US 257708 A
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No Model.) J HOWARD I 4 Sheets-Sheet 1.
STOCK GAR. No. 257,708. Patented May 9, 1882.
(No Model.) r 4 Sheets-Sheet 2.
No. 267,708. Patented May 9.1882.
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5 UNITED "STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES HOWARD, OF TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 257,708, dated May 9, 1882.
Application filed December 19, 1881. (No model.) A
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, JAMES HOWARD, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain, residing at Toronto, in the county of York, Dominion of Canada, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Railway Stock-Oars, of which the followingis aspecifieatiou.
My invention relates to railway stock-cars, the object being to provide certain improvementswhereby the feeding and watering'of stock are facilitated during transportation.
To this end my invention consists in the combination, with the feed'bins, troughs, and connecting spouts, of tubes arranged to hang in the upper ends of said spouts, and adapted to be loweredbelow the level of the contents of said bins for the purpose of permitting the passage of feed in definite quantities to the troughs. t
Theinventiou also consists in the combination, with a stock-car, of vertically-slidin g doors provided with troughs; also, in the combination, with such cars, of vertically-sliding andflexible partitions adapted to divide the car into compartments; and, further, in certain novel features of construction, as hereinafter more fully set forth.
Inthe accompanying drawings, which fully illustrate my invention, Figure 1 is aside elevation of a'double-decked stock-car embodying my improvements. Fig.2 is a similar view of a sin gle-decked car. Fig. 3 is a perspective View of my improved sliding door with trough combined. Fig. 4 is a transverse section of a single-deckedcar, showing the body-rest, bins, troughs, and .connectiou's,'the sections on opposite sides 'of the car being in different vertical planes. Fig.5 is a transverse sectionaldetail of a double-decked car. Fig. 6 is a partial longitudinal section of a double-decked car, showing feed spouts and connections. Fig. .7 is a sectional detail of one of the flexible partitions. Fig. 8 is auend view of a car. Fig. 9
is a longitudinal sectionof myimproved bodyand spring catch. Fig. 12, is an end elevation of sliding frame-carrying rail.
Like letters indicatelike parts in the sa era'l views.
The car may be constructed with a single floor, as shown in'Fig.2, or with a. lower deck, .A, and upper deck, A, as shown in Fig.1,and
the upper deck may be arranged in such a manner as to be removable for the purpose of adapting the car for the transportation of either large or small animals.
Above the roof B, and extending the length of the car on each side, are the feed-bins O O,
which are subdivided by partitions into separate spaces to contain the food for the respect ive animals, said spaces being arranged to communicate with the troughs D Dbyspouts E E, that are arranged at suitable intervals.
while the short spouts E extend only to the upper troughs.
The outer walls of the feed-bins, spouts, and. troughs maybe flush with thesides of thecar,
or may project beyond the car-body, as shown in Figs. 4 and 8. By this latter construction additional space is gained without increasing the weight ofthe car.
, The openings by which the spouts E E communicate with the bins G are governed by tubes 41, which are suspended by cords or hands I), so as to be raised or lowered at will. It is obvious that, if the upper ends of the tubes a a are above the level of the-grain or other feed contained in the bins, none can escape through the spouts; but if the tubes are lowered, so thattheir upper ends will be below the level of the contents of the bins, a free p'assage to the troughs will be afforded.
v The cords by which the tubes are suspended may be wound upon the shalt 0, so as to allow the tubes to descend by gravity when the shaft is permitted to rotate; but, instead otlwinding the cords on the shaft, it is preferable to simply pass them ovcr the same and attach. their opposite ends to the upper and lower ends of the tubes, asshown in Fig. 4, thus allowing. the tubes to be raised and lowered with apositive motion.
The shafts 0, over which the cords or bandspass, are arranged on each side of ihe'car in the upper and inner corners of the bins, and project beyond the car at one or both ends. Each shaft is provided with "a wheel, G, by which it is rotated so as to simultaneously lower and raise all the tubes on either side of the car. This wheel is arranged at the end and outside of the car, so as to be readily operated from the roof by the'brakenian'or at tendant. The wheel is provided with spokes or pins g, by which it is turned, and these/pins; are placed at such predetermined distances apart as will enable the attendant, by a pan, tial rotation of the" wheel, to graduate thequaii-j which they are secured when raised. A receptacle; H, for water or coarse food-such as liayis arranged beneath the carat its center.
In order to preventthe cattle from falling over with fatigue or jolting of the ear, and bein g so exposed to danger of trampling or other injury,'adjustablefrests K K K are arranged inthe car. The'center part of the rest is sup- ;liingedjlevers 7c k, which are adapted. to fold under rest when the samcis lowered to the floor of the car. The body-rest K is raised and lowered by means of a rod, h, whicheiigages tity of feed to be discharged into the troughs with a Ie er m, arranged beneath the car, so
It is obvious that, the areaof the bins amp the number and diameter of the tubes a being iwwn'ie' nell fl e ra or na n it e shattc necessary to lower said tubes certain 5 distanee'gtlie pins ontiiewheelG may befrea' d- 1 15" iflacedso that by ov o d pais fiX re ns a definite" art o'f"the' conte the binsima/y b a gd t Pleaslliel On the outer side of each 'bin Iisa i loop or catchfd, which is adapted'to' engage with the pins gin turn" and tli us'vhold the tubes f at anydesired' point. 'Byti'l'rning the wheel;
past the "spring-loop-d the" tubes at on either side of theear willjbe simultaneously lower'e "any 'deiinit'e distance, asbelore described. 'wheriitlie car-is noten'tirely occupied, and it is desired-to "supply" on'lya par thet be ve t e 1 min s dewa s? mtinents niay be hookedfup, to-remain V i n operative.
wjliieh open on the outer smear th ear,
bins at tlie 'top o'f tli'eear. "The troiiglisztre di vided into com iartments byineansot' partitions d, Fig. 4. which are perforated at or ne'ar 1 the bottom at 'dfforthe passage; ofwater with- I out liability 'of' swashing from end "to end of the troughs or their compartments; Acc'ess' to'the car is proyided by openings on al y-sl r 'm on hasrr vm a or each floor or deck on both" sidesojf the car.
This vertically-slidih g door, as illustrated in Fig. 3, is 'de'siguedto act not only as door, i
but also as a trough for that portion of abou in whi h t i i 'd; th t n ue; t it' i clinedcover D b'eing constructed injand fo jinline is "thus seeurejd from "en d to end of the car th t i e ii swi fl h s pp n a i -7 shipping of the'stoek. The doors "DPa're yer-'- tically grooved *or recessed ohaeh fi'de at 1 dti a d' r' d ee' lspo tl g it t a e ton g ies or rails 01 d, 'wniqnar placed in "the doorways for'the doors to slide up'and down upon. ho doors are provided with gravity-- latches d orfoith ei suitable"fasteningsy'by that the rest can be operated from either side. One or more of these rests maybe arranged longitudinally, covering" the center and "sides 's uchwidthitliat it will p s p ween the fore an d hindlegsof the animals and furnish a suitable siipportior their bodies. The parts against I gdor otherwise secured; Before the stockis driven in to the earthe'rest is lyiiigoh the iloor,"and after theaiiimals'h ave part oFtlierest isriiised by neans of the'lever 80 a i'df "fin h, e l ii qj t0 e" animabflu o v a in ju i'eee fi a u a d Pr entin ie cattle from fa llin'g orlyin'g down. The's'ides 'purpose ot'preyeiitinfgtoofniueh'transve e osimi We M111 ;L dI fiS i y bene rea w'nn caiii'asorpadde'dl"* Theeiiriseapable of being divided into any suitable number of stalls or eompartineiits'by inea s"*of cross-rails L. (Shown in Figs; 7 and and" horizo'iially-ii'n the frames Q, suchi lieilig"'s l'ppoifted upori'and slidinghorizo ally ud 1 1 X5 Tffl l (51-1 L l t i 5f th f /i 1 'tlieflan'g'ed platew', secured to ing on the rails It, wherby'largerforsmaller spaces n'aybe'left betw'eenthe frames -ziid the f franiewill in practice be "recessed in order to receiye'thebody-rest and 'inain'ta'in' it" in position: 'These ifailsmaybe raised'oi' lowered to .7 P f 1. 3 l it c ntra al a etiwro un i -b a d, M or t b u'e ienee of the train attend'an ts, and 'at each "end reruns-mama a br'aeketj O, is secured to the an afdjustabldbridge,Pfivhich is held ii'ipla ee n'eeti'o' so as to obviate jar should the bridges as cat we e in e ie b' eicon c w en By-means of tliisbridg'e the brakefrom tied theeo'n struotion of only those parts of'tlie car. which are embraced inmy' mp ovements.
K K are then *tlirow'n' into position for "the a e f w e -rail ar "b nnedtinisl na'. fra lnes1Q,f' are arranged to slide \ert ly rarnes, rest Tsetsof rails." The lower railsiu each sliding;
"lby "iiiez nsof 'a' spirin g, p, or other yielding eon' "Iirtlie 'ibrgoing specification I have speci Thes'e'iniprovenien ts,'it will be seen ai of such ported in a horizontal position by means of t eir ttend; an instal Sa e y nature that they may bereadily applied to any ordinary stock-cars now in use, the construction of which in other respects may be of any suitable or approved kind.
With the aid of my improvements stock may be transported with safety and in such a manner that theanimals can be fed and watered while the train is in motion with the expenditure of but little time and without danger to the attendants.
It should be observed that by the employ ment of the sectional food-bin a series of-separate receptacles are provided which extend along the top of the car, so that the food for each animal is retained separate from that for the otheranimals; and, further, by providing a tube for each food-receptacle the animals can all be served alike with an even or uniform quantity of food. The arrangement also provides for the promiscuous loading of the cars, as it is immaterial how the animals are arranged, as each will have its own supplyot' food taken from a food-receptacle separated from those containing the food for the remaining animals. a
What I claim as my invention is 1. In a stock-car, a vertically-sliding door provided with a trough or receptacle for food and water, and adapted to be. secured at any desired elevation, substantially as described.
2. In a stock-car, the combination of the swinging body-rest, the levers pivotally connected at one end to the same and atthe other end to the car-floor, a rod attached to the bod yrest and projecting downward therefrom, and a lever located beneath the car and connected with said rod for swinging the body-rest, substantially as and for the purpose described.
3. Ina stock-car, thecombination, with feedbins arranged at the top of the car. and spouts leading therefrom to troughs at the sides of the car, of tubes arranged in the upper ends of said spouts and adapted to be raised above or lowered below the contents of the bins for the purpose of regulating the passage of feed by gravitation to the troughs, substantially as described.
4. In a stock-car, thecombination, with a feed-bin and its discharge-spouts, of a shaft arranged in said bin and having on its projecting end a registering-wheel, tubes arranged to hang in the upper ends of the dischargespouts, and cords or bands connecting saidtubes with the shaft, whereby the rotation of said shaft will cause the tubes to be lowered below the level of the contents of the bin, and thereby permit the passage of feed by gravitation through-the discharge-spouts, substantially as described.
5. I11 a stock-car, the combination, with a bin having suitable discharge-spouts, a shaft providedwith registering-Wheel, having projecting pins and tubes arranged to hang in the upper ends of the spouts and connected with the shaft by cords or'bands, of a spring-catch adapted to engage with the pins on the registering-wheel, and thereby prevent the rotation of its attached shaft, substantially as described.
6. In a stock-car, the combination of feedbins arranged above the roof, troughs arranged at the sides of the car and having tops provided with hinged covers, spouts connecting said bins and troughs, vertically-sliding doors provided with troughs, flexible partitions adapted to divide the car into compartments, and an adjustable body-rest adapted to be raised and lowered,substantially as shown and described.
7. In a stock-car, sliding cross-rails supported in sliding frames carried on the sides of the car, said cross-rails constituting partitions, and also serving to maintain the body-rest in position, as described. a
8. In a stock-car, a series of separate foodreceptacles arranged along the top of the car, on each side thereof, tocontain the food for each animal separate from tlrat for the others, in combination with a series of tubes, a, one for each food-receptacle, and means for operating the same, substantially as and for the purposes described.
Toronto, Canada, December. 8, 1881 JAS. HOWARD.
In presence of- HUGH O. BAINES, H. PINGLE.