US 2577029 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1951 c. c. MOOREHEAD 2,577,029
TOGGLE CLAMP WITH AN ADJUSTABLE PIVOT Filed April 12, 1948 2 SHEETS-SHEET l Clyde 6. Moore/read Dec. 4, 1951 c. c. MOOREHEAD 2,577,029
TOGGLE CLAMP WITH AN ADJUSTABLE PI VOT Filed April 12, 1948 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 &
Inventor C/y de 6. Moore/read die/6o By WWW mg Patented Dec. 4, 1951 OFFICE TOGGLE CLAMP WITH AN ADJUSTABLE PIVOT Clyde 0. Moorehead, Waco, Tex.
Application April 12, 1948, Serial No. 20,539
This invention relates to new and useful improvements and structural refinements in toggle clamps, that is, clamps such as are commonly employed by tool makers or the like, for securely fastening the work to the work bed, and the. principal object of the invention is to facilitate adjustment of the clamp in accordance with the thickness of the work material. I p
This object is achieved by the provision of a toggle clamp including a fulcrumed clamping arm, the fulcrum of which may be raised or lowered with respect to the base of the clamp, so as to accommodate work of varying thickness.
An important feature of the invention lies in its simplicity of construction, ease and convenience of manipulation, and in its adaptability to economical manufacture.
With the above more important objects and features in view and such other objects and features as may become apparent as this specification proceeds, the invention consists essentially of the arrangement and construction of parts as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the invention in position on a work bed;
Figure 2 is a fragmentary perspective detail of the invention;
Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view, taken substantially in the plane of the line 3-3 in Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view, takensubstantially in the plane of the line 4-4 in Figure 1;
Figure 5 is a side elevational view showing the invention in a clamping position on a relatively thick piece of work;
Figure 6 is an elevational view, similar to that shown in Figure 5, but illustrating the invention in its clamping position on a relatively thin piece of work, and
Figure 7 is an elevational view of the invention in its unclamped or released position.
Like characters of reference are employed to designate like parts in the specification and throughout the several views.
Referring now to the accompanying drawings in detail, the invention consists of a toggle clamp designated generally by the reference character ID, the same embodying in its construction a suitable base plate l2 which is provided at one end portion thereof with a support including a pair of spaced parallel, substantially upright members I4 connected together at their upper ends by means of a cross-member l6, as will be clearly apparent.
the cross-member l6 and in the base I2, the upper end of this screw carrying a convenient, knurled knob 20, while the lower end of the screw is formed integrally with an enlarged head 22 which is freely rotatable in a counterbore 24 with which the'base I2 is provided. It will be apparent that in this manner, the screw I8 is prevented from be ing withdrawn upwardly, but it should, of course, be understood that the adjusting screw is freely rotatable.
An internally screw-threaded block 26 is positioned on the screw i8 and is equipped with a pair of laterally projecting trunnions 28 which pivotally engage suitable apertures formed in intermediate portions of a pair of spaced parallel arm members 30. It is to be also noted that the trunnions 28 slidably engage a pair of opposed guides assuming the form of elongated recesses or slots 32 formed in the aforementioned support members [4.
A suitable pressure pad 34, intended to engage the work, is pivoted to one end of the arm members 30 as at 36, the pad 34 being formed with a rough work engaging surface 38 for obvious reasons.
An angulated lever 40 is pivoted intermediately of its length as at 42 to a pair of spaced brackets or lugs 44 provided on the base plate [2, one end portion of this lever constituting an actuating handle 46, while its remaining end portion is pivoted as at 48 to a pair of spaced parallel toggle links 50.
These links are, in turn, pivoted as at 52 to the remaining ends of the arm members 30, a suitable, tubular spacer 54 being interposed on the pivot pin 52 between the links 50, as is best shown in Figure 4.
The base I2 is formed with a suitable aperture 56 to accommodate a screw 58 whereby the entire clamp may be firmly secured to a work bed 60, and when the invention is placed in use, as inicated in Figure 5, the work 62 which is to be clamped in position is simply placed under the pressure pad 34 and the handle 46 of the lever 40 is swung downwardly to the position shown, so that the pressure pad 34 is brought in firm, frictional contact with the work.
Needless to say, the arrangement of the lever 40 and of the link 50 is such that when the handle 46 is swung downwardly, the pivot 48 passes beyond the dead center of the pivot 42, 48, 52, so that the required toggle action is present to retain the clamp in its locked position, until such time as the handle 46 is raised to unlock the An adjusting screw I8 is rotatably mounted in clamp. as shown in Figure 7.
g The essence of novelty in the invention resides in the ability of the clamp to be adjusted in accordance with work of different thicknesses, as is exemplified in Figure 6, wherein the piece of work 64 is relatively thinner with respect to the aforementioned work piece 62.
In this instance, it is only necessary to rotate the adjusting screw I8 by means of the knob 20, so as to lower the fulcrum of the arm members 30 with respect to the base [2, and when the required adjustment has been effected, the clamp may be locked by simply depressing the handle 46, as has been already described. 7 g
It is believed that the advantages and use oi the invention will be clearly apparent from the foregoing disclosure and accordingly, further de-- scription thereof at this point isv deemed un necessary.
While in the foregoing there has been shown and described the preferred embodiment of this invention it is to be understood that minor changes in the details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted towithout departing from the spirit and scopeof the invention as claimed.
. Having described the invention what is-claimed as new is:
In a toggle clamp, the combination of a base, a pair of spaced uprights provided on said base and having opposing vertical slots provided therein-,.a.cross'-member connecting upper ends of said uprights, a vertical adjusting screw rotatably but non-slidably journaled in said base and said cross-member between said supports, an internally screw-threaded fulcrum block threaded on said screw for vertical movement when the screw is rotated, a pair of coaxial trunnions projecting to opposite sides from said block and slidable in the respective slots, an arm comprising a pair of transversely spaced members having intermediate portions thereof pivotally mounted on the respective trunnions between said block and the respective uprights, a work engaging pad pivotally mounted. between said members at one end of'safi' am, an actuating lever pivoted to said base, and toggle linkage operatively connecting said lever the other end of said arm.
CLYDE C. MOOREHEAD.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS