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Publication numberUS2582210 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 8, 1952
Filing dateJul 5, 1949
Priority dateJul 5, 1949
Publication numberUS 2582210 A, US 2582210A, US-A-2582210, US2582210 A, US2582210A
InventorsStanton Philip L
Original AssigneeE & J Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for positive respiration during gas anesthesia
US 2582210 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 8, 1952 P. L. STANTON 2,582,210

APPARATUS FOR POSITIVE RESPIRATION DURING GAS ANESTHESIA Illlll Illllllllllllllllllll INVENTOR.

Jan. 8, 1952 P. STANTON 2,582,210

APPARATUS FOR POSITIVE RESPIRATION DURING @As ANEsTHEsIA 2 SHEETS-'SHEET 2 .Filed July 5, 1949 INVENTOR Patented Jan. 8, 1952 APPARATUS FOR.' POSITIVE RESPIRATION DURING GAS ANESTHESIA Philip L. Stanton, Flintridge, Calif., assignor to E & J Manufacturing Co., Glendale, Calif., a

corporation of California Application July 5, 1949, Serial No. 103,118

(Cl. 12S-184) 1 8 Claims.

My invention comprises a process and the apparatus for positive respiration during gas anesthesia. In gas anethesia. it is very important that you do not dilute the gas mixture by injecting outside air or oxygen beyond the quantity ordinarily desired to maintain the proper gas mixture.

It always has been a problem in emergency cases during anesthesia in thoracic surgery to maintain the proper gas mixtures in the apparatus and also to administer artificial respiration simultaneously. My invention makes it possible to maintain these gas mixtures within a patients lungs and in the anesthesia machine and at the same time administer intra-pulmonary pressures automatically without diffusing these gas mixtures.

In general, my invention comprises placing an elastic chamber or bag or bellows in the gas circuit between the machine and the patient and surrounding that bag with a rigid airtight container that has an opening to a toggle diaphragm mechanism that is actuated by the pressure in the chamber. When the bag is deflated to its desired minimum the toggle mechanism opens to Withdraw the air from the surrounding chamber. When the bag is inflated to its desired maximum the toggle acts to force air in the surrounding chamber. It acts in just the opposite from the way it acts on the lungs, that is, when the bag is inflated the lungs are on their aspirated phase and when the bag is collapsed the lungs are fully inflated and the toggle is open to permit the pressure in the chamber to escape.

Other objects and advantages of my invention will be apparent from the following description of the preferred embodiments thereof.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a sectional view of my apparatus for positive respiration during gas anesthesia.

Figure 2 is a top plan view of the toggle mechanism taken on the line 2-2 of Figure l.

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3--3 of Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4 4 of Figure 1.

Figure 5 is a sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 1.

Figure `6 is a sectional View taken on the line 6--6 of Figure 3.

` rFigure 7 is a sectional view taken on the line '1 -'I of Figure 3.

Figure 8 is a sectional view taken on the line 8-3 of Figure 3.

Figure 9 is an exploded View of the toggle mechanism; l

Figure 10 is a sectional view taken on the line Iii-I0 of Figure 3.

The process of my invention uses an ordinary anesthetic machine which is common in the art. This machine is connected by a T-joint in the tubing connecting the anesthetic machine with the mask on the patient.

The T-joint connects a bellows I by means of the pipe 2 to form a gas-tight system comprising the anesthetic machine, mask and bellows. Surrounding the bellows I is an airtight container 3 which has an opening 4 into a toggle mechanism such as generally illustrated at 5.

The action of the toggle mechanism is such that when the pressure in the chamber 6 formed by the container 3 is at a maximum value, for example, 13 mm. of mercury, the bellows I will be in a collapsed position, thus forcing the gas mixture therein into the patients lungs under a positive pressure. At that point the toggle mechanism 5 is so constructed as to trip over to allow the air to be evacuated from the chamber B, whereupon the bellows I receives the pressure from the patients lungs and is extended until the pressure in the chamber 5 reaches the minimum pressure desired in the patients lungs, for example, a minus pressure of 9 mm. oi mercury, whereupon the toggle 5 snaps over into the reverse position and ports air or oxygen into the chamber 6 until the maximum pressure is again achieved.

It thus will be seen that my invention provides a process for forcing anesthetic gas without contamination with the atmosphere into the patients lungs under pressure and to be aspirated by the action of the minus pressure in the chamber 6. This type of respiration is known as positive pressure.

The preferred form of apparatus for carrying out the process of my invention comprises the bellows I connected to a hanged pipe 'I inserted in an opening 8 in the container 3. A washer plate 9 ts over the flanged pipe 1 and is bolted at I0 to the container 3. A nut II threaded on the anged pipe 'l squeezes the plate 9 between the ange I2 on the flanged pipe I and the nut II. The flanged pipe 'I is connected to the pipe 2 running to the T-joint in the anesthetic line.

The opening Il has an adapter I3 placed therein and held in an airtight position by means of the bolts I 4. The adapter I3 has a tapered member I5 which is inserted into the opening I6 in the toggle mechanism 5. The toggle mechanism 5 comprises a case forming a chamber II. When the pressure in the chamber I1 and therefore in the chamber 6 to which it is directly connected by the adapter I3 is at the minimum pressure, for example, minus 9 mm. of mercury, the toggle diaphragm I8 is in the position shown in Figure 3. The toggle diaphragm I8 comprises an airtight diaphragm member I!) held sealed at its edges as shown at 20 to close the chamber I1 from the chamber 2| on the other side of the di'- aphragmY I8.

Bolted to the diaphragm I8 are pivot posts 22. A hanger 23 and the valve stem 24 act as supports for the ends of the toggle arms 25 which are carried by the posts 22. To secure a snapover action of the toggle arms 25 a toggle spring 26 is connected to the two toggle arms 25. When the diaphragm i3 is in its upper position as shown in Figure 3, the toggle arms 25 force downwardly the valve stem 24, causing the valve 21 to open.

Compressed air or oxygen under pressure enters the toggle mechanism through an adapter 28, past a valve generally indicated at 29, through a Venturi tube 30, through passages 3| and Sla, the cross port 32 into the chamber 33. When the diaphragm IS opens the valve 2l the compressed air passes from the chamber 33 past the valve 2'! into the chamber I'! and, hence, into the container 3. When the pressure in the chamber I'! and container 3 is at the desired maximum of 13 the diaphragm I8 will move to its lowermost position, snapping over the toggle mechanism and raising the valve stem 24, closingy the valve 2'# and opening the valve 26. The diaphragm IB at maximum pressure in the chamber I'i will have a positive pressure above atmospheric of 13 mm. on the side towards the chamber Il, but the chamber 2I is ported to the atmosphere at 35 and, thus, the diaphragm can actuate the snap-over toggle.

After the maximum pressure has been achieved in the chamber I'I and container 3, the bellows I will be deflated, forcing the anesthesia into the patients lungs. After the diaphragm I3 has snapped over the toggle will open the valve stem 24. The air in the chamber I and. container 3 will be sucked out through the port` 36 by the Venturi tube 3S, through the cross passages` 31 and 33, into the cross passages 3Ia, 3.! and cross port 32 into the chamber 33 and out past the valve 2t and port 33 until the minimum desired pressure in chamber I'! is achieved. This minimum desired pressure is a minus pressure of 9 mm. As the pressure decreases in chamber I'I and container 3 the pressure in the patients lungs will inflate the bellows I andthe anesthesia will be exhaled into the bellows I.

Upon the pressure in` the chamber I1 being ree duced to the desired minimum, the diaphragm I 8' will move to its position, snapping over the toggle and closing the valve 2S and opening the valve 2'! to repeat the action.

To prevent any excessive-pressure on thev positive side from forcing too much gas into the patients lungs, I provid-eY a pressure. regulator which comprises a housing di) in" which a fiat The spring 43 is adjusted to holdv the desired minimum, whereupon the flat plate valve 48 will open and permit atmospheric air to pass into the chamber I'I and prevent an excess of minimum pressure.

As Venturi tubes are noisy and as my apparatus is designed for use in the surgical rooms of hospitals, I attach a band 50 on the exterior surface or the toggle mechanism 5 adjacent the port 39. Under the band 50 and covering the port 39 is placed a piece of felt or other material to dampen the noise of the rush of compressed air.

Having fully described my invention, it is to be understood that I do not wish to be limited to the details herein set forth, but my invention is of the full scope of the appended claims.

Iclaim:

1. A pressure regulating device comprising: a chamber divided by an airtight diaphragm into an airtight compartment and a compartment open to the atmosphere, a source of air under pressure, a passage communicating with said source.l of. air; pressure, and said airtight. compartment, a toggle mechanism attached to said diaphragm, a valve actuated by said toggle mechanism to open and close said passage, a second passage from said source of air pressure to said airtight compartment, and a Venturi tube arranged.V to withdraw-air from said second passage.

2. A pressure regulating device comprising: a chamber divided by an airtight diaphragm into an airtight compartment and a compartment open to the atmosphere, a source ofr air under pressure, a passage communicating with said source of air pressure and saidairtight compartment, a toggle mechanism attached to said diaphragm, a valve actuated lby `said toggle mech'- anism to open. and close said passage, a second valve actuated by said toggle in opposite stroke to said first valve to open a port in said rst passage to port' air therein to the atmosphere, a Venturi tube positioned in said first passage and arranged to 4withdraw air from said second passage and to exhaust same to the atmosphere when said second valve is opened.

3. A pressure regulating device comprising: a chamber divided byy an airtight diaphragm into an airtightv compartment and a compartment open to the atmosphere, a source of air under pressure, a passage communicating with said source of air pressure and said airtight compartment, a toggle mechanism attached to said diaphragm, a valve actuated by said toggle mechanism to open and close said passage, a second valve actuated by said toggle in opposite stroke to said rst valve lto open a port in said rst passage to port air therein to the atmosphere, a Venturi tube positioned in said iirst passage and adapted to withdraw air from said second passage and to exhaust same to the atmosphere whenv said second valve is opened, said diaphragm arranged to open said first valve and close said second valve when the pressure in said airtight compartment falls to a desired minimum negative pressure, and adapted to close'said rst valve and open said second valve when the pressure in said airtight compartment achieves a desired maximum positive pressure.

4. In a machine of the class described, a bellows adapted for connection to an anesthetic administering machine, an air container surrounding. said bellows, means for increasing the pressure of the air in said container to a desired maximum, means for decreasing said pressure to a desired negative minimum, and means actuated by the pressure in said container to alternately actuate said pressure means.

5. In a machine of the class described, a bellows adapted for connection to an anesthetic administering machine, an air container surrounding said bellows, a chamber connecting with said container divided by an airtight diaphragm to form two chambers, one airtight and connected to said container and the other containing air at atmospheric pressure, means for admitting air under pressure to said container, means for removing air from said container, a valve opened by said diaphragm to port air into said container when the pressure in said container reaches its minimum and closed by said diaphragm when said pressure reaches its maximum.

6. In a machine of the class described, a bellows adapted for connection to an anesthetic administering machine, lan air container surrounding said bellows, a chamber divided by an airtight diaphragm to form two chambers, one airtight and connected to said container and the other containing air at atmospheric pressure, a source of air under pressure, a passage communicating with said source of air pressure and said container, a valve actuated by said diaphragm to open and close said passage, a second passage from said source of air pressure to said container, a Venturi tube in said passage arranged tofwithdraw air from said container.

7,"In a machine of the class described, a bellows adapted for connection to an anesthetic administering machine, an air container surrounding said bellows, a chamber divided by an airtight diaphragm to form two chambers, one airtight and connected to said container and the other containing air at atmospheric pressure, a source of air under pressure, a passage communieating with said source of air pressure and said container, a valve actuated by said diaphragm to open and close said passage, a second passage from said source of air pressure to said container, a second valve actuated by said diaphragm in opposite stroke to said iirst valve to open a port in said first passage to port air therein to the atmosphere, a Venturi tube positioned in said rst passage and arranged to withdraw air from said second passage and to exhaust the same to the atmosphere when said second valve is open, said Venturi tube in said passage arranged to withdraw air from said container.

8. In a machine of the class described, a lbellows adapted for connection to an anesthetic administering machine, an air container surrounding said bellows, a chamber divided by an airtight diaphragm to form two chambers, one airtight and connected to said container and the other containing air at atmospheric pressure, a source of air under pressure, a passage communieating with said source of air pressure and said container, a valve actuated by said diaphragm to open and close said passage, a second passage from said source of air pressure to said container, a second valve actuated by said diaphragm in opposite stroke to said rst valve to open a port in said rst passage to port air therein to the atmosphere, a Venturi tube positioned in said first passage and arranged to withdraw air from said second passage and to exhaust the same to the atmosphere when said second valve is open, said Venturi tube in said passage arranged to withdraw air from said container, said diaphragm arranged to open said first valve and close said second valve when the pressure in said airtight compartment falls to a desired minimum negative pressure, and arranged to close said rst valve and open said second valve when the pressure in said airtight compartment achieves a desired maximum positive pressure.

PHILIP L. STANTON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,284,964 Mautz et al. June 2, 1942 2,376,348 Fox May 22, 1945

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2284964 *Jul 26, 1940Jun 2, 1942Air ReductionMechanical respirator
US2376348 *Apr 24, 1943May 22, 1945Clarence N EricksonResuscitator
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2699163 *Jun 25, 1951Jan 11, 1955Carl-Gunnar D EngstromRespirator
US2737176 *Mar 31, 1951Mar 6, 1956E & J Mfg CoBreathing machine
US2737178 *Dec 15, 1952Mar 6, 1956E & J Mfg CoBreathing machine
US2766753 *Apr 15, 1954Oct 16, 1956Dragerwerk FaApparatus for artificial respiration, in particular for purposes of anesthesia
US2870763 *Mar 15, 1957Jan 27, 1959Stanton Philip LPressure breathing therapy apparatus
US2880719 *Jan 31, 1955Apr 7, 1959Air ShieldsLung ventilators and timing devices therefor
US2904035 *Jan 29, 1957Sep 15, 1959Air ShieldsControl apparatus for lung ventilators
US2908270 *Mar 8, 1954Oct 13, 1959Stanton Philip LResuscitator
US2969789 *Mar 23, 1956Jan 31, 1961Trier Morch ErnstRespirator
US3114365 *May 15, 1959Dec 17, 1963Frederick FranzApparatus for pulmonary ventilation during anesthesia
US3267935 *May 4, 1961Aug 23, 1966Air Shield IncRespiratory assister
US3658443 *Nov 20, 1970Apr 25, 1972Fumagalli GiovanniPressure alternating device for automatic lungs ventilator actuation
US3757776 *Jun 1, 1971Sep 11, 1973J BaumannVentilator for an anesthesia gas machine
US3800793 *Dec 23, 1971Apr 2, 1974R MarreseAnesthesia apparatus having negative pressure relief means
US3901629 *Oct 15, 1973Aug 26, 1975Chancholle Andre RobertAspirator-ejector adapted to aspirate and to supply two fluids without mixing them
US4008008 *Jan 3, 1975Feb 15, 1977Marc Yves VergnetPumps
US4119101 *Mar 1, 1976Oct 10, 1978Victor IgichMultiple lumen endotracheal tube and cuff with limited inflation and pressure
US4818706 *Jul 27, 1984Apr 4, 1989American Monitor CorporationFor chemical assays, time-controlled metering
US6701915 *Nov 20, 2000Mar 9, 2004Michael HermanussenDevice for inhaling medicaments using supported pressure respiration
WO1997001367A1 *Jun 26, 1996Jan 16, 1997Techbase Pty LtdBag in pressure chamber arrangement for use in anaesthesia and resuscitation apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/390, 417/394, 128/205.15, 91/346, 128/205.24, 92/92
International ClassificationA61M16/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61M16/00
European ClassificationA61M16/00