|Publication number||US2577398 A|
|Publication date||Dec 4, 1951|
|Filing date||Oct 1, 1949|
|Priority date||Oct 1, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2577398 A, US 2577398A, US-A-2577398, US2577398 A, US2577398A|
|Original Assignee||Blake Virginia|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (27), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
V. BLAKE Dec. 4, 1951 DIAPER 2 YSHEETS--SHEET 1 Filed Oct. 1, 1949 INVENTOR.
V. BLAKE Dec. 4, 1953 DIAPER 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 Filed Oct.
m m m W Patented Dec. 4, 1951 l Ee- PATENT OFFICE iolaima (01. 128-287)- This: invention relates toia diaperf structures The: chiefi object off the} present inventiom is? tocprovide in:a.-diapera moisturezrepellant, or; water blocking; sheet; of:f"fiexiblei material; whiclr. can/ be removedli to. permit: boiling washing: and: ironing off the? other: portions of: saidr. diaper. and wherein the: blocking sheetiim use at ail: times: isf fully masked orrcovered s'o thata-imthatidiaperz use this: sheet cannot: have. contactiiwithzthez fants skin.
The chiefzfature ofitties-present inventiomresides: in forming: an pocket-1m: a" diaper which pocketv is adaptedi to 1 receives a2. water: blocking; or: mDiStiIle: repelling: sheet, andi whicln. sheen; fully concealed so that? whemthesdianerrstructuree is mounted for use no part of said blocking sheet? is exposed for contact withatheskinzofctheidnfant.
The; fact: that: the: blocking: sheet; is; both; removable and; covered: provides that: any suitable blocking sheet material. may: be'rutilized' regard-P- lessz of: whether: it upon: skin surface contact: would? cause? sores; etc;,. or: whether it cam be hoiled;..wa-slied onironedf: without undue:=deterio-- ration,- etc;
The: present:- invention: accordingly} permits. a: sing-lei: blocking: sheet tobe:- interchangeably; utilized ini a plurality-of diapers; This: permits; a set" of diapers-z tosberlsolda as aaunlt with but onecblocking:sheetztherebytreducingrtheun'it cost peridiapenp Other objects? andu features; off the invention will her-set: forth-:mo're; fully hereinafter.
'llherfulhnaturesoi theeinvention willbeeundem stood from the accompanying;drawings andithe fOllGWiIigZdi-ZSCHD'HGHEIM claim:
In the drawings Fig. 1 is a plantviewx ofiioneeembodiment of the invention looking atutheninside or; absorbing surface side thereof.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of said diaper struc- 40 ture.
Fig;.3fiis a plan view onaas'econd embodiment of thecinvention...
Fig. 4 is a sectional viewlthereofu Fig. 5 is a plan view ofa; thirdembodiment of 4a the invention.
Fig; 6isa=sectionalviewthreoff Fig: 7 is a plan"- view with successive portions turned back and -ofa-further form of the invention.
Reference is first had to Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings wherein l0 indicates the outside sheet or cover fabric or body that can be of any suitable material determinable by the purchaser's and/or colorsand/or decoration which may take theform of? notion type edgings well known' in the infant garment trade;
1' generally-indicates one-or more-layers of water absorbing;sheet"material.t If-of more than one layer, they may be of dissimilar material and in some instancesmaycomprise a pad-like formation. Thisportionxof the garment broadly is: termedi the pad: portion because it is of" ab-- sorbingtor blotting" type. The layer that is outer most? preferably is that known as: birds eye diaperrclothor equivalentmaterial.
l2 indicates'an' intermediate water repellant,- moisturei blocking: sheet material that, prevents moisture in the-inner sheet or pad II from passing to and wetting the outer sheet aforesaid.
The: foregoing; broad description applies to all forms: of; the invention hereindisclosed as Well asr-many others patented: or otherwise which seek tordisplace the-concurrent use of 'ordinarydiapers withta pairxof so-called rubberpants, suchconventional usage-having; many present-well-known objections;
Again:referring-tto'rFigs. l-and 2;Athe body portion llrrcomprises twoalayers Ill -and- IO peripherally securedstogetherat [0 as by'sewing. It iss generally of" hourglass form: havin reentrant central'portion Wand-band forming'end portions IhandtlE; The latterrmay'have included therein; elastic: tape IS: The aforesaid body may, mount suitable connectors as complementary snap ia'stenerscl land :I 8;,
Superposedi upon and: suitably secured to body Hlrfaszbysewing l9; along three sidesis the pad portion Hr aforesaid; comprised of one or more layers of absorbingrmaterial such as: birds-eye diaper cloth. AILIayers-preferably arexperipherailysewedtogether. Herein endl l is not fixed tovthes body I 0;so that- -a..pocket .is formedsby the pa'dzandioody:
The pad: I I is also-ofliourglass' form but herein is' not asilong fas-rb'ody' lll 'nori'as wide at the band portiom8; Herein:it"is"as wideiat-the reentrant central portions: 1 3.
and* is automatically locked' in place by virtue;
of its hourglass form and disposition in an hourglass outlined pocket.
No special skill is required for proper insertion primary desire for ornamentation or quality because unless it is properly located it will form a crease or creases readily evident through the pad because the latter then will not lie flat. When the diaper is soiled or wet, the soil or moisture does not pass from the pad to the body. The blocking sheet can be interchangeably utilized in any number of diapers unless soiled. Consequently, a set of three or four diapers (less waterproof sheets 12) and one waterproof sheet |2a setcan be used for a half day or a days travel or two or more sets can be so used.
Reference will now be had to Figs. 3 and 4 wherein a somewhat similar form of diaper is illustrated. Numerals of the one hundred series designate parts similar or identical to the parts designated by the comparable primary numerals in Figs. 1 and 2. 7'
This form is characterized by the pad having a plurality of layers of absorbing material, the
innermost of which is sewed about its entire peripheral edge to the body portion H0. The
exposed and supplementary other layers of the pad III are secured along their longitudinal reentrant portion including edges to the body. This leaves the band or crosswise ends open forming a longitudinally disposed hourglass form of pocket.
' In this pocket, open at opposite'ends, there may be inserted from either end and removed from either end an hourglass outlined blocking sheet H2 of lesser length and width as said pad. Both of these forms provide diaper structures devoid of any fastening elements except such as are necessary, such as safety pins, snap fasteners, etc., to secure the band ends together to mount the garment upon the body of themfant.
7 Reference will now be had to Figs. 5 and 6 wherein a further modified form of the invention is illustrated numerals of the two hundred series herein indicate parts identical or similar to those in Figs. 1 and 2 and Figs. 3 and 4 designated by the corresponding primary numerals or the one hundred series numerals respectively.
Herein the pad-like pocket of the Figs. '3 and 4 form is retained but instead of having the pad structure 2 permanently attached to the body 2l0 it is detachably secured thereto as by snap fasteners HI and 222, the complementary fastener portions being carried by the body and pad respectively reenforced by tapes 225. These fasteners are disposed at the corners of the pad and are concealed or padded as shown so that no part thereof or the blocking sheet 2l2 can touch the skin of the infant. If desired herein, the pad 2 and sheet 2I2 each may have, as 'well as the pocket, a rectangular outline as illustrated or the hourglass outline if desired.
Whenever itis desired, as in'the preceding form, to have three separate elements and not utilize the hourglass outline to prevent longitudinal displacement of the blocking sheets, the invention may partake of type illustrated in Fig. 7'.
" 'In'this figure numerals of the three hundredv series are used to designate parts similar or like parts designated by the primary numerals or the one series or the two hundred series in Figs. 1 and 2, Figs. 3 and 4, or Figs. 5 and 6, respectively.
Herein the blocking sheet 3I2 again is smaller in outline than the absorbing pad 3. Herein each, at its four corners, is detachably connect- 4 ed to the body 3! as by snap fasteners 32I-322 and 323-424 carried by pad and body and sheet and body respectively. As illustrated all fasteners and sheet 3l2 are covered by the pad so that no part of the former can contact the skin of the infant.
This form of the invention, as well as that shown in Figs. 5 and 6 permits detachment of the pad from the body and also separation of the sheet from the structure so that in both instances the pad only need be laundered when wet or soiled. Here again only one blocking sheet is required for a plurality of diaper units as in Figs. 1
-to 4 and here also as in the Figs. 5 and 6 forms there may be sold but one body and one sheet for a'inultiplicity of pads.
also permits the manufacturer to standardize, in these two latter forms, upon a single type pad structure, a single type sheet structure and an infinite number of body styles. Thus the mother can have one or-two play bodies, one formal 'body and one highly ornamental body for .the most formal occasions, all of which, however, can be interchangeably used with a single sheet and a plurality of identical pads.
While the'invention has been illustrated and described in great detail in the drawings and foregoing description, the same is to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive in character.
The several modifications described herein as well as others which will readily suggest themselves to persons skilled in this art, all are considered to be within the broad scope of the invention, reference being had to the appended claim.
. The invention claimed is:
In a multiple piece diaper structure, a body portion, a pocket for a blocking sheet open at one end and secured along both sides and its other end to said, portion, both sides of said pocket having re-entrant portions formed therein centrally of the ends thereof whereby said pocket is substantially of hourglass configuration, and a blocking sheet of water repellent material for said pocket, said blocking sheet having an area substantially that of but slightly less than the area of said'pocket, the sides of said blocking sheet having re-entrant portions formed therein centrally of the ends ofsaid sheet and correspondingwith the re-entrant portions of said pocket whereby said blocking sheet may be removably positioned in interfitting engagement within said pocket.
' VIRGINIA BLAKE.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent;
(1st addition to No. 514,933)
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1971606 *||Jun 10, 1933||Aug 28, 1934||Hazel B Grant||Diaper|
|FR12234E *||Title not available|
|FR26255E *||Title not available|
|FR409741A *||Title not available|
|FR514933A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2685290 *||May 14, 1952||Aug 3, 1954||Marjorie O Koops||Diaper pad|
|US2853073 *||Sep 3, 1954||Sep 23, 1958||Brafman Lena||Diaper with intermediate liquid repellent layer|
|US3045675 *||Jan 2, 1959||Jul 24, 1962||Robert L Brown||Reversible diaper having length adjusting means|
|US3050063 *||Dec 18, 1957||Aug 21, 1962||Mildred E Margraf||Pinless baby diaper|
|US3056405 *||Mar 21, 1960||Oct 2, 1962||Walker Kenneth B||Infants' wear|
|US3455302 *||May 4, 1964||Jul 15, 1969||Johnson & Johnson||Surgical drape|
|US3512529 *||Jun 22, 1967||May 19, 1970||Johnson & Johnson||Diaper|
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|US4352355 *||May 5, 1980||Oct 5, 1982||Johnson & Johnson Baby Products Company||Diaper with contoured panel and contoured elastic means|
|US4496360 *||Jun 27, 1983||Jan 29, 1985||The Procter & Gamble Company||Method of using a composite waste-containment garment having disposable elasticized insert|
|US4597761 *||Jun 27, 1983||Jul 1, 1986||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable elasticized waste-containment insert|
|US4850987 *||Nov 24, 1987||Jul 25, 1989||Esther Gilomen||Washable diaper panties|
|US4867145 *||Mar 30, 1988||Sep 19, 1989||Goth Shirley L||Abdominal and pelvic area support|
|US4898594 *||Aug 11, 1988||Feb 6, 1990||National Research Development Corporation||Incontinence apparel for females|
|US4906243 *||Feb 2, 1988||Mar 6, 1990||Mary Dravland||Combination diaper and training pants|
|US5217447 *||Jul 16, 1990||Jun 8, 1993||Michael E. Fedryna||Diaper system with detachable linings|
|US5368585 *||Apr 7, 1992||Nov 29, 1994||Dokken; Glenda K.||Reusable diaper and cover combination|
|US5403303 *||Jun 18, 1993||Apr 4, 1995||Beplate; Douglas K.||Diaper construction and method|
|US7629501 *||Sep 8, 2006||Dec 8, 2009||Jennifer Lynn Labit||Reusable diapers|
|US8062276||Mar 31, 2008||Nov 22, 2011||Jennifer Lynn Labit||Reusable diapers|
|US8262635||Mar 31, 2008||Sep 11, 2012||Jennifer Lynn Labit||Reusable diapers|
|US8409163||Jan 6, 2012||Apr 2, 2013||Jennifer Lynn Labit||Reusable diapers having first and second liquid-absorbent flaps|
|US8430857||Jan 17, 2012||Apr 30, 2013||Jennifer Lynn Labit||Reusable diapers|
|US8518007||Dec 7, 2009||Aug 27, 2013||Jennifer Lynn Labit||Reusable diapers|
|US8777915||Sep 27, 2011||Jul 15, 2014||Jennifer Lynn Labit||Reusable diapers having seam allowances|
|US8821467 *||Jul 16, 2008||Sep 2, 2014||Lisa Minella||Absorbent article with front waist belt|
|US8992498||Sep 11, 2012||Mar 31, 2015||Jennifer Lynn Labit||Reusable diapers|
|U.S. Classification||604/394, 604/398, 604/401|