|Publication number||US2575652 A|
|Publication date||Nov 20, 1951|
|Filing date||Aug 19, 1947|
|Priority date||Aug 19, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2575652 A, US 2575652A, US-A-2575652, US2575652 A, US2575652A|
|Inventors||Ransom Y Bovee|
|Original Assignee||Ransom Y Bovee|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (86), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 20, 1951 R. Y. BOVEE 2,575,652
POCKET TWEEZER ARTICLE Filed Aug. 19, 1947 Patented ov. 2 0, 195i UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE POCKET TWEEZER ARTICLE Ransom Y. Bovee, Van Nuys, Calif.
Application August 19, 1947, Serial No. 769,343
This invention relates to improvements in folding pocket manicure sets and/or vanity kits and the like, particularly of that type which employs the handle of the device as an inclosing case where all the various manicure implements or parts of a toilet set are kept in a folded state until needed. The implements are arranged with respect to the case or housing so that any one of the implements can be easily selected and brought into useful position just like the blades of a pocket pen-knife.
The implements are allmounted upon a single pivot pin and spaced apart with spacing washers of proper thickness to permit individual freedom of movement of each one without any interference whatever.
One of the principal objects of this invention is to present a light weight manicure set and the like which is made of suitable materials, that is, the case into which all implements are folded, is to be made of attractive and colored plastics and the implements made of the best metal for its purpose, the casing being free of all sharp edges and protrusions which might be injurious to the fabrics of pockets and purses; the case having an outside shoulder stop to properly hold the implements in an extended position when in use, and an inside Shoulder stop to prevent the outer edges of the implements going beyond the flush finished edges of the case.
Another object is to provide a restraining brake tension upon the pivotal hub ends of the implements to prevent them fromaccidentally opening out from the case while being carried,
Iand also to exert sufficient friction tension to maintain their extended position when in use.
Still .another object is toprovide a safety round-point pair of scissors with one stationary blade and a shorter movable blade pivoted thereon, the movable blade can be operated up and down by the thumb in a specialrthumb-notch provided in the leverage end thereof; and the cutting blades are underslung with respect to their working pivot to close them at a closely parallel shear angle enabling them to cut thick toe and iinger'nails with ease by a controlled short movement of the thumb and a reduced opening of the blades, thus it is also safe to clip nose and ear whiskers as well as remove corns or callouses with a slight controlled movement that removes all dangers which are apt to occur with ordinary scissors.
Still another object is to provide such a kit with a nail le having an in-curved safety cutting edge for paring nails, sharpening pencils, and
slitting open letters etc., in combination with 'a flat folding pair of hair and sliver tweezers, and a suitable comb.
And still another object is to provide a pocket type of manicure set 'which is sturdy in construction and economical to make and manufacture.
Other objects, features and advantages of my invention will appear from the accompanying drawings, the subjoined detailed description and the appended claims.
Applicant is now about to illustrate and describe one form of his invention in order to tea'ch one how to make and use the same, but it is to be understood that the drawings and description thereof are not to limit the invention in any sense whatsoever except as specifically limited by the appended claims.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of the'invention showing all the blades thereof in an open position which normally are kept within the case and only one of them extended at a time Vwhen ready for use,
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view Showing just one'of the implements extended and ready for use,
Figure 3 is a horizontal sectional view showing just the tweezer extended and ready for use.
Figure 4 is a sectional view taken substantially along the line 4 4 of Fig. 1.
The handle-like case for the implements is shown and indicated by the reference numeral I and this case has the bottom wall 2, the two upright side walls 3 and 4, and end wall 5 which form an open ended and open topped chamber 6. This chamber is of suiiicient size'to accom'- modate all the implements, that is, the :file and cutter element l, the tweezer element 8, the comb element 9, and the scissors or shear e1e` ment I0.
Each side wall of the case has a finger recessed portion I I so that all elements can be gripped and the desired implement selected and extended ready for use. Each of the implements has a hole at its pivot end through'whieh passes the pivot pin I2, 'one end of this pin having the inte'- gral head I3 and the other end the pressed head I4 which snugly holds all the implements and the spacer rings or washers I5, I6, Il, I8 and I9 together between the side walls 3 and 4 of the case, as shown. The spacer I5 is preferably a. lock washer which functions to give suillcient constant pressure between the implements so that they will remain as placed whether within the case or outside of the case.
Note, the turned edge or stop element 20 which is provided to contact the heel portion 2| with which all the implements are provided and the stop shoulder 22 with which all the implements but the scissors are provided, an end of the scissors being used as a substitute.
Both blades 23 and 24 of the scissors are made of tempered spring steel to permit them to be made thin and strong ,so that they will not break, lose their shape,j;or`wear out. The rivet orpivot means Z hasboth heads ush with their respective surfaces of the blades so that they will not interfere with encasement of the blades.
The scissors have snip-jaws or :blades iwhi'ch are short and require but little handlemovement to open them, the handle portionsioffthe blades being indicated by the numeralszEE and f2.1. kThe cutting blades are designed to close at a very acute almost parallel chop-oli angle with lbut slight shear-angle. This configuration of the blades prevents 'them from `springing apart 'and iipreventsithe material thatis being 'cutlfrom sliding between the jaws uncut asloitenoccrs in regular scissors. :Inicutting heavy nose and ear --whiskers and the like, the'short snip-'jaw action .scuts 'them clean without themspringing away #from the blades. Thebladeszhave rounded points whichfmakezthem safe to `u'seup 'in the nostrils :andfinithe ears'without .danger of stabbing the skin so as to cut it.
v"."Ihefmoveablebladedhas its'handle 21 cut as ashownso as to provideapressure edge 28 and `.a lift edge 229, and azpointed edge or end 30 which engages rthe innersurface of the stop 29. Noteythat the edges 28 and 29 give sufficient -operational control 'of 1 their 'respective blades for reciprocation thereof. Theedges l28 and 29 are turned over so as to provide the 4perimetrical hiiange 3l which gives a'iiatsurface for the bottom sand .top of theoperators thumb, thus avoiding a zthumbisoreness, 'andfacts Vas a istop in 'the closing :movement of tthe blade `=2 1.
The tweezers, due to their flat folding requirevments'tozminmize ispace, have 'a stationary single :oldingfblade32 which fis made-of 'a heavier material than the free pivoted spring closing =blade -33fthe.pivot'beingndicatedat33. The blade 33 can be turned outward to Vform a gripping jaw vwith :the yend ofthe other blade and these 'two blades have their 'ends turnedto form pinchers --.34:and 35. A suitableintegral-ball Tor short `profjection'liand socket hole31are provided. When :the blade 33 Vis extended and ready foruse, this :ballflacts-as a fulcrum in the dent 35' so that .the blade33is spring-yiand sprung Yfrom the supporting -blade when 'in working position. The real .spring portion of blade v33 VAis the -narrow .,portionat33. When the-blade 33is rotated to a rearwardpositiomthe ball 3S falls into the hole 31 which allows the blade 33 to fold flatly and snugly against its-supporting blade 32 .as shown in dash y:and dot 1linesof YFig. 3.
. 'll-hele blade l has a safety incurved cutting .edgef38 near its Lpointed end 39 which is very useful for paringnails, sharpening pencils, openletters Vand other possible uses to which it may be put. The top surface 40 is neatly square edged so that this portion of the blade can be used for scraping beneath nger nails; the edge d! can also be so employed.
The comb 9 is blanked out of sheet metal, then the edge from which the teeth are to be formed is swaged to a pointed running edge, the teeth are then shear-punched out and to a point, thus providing ne pointed teeth that will go through any head of hair. This construction vmakes strong non-bendable teeth without taper except at the pointed ends which are swaged sharp one way and v`shear pointed the other way to provide an un breakable'metal comb.
Itis, of course, understood that Various changes and'modiications may be made in the details of form, style,'design,.and construction of the whole or any part of the specifically described embodi- 'mento this invention without departing from the spirit thereof suchchanges and modications being within thefseope of `the following claims.
I claim: i. In a pocket kit device, a casing havinghinge Vmeans at one end 'for supporting a long tweezer blade, a long ltwe'ezer blade hingedito the basing by said means and having at its distal end a turned portion adapted to act as-.a jawrelement; a short length spring'blade having one end pivotally mounted at a central .portion of Ythe long blade and its other endturned 'toward Tand Tin alinement with the turned portion rof 'the '-long blade so as to form another jaw'elemena `means between the blades, whenboth'blades'arein'extended position, to 'springingly hold* the jawfends thereof apart, and recessed means'on a `shank portion of the long blade to receive the said means between the blades when the short blade is vrotated to a position toward' the casing.
2. In a tweezer blade device for'po'cket kits and the like, the device comprisingan elongated blade having means at one end for pivotingit to a casing anda turned portion vat'theother end to act as one jaw of a pair ci jaws,'a short'springy rblade having `one vend ipivoted to `a central eportion of the elongated blade'and its (other end turned towardthe elongated blade to vform the other jaw of said mentioned .pair of jaws, and protruding means on the short yblade near the pivotthereof for spreadingthe ends of the jaws apart. ,Y Y
REFERENCES YCITED The following references -arefof record inthe le of this patent:
UNITED STATES lPPIIENTS Number Name 'Date 310,439 Karnak Jan. "6, `1885 765,285 Kaufmann July 19,1904 977,341 Straub 1 Nov. 29, 1910 1,004,871 Gundorph Oct. "3, `"1911 1,398,583 .Bovee Nov. "29, `'1921 1,616,355 Consdine Feb. 1, 1927 1,828,121 Adam et a1 OCt."2'0,"1931 2,123,792 Nelson July 12,1938
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US310439 *||Oct 2, 1884||Jan 6, 1885||Max eamak|
|US765285 *||Oct 14, 1902||Jul 19, 1904||Ernst Kaufmann||Pocket-knife.|
|US977341 *||Jan 10, 1910||Nov 29, 1910||Emil A Straub||Tweezers.|
|US1004871 *||Oct 27, 1910||Oct 3, 1911||Ferdinand Gundorph||Tweezers.|
|US1398583 *||Jan 17, 1921||Nov 29, 1921||Bovee Ransom Y||Folding combination toilet article|
|US1616355 *||Mar 22, 1926||Feb 1, 1927||Robert P Considine||Combined tweezers, finger nail file, and cleaner|
|US1828121 *||Sep 29, 1930||Oct 20, 1931||Adam Auguste Edmond||Pocket manicure set|
|US2123792 *||Apr 7, 1937||Jul 12, 1938||Nelson George M||Pocket shears|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4238862 *||Jul 13, 1978||Dec 16, 1980||Leatherman Timothy S||Pocket multiple tool|
|US4261103 *||Sep 7, 1979||Apr 14, 1981||Hex International, Inc.||Tool accessory apparatus|
|US4422564 *||Oct 20, 1980||Dec 27, 1983||Koenig Herbert G||Needle threading device|
|US4744272 *||Apr 17, 1986||May 17, 1988||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Foldable tool|
|US4783867 *||Oct 30, 1987||Nov 15, 1988||Tsao Dan Chern||Multi-functional stationery tool combination|
|US4928716 *||Aug 21, 1989||May 29, 1990||Greene Freddie W||Portable hair trimming device|
|US5062173 *||Jul 5, 1990||Nov 5, 1991||Collins Michael C||Multifunction tool|
|US5673711 *||Aug 16, 1995||Oct 7, 1997||Andrews; Edward A.||Fingertip control mustache shaving device|
|US5697114 *||Feb 29, 1996||Dec 16, 1997||Bear Mgc Cutlery Co., Inc.||Folding multi-tool|
|US5743582 *||Feb 27, 1997||Apr 28, 1998||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Multi-purpose tool including tweezers and method for making same|
|US5745997 *||Nov 29, 1995||May 5, 1998||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Multi-purpose tool including folding scissors|
|US5781950 *||Oct 7, 1996||Jul 21, 1998||Imperial Schrade Corp.||Locking mechanism for a folding combination tool|
|US5809599 *||Dec 6, 1996||Sep 22, 1998||Sog Specialty Knives, Inc.||Compound pliers tool with linked handles|
|US5829329 *||May 16, 1996||Nov 3, 1998||Sog Specialty Knives, Inc.||Hand tool with retractable jaws|
|US5957013 *||Nov 2, 1998||Sep 28, 1999||Sog Specialty Knives, Inc.||Hand tool with retractable jaw assembly|
|US5963999 *||Jun 18, 1998||Oct 12, 1999||Imperial Schrade Corp.||Multi-purpose folding tool|
|US5964131 *||Jan 26, 1998||Oct 12, 1999||Valle De Oro Bank, N.A.||Hand tool with sculpted handles and integral key ring|
|US5978993 *||Nov 18, 1996||Nov 9, 1999||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Folding multi-purpose tool with comfortable handles|
|US5979959 *||Apr 24, 1998||Nov 9, 1999||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Multi-purpose tool including tweezers|
|US5996451 *||Jan 17, 1997||Dec 7, 1999||Valley De Oro Bank, N.A.||Hand tool with sculpted handles and integral key ring|
|US6003180 *||Sep 21, 1998||Dec 21, 1999||Sog Specialty Knives, Inc.||Compound pliers tool with linked handles|
|US6006385 *||Jan 24, 1997||Dec 28, 1999||Kai U.S.A. Ltd.||Multi-tool|
|US6009582 *||Jun 13, 1997||Jan 4, 2000||Swiss Army Brands, Inc.||Multiple function tool|
|US6047426 *||Jan 16, 1997||Apr 11, 2000||Bear Mgc Cutlery Co., Inc.||Folding multi-tool with adjustable pliers|
|US6070504 *||Apr 22, 1998||Jun 6, 2000||Sog Specialty Knives, Inc.||Compound pliers tool with linked handles|
|US6088860 *||Dec 20, 1996||Jul 18, 2000||Fiskars Inc.||Pocket tool with removable jaws|
|US6170104 *||Apr 14, 1998||Jan 9, 2001||Buck Knives, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US6220127||Nov 8, 1999||Apr 24, 2001||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Multi-purpose tool including tweezers|
|US6233769||Sep 12, 2000||May 22, 2001||Buck Knives, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US6243901||Nov 10, 1999||Jun 12, 2001||Swiss Army Brands, Inc.||Multiple function tool|
|US6305041||Mar 3, 2000||Oct 23, 2001||Alterra Holdings Corporation||Pocket tool with removable jaws|
|US6357068||Jan 11, 1996||Mar 19, 2002||Buck Knives, Inc.||Combination tool with oppositely deploying handles|
|US6412130||Mar 16, 1999||Jul 2, 2002||Kai U.S.A. Ltd.||Multi-tool|
|US6430768||May 16, 2001||Aug 13, 2002||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Folding multi-tool with adjustable pliers|
|US6450071||Apr 20, 2001||Sep 17, 2002||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Multipurpose tool including folding jaws|
|US6481034||Mar 1, 2001||Nov 19, 2002||Swiss Army Brands, Inc.||Multiple function tool|
|US6487740||May 1, 2001||Dec 3, 2002||Buck Knives, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US6487941||Oct 1, 2001||Dec 3, 2002||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Hand tool|
|US6578221||Mar 28, 2001||Jun 17, 2003||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable multi-tool|
|US6694558||Feb 5, 2003||Feb 24, 2004||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable hand tool|
|US6718585||Aug 13, 2002||Apr 13, 2004||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Folding multi-tool with adjustable pliers|
|US6769331||Aug 19, 2002||Aug 3, 2004||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Multipurpose tool including folding jaws|
|US6802094||Dec 3, 2002||Oct 12, 2004||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US6957491||Oct 31, 2001||Oct 25, 2005||The Stanley Works||Combination utility and sporting knife|
|US6983505||Mar 26, 2004||Jan 10, 2006||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Folding multi-tool with adjustable pliers|
|US7080423||Jul 16, 2004||Jul 25, 2006||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US7150210||Nov 22, 2005||Dec 19, 2006||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Multi-purpose tool|
|US7204022||Mar 5, 2004||Apr 17, 2007||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Scissors-action tool with adjustable opening angle|
|US7284557 *||Mar 4, 2004||Oct 23, 2007||Vickie Williams||Hair styling tool|
|US7296354||Feb 17, 2006||Nov 20, 2007||The Stanley Works||Combination utility and sporting knife|
|US7353736||Jul 27, 2005||Apr 8, 2008||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Enhanced multi-function hand tool|
|US7415744||Jan 18, 2002||Aug 26, 2008||Williams Scott G||Multipurpose foldable candle tool|
|US7497015||Apr 12, 2007||Mar 3, 2009||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Scissors-action tool with adjustable opening angle|
|US7739799||Jun 29, 2005||Jun 22, 2010||The Stanley Works||Combination utility and sporting knife|
|US7921752||Mar 21, 2008||Apr 12, 2011||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Enhanced multi-function hand tool|
|US8105341||May 11, 2007||Jan 31, 2012||Michelle Shelton||Suture removal device|
|US9445863||Mar 14, 2014||Sep 20, 2016||Gyrus Acmi, Inc.||Combination electrosurgical device|
|US9452009||Mar 14, 2014||Sep 27, 2016||Gyrus Acmi, Inc.||Combination electrosurgical device|
|US9452011||Mar 12, 2014||Sep 27, 2016||Gyrus Acmi, Inc.||Combination electrosurgical device|
|US9668805||Mar 14, 2014||Jun 6, 2017||Gyrus Acmi Inc||Combination electrosurgical device|
|US20030079294 *||Oct 31, 2001||May 1, 2003||Van Deursen Gary E.||Combination utility and sporting knife|
|US20040181880 *||Mar 26, 2004||Sep 23, 2004||Mcintosh Herman J.||Folding multi-tool with adjustable pliers|
|US20040255389 *||Jul 16, 2004||Dec 23, 2004||Seber Brett P.||Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release|
|US20040255731 *||Jul 19, 2004||Dec 23, 2004||Berg Howard G.||Multi-purpose tool including tweezers|
|US20050144730 *||Jan 5, 2004||Jul 7, 2005||Barber Launce R.||Combination carabiner and wrench device|
|US20050155226 *||Mar 15, 2005||Jul 21, 2005||The Stanley Works||Combination utility and sporting knife|
|US20050193570 *||Mar 5, 2004||Sep 8, 2005||Tsuda Hollan A.||Scissors-action tool with adjustable opening angle|
|US20050235499 *||Jun 29, 2005||Oct 27, 2005||The Stanley Works||Combination utility and sporting knife|
|US20060070500 *||Nov 22, 2005||Apr 6, 2006||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Multi-purpose tool|
|US20060244275 *||May 2, 2005||Nov 2, 2006||Bases Edward H||Barbecue utensil|
|US20060266379 *||Mar 31, 2006||Nov 30, 2006||Michelle Shelton||Hair weave tract extraction device|
|US20070193037 *||Apr 12, 2007||Aug 23, 2007||Leatherman Tool Group, Inc.||Scissors-action tool with adjustable opening angle|
|US20090131977 *||Nov 21, 2007||May 21, 2009||Richard Ross||Combination tweezer and eye hair grooming device and method|
|US20090149868 *||May 11, 2007||Jun 11, 2009||Michelle Shelton||Suture removal device|
|US20090255132 *||Apr 9, 2009||Oct 15, 2009||Hoover Brandon C||Carbide utility score|
|USD450996||Mar 28, 2001||Nov 27, 2001||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable multi tool|
|USD458527||Jun 15, 2000||Jun 11, 2002||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable hand tool|
|USD469328||May 29, 2002||Jan 28, 2003||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable hand tool|
|USD476546||Oct 5, 2001||Jul 1, 2003||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable hand tool|
|USD477766||Jan 10, 2002||Jul 29, 2003||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable hand tool|
|USD486715||Oct 1, 2001||Feb 17, 2004||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Hand tool|
|USD488367||Jan 14, 2002||Apr 13, 2004||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable hand tool|
|USD491439||Jul 28, 2003||Jun 15, 2004||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Foldable hand tool|
|USD493346||Jan 29, 2003||Jul 27, 2004||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc,||Foldable hand tool|
|USD498125||Oct 17, 2003||Nov 9, 2004||Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc.||Hand tool|
|EP1798008A1 *||Dec 14, 2005||Jun 20, 2007||Wenger S.A.||Pocket knife with a nailclipper|
|U.S. Classification||294/99.2, 7/118, 7/900, 132/75.4, 7/128, D28/55, 30/143, D28/25, D28/59|
|Cooperative Classification||A45D29/18, Y10S7/90|