|Publication number||US2575180 A|
|Publication date||Nov 13, 1951|
|Filing date||May 20, 1949|
|Priority date||May 20, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2575180 A, US 2575180A, US-A-2575180, US2575180 A, US2575180A|
|Inventors||Lurz Frederick C|
|Original Assignee||Lurz Frederick C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (9), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
F. C. LURZ Nov. 13, 1951 PERFUME CONTAINER WITH VALVED OUTLET OPERATED BY APPLICATOR Filed May 20, 1949 INVENTOR v mzamzaz 0. 47.52
ATTORNEYS: v I
Patented Nov. 13, 1951 PERFUME CONTAINER wirnvALvEn OUT- LET OPERATED nrnrrmcA'ron Frederick 0. Lun West-Hempstead, NJ Application May so, 1949," Serial No; 94,273
' This invention relates to dispensers for dispensing liquids and particularly for dispensing liquids such as perfumes, where the liquid is to b dispensed in very minute quantities.
The objects of the invention are to provide a dispenser of small size which may be carried in a purse or handbag, which will not leak, which may be conveniently actuated to dispense the desired small quantity of the contents and apply it in the most convenient manner, which can be readily sealed when desired, so that the liquid cannot accidentally escape from the dispenser, and which i simple in construction, not likely to get out of order, and which may be economically manufactured.
In the accompanying drawings, which show certain preferred embodiments of the invention:
Figure 1 is a perspective view, showing the dispenser in use;
Figure 2 is a longitudinal section of one form of dispenser;
Figure 3 is an exploded view showing the dispensing valve construction; 1
Figure 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of a modified form of the dispenser; and
Figure 5 is an exploded view, showing the dispensing parts of the dispenser shown in Figure 4.
Referring to the drawings in detail, the dispenser comprises a receptacle ID in which is contained the perfume or other liquid l2 to be dispensed. The upper end of the receptacle ill is closed by a removable cap or cover [4 which contains a sealing washer H5. The cap may be removed for refilling the receptacle. The lower end of the receptacle is closed by a wall l8 hav- 10 Claims. (01. 222-222) ing a central hole 20. The receptacle and cap may be made of any suitable material, such as metal or plastic. The receptacle in the embodiment shown is made in a straight cylindrical form which may be constructed cheaply as a screw machine part or it may be made as a drawing, die casting, or in any other suitable manner. The cap may be secured to the receptacle by means of screw threads 22 or other suitable means of attachment.
At the lower end of the inside of the receptacle and resting upon the end wall I8 is a sealing washer 24 of cork, rubber or other suitable yielding material which should be of such nature as not to be attacked by the contents of the receptacle. A valve member 26 is provided, this valve member having a fiange 28 adapted to be held in sealing engagement with the washer 24 by the pressure of a coil spring 30 seated around a boss 32 formed on the back of vthe valve member. The
- the receptacle.
spring 30 rests against an abutment member 34 which has flattened sides so as to permit passage of the liquid around it into the part of the receptacle immediately above the valve. The abutment 34 is secured in the receptacle inariy desired manner, as for example by means of the screwthreads 36 formed at the top of a portion "of the receptacle of reduced diameter indicated A'small sleeve 39 is Dreferably'inserted in the lower end of the receptacle between the abutment 34 and the Washer 24. This holds the washer firmlyin place and also limits the distance to which the abutment may be screwed down.
Fortemporarily opening the valve when the perfume is to be dispensed, a pressure button 40 is provided, this button having a stem 42 which passes through the hole 20 in the end wall 3 'of The stem 42 is so shaped as 'to permit the liquid to pass it, it being shown as provided with flattened portions 44 for this purpose. The upper end of the stem is shown as provided with threads 45 which screw into a threaded socket in the lower side of the valve 26. The valve has a slot 46 in its top and the abutment member 34 has a hole 4'! through it so that a screw driver may be "passed through the hole and engaged *with the s'lot-to hold the valve against turning while the stem is being screwed in. The pressure button is shown as having a concave recess 48v in its upper surface and has small passages 50 passing through it, such passages communicating with the recess 48 so that liquid passing down through the hole 20 when the valve is opened will be": caught in the recess 48 and will pass out "through the passages 50 to the surface, such as the finger or hand to which the perfume is to be applied when the dispenser is pressed against the skin with suificient force to cause the valve to-'be opened against the pressure of the spring '30." The outer surface 52 of the button is preferably finished as a smooth convex surface so that it maybe pressed against the skin without causing discomfort.
In use, it .will be seen that the dispenser is merely pressed against the hand or other skin surface. as shown in Figure l, whereupon the pressure on the button will open the valve '26 a little way and permit a small amount of the liquid :soon as the pressure on the button is removed,
the spring 30"will instantly close the valve 26 flivagainstthe washer and hold it there, making a very tight seal. As only small amounts of the perfume are to be dispensed at a time, the air necessary to replace the amount dispensed will readily enter through the hole 20 at the same time that the drop of perfume is coming out.
In some instances, it may be desired to positively seal the dispenser so that the valve cannot be opened accidentallyor otherwise. For example, if thecarrier of thegdispenser in an airplane at high altitudes, itmay 'be'desirable to seal the dispenser during such periods.
For accomplishing this result, manually operated means are provided for positively preventing tht pushing in of the pressure button *andiconsee quently opening of the valve. In, the construc- V the receptaclefor closing said opening, a pressure tion shown, such temporary sealingm'e'ans prise a sleeve 54 screwed on a thmadigatathe lower end of the dispenser. The pressure button bilttomzandia-stem passing through the dispensing opening in the receptacle and connecting said pressure "button with said valve, said pressure button being-substantially coextensive in area is made of a slightly larger diameter than the" lower end of the dispenser so that it overhangs the dispenser slightly, :its outer ediameter 'ipref- =-erably;coinciding with the outer diameter-Mine sleeve '54. By screwing-the sleeve id down 01 a short distance, it will abut against :the coverhanging margin of the pressure button-andwill effectually prevent movement of the -button. ZIhus, the-valve 26 is positivel heldagainst'the "washer until the sleeve has been backed o'fl a little way as shown in Figure 2.
:Amodified form of the invention is.;shown in Figures 4 land 5, such modification @providing venting meansfor 'admissionof air into -lthe up- :per end of the dispenser to replace the liquidadispensed. Ordinarily, such venting means are:not required but are useful if afreer flow-:ofillqtiiii is desired.
In the construction :shown in *F'gures' f4 iandifi, the valve mechanism illustrated is the 'isame 85 that already described. The valve, however, carries :a red 60 which passes through a hole -41 in the abutment34 and extends to ,the upper end of the dispenser where its "end engages a disc 464 adapted to :rest on a seat '66 *:at the endtof the dispenser. A guide member 68.=isfpreferably :provided .forthe upper endaiof the rod -='8ll,' such iguide .member being shown as having iscrew threaded engagement with threads :10 :fiormed in :the upper end "of the dispenser. lhetr'disc fl may bemade of cork, rubber, or otherzsuita'ble yielding material and it may be providd' withia reinforcing spider 12:0)? metal embedded therein so as :to provide the necessary stiffness. .The disc isnormally pressedagainst its tseat iSB iibyra coilispring l4 fitting inside of the .cap' wnienan this instance, has perforations- IE.zinaitszendfl'l to ipermit air to enter. This end is preferably -made asaseparate piece, screwing intothe .cylindrical part of the cap, thus permitting :Sthezedisc 64 to be introduced into the capifrom the1top and be held against fallingout whenithe cap removed by the "shoulder formediby the ithre'al'is :in the cap. In this construction, -=wnen:.pressure is applied to the pressure button miseries i to open the valve 24, the rod 60 which is carrledihy the valve will 'be brought into iengagement.awith the disc 64 so as to lift "thesame slightly azidsperniit the'entrance of air into the receptacl'eaibove '-the liquid. As soon :as the pressurezristrelieved 'from the pressure 'button, th'e'valve fl 'w'ill eiose land the spring "Mwvill press th'e 'disc fl ra'gainst its 'se'a't so that the entire recepta'cle' is filed. In this 'instan'ce, as in the constructioniofiFigures to 3, a sealing sleeve. :54 may be employed- Tor temporarily sealing the dispenser.
awhile certain preferred embouimentsmt t the with the end of the receptacle, having a smooth outer-surface for engagement with the skin and having dispensing passages therethrough.
"2. A perfume dispenser comprising a cylin- 'dricala'eceptacle of small diameter which mayhe carried-iniaihandbag, a removable cap for closing one end of said receptacle, said receptacle having :-a dispensing opening at -the other end thereof, :a valve :inside .of the receptacle for closing ,said opening, a pressure .buttcmand a stem passing throughthe dispensing opening in the receptacle .-and connecting said pressure button with said valve, said pressure button comprising a disc of approximately the diameter :of the receptacle having ;:a concave inner :face providing a liquid .zreceiving chamber betweensaid face and theend of the receptacle .and a smooth convex outerface, and a, liquid dispensing passageway extending Itherethrough from the inner to the outer-face.
3.4a portable liquid dispenser comprising a receptacle forthe liquid to be dispensed, said receptacle having a wall at one end in which is .ilocated a dispensing hole, a sealing washer mounted in said receptacle and resting against saidxend'wall, a valve mounted inysaid receptacle for engagement with zsaid washer, spring means ifor normally holding said valve-in, sealingengagement with said 'washerya pressure button adja- 'centto the endof the dispenser, :and a stem-conmeeting .ihe pressure button "and said valve, --Wherebypressure on the button will lift the valve from bontact'with said washer and ,permit escape of :a small amount of liquid, tsaid stem ,having screw threaded engagement with said valve, said .pressurebutton comprising a disc :having a liquid passageway 'therethrough and having :a :smooth a-convex outer'surfacezof a-diameterapprox-imately Ila-rgeas thesend diameter of the dispenser. 1'4.snzperfume' dispenser comprising a cylindritzcalireceptacle .of small diameter which may be married in :arhandba'g, a removable eap =forpclosing one :Jend of :said receptacle, said receptacle having a dispensing opening-at the -other'send thereoi, a valve for closing said-opening alpres- *surebuttonsandra stemp assing lthroughasaid :dis- Lpensing opening and connecting :said pressure button'with: said valve,:said pressure buttonsbeing slightly larger in diameter than the diameterof theJendOf'Tthe receptacle so as toslightly-over- :hang -the 'Sa-me,.and a sealing sleeve mountedpn lthe'receptacleand movable'into contact withzthe ov'erhanging. edge :of thebuttonrso as to hold-said :buttoniagainst .movement in a direction to open the dispensing valve.
i5. A perfume dispenser comprising an 'elonigated tubularxreceptacle .havinga cap screwing 1 011 oneend thereof and having ;'an endwall'atthe -,-rither:endvthereoiprovidedv with atdispensingihole therethrough, a washer mounted in the end of the receptacle and resting on said end wall, a valve member having a flange seating on said washer, a coiled spring for holding said valve against its seat, an abutment member screwing into said receptacle near the lower end thereof against which the end ofsaid spring bears, a pressure button extending over the end of said receptacle and having a stem extending through said hole and secured to said valve, said pressure button being of slightly larger diameter than the adjacent end of said receptacle, and a sealing sleeve screwing on said receptacle and being of such size that it may be screwed partly oif of the end of the receptacle so as to engage the overhanging edge of the pressure button and hold said pressure button and valve against inward movement.
6. A perfume dispenser comprising a receptacle of a small diameter which may be carried in a handbag, a removable cap for closing one end of said receptacle, said receptacle having a dispensing opening at the other end thereof, a valve for closing said opening, a pressure button, a stem passing through the dispensing opening in the receptacle and connecting said pressure button with said valve, a rod carried by the valve extending through the receptacle, and venting means carried by the receptacle and movable by the rod into venting position when the valve is opened by pressure upon the pressure button.
7. A perfume dispenser comprising an elongated tubular receptacle having a cap screwing on one end thereof and having an end wall at the other end thereof provided with a dispensing hole therethrough, a washer mounted in the end of the receptacle and resting on said end wall, a valve member seating on said washer, a coiled spring for holding said valve against its seat, an abutment member screwing into said receptacle near the lower end thereof against which the end of said spring bears, a pressure button extending over the end of said receptacle and having a stem extending through said hole and secured to said valve, said cap having a vent opening therein, a disc within said cap having sealing engagement with the end of the receptacle, a spring mounted on said cap and normally holding said disc in sealing engagement, and a rod connected to said valve and passing through a hole in said abutment member and having its end engaging said disc for lifting said disc from its seat when the valve is moved by pressure upon the pressure butten.
8. A portable liquid dispenser comprising a receptacle for the liquid to be dispensed, said receptacle having a wall at one end in which is located a dispensing hole, a sealing washer mounted in said receptacle and resting against said end wall, a valve mounted in said receptacle for engagement with said washer, spring means for normally holding said valve in sealing engagement with said washer, a pressure button adjacent to the end of the dispenser, and a stem connectingthe pressure button and said valve, whereby pressure on the button will lift the valve from contact 6 amount of liquid, said stem having screw threaded engagement with said valve, said valve having a slot in its upper face, said spring means comprising a coiled spring engaged with said valve at one end, and an abutment mounted in the receptacle against which the other end of said spring bears, said abutment having a hole therethrough for introduction of a tool for engagement with said slot in the valve to assist in screwing the valve and stem of the pressure button together, said pressure button comprising a disc having a liquid passageway therethrough and having a smooth convex outer surface of a diameter approximately as large as the end diameter of the dispenser.
9. A perfume dispenser comprising an elongated tubular receptacle having a cap screwed on one end thereof and having an end wall at the other end thereof provided with a dispensing hole therethrough, a washer mounted in the end of the receptacle and resting on said end wall, a valve member having a flange seating on said washer, a coiled spring for holding said valve against its seat, an abutment member screwing into said receptacle against which the end of said spring bears, a sleeve mounted in the lower part of the receptacle and engaging said washer at one end and said abutment at the other end for holding said washer upon its seat, and a pressure button extending over the end of said receptacle and having a stem extending through said hole and secured to said valve.
10. A perfume dispenser comprising a receptacle having a dispensing opening at one end thereof, a valve inside of the receptacle for closing said opening, a pressure button, a stem passing through the dispensing opening of the receptacle and connecting said pressure button with the valve, said pressure button being substantially larger in diameter than the stem and having a smooth outer surface for engagement with the skin, said pressure button being depressible to a position close to the end of the receptacle, the inner surface of the pressure button and the surface of the receptacle beneath said pressure button being formed to provide a chamber which is substantially closed around the margin of the pressure button when the pressure button is depressed, said chamber receiving liquid from the dispensing opening when the button is depressed to open the valve, and a liquid dispensing passageway from said chamber to the smooth outer surface of the pressure button.
FREDERICK C. LURZ.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,000,937 Peeler Aug. 15, 1911 1,540,082 Merrill June 2, 1925 1,642,868 Booty Sept. 20, 1927 2,211,595 Crowley Aug. 13, 1940
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1000937 *||Dec 2, 1910||Aug 15, 1911||William L Peeler||Fountain-brush.|
|US1540082 *||Aug 7, 1923||Jun 2, 1925||Merrill Joseph M||Perfume dispenser|
|US1642868 *||Jan 31, 1927||Sep 20, 1927||Michael T Daley||Container|
|US2211595 *||Jul 14, 1939||Aug 13, 1940||Dill Mfg Co||Oiler|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2746073 *||Sep 26, 1952||May 22, 1956||Rivet O Mfg Company||Spring biased valve with lock|
|US2785012 *||Nov 22, 1954||Mar 12, 1957||Moreton Frewin Kenneth||Means for mixing solutions with flowing liquids|
|US2925795 *||Apr 11, 1958||Feb 23, 1960||Greist Mfg Co||Marking device for sewing machine attachments|
|US2972161 *||Sep 24, 1956||Feb 21, 1961||Emma Diel Roehrich||Applicator devices|
|US3084375 *||Dec 1, 1959||Apr 9, 1963||Glidomatic Corp||Dauber|
|US4364684 *||Jun 11, 1980||Dec 21, 1982||Pentel Kabushiki Kaisha||Writing instrument|
|US4848947 *||Oct 5, 1987||Jul 18, 1989||Pittway Corporation||Liquid applicator device with tilt valve|
|US5120148 *||Oct 22, 1991||Jun 9, 1992||The West Company, Incorporated||Applicator assembly|
|US20050031405 *||May 27, 2004||Feb 10, 2005||Carneiro Raquel Heneghini||Constructive arrangement applied to a nail-polish pen|
|U.S. Classification||401/264, 222/501, 222/518, 222/341, 222/322, 222/487|
|International Classification||A61M11/00, A45D34/04, A61M11/06, A61M11/08|
|Cooperative Classification||A45D34/04, A61M11/00|
|European Classification||A45D34/04, A61M11/00|