US 2575768 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 20, 1951 H. c. PEARSALL SKIMMER 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 Filed May 27, 1949 llllIl I l Fig.3.
Harold C. Pearsal/ y W and Nov. 20, 1951 H. c. PEARSALL 2,5 75,768
SKIMMER Filed May 2'7, 1949 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 I n ventor Harald 6. Pearsal/ 9 By W a Attorney:
Patented Nov. 20, 1951 SKIMIMER Harold C. Pearsall, Houston, Tex.
Application May 27, 1949, Serial No. 95,756
The present invention relates to new and useful improvements in skimmers for easily and quickly skimming grease from the surface of soup and other liquid foods. 7
An important object of the invention is to provide a two-part grease collecting chamber in which grease is collected by forcing the lowermost part downwardly in a vessel containing the liquid and constructing the bottom of said lower part in the form of an inverted funnel through which the grease is forced into the chamber in a fountain action.
A further object of the invention is to provide means for locking the parts of the chamber to each other for convenient removal for cleaning purposes.
A still further object is to provide a two-part grease collecting chamber into which grease enters through the lower part and providing the upper part with a pouring spout constructed to pour the grease from the chamber by inverting the position thereof after removal from the vessel from which the grease is collected.
Another object is to provide a drip collecting trough or channel at the connected edges of the two parts of the chamber and in which grease dripping from the lower edges of the device is collected during the inverting action.
A still further object is to provide a central window opening for the chamber by means of which the grease collecting or skimming action may be observed to avoid waste in removing part of the liouid food with the grease.
A still further object is to provide a novel handle construction for inverting the skimmer chamber into its pouring position.
A still further obiect is to provide a device of this character of simple and practical construction. which is neat and attractive in ap earance, efficient and reliable in operation, relatively inex ensive to manufacture and otherwise well adapted for the purposes for which the same is intended.
Other objects and advantages reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view showing the twopart chamber in skimming position.
Figure 2 is a similar view showing the device inverted in pouring position.
Figure 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view taken on a line 3-3 of Figure 1.
Figure 4 is an enlarged longitudinal sectional view of the handle.
Figure 5 is a transverse sectional view taken on a line 55 of Figure 4.
Figure 6 is an enlarged fragmentary group perspective view of the locking lug connecting the two parts of the chamber to each other, and
Figure '7 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of the pouring spout.
Referring now to the drawings in detail wherein for the purpose of illustration I have disclosed a preferred embodiment of the invention, the numeral 5 designates generally the two-part grease collecting chamber comprising a lower grease collecting part or section 6 and an upper pouring part or section I forming a grease collecting chamber.
The parts 6 and 1 are of annular construction and the bottom 8 of lower part 6 is of inverted funnel or conical shape with an upstandingtube 9 at its center. The lower edge of bottom 8 is suitably secured within lower section 6 above the lower edge thereof to providea flange I0 proiecting downwardly below the bottom.
The side wall of upper section 1 is formed with an annular shoulder II which rests on the upper edge of lower section 6 with a gasket I 2 therebetween and the lower edge of upper section 1 telescopes over the upper edge of lower section 6 and is spaced outwardly therefrom to form an annular dri trough or channel [3.
Locking lugs [4 are suitably secured in channel l3 and locking lugs l5 are suitably secured to the outer upper portion of lower section 6 and are formed with sloping confronting edges for locking engagement with each other by a partial rotary movement of one section relative to the other.
An inverted pouring spout I6 is formed outwardly at one side of upper section I with onenings I! in the side wall of the upper section leading to the spout. The shoulder I l is also formed with a drain opening I8 in the drain channel l3 also leading to the spout.
The top I 9 of upper section 1 is of frusto-conical construction sloping toward its center and formed at its central portion with a window opening 20 in which a transparent disk or window 2| is removably positioned.
A handle includes a rod or core 22 having an angular inner end 23 suitably secured in an upstanding position to the outer surface of upper section 1' and with the free end 24 of rod or core 22 projecting substantially horizontally outwardly therefrom. An outer hand grip 25 of square 3 shape in cross section is suitably fixed to the outer end 24 of rod or core 22 and an inner hand grip 26 is rotatably mounted on rod or core 22 inwardly of hand grip 25.
In the operation of the device, the top and bottom chamber sections 6 and I are locked to gether by the lugs l4 and I5 and the assembled sections, with bottom section 6 lowermost, are placed in a cooking vessel 21 to force the section 6 downwardlyinto the liquid inthe vessel. Grease carried-on the surfaceof the liquid will be forced upwardly through tube 9 in a fountain actionto enter the chamber formed of sections 6 and "L and is collected therein. The action of the grease- ,as it is inverted willbe. caughtin dri-pchannel i3 and conveyed to the spout.
-Having described the invention, what is claimed .as; new is: r
l. A grease skimmer comprising two-part chamber adaptedfnr placing in a covering position on a cooking vesselandineluding a top sec .tion and a bottom section, means -lock i-ngrthe sections toeach other, an inverted funnel-shaped ,.,bottom=;inthe bottom section-into Whiclr grease the 1 surface rof liquid l-i-n the cookingyessel enters bvaifountai-n action when the, chamber;
forced downwardlyiinto the liquid, and a P011311 5 vspout for-the top: section. 1 V
2. A grease skimmer comprising-a two-:part
chamber adapted for-placing ina covering position on a cooking vessel and including a-top section-and a bottom section, meanstlocking the ,sections to each other, an inverted funnelshaped ,bottom in the bottom section into which grease .on the surface of liquidinthe cooking vessel enters by a fountain actionwhenthe chamber is forced downwardly into the 'liquid, and an inverted spout for: the top section turned" into pouring position by-an *inverting -movement-r-of the chamber.
3. A grease skimmencompr-isi-ng a two-part .chamber adapted for-placing in acovering position on a cooking-vesseland-including'a-top section and a bottom-section, meansrlocking'the sections to each other, aninverted funnel shaped bottom in vthe bottom section into which grease on the surface -,of- ,1iquid-,inmthe acookingvessel is forced downwardly into the liquid, an inverted p0uring spout for the top section turned into pouring position by an inverting movement of the chamber; and an external inverted drip channel.,on the top section having a drain opening leading to the spout.
5. A grease skimmer comprising ,a two- -part chamber adapted for placing in a covering position on a cookingvessel and includinggatop section and a bottom.:section, meansrilockingthe sections to each other, an inverted-funnel shaped bottom in the bottom section into which grease on the surface ofliquid invthewcookin vessel enters-by a fountain action whenthe; chamber is forced downwardly; into the liquid, aha-inverted pouringspout for the top section turned into-a pouring positionxby can invertingmovementaof the chamber, anda handle fortheichamberi and comprising a fixed. handgri-p,= and :a. rotatable hand grip, one hand grip holdingethe chamber in an elevatedposition-whiletheother; hand grip inverts thechamber. p
" HAROLDC; PEARS ALL.
' REFEEENCES 'CITED The following references are of recordjn the file of this'patent:
Germany July '1-4, 1913 p