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Publication numberUS2576836 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 27, 1951
Filing dateAug 7, 1947
Priority dateAug 7, 1947
Publication numberUS 2576836 A, US 2576836A, US-A-2576836, US2576836 A, US2576836A
InventorsHilsinger Jr Harry A
Original AssigneeBell Telephone Labor Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Switch
US 2576836 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1951 H. A. HILSINGER, JR 2,576,836

SWITCH Filed Aug. 7, 1947 2 SHEETS--SHEET l lNl EN TOR H. A. H/L SINGER, J/P. BY

mam

A T T PA/EV 1951 H" A. HILSINGER, JR 2,576,836

SWITCH Filed Aug.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 FIG. 4

//v l/E/V TOR 5/. A. H/LS/NGER, JR.

ATTORNEV Patented Nov. 27, 1951.

SWITCH Harry A. Hilsinger, In, East Orange, N. 1., as-

signor to Bell York Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New York, N. Y

a corporation of New Application August 7, 1947, Serial No. 766,953

(Cl.- 20H) 6 Claims. 1

This invention relates to electrical switches and particularly to multiple multithrow switches of the rotary type.

Objects of the invention are to increase the number of different switching arrangements available in a rotary multiposition switch and to increase the utility of such a switch structure by making it adaptable to a larger number of different switching conditions than has heretofore been possible.

This invention is a multiposition rotary switch comprising a plurality of switching wipers, each wiper having associated therewith a plurality of contact terminals fixed in an are for successive engagement by the wiper and a feed terminal arranged to be continuously engaged by the wiper, one of the wipers being mounted on a shaft for rotation from one switching position to the next whenever the shaft is rotated from one position to the next and another of the wipers being normally disengaged from the shaft, the shaft being longitudinally movable to engage the normally disengaged wiper whereby rotation of the shaft moves both wipers simultaneously, the shaft being locked in engagement with the second wiper to continue the control of both wipers after it is rotated out of normal position until it is restored to its normal rotary position.

A feature of the invention is a switch as described in the preceding paragraph having an auxiliary switch fixed to the supporting structure of the rotary switch and arranged to be actuated by the end of the shaft when longitudinally moved to control the movement of both of said wipers. The auxiliary switch comprises switching contacts which may be utilized to connect the feed terminals of both sections of the rotary switch in parallel, to open a normally closed connection to one of the feed terminals or to close a normally open connection to one of the feed terminals.

A switch arranged in accrdance with this invention and embodying its features is shown in the drawing which consists of five figures. Referring to the drawing:

Figs. 1 and 2 are perspective views of the switch partly broken away to more clearly show the rotor elements and terminal structure;

Figs. 3 and 4 are elevations partly in section to more clearly show the rotor and terminal structure;

Fig. 5 is a schematic representation of two rotor and stator terminal assemblies and the auxiliary switch which is actuated by longitudinal movement of the shaft.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 3, the switch comprises an end or index assembly plate 20, an intermediate plate 3!], terminal bank mounting plates 40 and 50 and a mounting bracket 65 for an auxiliary switch 64, all of which are held in assembled and spaced positions by the bolts 70 and spacers H. The end plate has staked thereto a bushing l3 which constitutes a bearing for a rotatable shaft II. The shaft II has a knob 9 fixed thereto and has an index wheel of the hill and dale type integral therewith or fixed thereon. The end plate 20 has a bent over section 22 formed to constitute a ball holder which together with spring is holds a steel ball (not shown) in engagement with the periphery of the index wheel. bushing I3, shaft ll, wheel 25, spring I9 and ball held in engagement with the periphery of wheel 25 constitutes an index assembly of known design which assures proper rotary positioning of the shaft H. The end plate 20 has a succession of holes 2| therethrough; and an adjustable stop I8 is positioned so that the lug or post 28 extends through any desired one of the holes 21 to enga e the tooth 26 of the index wheel 25 and thereby limit the rotary movement of the shaft H as desired. The bushing I3 is threaded on the outside and a nut I4 and lock washer [5 are provided to mount the switch assembly on a panel as shown in Figs. 3 and 4.

Each of the terminal bank mounting plates 4il, 50 has attached thereto by metal eyelets 45, 55 a plurality of terminals 45, 41 or 55, 51. The mounting plates may be porcelain or some other suitable insulating material. The outer extension of each of terminals 45, 41, 56, 57 may be soldered to any desired one of a plurality of electrical conductors and the inner end is a double armed wiper adapted to engage the wiper disc of an associated rotor unit. The rotor unit associated with terminal bank consists of a thin circular insulating disc 4| and a circular metal disc 43 spaced apart by a circular insulator 42 of the same thickness as plate 40, all fastened together by rivets 48 so that the disc 4| and disc 43 engage opposite sides of the inwardly projecting teeth of terminal plate 40 to form a floating rotor unit. The rotor unit associated with terminal bank comprises the circular insulating disc 5| and circular metal disc 53 spaced apart by insulator 52, all fastened together by rivets 58 so that the disc 5! and disc 53 engage opposite sides of terminal plate 50 to form another floating rotor unit. Each of the metal discs 43 and 53 has an extending lug or wiper 44 or 54 adapted to engage the bank terminals 45 or one at a time in succession when the rotor element is rotated. The terminals 41 and 51 are feed terminals which extend inwardly to make continuous contact with the associated wiper disc 43 or 53; whereas the inwardly projecting wiper arms of terminals 46 and 55 are shorter so as to engage the associated wiper Thus the plate 20, r

3 disc 43 or 53 only when the wiper lug 44 or 54 is in co respondin rotary position.

There is a rectangular hole through the middle of each of the rotor units for engagement by a flat shaft 60. One end of the fiat shaft 60 extends into a slot in the inner end of the rotor operating shaft so that the round shaft H and the flat shaft 60 are both rotatably controlled by the knob 9. At the inner end of the slot, the flat shaft 60 becomes a circular shaft having sections I6 and 8 of different diameters extending through a lengthwise hole in the rotor operating shaft II. The section I6 of this circular shaft has a diameter equal to the thickness of the flat shaft 60 and the section 8 of the circular shaft is of increased diameter so that the hole I! constitutes a bearing which permits a limited longitudinal movement of the flat shaft 60 within the shaft The circular section 8 extends beyond the knob 9 and a push button I is mounted on its free end. The other end of the fiat shaft an pa ses through the rectangular hole in the first rotor unit and does not normally extend into the rectangular hole in the last rotor unit: but a circular extension SI of the shaft 60 does extend through the hole in the last rotor unit and terminates just short of the operating spring 62 of the auxiliary switch 64. The flat shaft 60 with its circular sections 8, l6 and BI is held in normal longitudinal position by the spiral sprin 32 which extends through a circular hole in plate 30 with one end seated on the insulator 42 of the rotor unit associated with terminal bank 40 and the o her end in engagement with a metal latching disc 29 which is keyed or otherwise fastened to the flat shaft 60 adiacent the slotted end of the round operating shaft Thus the spring 32 norma ly holds the latching disc 29 against the end of shaft so that the lower end of the fla sha t 60 does not normally engag th hnle through the last rotor unit and the end of the extension 6| does not normally en age the operat n spring 62 of the auxiliary switch. When the push but on I is depressed against the pressure of s rin 32. the shaft consisting of sections 9. Hi, 60 and SI is moved longitudinally until the inner end of section 8 engages the shoulder II of the shaft whereby the lower end of the fiat shaft section 69 is positioned to engage the last rotor unit and the latching disc 29 is moved away from t e end of shaft I through the plate 3", into position for engagement with the lu 3| of plate 39 in case the knob 9 is rotated while the pu h button I is depre sed. If the knob 9 is rotated while the push button I is depressed. the fia shaft 60 rotates both rotor units, and the latching disc 29 engages the lug 3| of plate 3' to latch the longitudinally movab e shaft, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4. The shaft 60 is thereby loc ed in operative en agement with the rotor unit of terminal bank 50 until the knob 9 is restored to normal rotary position: at which time. the slot in disc 29 coincides with lu 3| so that 5| It is thus apparent that rotation of knob 9, while push buton 1 is not depressed, effects the rotation of the rotor unit associated with terminal bank '40 and does not effect the rotation of the rotor unit associated with terminal bank 59; and that rotation of knob 9, while the switch is in normal rotary position and while push button I is depressed, effects the rotation of both of the rotor units. I

A further result of the depression of the push button I is that the end of shaft section 6| engages and depresses the operating spring 62 of the auxiliary switch 64, which is mounted by bracket 65 and screws 66 at the end of the rotary switch assembly. The switch 64 is of known design and spring 62 engages the button 63 thereby to actuate the switch whereby a transfer spring breaks one contact and makes another contact as shown in Fig. 5. The feed terminal 47 of terminal bank 40 may be connected to the back contact and the feed terminal 51 of terminal bank 50 to the front contact as shown in Fig. 5 in which case the turning of knob 9 while the push button I is not depressed connects conductor 80 to any desired one of terminals 46; and the turning of knob 9 while the push button I is depressed connects conductor 80 to any desired one of terminals 51.

In an alternative arrangement, the feed terminals 41 and 51 may be electrically connected independent of any auxiliary switch so that every time the knob 9 is turned, a circuit connection is spring 32 restores shaft 8-|660-6| and push button I to n rmal longitudinal position. It is to be noted that depression of the ush bu ton is p evented while the switch is out of normal rotarv position by en agement of disc 29 with the lu 3|: and it is only when th knob is in normal posi i n and the slot in disc 29 coincides in rotary p sition with projection 3| of p ate 30 that push button I may be depressed sufficiently to position latching disc 29 on the other side of plate 39 so as to lock shaft in engagement with the rotor unit associated with terminal bank established through feed terminal 41 and a selected one of terminals 49; and if the push button I is depressed when the knob 9 is turned, a parallel circuit is established through feed brush 51 and the corresponding selected one of terminals 56.

' What is claimed is:

1. A rotary switch comprising a plurality of floating rotary wiper units, a like plurality of terminal banks, one for each wiper unit, each bank comprising a terminal plate of insulating mater al and a plurality of metal electrical contact terminals fixed in spaced relation in the arc of a circle on the surface of the insulator for successive engagement by the associated wiper unit, each of said wiper units comprising a nonconductive circular disc and a conductive circular disc fixed to each other and movably disposed on opposite sides of the associated insulator torotate as a unit with respect to the insulator, said metal disc having an extending portion which const tutes a wiper for successively engaging the associated terminals one at a time, the inner end of one of the terminals in each bank being extended to make continuous contact with the metal disc of the associated rotor unit, the inner end of each of the other terminals in each bank being shorter than said one terminal so as to be normally out of engagement with said metal disc and to be engaged by the extending wiper of said disc only while in corresponding rotary posit on, a rotary shaft, a chassis including a bushing for supporting said shaft and means for mounting said terminal banks in parallel spaced relation. another shaft extending through and lon itudinally movable to a limited e tent with respect to said rotary shaft, said other shaft being rotatable as a unit with said rotary shaft and having an extension of rectangular crosssection pas ing through corresponding openings in a plurality of said rotor units and a further extending porton of circular cross-section normally extending through the rectangular opening in the last of said rotor unit, a circular latching disc fixed on said other shaft adjacent the end'of saidrotary shaft,said latching disc having a slot in its periphery, a latching plate fixed to said chassis, said plate having an extending lug opposite the slot of said latch when said latching disc is in normal rotary position, a spiral spring,

latching plate and to extend the rectangular.

portion of said shaft into engagement with the rectangular opening in the said last rotor unit,

'a knob fixed to the end of said rotary shaft for turning said shaft so that the wiper of each engaged rotor unit makes contact with a corresponding terminal of the associated bank, said latch and latching plate being effective to prevent longitudinal movement of the shaft while in offnormal rotary pos tion and to prevent return of the shaft to normal longitudinal position while the shaft is in off-normal rotary position after having been moved from normal rotary position while also in longitudinal off-normal position.

2. A switch according to claim 1 having an auxiliary switch fastened to said chassis and having an actuating element positioned for operative engagement by the circular extension of said shaft when said shaft and extending portion are in longitudinal off-normal position, said switch comprising electrical contacts for controlling the electrical connections through said wipers and terminals. 3. A multilevel switch comprising a plurality of terminals in each of a plurality of levels, rotary wipers, one for each level for engaging the terminals of the associated level one terminal at a time in succession, means comprising a shaft for rotating said wipers in either direction between two limiting positions to selectively position each of said wipers in engagement with any desired terminal of the associated plurality, one of said two limiting positions constituting a normal position, spring means normally holding said shaft out of engagement with one of said wipers, manually operated means for effecting operative engagement of said shaft and said one of the wipers while maintaining engagement with the other wipers, and means for preventing operation of said manually operated means in any position other than said normal rotary position of said shaft.

4. A multilevel switch comprising a plurality of terminals in each of a plurality of levels, rotary wipers, one for each level for engaging the terminals of the associated level one terminal at a time in succession, means comprising a shaft for rotating said wipers in either direction between two limiting positions to selectively position each of said wipers in engagement with any desired terminal of the associated plurality, one of said two limiting positions constituting a normal position, spring means normally holding said shaft out of engagement with one of said wipers, manually operated means for effecting operative engagement of said shaft and said one of the wipers while maintaining engagement with the other wipers, means for preventing operation of said of terminals in each of a plurality of levels, ro-

tary wipers, one for each level for engaging the terminals of the associated level one terminal at a time in succession, means comprising a shaft for rotating said wipers in either direction between two limiting positions to selectively position each of said wipers in engagement with any desired terminal of the associated plurality, one

of said two limiting positions constituting a normal position, spring means normally holding said shaft out of engagement with one of said wipers, manually operated means for effecting operative engagement of said shaft and said one of the wipers while maintaining engagement with the other wipers, means for preventing operation of said manually operated means in any position other than said normal rotary position of said shaft, an input conductor, an auxiliary set of contacts for connecting said input conductor to said one wiper or to a particular one of manually operated means in any position other than said normal rotary position of said shaft, and latching means rendered efiective by rotary the other wipers, and means actuating said set of contacts only while said shaft is in en agement with said one wiper.

e. A multilevel switch comprising a plurality 7 terminals of the associated level one terminal at a time in succession, means comprising a shaft for rotating said wipers in either direction be" tween two limiting positions to selectively position each of said wipers in engagement with any desired terminal of the associated plurality, one of said two limiting positions constituting a normal position, spring means normally holding said shaft out of engagement with one of said wipers, manually operated means for effecting operative engagement of said shaft and said one of the wipers while maintaining engagement with the'other wipers, means for preventing operation of said manually operated means in any position other than said normal rotary position of said shaft, latching means rendered effective by rotary movement of said shaft from normal rotary position while said manually operated means is operated for locking said shaft in engagement with said one wiper and for preventing disengagement of said shaft until said shaft is restored to said normal rotary position, an input conductor, an auxiliary set of contacts for connecting said input conductor to said one wiper or to a particular one of the other wipers, and means actuating said set of contacts only while said shaft is in engagement with said one wiper.

HARRY A. HILSINGER, JR-

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2639338 *Jun 5, 1951May 19, 1953Honeywell Regulator CoSelector switch
US2654006 *Sep 18, 1950Sep 29, 1953Wilmer H SchaferLight switch unit
US2688683 *Nov 5, 1951Sep 7, 1954Landis & Gyr AgRegulator for electrically heated hot plates
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US5180050 *Oct 15, 1991Jan 19, 1993Delco Electronics CorporationPushbutton rotary switch
US5204502 *Oct 28, 1991Apr 20, 1993Delco Electronics CorporationDual function switching apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/4, 200/14, 200/325, 200/6.00R, 200/7
International ClassificationH01H25/00, H01H19/00, H01H19/58, H01H25/06
Cooperative ClassificationH01H25/065, H01H19/58
European ClassificationH01H19/58, H01H25/06B