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Publication numberUS2577240 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 4, 1951
Filing dateOct 1, 1949
Priority dateOct 1, 1949
Publication numberUS 2577240 A, US 2577240A, US-A-2577240, US2577240 A, US2577240A
InventorsFindley Robert L
Original AssigneeFindley Robert L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Suture hemostat
US 2577240 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

. 4, 1 51 R. L. FlN-DL EY 2,577,240

SUTURE HEMOSTAT Filed 001;. l, 1949 W/AWM Patented Dec. 4, :1951

OFFICEf swim nEMosmr I J. Robert L: Findley, WilmingtomCalif. Application October 1, 1949, Serial No. 119,110

is'claims. (01.128440) This invention-relates to anovel sutureihemostat whereby the edges of a wound may be drawn together by sewing or inserting a thread in an appropriate manner well known in the medical profession. The purpose of this suturing is to prevent bleeding at the incision.

An object of my inventionis to provide a novel suture hemostat in which an efiective knot or loop can be tied in a simple and effective manner by the physician for thegpurpose of drawing together the edge of a wound.

Another. objectofmy invention is to provide a novel 'suture. ,hemostat including a bobbin and involving a novel, means of moving the bobbin or shuttle from side to side in order to forma knot or stitch. g

A feature of my invention is to provide anovel suture hemostat inwhich the needle and the shuttle or bobbin are self contained in the instrument, as well as a novel means to movethe shuttle or bobbin from side toside while the stitching is continuing.

Another.- feature of my invention. is to provide a novel manually operable meanstc, move the shuttle. or bobbin from side to side while the suturing is continuing.

Other objects, advantages and features ofinvention may appear from the" accompanying drawing, the subjoined detailed description and the appended claims. I I

In the drawing-- e s Figure l is a perspective view of'my suture hemostat. V p

Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of the jaws of the hemostat. 1

Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectionalview taken on line 3--3 of Figure 1. 3 V

Figure 4 is an; end view of my suturehemostat taken from the direction-of theline l4 of Figure 3. 1

Figure 5 isa 'agrammaticviewshowing the method of looping the thread and moving the shuttle through this loop. I V

Figure 6 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of a modified form of my invention.

Figure 7 is a fragmentary perspective view of the jaws of a hemostat showingfstill another modification of my invention.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, my

suture hemostat l includes a pair of jaws 2--3 which are pivotally secured together by the pin this. needle projects.upwardlyv from therjaw .2

. and. is adapted to 'fit between the bifurcations 5 of the jaw 3 in the closed position of the instrument. This closed position of the instrument is perhaps best shown in Figure 4.

A lateral groove or recess 1 is formed in the needle 6 and in the closed position of. the instrument this grooveis aligned .with the bifurcations 5 of. the. jaw 3 and. also directly in alignment with the shuttle or. bobbin 8. This shuttle is adapted to move laterally of the instrument and from one bifurcation to the other of the jaw 3.

In. moving laterally, the shuttle 8 passes through the groove 1 of the needle 6 and in this movement the end, of. the threadv 9- is passed through the loop 10, thus forming the proper knot or stitch which permits the edge of the incision to be drawn together to prevent bleeding, which is well known in the art. The end of the thread is attached to the bobbin 8, as shown at ll,.-and. the thread passes through aaslot l2 in pressing' these fingers the. shuttle will be forced 4. The outer end. of the upper jaw 3 is bifurcated, as shown at 5, the purpose of which will be further. described.

A needle 6 is fixedly mounted inthe .iaw {and thebobbim thus permitting thethread to move lengthwise ofthebobbin and permitting the bob- .bin'to. move into the opening I5 or [6 in the bifurcation'of thejaw 3 and without binding the bobbin.

To move the shuttle 8 back and forth from one bifurcation to the other, I provide a pair of flexible spring fingers |3-l4 preferably formed of wire, which are attached at one end to the jaw 3, the other end of each spring. fingerprojecting into the outer ends of a lateral bore. 15 or 16 which are formed in the bifurcations of the Jaw 3. The spring fingers l3l4 thus will engage the outer. end of theyshuttle 8 and by delaterally from onebifurcation 5 to the other, thus moving through the. groove 1 .of the. needle .6 .andforming aproper tie with the loop. [0,.which is constantly formed in the thread 9. The needle S is provided with a bore l7 adjacent its tip and the thread 9 passes through this bore, as best shown-in Figure 2. The shuttle 8 is somewhat longer than thedistance between the bifurcation of the jaw 3 so that the shuttle can span this *opening; In operation, the jaws 2 and 3 are "brought together which" places the parts in the position shown in Figure 1. The operator now depresses either the spring finger I 3 or the finger ll, depending upon which side the shuttle 8 is resting. When the finger l3 or I4 is thus depressed, it will pass into the end of the bore ['5 or IE, thus pushing against the end of the shuttle 8 andforcing this shuttle across the opening and pass the needle 6 and into the opposite lateral bore.

In Figure 6, I have shown a modified form of my invention, again including pivoted jaws [8- IS, the lower jaw l8 being provided with a needle 20, which is identical in construction to the needle 6, previously described. The needle moves into a vertical opening 2| in the upper jaw [9 when the instrument is closed. A shuttle 22 is mounted in the upper jaw l9 and this shuttleis adapted to move lengthwise of the jaw I9, as shown. A guide tube 23 is secured to the upper said other jaw having an opening therein into which the needle may extend, a shuttle mounted in the other jaw and movable across said opening and from one side of the needle to the other side thereof, said needle having a hole therein through which the suturing thread extends, and said shuttle having a slot therein for the securement of the end of a suturing thread, and manually operablemeans engageablewiththe shuttle jaw I9 and a flexible spring wire 24 is mounted I in this arcuate tube and is moved within the tube by the pin 25 attached tothe spring wire. The shuttle 22 moves into suitable bores 26in the jaw I9 and is moved across the op ing 2|;

by means of the wire 24 which presses against the back of the shuttle 22 in the same manner having a slot 28 extending from one edge thereof,

as shown. The needle 29 extends into this slot in the closed position of the instrument and the shuttle 30 moves across this slot in the same mannor as the shuttle 22, and is actuated in the same manner as the shuttle 22, namely, by a flexible wire 3!, which moves in a guide tube 32. In

Figures 6 and 7, the shuttles 22 or 30 are moved across the openings 2! or 28 by the flexible wire 24 or 3|, and this wire is caused to engage either end of the shuttle by the manual manipulation of the pin 25, all of this occurring after the jaws l8-l 9, or 26-27 are closed.

My suture hemostat will facilitate the securing of the hemostasis of long incisions, such as hysterectomy or the'cutting of greater omentum in gastric surgery. That is, my instrument will efiectively tie off the edge of an incision to prevent bleeding.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. A suture hemostat comprising a pair of pivoted jaws, a needle projecting from one of said jaws and extending towards the other jaw, theother jaw having an opening therein into which said needle may extend, said needle having a'hole therein through which the thread extends, a shuttle mounted in saidother jaw for movement across said opening, and manually operable means to move said shuttle across said opening and adjacent the needle, means on'the shuttle to secure the .end of the thread thereto and cooperating with the thread carried by.the.: needle to formaknot.

2. A suture hemostat comprising a pair ofplvoted jaws, a needle projecting from one of said jaws and extending toward the other jaw, the other jaw having an opening therein into which said needle may extend, said needle having a- 'said jaws and projecting towards the other" jaw,

tomovelthe same from} one side of theneedle to the other.

4. A suture hemostat comprising a pair of pivoted jaws, a needle fixedly mounted in one of said jaws and projecting towards the other jaw. said other jaw having an opening therein into which the needle may extend, a shuttle mounted in the'other jaw and movable across said opening and ,jr'rom one side of the needle to the other side thereof, said needle having a hole therein through which the suturing thread extends, and said shuttle having a slottherein for the securement of the end of a suturing thread, and manually operable means engageable with the shuttle to move the same from one side of the needle to the other, and said needle having a groove in the side thereof through which the shuttle passes as it moves'from one side of the needle to the other.

5. A suture hemostat comprising a pair of pivoted jaws, a needle fixedly mounted in one of said jaws and projecting towards the other jaw, said other jaw having an opening therein into which the needle may extend, a shuttlemounted in the other jaw and movable across said opening and from one side of the needle to theother side thereof; said needle having a hole therein through which the suturing thread extends, and said shuttle having a slot therein for the securement of the end of a suturing thread, and manually operablemean's engageable with the shuttle to move the same from one side of the needle to a the other, said manual means to actuate the shuttle, including a flexible wire engageable with the shuttle and manually operable to move said shuttle in the other jaw. v V

6. A suture hemostat comprising a pair of pivoted jaws, a needle fixedly mounted in one of said jaws and projecting towards the other jaw, said and said needle h'avingfa groove in the side thereof through which the shuttle passes as it moves from one side of the needle to the other, said manual means to'actuate the shuttle, includingaflexible'wir'e' engageable with the shuttle, and manually operable to move said shuttle in the otherja'w;

7.: A sut'ure hemostat'comprising a pairof pivoted jaws, a needle fixedly mounted in one of said'jaws and projecting towards theother jaw, said other jaw having an opening therein into which said needle projects; a shuttle reciprocally mounted in said other jaw and movable across said opening and adjacent the needle, said needle having .a' hole extending therethrough, through which the suturing'threadpasses, said shuttle having a slot therein for the securement of the end of the suturing thread,a tubular guide on the other jaw, and a flexible wire in said tubular guide and slidably mounted therein, the ends of said flexible wire engaging the shuttle to move said shuttle across the opening and adjacent the needle. 7

8. A suture hemostat comprising a pair of pivoted jaws, a needle fixedly mounted in one of said jaws and projecting towards the other jaw, said other jaw having an opening therein into which said needle projects, a shuttle reciprocally mounted'in said other jaw and movable across said opening and adjacent the needle, said needle having a hole extending therethrough, through which the suturing thread passes, said shuttle having a slot therein for the securement of the 15 1.352.50

end of the suturing thread, a tubular guide on the other jaw, and a flexible wire in said tubular 6 guide and slidably mounted therein, the ends of said flexible wire engaging the shuttle to move said shuttle across the opening and adjacent the needle, said needle having a groove in one side thereof through which said shuttle passes as it moves across said opening.

ROBERT L. FINDLEY.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Ftacek Sept. 14, 1920 2,507,814 Rantanen May 16, 1950

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1352508 *May 12, 1919Sep 14, 1920Joseph FtacekSewing-pliers
US2507814 *Jul 11, 1947May 16, 1950Rantanen Alfonso WHand sewing machine
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2802467 *Nov 4, 1954Aug 13, 1957Mary E McnallyWire loop former
US4406237 *May 13, 1981Sep 27, 1983Janome Sewing Machine Co. Ltd.Suturing instrument for surgical operation
US4414908 *Nov 26, 1980Nov 15, 1983Janome Sewing Machine Co. Ltd.Suturing machine for medical treatment
US4417532 *Jun 5, 1981Nov 29, 1983Janome Sawing Machine Industry Co., Ltd.Suturing instrument for surgical operation
US5364408 *Sep 4, 1992Nov 15, 1994Laurus Medical CorporationEndoscopic suture system
US5458609 *May 4, 1993Oct 17, 1995Laurus Medical CorporationSurgical needle and retainer system
US5522820 *Nov 9, 1994Jun 4, 1996ArthrotechMethod and apparatus for suturing tissue
US5540704 *Mar 2, 1994Jul 30, 1996Laurus Medical CorporationEndoscopic suture system
US5575800 *Nov 14, 1994Nov 19, 1996Laurus Medical CorporationEndoscopic suture system
US5578044 *Sep 26, 1994Nov 26, 1996Laurus Medical CorporationEndoscopic suture system
US5662664 *May 18, 1995Sep 2, 1997Laurus Medical CorporationEndoscopic suture system
US5700272 *Sep 27, 1995Dec 23, 1997Laurus Medical CorporationEndoscopic suture system
US5713910 *Nov 7, 1995Feb 3, 1998Laurus Medical CorporationNeedle guidance system for endoscopic suture device
US5741277 *Jun 25, 1996Apr 21, 1998Laurus Medical CorporationEndoscopic suture system
US5741279 *Nov 6, 1996Apr 21, 1998Laurus Medical CorporationEndoscopic suture system
US5980538 *Sep 3, 1998Nov 9, 1999Werner FuchsSurgical suturing instrument
US6048351 *Apr 10, 1998Apr 11, 2000Scimed Life Systems, Inc.Transvaginal suturing system
US6346111Sep 30, 1999Feb 12, 2002Scimed Life Systems, Inc.Suturing instruments and methods of use
US6955643Jun 12, 2003Oct 18, 2005Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Endoscopic suture instrument
US6984237May 22, 2002Jan 10, 2006Orthopaedic Biosystems Ltd., Inc.Suture passing surgical instrument
US7033370Sep 12, 2003Apr 25, 2006Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Suturing instruments and methods of use
US7060077May 18, 2001Jun 13, 2006Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Suturing instruments and methods of use
US7232447Jun 12, 2003Jun 19, 2007Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Suturing instrument with deflectable head
US7442198Jun 12, 2003Oct 28, 2008Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Suturing instrument with multi-load cartridge
US7608084Sep 23, 2004Oct 27, 2009Ran OrenSuturing instrument and method
US7833235Mar 13, 2006Nov 16, 2010Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Placing sutures
US8070032 *Dec 10, 2008Dec 6, 2011Tagge Bryan CApparatus, system, and method for middle turbinate medializer
US8123762Aug 19, 2004Feb 28, 2012Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Suturing instrument
US8257369Sep 18, 2008Sep 4, 2012Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Suturing instrument with pivotable distal portion
US8366725Oct 12, 2010Feb 5, 2013Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Placing sutures
US8398660Jan 13, 2012Mar 19, 2013Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Suturing instrument
US8690898Jun 24, 2005Apr 8, 2014Smith & Nephew, Inc.Suture passing surgical instrument
US8696687Sep 6, 2005Apr 15, 2014Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Endoscopic suturing instruments
US8709021Nov 5, 2007Apr 29, 2014Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Suturing instrument
US8771295May 1, 2009Jul 8, 2014Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Suturing instrument and method for uterine preservation
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/145, 112/169
International ClassificationA61B17/04
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/0491
European ClassificationA61B17/04M