|Publication number||US2575876 A|
|Publication date||Nov 20, 1951|
|Filing date||Apr 3, 1950|
|Priority date||Apr 3, 1950|
|Publication number||US 2575876 A, US 2575876A, US-A-2575876, US2575876 A, US2575876A|
|Original Assignee||Fredrick Kausch|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (9), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
N v. 20, 1951 F. KAUSCH FILTER APPARATUS 2 SHEETS SHEET 1 Filed April 3, 1950 INVENTOR.
NOV. 20, 195] sc 2,575,876
FILTER APPARATUS Filed April 5, 19 50 2 SHEETSSHEET 2 F1 .3. i3 441 5 M f 3 fi/ J; MQ
j 2 a 42 43 4/ 6 4 J3 J; z 1o 4 INVENTOR.
Patented Nov. 20, 1951 UNITED S TAT ES OFFICE FILTER APPARATUS Fredrick Kausch, J ersey .City, N. J.
Application April 3, 1950, Serial No. 153,577
This invention relates broadly to filter apparatus, and it has special reference to apparatus for filtering lint, fibres, threads, dust, hairs, wool, fur and other light, air-borne material from an air stream.
One object of the invention isto provide filter apparatus particularly adapted to the purpose of removing lint, fibres, threads, dust and other air-borne materials from the air exhausted from suction fans associated with various industrial apparatus such as are used, for example, in laundries, dry cleaning plants, textile mills, wool processing plants, wood dressing mills, and in other industries where light materials are normally carried off by exhaust fan installations, to. thereby eliminate such materials from the. air of the rooms and thus improve working conditions.
Another object is. to. provide: a filter; apparatus of relatively simple construction. and. few. parts, capable; of being comparatively inexpensively installed: and serviced.
A further object is to provide filter apparatus furnished with means for automatically maintaining the main filtering medium in unobstructed condition and thus capable of continuous operation for extended periods of time.
A still further object is to provide filter apparatus in which provision is made for ready access to operative parts for inspection, repair and.
The invention comprises filter apparatus including a housing having an air inlet. compartment for communication with a source of laden air, a filtering compartment furnished with a filter member and connected with an exhaust passage, means for automatically maintaining the. filter member. in unobstructed condition for proper functioning including a rotative sweep mechanism carrying specially designed. agitator fingers, and a collection. compartment intowhich the material collected from the air by the filter member may be discharged and collected and preferably provided with a removable bin or receptacle for facilitating disposal. of such mate rial, all. as will be explained hereinafter more fully and finally claimed.
In the accompanying drawings illustrating theinvention, in the several figures of which like parts are similarly designated,
; Fig.1. is. a partial sectional front elevation of filter; apparatus embodying the invention,
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the apparatus,,
viewed from the. right. of. Fig. 1, with a portion of the housing broken away,
Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectionalview of the filter. member and. its mounting in the. housing, taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 4,
Fig. 4 is a bottom view of the filter member proper, taken entire line. 4-4 of. Fig. 3, and
Fig. 5 is afurther enlarged fragmentary detail view illustrating a preferred manner of. assembling. elements of the filter member.
The housing. for the apparatus, which is pref;- erably' rectangular in lateral. cross. section, includes a. front wall I, back wall 2, side walls 3 and 4,. and top andbottom walls 5'and 6,.respectively, and is divided in its interior by upper and lower horizontal partitions 1 and 8, respectively, so asto form the three chambersor interiorcompartments', namely the inlet compartment 9, the filtering. compartment l0 and. the collection compartment H.
The top wall 5 is provided with a conduit connection [1' to which is joined a conduit l3 leadingto the source of. air to be filtered, such, for exam.- ple, as the exhaust of a blower for inducing a current of drying air through a laundry drier, and serving to conduct the laden air to the inlet compartment 9 of the filter apparatus, and the hack'wall 2 has an outlet opening M in communication with the filtering compartment I0 and an outletconduit I5 preferably connected with an exhaust fan (not shown).
The front wall. I is furnished with doors l5 and H- whereby access may be had to theseveral compartments 9, l0 and H.
. The partitions l and 8 are provided with circular openings l8: and I9, respectively, axially aligned vertically of the housing, and. extending between these openings is a cylindrical filter screen 20. which: closes the inlet compartment 9 from the: filtering compartment I0, and particularly from the outlet l4 thereof, except through the. interstices of. the screen. Above the upper partition'l, and arranged over its opening. I8, is a hoodor'shield 2| provided in its opposite walls with apertures 22 through which laden air is admitted into the interior of the filter screen. 20 through the partition. opening i8, baiiies 23 being provided toeffectively direct-the new of such air.
Mounted insuitable bearings 24 and 25 secured to. a supporting; plate 26, and a spider 21 at the upper and lower partitions 1 and. 8, respectively, isa. shaft 28 carrying adjacent to the upper and lower bearings 24 and 25 fixed hub members 28 and 3.0,. respectively, to which are secured the radially extending. inner ends 3| and 32, respectively, of. spirally-formed sweep arms 33 (see. particularly Figs. 3 and 4-), and each of these In the construction and mounting of the filter I screen 2 5 the following parts and method-of. as-
sembly are employed. First, preferably upon a.
cylindrical mandrel or form of proper diameter to produce a cylindrical screen appropriate to the size of filter apparatus in which it is to be installed, a sheet of screen wire cloth of proper length and width is shaped to the cylindrical contour of the mandrel or form and its meeting edges joined in a seam by mean of a metal binding strip'or otherwise appropriately. Then a ring 37 of L cross section (Figs. 3 and 5) is slipped over each end of the screen cylinder a distance sufiicient to provide an overlapping portion 38 which is slightly curled over the outer edge of the ring at each end. Then a plurality of threaded stretcher and securing'rod's 4!] (six as shown) are arranged in the openings t! provided for them in the rings 31, and previousl applied stretching and clamping nuts 2 are adjusted upon' the rods to preliminary holding position. Thereafter, substantially similar clamping rings 43 are slipped over the partially curled edges of the ends of the screen member with rod receiving openings engaging the rods 46 and forced toward the previously applied rings 3? to clamp the edges of the screen between the mating flanges of the pairs of rings 37,63. Next, the spider 21 is applied to the outwardly projecting ends of the rods 43 at one end of the screen, and this assembly is then ready for installation in the housing of the apparatus between the partitions 1 and 8. It will be understood that these partitions are provided, bordering their openings I8 and IS, with holes to receive the ends of the rods 40, and when the filter screen assembly is positioned between the partitions the ends of the rods will be passed through these holes. Thereafter, the nuts 42 will be run home against the rings 31 until the filter screen is drawn taut and the outer complemental rings 43 are in tight abutting relation to the inner opposed faces of the partitions l and 8. When'thus arranged, clamping nuts M will be applied at the upper ends of the rods and tightened against the upper face of the partition 1, a funnel or chute member 45 will be positioned upon the lower end of the rods 48 and in contact with the under face of the lower partition 8, and nuts 46 applied to these lower ends of the rods are tightened'up to hold the parts in place.
As shown in Fig. 1, the collection compartment I i may be, and preferably is, provided with a removable bin or receptacle 41, and a false wall 48 and slanting lip 49 are attached to the housing to direct into this receptacle material falling from the funnel or chute 45.
In operation, assuming that means, such as an exhaust fan connected with the conduit l5, are provided for insuring proper forced or induced circulation of air through the inlet and outlet compartments 9 and IE1, respectively, and that the motor 35 is energized to impart rotation to sweep arm members rotate.
the sweep arms 33, it will be apparent that the passage of laden air will be from the inlet compartment 9 through the openings 22 in the hood 2i and the opening is of the upper partition 1 into the interior of the filter screen 29 and outwardly through the interstices thereof to the filter compartment iii and outlet l4.
Lint, fibres, threads and other air-borne materials will be caught by the filter screen, and that which does not adhere to the inner surface of the screen will drop through the chute 45 into the bin 51 in the collecting compartment. Such material as adheres to the interior surface of the screen will be loosened and. swept therefrom by the rotating sweep arms 33 and will also vfall into the collecting compartment.
In this clearing sweeping action the agitator fingers 34 play an important part. They are, as hereinbefore intimated, of a relatively rigid nature, and they do not contact with the filter screen during rotation of their carrying sweep arms 33, but are spaced therefrom approximately and thus will not injure the screen. However, they will perform a sweeping action with respect to the screen adequate to dislodge that material with which they come in contact and other material closely adjacent to it or entangled or intermingled with it. Moreover, by virtue of the spacing of the fingers 36 from the filter screen, a slight deposit of lint or fibres may be left adhering to the screen, and this will serve to arrest the passage of dust and other fine air-borne material through the same.-
It will be noted, moreover, that the spiral formation of the sweep arms 33 and their direction of rotation, as indicated by the arrows a in Figs. 3 andd, will have a screw feed action tending to force collected material toward the chute. Obviously, the construction, mode of assembly, and form of installation of the filter screen 20 make its inspection, removal, repair and replacement relatively easy and expeditious.
Also, the construction of the apparatus and the materials used therein, particularly as regards' the housing and the replaceable filter screen and its connections, are of a simple and inexpensive nature, thus providing for low manufacturing, installation and servicing costs.
Various changes and modifications are considered to be within the principle of the invention and the scope of the following claims.
What is claimed is: r
i. In filter apparatus for removing entrained materials from air, means providing a filter memper in communication with an inlet for laden air and an outlet for cleaned air and interposed therebetween in such a manner as to insure that all incoming air which reaches said outlet will pass through said filter member, said filter member comprising a foraminous cylinder to which air-borne material may adhere, and means for clearing said filter member of the thus adhering material including a rotating shaft arranged axially of said filter member and a pair of similarspiral sweep arm members carried by said shaft and provided with a plurality of individual relatively widely spaced substantially rigid agitator fingers of filar form terminating short of contact with said filter member and adapted to engage the said adhering material, the relative spacing of the agitator fingers upon the two sweep arm members being such as to cause them to travel in separate non-intersecting circular paths relatively to the filter member as the said 2. In filter apparatus, a cylindrical tubular filter member formed of wire cloth, and means for mounting and maintaining said member in taut cylindrical condition, including pairs of complemental L-shaped ring means arranged exteriorly of the filter member for crimping between them and clamping the peripheral edges of said wire cloth at both ends of said member, and stretcher rod means comprising a circular series of rods having their end portions screwthreaded and carrying nuts for engaging the inner and outer faces of the assembled clamping rings at opposite ends of the filter member, the nuts in engagement with the inner opposed faces of said pairs of assembled clamping rings being adjustable to impose a stretching action upon said wire cloth longitudinally of said filter member.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
Number Number 15 269,707
UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Martin Mar. 11, 1890 Cox Oct. 8, 1918 Matlock Dec. 10, 1929 Smith M Oct. 27, 1931 Teague Oct. 19, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Great Britain Apr. 28, 1927
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|U.S. Classification||55/296, 55/496|
|International Classification||B01D46/24, B01D46/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B01D46/2411, B01D46/0065, B01D46/0004, B01D46/0005|
|European Classification||B01D46/00C10, B01D46/00R30M, B01D46/24F4, B01D46/00C20|