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Publication numberUS2575305 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 13, 1951
Filing dateSep 16, 1948
Priority dateSep 16, 1948
Publication numberUS 2575305 A, US 2575305A, US-A-2575305, US2575305 A, US2575305A
InventorsJoseph Cartabellatto, Raymond Stryzakoski
Original AssigneeJoseph Cartabellatto, Raymond Stryzakoski
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Single-lever water control
US 2575305 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Q 1951 R. STRYZAKOSKI ETAL 2,575,305

SINGLE LEVER. WATER CONTROL Filed Sept. 16, 1948 v 29 I 52 INVENTORJ V 5 8 b RAYM our) STRyzAKosm JOSEPH CAR'rA nnLA'r'ro Patented Nov. 13, 1951 :1

osk andl sen Ycrkg y weeswlizzzelei invention. relates, to. new and. useful. improvements in plumbing appliances, ang, more particularly, the aim to: provide afnovel and valuable plumbing fixture, having a single swingarm manually operable for simultaneously opera \ating the shut-01f valve in each of a cold water su conduit a d a t. aten supply conduitse r wo conduits leadin to a ommo de ery v mucet. an for controllin h disc ar e at s iauc o a m t re he w w t xs as t o in.

a fau et dischargeio e temp r tuxe, n qiselx a desire A ur h ma of the nv ntion. is that ean-s 247% rovided. manuall pe able fr m sai sw n wm (an regardle o s ang ar- P sition to; he use abo fiescfibetl) v o aini a fleshed di chars ux etsaidtdel ve c a wet the? out ofh ted or cr as as s le t d the'fl i he s at. ai deliv ry au et- I invention may be embodied as a self-com- 1 ete,p1umbing-fixt 1re, o as an anxiliapy: fixt re o be att c edz- 29- two. fian 's. on a. ol -W te eWstfan the h h t t au e a ordinarily installed one; alongside each other, as (W a tu 0.1.? As the; ven i n. s-here n .sh w'n' ywa e rl l ti embodi a a self pmn iefix ure; t i a; te momp i in a ity' f s p ra 'e ain condui un t t as th use; o ft e men io aux iary iism e sab veiurthei ioomgrehension of; the invention, .:.%ni9i-fih biee ie dedx i se W16 rhneewi be had. w he-i l qw ng; de cnmt n and Qmn n es d aw an t he p d invention are re nartieularl s JiQ -th,

n the. wmpan z ray m s o in a vtenetmiterthi :fisehsuma N I is a Partially wn 1vv went-a t e emztiqnel view: o s id: embodiment; f etmfifprese dshew n rie fifi w Pv v wi h the PQ ti 1:.. ;Q 3 fu y: PQn Q th shuirefi fls e the ql w t Poly nsiu tamt o losin he: shutr val e the o wa e my! commit,

is;- 2 '.a.ton-nlan., iew o the. a sem la eie aidetail view ein iai t eqtion .one of; the'parts, pa tialiy brokenawam,

eEigt-iis ,apenspectiye. showin the; assemblage contained a. .c sine which. may he pmvid d v a t z tlQQ'hO -WMQ SHDP Y rz iduit l i i ach case n-m tame; ,beinsn intee el cont u n f i s 5 01;1- .dl

roperly; logafied aqjacentthe.junetion of the orerdend Qt ea h Su h ondu t h. h u ps end. .Qf a cet. af cyl dri va memb r i pgovicied, si eh valve in the cold water 'line, being m rkefit l5 an such v lve in he o w ter being marked 16. Eabh of said; va lvesfis secured wine l wer. por i heik l 1 P QOrfi Qn ofwhich is jouihalled in a, sc 'ew-cap [8 :of the. d, sed Enclosing top otan' o fdinaify a et i't u al We Sinpe each of these alve members I5 and 16 is to; be sp rallya ed. or -iu11 ope n wh the othen vatve membenis, pimny'imwered fo'rffiill vlinux1 M221,a.cniiii; lzlh heihefl newsman mansclosing, the 'valve member 15' hasf'anextei n'al th eadl5 matching an internal thread': 15 in the faucet |0, it. beinglnoted that said faucet has an upwa gd. tubulaticontinuatioh above its juriet'ionwith the cold water supply conduit H, and

that saicljth ea d l5" along its upper; portion is said upward, tubular continuation; Thus, with he-v ve member I5 fully rai e as in i the-uppei endoflthe threadf'IB' on said valve member is at thefupp'er. end of the thread 15'' in the, faueet} Thej pitch. of these. "threads; as

equa t ildne n lf f l turns. The t read 7 T5;";is.or twioe this length, that it has. a le ngth I opening IE to. be closed by the valye memberl l5. elaims in wh e t e ar o s nove mat res o th i 'ljije; hot water ilalve member it, of. the same l ength and diameter as the valye membe l5, has an external 'thread"fl5,' matching an internal th je qjlef' in th'i faucet 12,1: being noted that said fanoetalso has an vupjvvaiici tubular roontini conduit- 14." With the, valve member 'lfiiffull y ationiabove its junction with the hbt w'ater supp-1 [6,, on saidlval've meinber is iat' the lower end of th -thread l5" in-the, fauetl Th D tchoft S .tinuqus; ut ne sa ly he's, @Slight 'a fi h openin Iii- 9 be cl se h theyw membe Suitably fixed to the upper end of each shaft l1, above its cap I8, is a spur pinion l9.

An. auxi1iary .umtnzn; and.v pnoy nded int rier is secured rigidly to the lower open ends of the faucets l and I 2. This securement is efiected, at the upper ends of two laterally outwardly and then upwardly directed branch conduit portions 2| and 22, by means, in the case of each faucet. comprising a pair of clamp rings 23 and 24 and three tie-bolts 25. Said rings are matchingly aperturedwith such apertures 120 apart, for taking said bolts; and there is interposed between each of "the faucets and the associated conduit portion 2! and 22 a gasket 26.

The inner ends of the conduit portions 2| and 9,575,368 .ilg ci 'flf J 3... 5: 1. 1

dle section 44 may be turned relative to the handle section 43, thereby to turn the rod 45 to fractionally rotate the cam entity 49 and so raise or lower the valve member 31. As the'parts are shown, the valve member 3| is fully lowered, shutting off any water discharge at the delivery faucet 29. When said valve member is fully raised, the full predetermined water pressure will be established at the faucet'29; which pressure maybe modified as desired according to how much said valve is raised or lowered.

22 meet the lower end of a vertically upstanding conduit portion 2'! and the upper end of a downwardly extending short conduit element 28 form ing the upper subdivision of a delivery faucet 29 extending forwardly as shown in Fig.2 andthen downwardly as shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 4.

The shut-off and pressure control vnv'ep'm vided includes a valve seat 30, and a cylindrical valve member 3| fixed on the lowerend of avertically 'endwisely movable rod 32. This rod extends up through the conduit portion 21' and through a screw-cap 33 for said conduit portion, for projection above said cap. At its top the rod 32 is formed to provide a ball 34. A bushing 31 is screw-threadedly secured in the cap 33; and said bushing serves to embrace the upper portion of the rod 32 to permit easy'up and down endwise movement thereof, and also acts as a journalling means for a spur gear 35 meshing with the two spur pinions l9. Said gear 35 is held in mesh with the pinions l9 by an annular flange 36 carried exteriorly at the top of the bushing 31, as the pinions l9 rise an'clfall during lifting'and lowering of the valves l5 and 15.

A single swing-arm actuator 38 is provided and includes a tube 39 fixed near its inner end in a bracket 45 secured-as at 4! to the gear 35. On the outer end of said tube is fixed, as at 42; a handle section 43. Beyond the outer face of the latter, the tube 39 extends into another handle section 44. Rotatable in the tube 39 is a rod. with its outer end pinned as at 46 to the handle section 44. The inner end of the tube 39 is re' duced in external diameter as at 41. i

The ball 34 is a cam follower relative to a cam groove 48 partially formed in each of two members of like construction except for a hub portion carried by one of them, but of" opposite hand; said'members being shaped and'coupled to provide acam entity 45 for presenting said groove. The said cam entity is rotatively mounted as shown on the reduced inner end portion 41 of the tube 39; and is fixed to the inner end of the rod 45, as by means of a cotter pin '50 sent through the rod and also through the hub portion'of that one of said members constituting the left half, as viewed in Fig. l, of the cam entity 49.

Fig. 4 illustrates a casing 5|, which may be used to enclose the entirety of the fixture, except for the handle-carrying end of the actuator '38,'and except for the delivery faucet 25. At the front of the casing is a long horizontally extending slot 52, through which said actuator projects: and along which it is movableto causerotationof the gear 35 in one direction or the other through somewhat less than 180 A portion of the bot tom wall of the casing 5| is shown in-Fig. 1, this wall having an opening 53 for protrusion of the delivery faucet as shown in Figs. 1 andl.

Operation In any angular adjustment of the actuator 38 The actuator 38 has an angular swing about the axisof .therod 32 as a center, through substantially thereby to rotate the gear 35 through substantially a half revolution in one direction or the other; said actuator being shown in Figs-l and 2 at we limit of its said swing. The

ratio of the pinions I9 to the gear 35 is one to three. Therefore, on each half revolution of the gear 35, both pinions will rotate through one and one-half revolutions, and so each of the. valve members 45 and iii-will be rotated through one and one-half revolutions.

Because of the already describedthreadedconnection l5''-l 5" between the valve 'member" 15 and-the faucet l5 and the already described threaded connection IBI5"- between the valve member 16 and the faucet it, on swinging the actuator 38 to its pcsitionshown in Fig. 1 from itsother limit of swing, that is, from its position indicated in dot and dash lines at 38 in Fig. 1, the valve member l5 will be spirally raised 'to fully open conditionand the valve member I6 willbe spirally lowered to fully'close'd condition; as shown in Fig. -1. Similarly, on'swinging the actuator 38 from its position shown in Fig. 'l' to its position indicated at 33 in that view',-'the valve member 16 will be spirally raised to fully open condition and the valve member 15 will-be spirally lowered to fully closed condition. Similarly, also,'on swinging the actuator 33 to cause the same *to extend as indicated in dot and dash lines at 38 in Fig. 2, both of the valve members I 5 and-I5 will be in half open condition, Thus, according as the actuator 38 is'swung into the selected one of a multitude of different positions, over a swing of the actuator through substantially 180, precisely-the desired mixture of-hqt and cold water may be obtained atthe faucet 29.

While we have illustrated and described the preferred embodiment of our invention, it is to be understood that we donot limit ourselves to the precise constructions herein disclosed'and the right is reserved to all changes and modifications coming within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims. 7 7 q Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire-to secure by United States Letters Patent isz 1. In a water control devicehaving a faucet body including a delivery faucet and an up standing'conduit portion rising above the dclivery faucet and 1 connected to-hot and cold water branch conduits including reciprocating shut-off valves having control pinions exposed on opposite sides of the conduit portion, a gear rotativelymounted on the top of the conduit-portion and meshing with the pinions, a bracket mounted-eccentrically on top of said gear, a tube having one end fixedly mounted in said bracket and its other end extended radially from said gear for turning the same, a valve seat within the faucet body below the conduit portion,-a rod extended axially slidably through the conduit about the axis of the rod 32 as a center, the han- 5 portion andihaving its top end projected from the top of theconduit portion, a valve member on the bottom of said rod for seating on said valve seat, a second rod rotatably extended through said tube and having its inner end extended from the inner end of said tube, and means connecting the inner end of said second rod to the top end of said first rod to cause said first rod to be raised and lowered raising and lowering said valve member relative to said valve seat as said second rod is rotated in one direction or the other.

2. In a water control device having a faucet body including a delivery faucet and an upstanding conduit portion rising above the delivery faucet and connected to hot and cold water branch conduits including reciprocating shut-ofi valves having control pinions exposed on opposite sides of the conduit portion, a gear rotatively mounted on the top of the conduit portion and meshing with the pinions, a bracket mounted eccentrically on top of said gear, a tube having one end fixedly mounted in said bracket and its other end extended radially from said gear for turning the same, a valve seat within the faucet body below the conduit portion, a rod extended axially slidably through the conduit portion and having its top end projected from the top of the conduit portion, a valve member on the bottom of said rod for seating on said valve seat, a second rod rotatably extended through said tube and having its inner end extended from the inner end of said tube, and means connecting the inner end of said second rod to the top end of said first rod to cause said first rod to be raised and lowered raising and lowering said valve member relative to said valve seat as said second rod is rotated in one direction or the other, said connecting means including a cam means.

3. In a water control device having a faucet body including a delivery faucet and an upstanding conduit portion rising above the delivery faucet and connected to hot and cold water branch conduits including reciprocating shut-off valves having control pinions exposed on opposite sides of the conduit portion, a gear rotatively mounted on the top of the conduit portion and meshing with the pinions, a bracket mounted eccentrically on top of said gear, a tube having one end fixedly mounted in said bracket and its other end extended radially from said gear for turning the same, a valve seat within the faucet body below the conduit portion, a rod extended axially slidably through the conduit portion and having its top end projected from the top of the conduit portion, a valve member on the bottom of said rod for seating on said valve seat, a second rod rotatably extended through said tube and having its inner end extended from the inner end of said tube, and means connecting the inner end of said second rod,

to the top end of said first rod to cause said first rod to be raised and lowered raising and lowering said valve member relative to said valve seat as said second rod is rotated in one direction or the other, said connecting means comprising a cam member mounted on the inner end of said second rod, said cam member having a downwardly facing cam groove, and a cam follower on the top end of said first rod and engaged in said cam groove.

4. In a water control device having a faucet body including a delivery faucet and an upstanding conduit portion rising above the delivery faucet and connected to hot and cold water branch conduits including reciprocating shutoil valves having control pinions exposed on opposite sides of the conduit portion, a gear rotatively mounted on the top of the conduit portion and meshing with the pinions, a bracket mounted eccentrically on top of said gear, a tube having one end fixedly mounted in said bracket and its other end extended radially from said gear for turning the same, a valve seat within the faucet body below the conduit portion, a rod extended axially slidably through the conduit portion and having its top end projected from the top of the conduit portion, a valve member on the bottom of said rod for seating on said valve seat, a second rod rotatably extended through said tube and having its inner end extended from the inner end of said tube, and means connecting the inner end of said second rod to the top end of said first rod to cause said first rod to be raised and lowered raising and lowering said valve member relative to said valve seat as said second rod is rotated in one direction or the other, said second rod having its outer end exposed beyond the outer end of said tube, and means mounted on the exposed outer end of said second rod by which a grip can be had thereon for manually rotating said second rod in one direction or the other.

RAYMOND STRYZAKOSKI. JOSEPH CARTABELLATTO.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 584,122 Shaftstadt June 8, 1897 1,147,943 Hoffman July 27, 1915 1,577,355 Palfy Mar. 16, 1926 2,313,438 Hoelscher Mar. 9, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 141,124 Switzerland Dec. 1, 1930 492,052 Great Britain Sept. 14, 1938

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US584122 *Dec 18, 1893Jun 8, 1897 schaffstadt
US1147943 *Nov 30, 1914Jul 27, 1915Charles M HoffmanFaucet.
US1577355 *Mar 21, 1925Mar 16, 1926Frank PalfyMixing valve
US2313438 *Jul 18, 1940Mar 9, 1943American Tool Works CoFluid operated gear shifting mechanism
CH141124A * Title not available
GB492052A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2706492 *Dec 3, 1951Apr 19, 1955Horland Richard DControl valve
US3043477 *Oct 1, 1959Jul 10, 1962Pyles Ind IncMaterial handling system, metering apparatus and method of metering and mixing materials
US3437112 *May 29, 1967Apr 8, 1969Wallaceburg Brass LtdSingle handle mixing faucet
US3460570 *Jan 16, 1968Aug 12, 1969Bucknell Ernest HBalanced control mixing valve
US3746048 *Jun 20, 1972Jul 17, 1973Cincinnati Milacron IncFluid metering system
US4164239 *Dec 10, 1976Aug 14, 1979Decesare Dominic VHot and cold water ratio and volume manual device
US4685156 *Jun 11, 1986Aug 11, 1987Brabazon James AAdjustable water temperature safety control unit
US5205482 *Jan 31, 1990Apr 27, 1993Ideal-Standard GmbhSanitary mixing unit
WO2013021388A1 *Aug 9, 2012Feb 14, 2013Eran Ben-DorMultiple axis handle and mechanism
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/636.3, 137/872, 137/607
International ClassificationF16K11/10, F16K11/18
Cooperative ClassificationF16K11/185
European ClassificationF16K11/18B