|Publication number||US2583474 A|
|Publication date||Jan 22, 1952|
|Filing date||Sep 18, 1948|
|Priority date||Sep 18, 1948|
|Publication number||US 2583474 A, US 2583474A, US-A-2583474, US2583474 A, US2583474A|
|Inventors||Cozzone John A|
|Original Assignee||Cozzone John A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (5), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 22, 1952 J. A. Cdzzowe: 2,583,474
TOY CONSTRiJCTION ROD Filed Sept. 18. 1948 INVENTOR. MW :4. (ea: a M! BY' z Patented Jan. 22, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE;
2,583,474 I 'roY CONSTRUCTION ROD John A. Goz'zone, Newark; NJ. Application September 18, 1948; ,S'eriaIlNo. 49,899
2 Claims. 1.
This invention relates to construction units such as'are" particularly adapted for use by children. The construction unit ofmy invention embodies unique" features enabling the same to be used, conveniently in multiples for the constmction of objects in realistic simulation of their full-scale original counterparts.
A furtherobje'ct' of the invention is to provide a construction unit which may be used in the building of objects without necessitating the exertion of any substantial amount of physical effort, without requiring the use of tools.
A further object of the invention is to provide a construction unit which is rugged and practically fool-proof in operation and embodies novel features of the construction, which teach the user the fundamentals of fabrication and construction, in a novel manner.
These and other advantageous objects, which will appear from the drawings, and from the description heerinafter, are accomplished by the structure of my invention, of which an embodi ment is illustrated in the drawings. It will be apparent, from a consideration of said drawings and the following description, that the invention may be embodied in other forms suggested thereby, and such other forms as come within the appended claims are to be considered within the scope and purview of the instant invention.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a pin member adapted to be used in carrying out my invention,
Fig. 2 is a plan view, partly fragmentary, of a rod member used in a construction unit of my invention, said rod member being adapted to have the pin member positioned in a recess at one end thereof, in the process of manufacturing the device,
Fig. 3 is a plan view of said rod member, with the pin member shown rotatably secured in the recessed end of the rod member,
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of an end cap element adapted to receive the end of a rod member, and
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the rod member with end cap elements secured to the ends thereof, and showing, fragmentarily, other members also secured to said end cap elements.
The construction unit of my invention may be made of any desired or convenient size and of any desired or convenient material. A convenient form thereof is made on a smaller scale than that shown in the drawings. The rod members In may be made of various lengths, as may also the pin members [4. In practice, construction kits, containing rod members of various lengths, may be c'ombined' by the utilizing o'fthe.
end cap elements, for. construction, orra' small scale, of replicas of toys, buildings; bridges and other" objects; As shown in Fig. 2, the re d mem ber" of the construction unit of my invention is provided at one end with a reduced stem' I terminating in a threaded" end portion; said reduced stem portion and rod member" defining a shoulder 12 adjacent which the rod member is provided with circumferentially knurled portion Hi to facilitate manual rotation of said rod member in building objects. The other end of the rod member is provided with a recessed portion 20 for reception of the reduced shank of pin [4. Said reduced shank I8 is provided with a circumferential recess l9.
In the manufacture of the device, the shank l8 of pin I4 is inserted in the recessed end 20 of rod l0, and then the rod in is simply spun in or otherwise provided with inwardly directed portions 2| for registry with the circumferential recess I9 of pin M, as shown in Fig. 3. By this arrangement, the pin is secured in the rod against lateral displacement therefrom and, at the same time, may be readily rotated therein. The pin I4 is provided with a reduced, threaded terminal stem l5 and with a circumferentially knurled portion I6 adjacent the shoulder ll; upon the assembly of the parts, the shank shoulder l8 abuts against the marginal edge 20' of the recessed end of the rod l0. End cap elements 22 are provided (see Fig. 4) having apertures 23 which are preferably threaded for complementary threaded engagement (with the threaded ends of the stems l5 and II of the rod l0). By this arrangement, the rod H1 may have secured thereto the end cap elements 22 to connect the rod member to other rod members or objects 2526, the latter being provided with threaded portions to be received in the end cap elements. It will be noted that if the stem ll of one end of the rod i0 is connected to a cap element, the threaded stem l5 of the other end of said rod member may be rotated for engagement with another cap element 22 without rotating the threaded end II or otherwise jeopardizing its engaged position with the cap element to which it has been secured. This feature is made possible by the arrangement of the pin M rotatably in the rod member I0.
I have shown, in Fig. 2, only the right-hand end of the rod member as provided with the recessed portion 20 to rotatably receive the pin N. If desired, both ends of the rod member may be provided with recessed portions to rotatably receive such pin. However, from a practical standpoint and for economy of manufacture, the form shown in Fig. 2 is well suited to the purpose. The pin member [4, when secured to the rod portion I0, constitutes a part thereof being, as shown in Fig. 3, displaceably secured thereto. The knurled portions l3 and I6 oi the rod member permit the threaded ends of said rod member 7 to be rotated conveniently without necessitating end of the rod having a circumferentially inwardly directed portion registering with the circumferential recess of the pin to rotatably secure the same therein against axial displacement therefrom, a terminal stem on the pin, and means on the stem to engage a complementary member to secure the rod thereto.
2. In a construction unit, a rod member having a threaded end for connection to a complementarily threaded member, and an opposite axially recessed end, a pin having a shank portion positioned in said recessed end, said shank portion having a circumferential recess, said remay be made within the purview and scope of the instant invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters recessed end, a pin having a shank portion posii tioned in said recessed end, said shank portion having a circumferential recess, said recessed REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,400,066 Huck Dec. 13, 1921 1,608,592
Funk Nov. 30, 1926
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1400066 *||Jul 18, 1914||Dec 13, 1921||Huck Adolf||Construction toy set|
|US1608592 *||Feb 24, 1926||Nov 30, 1926||Funk Herbert C||Toy construction unit|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3094789 *||Dec 15, 1961||Jun 25, 1963||Pirko Stephen D||Plumbing training aid|
|US4491437 *||Mar 1, 1982||Jan 1, 1985||Schwartz Victor M||Connector for geodesic dome|
|US4548590 *||May 16, 1984||Oct 22, 1985||Green Anthony W||Construction element|
|US4566818 *||Aug 1, 1983||Jan 28, 1986||Timberline Geodesics, Inc.||Ledger hanger for geodesic domes|
|US5573251 *||Aug 5, 1994||Nov 12, 1996||Target Sports Limited||Dart flight stem|
|U.S. Classification||446/126, 446/124, 403/165, 403/175|
|International Classification||A63H33/04, A63H33/10|