Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2578583 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 11, 1951
Filing dateApr 13, 1949
Priority dateApr 13, 1949
Publication numberUS 2578583 A, US 2578583A, US-A-2578583, US2578583 A, US2578583A
InventorsHerbert J O'brien
Original AssigneeHerbert J O'brien
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Packaging
US 2578583 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 11, 1951 J O'BR|EN 2,578,583

PACKAGING Filed April 13, 1949 IN V EN TOR. Herber? d O Brien ATTORNEYS Patented Dec. 11, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE I T 9 2,578,583 v I ,PACKAGING Herbert J. O'Brien, San Francisco, Calif. Application April 13, 1949, Serial No. 87,303

1 Claim.

This invention relates to improvements in packaging and the provision of an improved shipping package.

There has been a long felt need'for improvement in shipping packages for canned and bottled goods of all sorts to facilitate the sale and distribution of such materials in less than case lots and also to decrease materially the expenses incidental to the packaging and transportation of such goods.

Therefore, a principal object of this invention is to provide an improved shipping package that will meet the demands as to cost of manufacture, ease and convenience of handling, while at the same time decreasing the cost of transportation of the goods contained therein.

It is another object of this invention to provide an improved shipping package which will satisfy the rules and regulations set up by the Interstate Commerce Commission concerning strength, durability and the like. Another object of the invention is to provide a package which will comprise a multiple number of containers for canned and bottled items or materials readily divisible to permit the sale and delivery of predetermined portions of a case lot of such items. Moreover, it is an object of this invention to provide a shipping container which will meet the usual and customary tests for compression strength, that is to say, the ability of the package to withstand crushing.

Other objects of the invention will become apparent as this specification proceeds and may be readily understood by reference to the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a single package unit employed in the subject invention;

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the pad utilized therein;

Figure 3 is a perspective view of a two-unit shipping package embodying the principles of the invention; a

Figure 4 is a perspective view of a four-unit shipping package, and

Figure 5 is a perspective view of the device of Figure 4 with one of the component units partially broken away.

It is contemplated that in the practice of-this invention there may be employed a conventional carton or box I!) as the basic unit, a plurality of which are to be joined in the make-up of the shipping package. By referring to Figure 1 it will be observed that the box II] is made up in the usual way from paper board or corrugated paper board and comprises an assembly from a one-piece blank of such materials with an end H and side wall I 2 joined by a tape Hi. If preferred, stitching may be substituted for tape IS in accordance with known practices. Carton I0 is provided with the customary end flaps l5 and side flaps 16 which are lapped upon each other and adhesively connected to form a top closure when the container is filled.

It is contemplated that in the practice of this invention a pad l8 shall be employed as the base element of the package (see Figure 2). The pad 18 is preferably a rectangular piece of corrugated board because such material is readily obtainable at low cost and has the necessary strength, durability and minimum weight to meet the requirements of the package forming the subject matter hereof. It is, however, within the purview of this invention that pads of other materials, such as solid fibre paper board, wood veneer, wood or combinations of these materials, may be effectively employed herein.

The pad I8 is marginally striped with a suitable adhesive denoted by the numeral [9, here shown to be disposed in an uninterrupted fllm. Depending on the desired strength of the particular package, the adhesive may be deposited in spot form rather than as a continuous film.

When the pad has been thus prepared, two of the basic units I0 are placed thereon in abutting relation. it being noted that the pad l8 has been dimensioned to accommodate two such boxes. The three elements of the package thus assembled are put under compression to permit the adhesive l9 to set, binding the boxes In to the pad l8. While thus compressed a label 20 is applied to the top of the boxes spanning their abutting edges. As shown in Figure 3, the label 20 carries repeated indicia of origin or other identifying data, as at 2|, to the end that when parted in the separation of the shipping package each unit thereof will be fully identified.

In Figures 4 and 5 a four-unit shipping package [0 is shown, made up in accordance with the foregoing teachings. Again in this instance the pad I8 is marginally striped with glue and the four basic units I0 are nested thereon for compression to set the adhesive and the application of a top label 25 spanning the common point of contact.

The packages hereinabove described have decided advantages over conventional devices. They permit notable savings in material that would normally be required in the make-up of a complete outer container for the units I0; de-

consequent savings in shipping costs, and, at the same time, provide adequate strength to meet all normal handling needs and existing commerce regulations. But beyond this, the packages meet a real need in modern merchandizing methods by providing a multi-unit package that may be easily divided to supply the purchaser with a plurality of objects in a complete package that may be conveniently handled and stored. For xample, if it be assumed that the multi-unit packages of Figures 3 and 4 contain canned baby food or canned beer, the purchaser can be readily supplied with a less than case lot of the same by,

splitting the label 20 by a sharp instrument, or even a finger nail, and then peeling one of the packages I0 away from the pad I8. This separation of the basic units is illustrated in Figure 5.

The invention claimed is:

A shipping package comprising a planar base pad, a plurality of packages seated thereon for dispensing as individual units, said packages beingin abutting relationship and the combined areas of their bottom surfaces substantially equaling the area of the pad, said packages being adhesively secured to the pad at their bottom surfaces, only at outer edge portions of the pad, and frangible means interconnecting the tops of the packages at their points of abutment.

HERBERT J. OBRIEN.

REFERENCES CITED UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 510,621 Van Derveer Dec. 12, 1893 1,871,617 King Aug. 16, 1932 1,893,801 Huffman Jan. 10, 1933 2,018,005 Barnby Oct. 22, 1935 2,192,423 Ward et a1 Mar. 5, 1940 2,372,994 Welch Apr. 3, 1945 2,489,054 Sprolle Nov. 22, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 7,815 Australia 1927 26,878 Great Britain 1913

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US510621 *Sep 24, 1892Dec 12, 1893 yan deryeer
US1871617 *Jun 15, 1928Aug 16, 1932King Harry WSeparator for cards in a box
US1893801 *Jan 16, 1932Jan 10, 1933Huffman Samuel CStorage file
US2018005 *Nov 17, 1933Oct 22, 1935Owens Illinois Glass CoSealing means for empty containers
US2192423 *Nov 12, 1938Mar 5, 1940Bachman Edward ALabel band
US2372994 *Apr 7, 1942Apr 3, 1945Thomas R WelchLabel
US2489054 *Sep 7, 1946Nov 22, 1949Nat Sugar Refining CompanyPallet
AU7815A * Title not available
GB191302687A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2744624 *Nov 12, 1954May 8, 1956Norton CoPackaging device
US2905316 *Sep 23, 1957Sep 22, 1959Mead Atlanta Paper CompanyLight bulb carton and overwrap therefor
US2920759 *May 5, 1958Jan 12, 1960Kimberly Clark CoCellulosic product
US2979871 *Jan 7, 1957Apr 18, 1961Weyerhaeuser CoMethod of banding cardboard cartons
US3092501 *May 4, 1959Jun 4, 1963Armour & CoMethod of packaging food and the resulting package
US3322323 *Jun 24, 1965May 30, 1967Greene AbbotBox construction
US3455047 *Nov 15, 1967Jul 15, 1969Hoag Charles RexMuzzle patch for firearms
US3527344 *Jan 22, 1969Sep 8, 1970Container CorpStacking and packing arrangement for containers utilizing high friction material
US3734280 *Dec 20, 1971May 22, 1973Procter & GambleShipping container for supporting and protecting a plurality of articles
US5311992 *Jul 16, 1993May 17, 1994Highland Supply CorporationRetaining flap for shipping cartons
US5407072 *Mar 23, 1994Apr 18, 1995Highland Supply CorporationShipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5522205 *Jul 6, 1994Jun 4, 1996The Family Trust U/T/AMethod for transporting items in a carton
US5564567 *May 13, 1994Oct 15, 1996Southpac Trust International, Inc.Method for transporting floral groupings
US5607056 *May 2, 1995Mar 4, 1997Macro-Systems Packaging Ltd.Transit packaging having reduced content
US5687846 *Jan 19, 1995Nov 18, 1997Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5692612 *Jun 7, 1995Dec 2, 1997Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5701721 *Jun 5, 1995Dec 30, 1997Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5732823 *Jan 24, 1995Mar 31, 1998Southpac Trust International, Inc.Retaining flap for shipping cartons
US5775502 *May 30, 1997Jul 7, 1998Southpac Trust International Inc.,Method of applying a decorative skirt to a flower pot
US5816402 *Nov 13, 1997Oct 6, 1998Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5836447 *Oct 15, 1996Nov 17, 1998Southpac Trust International, Inc.Packaging assembly for shipping a container and method for using same
US5836448 *Feb 5, 1997Nov 17, 1998Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping device with bondable foam layer
US5860524 *Sep 18, 1997Jan 19, 1999Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping device with bondable cushion layer
US5878883 *May 19, 1998Mar 9, 1999Southpac Trust Interational, Inc.Thermoplastic shipping device and method
US6016912 *Jan 27, 1999Jan 25, 2000Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc.Shipping device
US6036014 *Aug 25, 1998Mar 14, 2000Southpac Trust International, Inc.Packaging assembly and method of assembling
US6039179 *Feb 17, 1998Mar 21, 2000Southpac Trust International, Inc.Retaining flap for shipping cartons
US6136393 *Aug 28, 1997Oct 24, 2000Southpac Trust International, Inc.Method for packaging and displaying a floral grouping
US6267241Feb 16, 2000Jul 31, 2001Southpac Trust International, Inc.Packing assembly for shipping a container and method for using same
US6321486Dec 17, 1999Nov 27, 2001Southpac Trust International, Inc.Plant wrapper
US6357591Jun 21, 2001Mar 19, 2002Southpac Trust International, Inc.Packaging assembly
US6449900Jul 20, 2001Sep 17, 2002Southpac Trust International, Inc.Plant wrapper
US6564944Jan 15, 2002May 20, 2003Southpac Trust Inc'ln Inc.Shipping device with bondable cushion layer
US6604632May 30, 2001Aug 12, 2003Southpac Trust Int'l. Inc.Shipping package for a floral grouping
US6640492Sep 9, 2002Nov 4, 2003Southpac Trust International, Inc.Flower pot wrapper
US6823625Aug 13, 2003Nov 30, 2004The Family Trust U/T/AFlower pot wrapper
US7325686May 9, 2005Feb 5, 2008Cadbury Adams Usa LlcPackage for dispensing and retaining gum slabs with adhesive securement
US7533773Jul 5, 2005May 19, 2009Cadbury Adams LlcReclosable consumable product package assembly
US7811614May 9, 2005Oct 12, 2010Cadbury Adams Usa Llcside-by-side arrays
US7901719May 9, 2005Mar 8, 2011Cadbury Adams Usa LlcGum slab package with flap retention
US7971718Dec 28, 2007Jul 5, 2011Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcPackage for dispensing and retaining gum slabs with adhesive securement
US8172086Jan 6, 2011May 8, 2012Cadbury Adams Usa LlcPackaging design with separate compartments
US8221812Feb 17, 2010Jul 17, 2012Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcGum slab package having insertable product retention member
US8252352Mar 3, 2011Aug 28, 2012Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcGum slab package with flap retention
US8393469May 4, 2009Mar 12, 2013Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcReclosable consumable product package assembly
US8607980Jan 29, 2010Dec 17, 2013Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcOpenable and reclosable sealed package for confectionery products
US8658229Jun 26, 2012Feb 25, 2014Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcGum slab package having insertable product retention member
Classifications
U.S. Classification206/460, 229/120.11, 206/813
International ClassificationB65D71/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S206/813, B65D71/0085
European ClassificationB65D71/00F