Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2577503 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 4, 1951
Filing dateMay 6, 1947
Priority dateMay 6, 1946
Publication numberUS 2577503 A, US 2577503A, US-A-2577503, US2577503 A, US2577503A
InventorsEdward Thompson Thomas, Gwylfa Parry Edryd, William Baird
Original AssigneeIci Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Detergent composition
US 2577503 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Dec. 4, 1951 2,577,503 DET'ERTGENT COMPOSITION WilliainBairH,-Edryd Gwylfa Parry, and Thomas Edward Thompson, Blackfey, Manchsth Eifgland, =assig'nors to Imperial "Chemical Industries Limited, a corporation :"of Great Britain No Draw ng. 'Am'plijcationi May ,6, 19417,; SrialNo.

746,320. In Great BritainMay 6, 1946 Claims. (01; 252"152') This invention relates to detergent compositions and detergent baths and to processes for making them.

According to the intention we provide detergent compositions which comprise a p-monohydroxyethylamide of a fatty acid of from 8 to 20 carbon atoms and at leastl0% by weight of an ethylene oxide condensation product'of afatty alcohol or a fatty-acid of the formula wherein R' is an aliphatic 'ra' dical of from 8- to 22 carbon atoms, x is 000 or o Yis "hydrogen or an alkyl radical of not more than 5 carbon atoms and n is a whole number greater than 3.

It has hitherto been known that the said ethylene oxide condensation products have surface active properties and with a suitable number of ethylene oxide residues they possess good detergent properties. Our invention is based on the discovery that the detergent properties of the ethylene oxide condensation product can be improved when already present, or conferred when virtually absent by the said admixture with the p-monohydroxyethylamides.

As s-monohydroxyethylamides there may be used in the detergent compositions of the invention for example, stearo-p-hydroxyethylamide, lauro-;8-hydroxyethylamide, oleo-fi-hydroxyethylamide and ricinoleo e hydroxyethylamide. There may also be used the p-monohydroxyethylamides of mixtures of fatty acids particularly those occurring naturally for example coconut oil acids, tallow acids and castor oil acids.

As fatty alcohols and fatty acids, of which the ethylene oxide condensation products and derivatives thereof may be used in the detergent compositions of the invention there may be used for example cetyl alcohol, sperm oil alcohol, dodecyl alcohol or mixtures of such alcohols as are obtained for example by reduction of natural oils and fats, stearic acid, oleic acid, lauric acid and natural mixtures of such acids, for example, coconut oil acids.

The detergent compositions of the invention are made by mechanically mixing together as by stirring the constituents. The mixing process may with advantage be accelerated by application of heat. This application of heat may or may not be such as to melt the ingredients when they are solid at atmospheric temperature.

Other components commonly added to detergent compositions, for example alkali phosphates,

weight.

'silicaites'andborates, may also be added. to the compositionsof this invention.

The invention -is illustra'ted but not limited by the followingexamples'in which parts are by -E'mample 1 1 316 'ipar'ts of a -'c'onden's'ation product of 'cetyl alcohol with 17 molecular proportionsof ethylene oxideand 6T4 part'sof thep 'monohydroxyethylamide of coconut "oil fatty acids are meltedand stirred together "until a homogeneous mixture is obtained. For'the scouring-of artificially soiled botany wool serge the mixture is considerably superior t'othe ethylene oxide" condensate alone.

Example 2 Example 3 13.6 parts of a condensation product of cetyl alcohol with 30 molecular proportions of ethylene oxide and 6.4 parts of the fl-monohydroxyethylamide of coconut oil fatty acids are melted and stirred together until a homogeneous mixture is obtained. The mixture is considerably superior to the ethylene oxide condensate alone for the scouring of artificially soiled botany wool serge.

Example 4 16 parts of a condensation product of stearic acid with 13 molecular proportions of ethylene oxide and 4 parts of the p-monohydroxyethylamide of coconut oil fatty acids are melted and stirred together until a homogeneous mixture is obtained. The mixture is considerably superior to the ethylene oxide condensate alone for the scouring of artificially soiled botany wool serge.

Example 5 The monomethyl ether of ethylene glycol is condensed with 6 molecular proportions of ethylene oxide and the product is esterified with coconut oil fatty acids. 94 parts of the ester and 6 parts of the p-monohydroxyethylamide of stearic acid are melted and stirred together until a homogeneous mixture is obtained. The mixture is a better wool detergent, especially in alka- 3 line soft water, than the coconut oil fatty acid and ester alone.

Example 6 97 parts of a condensation product of dodecyl alcohol with 5 molecular proportions of ethylene oxide and 3 parts of stearoethanolamide are melted and stirred together until a homogeneous mixture is obtained. The mixture is a better wool detergent than the ethylene oxide condensate alone.

We claim:

1. A detergent composition which consists essentially of a fl-monohydroxy-ethylamide of a fatty acid of from 12 to 20 carbon atoms mixed with at least 10% by weight of an ethylene oxide condensation product of a fatty compound selected from the group consisting of fatty alcohols and fatty acids, said ethylene oxide condensation product having the formula RX(CH2CH2O)1Y wherein R is an aliphatic radical of from 12 to 22 carbon atoms, X is a divalent radical selected from the group consisting of -C-- and O, Y is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl of up to carbon atoms and n is a whole number from 4 to 30.

2. A detergent composition consisting essentially of a p-monohydroxyethylamide of a fatty acid of from 12 to 20 carbon atoms mixed with tially of a 13-monohydroxyethylamide of a fatty u acid of from 12 to 20 carbon atoms mixed with at least 10% by weight of a condensation product of a fatty acid of from 12 to 22 carbon atoms with from 4 to 30 molecular proportions of ethylene oxide.

.4. A detergent composition which consists essentially of the fi-monohydroxyethylamides of cocoanut oil acids mixed with at least 10% by weight of a condensation product of a fatty compound selected from the group consisting of fatty alcohols and fatty acids of from 12 to 22 carbon atoms, with from 4 to 30 molecular proportions of ethylene oxide.

5. A detergent composition which consists essentially of the fl-monohydroxyethylamides of castor oil acids mixed with at least 10% by weight of a condensation product of a fatty compound selected from the group consisting of fatty alcohols and fatty acids of from 12 to 22 carbon atoms, with from 4 to 30 molecular proportions of ethylene oxide.

WILLIAM BAIRD. EDRYD GWYLFA PARRY. THOMAS EDWARD THOMPSON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,970,578 :Schoeller et a1. Aug. 21, 1934 2,317,112 Pings Apr. 20, 1943 2,353,081 Robinson et a1. July 4, 1944

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1970578 *Nov 24, 1931Aug 21, 1934Ig Farbenindustrie AgAssistants for the textile and related industries
US2317112 *Oct 16, 1940Apr 20, 1943Du PontCleaning composition
US2353081 *Jun 14, 1939Jul 4, 1944Nat Oil Prod CoSulphated monoethanolamides and process for the preparation thereof
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2855367 *Sep 7, 1954Oct 7, 1958Colgate Palmolive CoDetergent composition
US2992994 *Jul 18, 1955Jul 18, 1961Ciba LtdDetergent composition for the hair
US3312624 *Mar 12, 1965Apr 4, 1967Rohm & HaasStable alkali soluble surfactants
US3953382 *May 30, 1973Apr 27, 1976Lever Brothers CompanyDetergent compositions
US4840942 *Oct 2, 1984Jun 20, 1989Kao CorporationEthylene oxide nonionic surfactant
US5554315 *Dec 28, 1994Sep 10, 1996Kao CorporationFoaming surfactant composition comprising fatty acid polyoxyalkylene lower alkyl ether and fatty acid monoglyceride
Classifications
U.S. Classification510/502, 510/350, 510/506, 510/292
International ClassificationC11D1/52, C11D1/72, C25B1/26, C01B7/00, C11D1/74
Cooperative ClassificationC11D1/72, C11D1/74, C25B1/26, C11D1/523
European ClassificationC11D1/52D, C25B1/26, C11D1/72, C11D1/74