|Publication number||US2584040 A|
|Publication date||Jan 29, 1952|
|Filing date||Aug 24, 1948|
|Priority date||Aug 24, 1948|
|Publication number||US 2584040 A, US 2584040A, US-A-2584040, US2584040 A, US2584040A|
|Inventors||Naranick Nicholas T|
|Original Assignee||Naranick Nicholas T|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (12), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 29, 1952 N. T. NAARAMGAA COMBINATION PACKAGE 2 SHEETS--SHEET l Filed Aug. 24, 1948 VENToR. 0r6/m AUTOR/Vy N. T. NARANICK CGMBINATION PACKAGE Jan. 29,` 1952 Filed Aug. 24, 1948 Patented Jan. 29, 1952 COMBINATION PACKAGE vNicholas T. Naranick, Chicago, Ill.
Application August 24, 1948, Serial No. 45,954
This invention relates to self-contained packages and has for its primary object to provide a package of food, requiring cooking or heating, in combination with a stove or heater, and means for automatically igniting the fuel by a simple manipulation of the package.
More particularly, it is an object of the invention to provide in combination with a can of food, either pre-cooked or uncooked, a heater, and means for automatically rendering the heater operative by a relative movement between the can and heater.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a combination package which may be readily adjusted to vary the degree of heat initially applied to the goods and yet permitting a subsequent increase in heat intensity, also by a single adjustment between the package and heater.
While the invention is capable of many uses, it is especially intended for use in extremely cold climates where the nimbleness of the fingers is greatly reduced, due in part to the cold and in part to the heavy gloves which are customarily worn in such areas. The present package therefore is so designed as to eliminate the need of iinger dexterity in withdrawing and striking a match and applying the flame at a particular point to ignite a fuel supply. To this end, the igniting means is so constructed and arranged that it may be effectively operated by merely applying a portion of the ggloved hand to the end of the can containing the food, and moverit longitudinally a slight distance relatively to the combined stand and heater by which it is incased.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the casing and heater with the interior sliding support and related parts shown in dotted outline;
Figure 2 is a longitudinal section through the package, after the support has been moved relative to the stand or casing, for the purpose of initiating the heating or cooking operation;
Figure 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken on line 3-3 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of the igniter and related parts;
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the combination package and heater showing one portion of Figure 7 is a perspective View showing one type of fuel package which may be used for heating the contents of the container, forming part of the package.
The device of the present invention. as heretofore intimated, comprises a unitary package containing a conventional can of pre-cooked or uncooked food and the package contains within itself a suihcient amount of fuel to cook or heat the contents of the can and also contains means for igniting the fuel by a mere relative movement between the can support and the casing or stand which surrounds the can and its support.
These elements of the package, apart from the canned goods, may be formed of any preferred sheet material such as tin, steel, reproof plastic, cardboard suitably reproofed, or the like. In the present illustration, the parts are formed of cardboard suitably protected from the flames by a layer or sheet of asbestos. The stand or casing which forms the exterior of the completed package is indicated by the numeral I and is formed of cardboard bent or molded into cylindrical form and indicated by the numeral 2. This casing is provided on its interior with a lining of asbestos 3 and substantially midway of its length is provided with a series of vent openings 4 having a function to be described hereinafter. At its lower end, the casing I is formed with a plurality of cutouts 5 which serve to permit the entrance of air into the interior of the casing or stand, should the same be placed on the ground or other support while the cooking or heating operation is being performed.
The commercial can of food is indicated by the numeral 6 and is placed within a slide-bly mounted container support indicated generally by the numeral l in Figure 6, and is composed of a ring 8 of cardboard provided with a plurality of integral downwardly extending stays or arms 9, which are secured on the outer surface of the side wall of a container I0, as by means of rivets or the like l l, and these rings as well as the stays 9 connecting them are covered both interiorly and extcriorly by a layer of asbestos I2, to insulate them against the flames when the heater is set in operation. The diameter of this container support is substantially that of a commercial can of food, but is somewhat longer than such cans so that the bottom of the can may be supported a substantial distance above the upper edge of the container It which forms the side wall of the fuel container. The bottom w`all of the fuel container is indicated by the numeral I3 and is, of course, also coated with a layer of asbestos.
The fuel employed in this combination package may be of any preferred commercial type, and in the present instance is shown as being of disc form, as indicated by the numeral I4 in Figure 7; this being of suitable dimensions to snugly fit within the container I formed at the bottom of the container support 1.
The igniting means for the supply of fuel I4 in the container I0 comprises a striking surface and a safety match or its equivalent, adapted to be automatically drawn across the striking surface when the container support is moved upwardly, as indicated in Figure 2. In the present embodiment of the invention, the striking surface is indicated by the numeral I5, and may be suitably anchored in a rabbeted portion I E on the outer surface of the fuel container IIJ situated at the bottom of the container support.
The match or4 other ignitible means for cooperation with the friction element I is indicated by the numeral I1 and is suitably incased in intimate contact with the friction surface. The opposite end of the match is connected to a flexible cord or tape I8 which extends laterally of the container I0 passing between two of the adjacent stays I2, and extending downwardly of the stand or casing I and outwardly through one of the notches 5, where it may be secured to the exterior of the casing as indicated by the numeral I9. It is to be understood of course, that while a conventional match has been shown in this Yparticular illustration of the invention, any other ignitible means may be employed, for instance, the end of the tape itself might be coated with ignitible material and incased in the scratch member I5.
In the operation of this combination package, if it is desired to heat the contents of the can t, it is only necessary that the operator press upwardly on the bottom I3 of the container support 'I while holding the stand or casing I.
This operation could, in many instances, be performed by one hand by merely gripping the body of the package with the fingers and pressing the thumb against the bottom I3 of the container support. This movement of the container support relative to the stand or casing will cause the tape or cord I8 to be drawn laterally across the Vfuel supply I 4 and will thus draw the ignitible material I'I across the scratching surface I5, thereby igniting the former with a consequent ignition of the fuel I4 which is disposed closely adjacent thereto. The flames will, of course, travel upwardly into contact with the bottom of the can t,v and due to the fact that the can walls are spaced from the inner wall of the casing, by reason of the interposition of the stays I2 theiiames will travel outwardly between the stays and upwardly around the sides of the can, thereby expending practically all of the heat in heating up the bottom and sides of the can and traveling by conduction through the can to heat the food contained therein. The amount of fuel supplied to the container I0 is sufcient to thoroughly heat the food and, in fact, to cook the same in the event that uncooked food is contained in the can. Propagation of the flame, is, of course, enhanced by reason of the vents I formed in the outer casing or stand I, in cooperation with the draft openings Y or vents 5, formed in the bottom of the casing. It should also be noted that the degree of application of heat maybe adjusted or varied by varying the extent of movement of the container support relative to the stand or casing. For instance, in
the event that the contents of the can should be frozen, as might easily happen in extremely cold climates, then the container support would be initially raised only a suflicient distance to cause the ignition of the fuel and provide a moderate ame so as to melt the frozen contents of the can without burning the same, and thereafter the container support would be raised a further distance so as to increase the intensity of the heat to fully heat the contents of the can.
It should also be noted that by reason of the tight engagement of the can 6 with the interior of the ring 8, an airtight connection is provided and consequently if the container support is lowered toward its original position, the flame may be diminished or entirely extinguished in accordance with the position of the support.
From the foregoing description taken in connection with the attached drawings, it will be apparent that I have devised arather simple and inexpensive combination package containing all the elements necessary to the preparation of hot food in extremely cold climates, where numbness of the ngers might render conventional methods impracticable; that the article is substantially fully automatic, inasmuch as it merely requires a relative movement by the two cylindrical elements to set the heater in operation; and that by suitable adjustment the flame may be controlled to first melt the foody (should it be frozen) Without burning, andthen quickly heat it to the desired temperature.
l.,In combination, a casing, a container suppg'irt slidably mounted therein, fuel-holding means on the support, a fuel igniting means fixed to the support, and an operative connection between the igniting means and casing; whereby relative movement between the casing and support will cause the igniting means to function.
2-. In combination, a casing, `a container support slidably mounted therein and communicating with the interior thereof, a fuel supply means and fuel igniting means connected with the support, and an operative connection between the ignitingA means and casing; whereby relative movement between the casing and support will cause the igniting means to function.
Y 3. In combination, a casing, an open-work support slidably mounted therein,A a fuel supply means and fuel igniting means carried by the support, and an operative connection between the igniting means and casing; whereby relative movement between the casing and support will causethe igniting means to function.
4. In combination, a casing Vprovided with one or vmore vent openings Vintermediate its ends, an open-work support slidably mounted therein, a fuel supply means and fuel igniting means carried by the support, and an operative connection between the igniting meansV and casing;- whereby relative movement between the casing and support will cause the igniting means to function.
5. 4In combination, a casing', a support slidably mounted `in the casing and comprising spaced upper and lower rings and stays connecting said ably mounted therein, a supply of fuel in the bottom of the support, igniting means on the support immediately above the fuel, and a cord secured to the igniting means, said cord extend ing outwardly through the wall of the support and secured to the casing; whereby relative movement between the casing and support will cause the igniting means to function.
7. In combination, a tubular casing, a tubular support slidably mounted therein, a can of food in said support, a supply of fuel in the bottom of the support below the can, igniting means on the support immediately above the fuel, and a cord secured to the igniting means, said cord extending through a Wall of the support and secured to the casing; whereby relative movement between the casing and support will cause the igniting means to function.
8. In combination, a tubular casing provided with a plurality of vent apertures intermediate its ends, a tubular support slidably mounted therein, a can of food in said support, a supply of fuel in the bottom of the support below the can, igniting means on the support immediately above the fuel, and a cord secured to the igniting means, said cord extending through a Wall of the support and secured to the casingfwhereby relative movement between the casing and support will cause the lgniting mea-ns to function.
' NICHOLAS T. NARANICK.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
NITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 695,979 Widmer Mar. 25, 1902 2,020,292 Eggert et al. Nov. 12, 1935 2,036,611 Simmons Apr. 7, 1936 2,077,703. Little Apr. 20, 1937 2,384,278 Caldwell Sept. 4, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 12,763 Great Britain of 1904 35,021 Australia Nov. 10, 1908 79,654 Australia Aug. 10, 1917 212,973 Great Britain Mar. 18, 1924
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|U.S. Classification||126/262, 126/9.00A|
|International Classification||A47J36/24, F24B1/20, F23Q1/00, A47J36/30, F24B1/00, F23Q1/02|
|Cooperative Classification||A47J36/30, F24B1/202, F23Q1/02|
|European Classification||A47J36/30, F23Q1/02, F24B1/20B|