|Publication number||US2575054 A|
|Publication date||Nov 13, 1951|
|Filing date||Apr 5, 1950|
|Priority date||Apr 5, 1950|
|Publication number||US 2575054 A, US 2575054A, US-A-2575054, US2575054 A, US2575054A|
|Inventors||Gowdy William F|
|Original Assignee||Archer Rubber Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (5), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
NOV. 13, 1951 W, F, GOWDY 2,575,054
INFANT'S DIAPER COVER Filed April 5*, 195o [fm/enfer Gummi? @a y y@ d @M @ffy/5' Patented Nov. 13,l 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT GFFICE 2,575,054 INFAN'rs DIAPER eovEa William F. Gowdy, Milford, Mass., assignor to Archer Rubber Company, Milford, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Application April 5, 1950, Serial No. 154,139
2 Claims. l
This invention relates to garments and more especially a baby pant or cover to be worn over the diaper, having a moisture-resistant inner 'side and an attractive outer side.
The principal objects of the invention are to provide a garment which may be laid flat beneath the infant for folding about the limbs, thus facilitating application; which, when applied, will cover the diapered portion of the body snugly and neatly; and which will have a minimum of fastening elements for securing the parts in place without subsequent gaping when the child moves about.
As illustrated the garment is one-piece in extent and consists of two layers, the inner layer being of a water repellent material such as thin sheet plastic, lrubber' or rubberized cloth and an outer layer of woven or knitted textile material which affords an attractive finished surface, the two layers being joined by stitching throughout their peripheral edges but otherwise unjoined. This piece is roughly of T shape, comprising a horizontally elongate body portion of generally rectangular shape having a substantially straight upper edge and having convex lateral edges; a vcrotch portion extending downwardly from the body portion and symmetrically arranged with respect to the lateral edges of the body portion, said crotch portion having deeply concave, lateral edges which define the leg openings, when the garment is in use, and a front or abdominal portion extending downwardly from the crotch porvtion and having a deeply convex lower edge approximately a half-circle in arcuate extent and which intersects the concave edges of the crotch portion at substantially right angles. When in use, the right and left parts of the body portion extend forwardly to wrap about the thighs with the ends of the upper edgev of the body portion meeting in front at waist level and with the upper lateral portions of the elongate body overlapping the front member of the garment so as to cover substantial areas of the latter. Only three fasteners are required for holding the garment in the position of use. One of these fasteners unites the upper corners of the body portion to the center of the front or abdominal portion thereby mum width substantially midway betweenA the waist and leg fasteners, said maximum width being the sum of the altitudes of the arcuate edges of the overlapping portions thereby affording ample opportunity for lateral displacement of the parts without gape.
The invention will now be described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation ofthe garment as it would be worn;
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the garment opened out flat;
Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 showing the fastening element for the waistband Y portion thereof; and
` fastened thereto.
Referring to the figures and in particular to Fig. 2, there is shown the garment laid out flat prior to folding about the body of the infant for covering the diaper. As illustrated the garment is one-piece in extent and consists of two layers, the inner layer being a water-repellent material such as thin sheet plastic, rubber or rubberized cloth and an outer layer of woven or knit textile material which affords an attractive finished surface, the two layers being joined by stitching throughout their yperipheral edges but otherwise unjoined. As illustrated the body portion M of the garment is transversely elongate and substantially rectangular. This body portion has outwardly convex, lateral edges 2D and an upper edge it which is substantially rectilinear. The central part of the body portion constitutes therback of the garment when it is in use, while more or less triangular upper corner areas i8 of the body portion wrap about the thighs when the garment is in use and form what are hereafter referred to as the side and forepart portions. The lateral edges 20 are bowed outwardly or convex. From the lower part of the body portion the crotch portion 26 extends downwardly, being symmetrically disposed as respects the lateral edges 20 of the body portion and having deeply concave lateral edges 28, approximating half-circles in shape and extent. From the lower part of the crotch member 26 the front or abdominal portion 22 of the garment extends,
this'front portion having a lower edge 2li which is deeply convex and which intersects the concave edges 23 of the crotch portion at substantially right angles, these concave edges also intersecting the lateral edges 20 of the body ,to permit free passage of the stud 34.
:front member 32. be anchored to ,that corner of the garmentat portion at substantially right angles. Along the edge I6 there is stitched an elasticized element 30 and along the edges 28 there are stitched elasticized elements 32. As thus constructed the garment may be folded for placing about the body of the wearer by first placing the infant buttocks-down on the central part of the flat body portion i4 of the garment, substantially midway lbetween the Yedges .'26, with the front part 22 between the legs, and then bringing the front part 22 upwardly between the legs about the crotch and over the abdomen until ythe midpoint of the edge 24 of the front or-abdominal portion is substantially level with'the upperfed-ge I6 of the body portion. The side and foreparts I8 are then wrapped forwardly around the thighs of the wearer and lapped over the face .of the front part 22 until the edges "20 meet at waist level in a slightly overlapping relation S(Fig.;l). As thus folded the edges extend downwardly `in drape fashion from the waist level and at their `lower ends, meet the lower extremities of the side edges 24.
In accordance with the present invention only three fasteners are required for holding the garment in the position of use. As here illustrated the fastening means for securing the parts in the position of use are snap fasteners, one of which is located at the front of the waistband and-one-of which is located at each leg opening.
The fastener which is at the front of the waistband may, for examp1e,-be of the type specifically illustrated in Fig. 3. This fastener comprises a headed stud 34' anchored by means of base flanges 36 to'the frontmember 22 of the garment at a point close to the edge of the latter and midway between the right and left ends of said edge. At one endof the upper edge I6 of the body-portion of the garment, for example at its righthand end, as shown in Fig. 2, there is provided a grommet 42 having a central opening of a size To the opposite or left-hand end of the body portion, there is attached a socket member 38 complemental to the stud 35 to form a conventional snap fastener, this socket member comprising a cap and interlocking ring 40. The lstudilll is long `enough-so that it may be passed through the grommet i2 and then engaged with the socket Amember 38, thussimultaneously attaching both `ends of the waistband of the bodyportion to the If desired, a pull tape Gl may which the socket 38is located.
`The snap fasteners for vthe leg'openings are conventional and consist of parts 44 and i6 situated-at theends of the convex edges 28 at oppo- .fsite sides vof the garment.
The front part .22, as heretofore pointed out, is generallysector-'shaped andis made of .suincientV area so that its lateral sideedges 24 extend beneath the forward `edges 20 of the side and .'forepart portions i8. .As illustrated, the edges 24.extend laterally almost to the hip bone and the edges 2E) drape `from the waist to the leg openings thereby affording substantially lenticu-r .lar-shaped opposed areas at each `side of the central portion of the garment thus eliminating gaping by relative movement of the parts.
The overlap midway between the waist and leg openings is approximately twice the altitude of the chordal area (defined by an vedge 20 and a chord .r-: drawn through the fastenersat `the leg and waist end) .and tapers from this mid- 4:maximum overlap to a minimumv atthe legand waist. Thus the greatest overlap is midway between the fasteners and hence at the place where gap would be most likely to occur.
The garment produced as described heretofore in contrast to the great majority of garments of this kind made heretofore has the forepart portions overlapping the front part rather than underlyingit, the advantagesof which are that .there are ,no upwardly3facing pocketflike openings into which objects such as pins or food may ,drop and thus gain entrance to the inside of the Ygarment to the danger and discomfort of the infant. lFurthermore, while there have been garments maderwherein the side parts are fas- -tenedtotheoutside of the front, Vthe overlap is :small fand Lto prevent gap a large number of fasteners .had to be used which is undesirable.
,prisinga back and side and forepart portions,
the body portion having convexly curved lateral f edges and a substantiallyA rectilinear upper-edge, .a front portion having 4a deeply convex lower" edge, of approximately half-circular` contour, and a'crotchportion integrally-joining the front and body portions, said crotchportion having lat- \eral,.deeply concave edges intersecting the respective lateral edges of the .body portion `at .substantially right angles, andintersecting the opposite'ends respectively of the yconvex edgeof theffront portionat substantially yright angles, ithe garment being characterized in that, when ,in use,the forepart portions ofthe bodyportion `overliethe irontportiongof the garment tozfcrm -atwo-ply area of lenticular shape and of a maximum width, midway between the waistbandiand leg opening which is the sum of the altitudes Lof `the arcuate `edges of the `overlapped portions,
Land with the upper cornersof the body portion held in the position of use byithree fasteners, only, locate'drespectively, one at thefront of the waistband, and theothers .at the frontsof the leg openings, whereby the lateraledges of ythe -bod-y portionvY-arefreefto move, relatively to the front portion from'the waistbandfastener to-the respective leg opening fastener.
2. A one-piece garment havingv a body portion Acomprising a back-and side and forepart portions, lthe body portion having a substantially straight upper edge-and convex lateral edges, the garment also comprising a front or abdominal portionhaving afconvex lower edge, of approximatelyvhalfcircular curvature, and al crotch portion integrally joining the body portion andfront portion, saidcrotch portion having deeply concavel edges, Aapproximately :half-circular in contourand whichlat-their upper ends-intersect the lateral edges of thebody portion, and at their lower endsintersect the convex edge of the front portion, characterized in that a contractile elementis associated'with :the upper edge of the :bodyportion toforman elastic waistband and .that contractilerelements areassociated with the concat/ ely curveddges of the crotchzportion'to form elastic leg openings, the lateral parts of the body portion extending forwardly when the garment is in use with marginal areas arranged to overlie substantial areas of the front portion of the garment, the areas of overlap being lenticular in shape and each of a maximum width, approximately midway between the waistline and leg opening, substantially equalling the sum of the altitudes of the arcuate edges of the overlapped portions, the body portion having fastener elements at opposite ends of its upper edge and the front portion having a waistband fastener element substantially midway between the ends of its convex edge, the latter fastener element being engageable simultaneously with the aforesaid two 15 fastener elements at opposite ends of the body portion thereby to join the front portion to the body portion at the waistline, and complemental fastener elements at opposite ends of the conoavely curved edges of the crotch portion operative to unite the lower corners of the body portion to the upper corners of the front portion thereby to define the leg openings, the marginal areas of the body portion which overlap the front portion being free of any connection to the front portion between the waistband fastening and the respective leg opening fasteners.
WILLIAM F. GOWDY.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Re. 4,424 Hempel June 13, 1871 342,494 Baldwin May 25, 1886 1,163,793 Taylor Dec. 14, 1915 2,453,372 Javin Nov. 9, 1948
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|US342494 *||Oct 19, 1885||May 25, 1886||Daniel m|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2806221 *||Oct 7, 1953||Sep 17, 1957||Int Latex Corp||Deposited latex undergarment|
|US5685873 *||Mar 30, 1994||Nov 11, 1997||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Disposable diaper having differentially stretchable ears with childproof fastening|
|US5899896 *||Nov 2, 1993||May 4, 1999||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Absorbent article with fastening system to prevent drooping|
|US20130330999 *||Oct 18, 2011||Dec 12, 2013||Lego A/S||Toy building set|
|US20150107004 *||Apr 30, 2013||Apr 23, 2015||Wacoal Corp.||Bottom Garment|
|U.S. Classification||2/402, 450/100|
|International Classification||A41B13/04, A41B13/00|