portions of the machineetable.

Other objects and advantages ofathe invention will. become apparent asit is .described in .the .accompanying drawings.

In the drawings- Fig. l is va front elevational .view of .a jogging machine embodying .the invention.

Fig. 2 isa top .planview partlybroken awayof the machine illustrated inFig. l.

Fig. 3 is a detailed elevationalview-of. one .end of the .main shaft .showing the .arrangement thereon of adjustable weights.

Fig. ..4 is anendview ofthestructure illustrated .in Fig."3.

.-IFig. 5 is :a Ldetailedelevational :viewer theresilient supportsV between the table and-platform (3f-the machine as xillustrated linlFig. 'r1-and support.

.Referring to .the drawings ythe .machine vis supported upon a massive .base .or pedestal ,It from the center of which a cylindrical post |.2 extendsfupwardly. `Itsdegree of .extension or ele vationmay be adjusted by means ofa set screw or bolt :1.14. :'lhelpostJZ-has asphericaltop ,portion V.IE .which is .clampedbetweenxed and .movable jaw members IS and 2! by meansofa bolt .22 Apassing through Ysaid jaw members. 'The .fixed jaw t8 `maybe adownwardly. extending arm from .a 4casting .213 on.the..upper..surface of which isl'holted,A or 4otherwise suitablysecured rigidly, a platform .13A .'Ihernovable jaw member V'iii may be-fintheformof .anangle member; .and both it andthe xed .jaw areiprovided with `complementary `.concave recesses for the reception of the ball or spherical portion I6 onthe post l2. The parts djust .described comprise asubstantial supporting `structure forftheremaining par-ts of .the machine. .By tighteningthejboltZZ togivethe properdegree of .frictionalholding force in the ball and-socket joint, thesupporting structure oanhetiltedto .any `desired angleand in any direction, at wll,..and Without .thenecessity .for other adjustment.

"Theplatform :3&1 preferably is made Vin .rectangularshape .but may be vmade in any other convenient shape within .the scope of the invention. .At the four. corners-of the platform inA diagonally-opposite positions are oppositely facing resilient supporting members .32. Preferably these are madefrom resilient `metal or other resilient material .into substantially S-shape .as vindicated in detail in Fig. '-5. The placing ofthe supporting members `32 .in vdiagonal positions in manner shown causes the members inadjacentcorners to be non-parallel andthereby provides lateral support in different .directions for the tab-le, yet permits ...theresilience of mounting needed to vaccomplish the objectives of the `invention. as will be better understoodas the description offthe invention proceeds. With the foregoing in'minoLrthe supportingmembers 32.1nay be .any suitable form providingnon-rigid support ofthe .table from the platform. The bottomplates .or surfaces .of `these supporting members are bolted or otherwise suitably secured .to thev platform 138, .witha slab of sponge Ir-ubber 313 orother cushioning means .between. .Although four supportstare illustrated, -a greater oraless numberscoulld be used aswell.

On. top ofwthe `upper lsurfaces-lor :platesf of the resilient .supportingLmembers 32 isv supported la tabledrmade of plywood -or otherstilflbut resillent material into rectangular shape, although it may be of any other suitable shape within the scope of this invention. A slab of sponge rubber 42 or other cushioning means is preferably inserted between the top plate and the bottom surface of the table 40 and those parts are then bolted or otherwise suitably secured together. By the means just described, the table 45 is mounted above the platform 30 in substantially parallel relation to, and in such fashion that the table 40 may have a considerable amount of the complex motion imparted to it, with practically none being transmitted to the base or support of the machine.

In Fig. 6 an alternative form of resilient support is illustrated which may be used as a substitute of the form illustrated in Fig. 5. In the form of Fig. 6 substantially U-shaped sheet metal members 36, 39 are joined by connecting bolts 31 with coiled springs 38 located around the shanks of the bolts between the under surface of the upper arm 39a of the lower member and upper surface of the lower arm 36h of the upper member. When this type of resilient support is employed, there is little or no need for other cushioning means between the support and the platform 40 and table 30. Various other types of resilient supports are possible for the purpose of avoiding transfer of the motion of the table to the platform.

The means for imparting the complex motion to the table 4U will now be described. Secured to the bottom surface of the table 40 are a pair of parallel bearing members 50 in which is rotatably supported a shaft 52 preferably lying parallel to a diagonal of the table 40. The bearing members may be secured to the table by bolts 54 or any suitable means. Adjacent each end of the shaft 52 are a pair of eccentrically mounted weights or members 55, 58. In order that as the shaft rotates these weights shall create a condition that will cause the jogging action of the table, it is necessary that the center of gravity of said weights be eccentric to the shaft axis; and the distance of the center of gravity relative to the shaft axis must be adjustable in order to vary the amplitude of motion.

In the embodiment of the invention. as illustrated herein, the pairs of weights at each end of the shaft are identical, and therefore they will be described together. They may be of substantially square section with an eccentrically located bore for the reception of the shaft 52, but obviously the weights may take other form. The weight 56 preferably is secured in semi-permanent relation upon the shaft 52 by set screws or bolts 53. It is desirable however, that the weight 58 be mounted by a more readily adjustable means and for this purpose the weight 58 has a neck 59, extending in a direction opposite the weight 56, and a large collar 6i) which is radially bored and screw-threaded to receive a manually operable thumb screw or bolt 62 whose inner end projects into a circumferential groove 55 cut into the shaft 52. Thus by loosening the thumb screw '52 the rotary position of the weight 58 (both on the shaft 52 and relative to the weight 55) may be readily varied, and the weight 58 may thereby be secured in any desired position of angular adjustment. With this structure and kind of adjustment it is possible to change the distance of the center of gravity from the axis of rotation and also to vary the relation of one weight to the other. When the weights are in the position shown'in Fig. 4 they will most nearly approach counterbalancing condition, the one to the other; but that condition will never be exactly reached, it being necessary at all times to have at least a minimum of unbalance and accompanying complex motion to have the machine perform its function of aligning and straightening sheets of paper within a stack. To provide for readily determining the position of minimum motion a pin 51 may be tted into the side wall of weight 56 in position to engage side edge of weight 58 (see Fig. 4). From that point the weight 58 may be angularly adjusted to increase the amount of such motion. Thus, on rotation of shaft and depending on the angular adjustment of the eccentrics in relationship to each other on the shaft, centrifugal forces are set up which produce an irregular wobble in the shaft and its bearings which is applied through its bearings to the table top, setting the table top in motion limited by the resiliency of the S-shaped spring supports 32. As the spring supports are compressed, they react to reverse this motion, and as the period of this reaction is quite different from that of its originating force, the rebound acts contra to the next periodic set of centrifugal impulses from the eccentrics, further complicating the direction, distance, and amplitude or acceleration of the motion of the table top.

In order to rotate the shaft 52, a pulley 10 is provided, preferably at the center of the shaft, and it is connected by a belt 'l2 with a second pulley 14 on the shaft of a conventional electric motor 16 which is bolted upon the upper surface of the platform 30. The feed wire 18 may connect the motor with an electric switch B conveniently located on the base or pedestal l0 and connected in any suitable fashion with the source of electric current.

From the foregoing it may now be understood that as the motor rotates, rotation of the shaft 52 is caused. The rotation of the shaft 52 with the weights located in any desired relation or position of adjustment will cause complex motion of the table 40 which is non-periodic and of variable intensity and of magnitude depending upon the position of adjustment of the weights and also speed of rotation.

While in a broad and general sense the motion of the table may be described as vibratory, the motion, more explicitly, may be described as follows:

The motion of any point in the table may be in all directions. Thus, a tendency of weight 56 to cause pure vibration in the narrow periodic sense of the word is complicated by the weight 58 which, acting at crosspurposes to weight 56, adds a separate independently acting force which may tend to move the table sideways or otherwise while the weight 56 is tending to move the table up or down. As a result, the actual motion of the table top, due to the S-shaped supports 32 and the opposed, adjustable eccentrics is a motion which is eccentric both in direction and rate. A

rpoint on the table top might at irregular intervals be at almost every possible point within a space dened by the amplitude of movement from its starting point.

Furthermore, adjustment of the weights at one end of the shaft differently than those at the other end will result in one side of the table having a different amount of degree of motion than the other, but both motions will be multi-directional. Thus, it is possible to handle simultaneously different weights of papers which may require different amounts of motion. Or, if the mattine@ table is `divided into more *than two parts, Cmore than two itypes of papers -may 'be -handled together. i

The ball and socket joint-(16,133,211) -1vvl'ii'chfenables the 'platformand table tobetilted-at any desired angle Aand also vin Yany ldirection ^`at Lwill, and which 'allows such tilting by C4merely overcomingthe friction of the joint with manual effort (without the need of loosening'and retigh-tening) y*is able tobe Vused because of `-tlie'nature and characteristics of operationof the i machine. Thatis to `say,'the'minimizing or in apractical sense, substantially eliminating 'transmission ff-to the platform thecomplex 'motions 'of `the table, en'ablesthe frictional vba'lland socket type df joint to be 'used when'tightening to provide nomore friction than can "be overcome manualy in tilting the table.V vThis combination of desirable characteristics Aand functions Iis "a definite improvement over "prior machines, A When thin sheets of 'tissue orlcarbo'n papers are to be aligned, `it -isdesirable "onfsmefocc'asions to rnaintainafilm` of air betweenthe sheets until their edges are in register. To'this end and to vmeet such conditions, I provide solid-sidewalls '44 around the table 40 so as to tend to retardthe escape of air from between the-successive sheets in the pile `orstac'k.

When 'heavier lsheets are to be stacked, the aligning is facilitated by providing a series of spaced posts 'around the vedge of the table 40.

-From theforegoing itwillbe .apparent that I have provided a structure which may'be constructed with comparatively ,inexpensive parts and requiring a minimum outlay of capital and i of labor and material. Yet the resulting machine is very`sturdy,has beenfou'ndvery reliable in use, requires a mini-mum -of attention and servicing over considerable periods, and embodies many improvements over prior machines.

Many `modifications within the scopeV of my invention will occur Vto those skilled in the art'and therefore I do not limit `my invention to'thespe- `c'ic embodiments described and illustrated.

What I claim is:

1. A jogging machine comprising a table for receiving the sheets to be stacked, means along the edges thereof to align the sheets, bearings beneath said table, a shaft supported in said bearing, weights eccentrically mounted on each end of said shaft one of said weights at each end being adjustable rotatively to substantially counterbalance Ythe other weight at its end or to act at any desired degree of unbalance, a platform below said table, resilient sheet metal supporting members bent into S-shape supporting said table above said platform, said supporting members being diagonally opposite and facing oppositely at the four quarters of said platform, a motor on said platform connected to drive said shaft, a support for said machine and a universal joint connecting between said support and platform adjustably to allow tilting of said platform at any desired angle.

2. A jogging machine comprising an inclined table, means supported by and beneath said table for imparting multi-directional motion to said table, a platform, resilient means formed of sheet metal supporting said table above said platform in normal at rest position wherein the resilient means is in equilibrium from which position such resilient means permits movement of the table away from and toward the platform and laterally certain of said resilient sheet metal means being positioned on said platform in non-parallel positions to provide lateral support in different d- 6 rections fcs'ooperati-ng .with and Vreacting 5to `said motion-imparting :means `to .produce icomplex, non-periodic, multi-directional motion of said table, andia motor mounted on said platform and connected for driving said motion-imparting means.

l"3. A jogging machine ycomprising-an inclined tablefm'eans supported by and beneath said table for-imparting Amulti-'directional motion to said table, a platform, S-'shaped .sheet metal spring members supporting said table above said platform in .normal at irest `position Where in vthe resilient meansis in equilibrium from which ,po- -sition lsuch resilient 'means permits movementA of the table awayfrom and toward the vplatformand laterally vcertain of said S members'being positionedonsaidfplatform in non-parallel positions to E, provide lateral support vin different directions cooperating with :and reacting to said motion- Vimparting means to produce complex, non-periodic, multi-directional motion of said table, 'and .ar-noter mounted onsaid platform and connected for driving said motion-imparting means.

4. A jogging machine comprising yan inclined table, meanssupported by and beneath saidv table for imparting multi-directional motion to said table, a platform, resilient means supporting said table above said platform in normal at rest position wherein the 'resilient means is in equilibrium from which position such resilient means permits movement o'f the table away from and toward the platform' and laterally certain of said resilientsheet metal means being positioned on said platform in non-parallel positions to provide lateral support in different directions cooperating with and reacting to said motion-imparting means to produce complex, non-periodic, multi-directional motion of said table, and a motor mounted on said `platform and connected for driving said motion-imparting means, and meansfor manyually adjusting Said motion-imparting means 5to vary the amount of motion imparted to the table.

5.-'A jogging machine comprising an inclined table, a rotary Vshaft supported by and beneath v said table, a plurality of members mounted on said shaft creating a condition of unbalance and imparting multi-directional motion to said table, means to adjust the relative angular positions of said members for varying the amount of said motion, a platform, resilient means supporting said table above said platform, said resilient means cooperating with and reacting to said motionimparting means to produce complex, non-periodic, multi-directional motion of said table, and a motor mounted on said platform and connected for driving said motion-imparting means.

6. A jogging machine comprising an inclined table, a rotary shaft supported by and beneath said table, a plurality of members mounted adjacent each end of said shaft creating a condition of unbalance and imparting multi-directional motion to said table, means to adjust the relative angular positions of said members for varying the amount of said motion, a platform, resilient means supporting said table above said platform, said resilient means cooperating with and reacting to said motion-imparting means to produce complex, non-periodic, multi-directional motion of said table, and a motor mounted on said platform and connected for driving said motionimparting means.

7. A jogging machine comprising an inclined table, a rotary shaft supported by and beneath said table, a plurality of members mounted on said shaft creating a condition of unbalance and imparting multi-directional motion to 'said table; means to adjust the relative angular positions of said members for varying the amount of said mtion, a platform, S-shaped sheet metal spring members supporting said table above said platform, said S-members cooperating with and reacting to said motion-imparting means to produce complex, non-periodic, multi-directional motion of said table, and a motor mounted on said platform and connected for driving said motionimparting means.

8. A jogging machine comprising an inclined table, a rotary shaft supported by and beneath said table, a plurality of members mounted adjacent each end of said shaft creating a condition of unbalance and imparting multi-directional motion to said table, means to adjust the relative angular positions of said members for varying the amount of said motion, a platform,

S-shaped sheet metal spring members supporting said table above said platform, said S-members cooperating With and reacting to said motionimparting means to produce complex, non-periodic, multi-directional motion'of said table, and a motor mounted on said platform and connected for driving said motion-imparting means.

9. A jogging machine comprising an inclined table for receiving sheets to be stacked, said table being of stii resilient material and capable of having different magnitudes of motion simultaneously over diierent parts thereof, means extending above the top surface of said table to align the sheets, bearings beneath said table, a shaft supported in said bearings, weights eccentrically mounted on each end of said shaft one of said Weights at each end being adjustable rotatively to act at any desired degree of unbalance with respect to the Weights at the opposite end of said shaft whereby to impart different degrees of motion to different parts of said table, a platform below said table, resilient sheet metal supporting members bent into S-shape supporting said table above said platform, said supporting members being diagonally opposite and facing oppositelyat the four quarters of said platform, a motor on said platform connected to drive said shaft.

10. A jogging machine as claimed in claim 9 wherein the table is made of plywood, and the aligning means comprising straight closed sides extending from the upper surface of the table to retard the escape of air at the edges of the sheets and to assist in maintaining an air cushion between the sheets.

11. A jogging machine comprising an inclined table for'receiving sheets to be stacked, said table being of stiff resilient material, bearings beneath said table, a shaft supported in said bearings, weights eccentrically mounted on each end of said shaft one of said Weights at each end being adjustable rotatively to substantially counterbalance the other Weight at its end or to act at any desired degree of unbalance, a platform below said table, resilient sheet metal supporting members bent into S-shape supporting said table above said platform, said supporting members being diagonally opposite and facing oppositely at the four quarters of said platform, a motor on said platform connected lto drive said shaft, and straight closed sides extending from the upper surface of the table to retard the escape of air at the edges of the sheets and to assist in maintaining an air cushion between the sheets.

ILYA SCHEINKER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file 'of this patent:

` UNITED STATES PATENTS Number

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2257688 *Dec 8, 1939Sep 30, 1941Warner Jones KennethApparatus for knocking up sheets of paper
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2629592 *Apr 2, 1951Feb 24, 1953Jr Robert C LineJogger
US2650109 *Dec 9, 1949Aug 25, 1953Claude W JohnsonApparatus for aligning and sorting sheets of paper, etc., and parts therefor
US2663304 *Dec 10, 1951Dec 22, 1953Abner C PayneRadiator cleaning apparatus
US2665694 *Jan 3, 1949Jan 12, 1954Calvin N MooersCard selecting device
US2889943 *Apr 12, 1956Jun 9, 1959Moore Plant Pattie LouiseMeans for evacuating cars of the hopper type
US3062539 *Aug 24, 1960Nov 6, 1962West Virginia Pulp & Paper CoJogging device
US3420511 *Jul 10, 1967Jan 7, 1969Western Electric CoAgitating a batch of articles during heat treatment to prevent thermal bonding of the articles
US4371155 *Sep 16, 1980Feb 1, 1983Asthausbolagen Hb Astero & StockhausApparatus for jogging a sheaf of papers
US6299159Dec 21, 1999Oct 9, 2001Unisys CorporationDirect current miniature paper jogger
US9116513Oct 11, 2013Aug 25, 2015Securitypoint Holdings, Inc.Methods and systems for efficient security screening
US9516460Sep 10, 2012Dec 6, 2016Securitypoint Holdings LlcSystems and methods for security checkpoint condition information and sharing
EP2724966A1 *Oct 24, 2012Apr 30, 2014Adolf Mohr Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KGMethod for vibrating stacked, sheet-shaped goods by means of a vibrating table and device for carrying out the method
Classifications
U.S. Classification271/210
International ClassificationB65H31/40
Cooperative ClassificationB65H31/40, B65H2515/50
European ClassificationB65H31/40