US 2584059 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. D. STACKHOUSE, JR
Jan. 29, 1952 CHECKING CABINET DOOR 5 Sheets$heet 1 Filed May 14, 1946 F. m. fiTACKHOUSE, JR 2,,584,U9
CHECKING CABINET DOOR 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 mnsww fioflmeys Filed May 14, 1946 will I ll I T ll. lllll I.
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CHECKING CABINET DOOR Filed May 1/4, 1946 5 Sheets-$heet Patented Jan. 29, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE asaaoss CHECKING CABINET'DOOR FrancisD. Stackhouse, J r., UpperiDarby,fPa., -ls- :signor to.American.=Locker Company, .Ine.,.Boston, Mass is corporationiof Delaware ApplicationMayM, 1946,Serial:No."669,621
(CLlSiJ-AG) 3 Claims.
This invention relates to checking "cabinets and; the like and more especially to improve- "ments rin' the closure door therefor. The most 'comm'on'nse of cabinets of this nature is "the automatic checking of parcels through the em- :ployment of a coin-'mmtrolled lock associated with the cabinet. The outer 'face of "the "doors of :these cabinets becomes scratched r and marred and frequently need to be refinished. =One "b- :fject of my .invention consists 'in the provision :ofca sheetrm'aterial panel 'removably associated with the :"doorin position covering its [front face, whereby rpermittingthe removal and refinishing ofthefrontdacemi the door at the Siactory and under conditions 11110138 economical and 'iefilcient athancan be employed with the doors in place on the cabinets.
A further :i'eature oi the invention relates "to an improved door having an attaching .pla'te hingedly connected therewith and providing ifor the convenient and economical mounting .of the door on and its removal from the cabinet. together with novel associated means providing door sstop links for limiting r-opening movement of the door to a position giving .full and free access to .the cabinet.
:Springs are .provided .for normally moving the cabinet doors to the closed position and'these ra'ifurthernbj ect .of .the invention.
i'lhesetand other features ofthe invention will -he'itbest understood and appreciated from the.
allowing description of a preferred embodiment'thereofselected for purposes of illustration andz shown in the accompanying drawings in which.
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary front elevation of -a bank of checking cabinets embodying my invention.
.EFig. .is as fragmentary plan": section taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 4.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary plan section taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 4,
Fig. s4 is a "fragmentary section taken on line l-idol Figs.'2 and'B, I
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary vertical section taken *online 5-4 'o'f-Fig. l,
Fig. 6 is "an elevation ofthehinge portion of the door in open position,
'l'is a like viewillustratlng a novel feature of the invention,
Fig. 8 is aplansection'taken on line 8--8 of "7, and
Fig. '9 is a plan-section taken online 9-9 of Fig. 6.
In the drawings "ill indicates a bank of coin controlled checking cabinets. Each cabinet embodies walls enclosingand providing a stor-'- age chamber [-2 'andassociated with each chamher is a door 14 Tor-closing its opening at'the "front. The door 'is adapted tobe mounted on one vertical front wall I5 of the cabinet and acoin controlleddock l'6'is provided on the opposite verticarfront wall I! for cooperating with the door, as described in Patent $222,434.
The door It embodies abody portion 18 constructed ofsheet steel and spot welded thereto along one vertical margin is a hinge member 20. Asecondhinge member 22 is provided for cooperating *withthe member 20 and the two members are "formed with cooperating hinge sections "24 in "abutting end to "end relation. A pintle 26 exten'dsthrough aligned openings in the top sections and holds the members in hinged relationy-andasecond pintle 28 extends throughlower'sections andthrough a coil spring 830 in'likemanner. "The spring is under tension wit-hits ended! *and 32 *respectively'in contact with the-two members '20 and?! =for "the purpose or holding the door in closed position.
The door unit, including the attached hinge memberslosndn, is applied to'the cabinet merely by bolting the -hinge-plate 22 to the vertical'front wall l5'by bolts 34. As: illustrated inFig. zit-will'be noted that the plate 22 is so applied that'the' pivot axis or the -hinge is located along themargin-fof theplate more remote from the openingin' the "chamber, the plate having a 'i'lange 36 at its *other' margin for engaging the cabinet wall. Suchmounting of the door provldesj'for its opening movement to a position givingfull and"free-access tothe cabinet for inserting' andremoving baggage and parcels, as'illustrated'in broken' lines in Fig.2. "Heretofore the *doorsdiave been'hung at theiinner margin, as
illustrated in'Flg. .1 "6f patent 2222334, whereby "partly'obstructing the cabinet when the door is open. The major part of the door I8 embodies an inwardly directed portion adapted to enter broken lines in Fig. 2. Two anchoring plates 44 are secured to the cabinet by the bolts 34 in position beneath the plate 22 .and at the opposite side of the wall 15. 44 is formed into an eye 46 which projects into a notch formed in the flange 36. lilach stop link 42 has one downwardly bent end pivotally seated in this eye and its other end extends through" a' slot 48 in the door l8 and is provided with a head 50 in its front end serving as a stop forlimiting opening movement of the door but free closing movement.
An important feature of the invention relates to a novelmounting of the spring 30- on the pintle 25 in such manner that the springs can be conveniently assembled and changed for repair purposes in the hinge and placed under the de sired door closing tension. The pintle 2B permanently remains in the assembled position illustrated whereas the pintle 28 is adapted to be moved longitudinally to provide for the spring assembling and changing functions. In Fig. 6 the pintle 28 is shown in its lowermost position wherein it passes through the spring 39 and into the adjacent hingesection therebeneath. When the spring is to be assembled or changed the pintle is raised to the position of Fig. 7 whereby releasing the spring. which can thereupon be repermitting its 4 inside of the door. Studs 80 provide intermediate supports for the panel on the door.
It will now be apparent that I have produced an improved door construction for checking cabinets and the like Which can be most conveniently mounted on and removed from the cabinet and which-swings to an open position giving'full and free access to the interior of the cabinet. Novel and compact stops are mounted interiorly of the door for limiting its outward movement and novel means are provided for assembling and One margin of "each plate moved and changed. The spring is assembled by 1- placing its top end-over the pintle (Fig. 7) with its end 31 beneath the holding lip-5 l. The opposite end of the spring is then turned to give the desired tension and its end 32 is finally inserted beneath the lip 52 and the pintle moved downwardly to its lowermost position. The pintle can be moved longitudinally by inserting a tool in a hole 54 in its top end and one of the hinge sections is cut away at 56- to provide clearance for this movement and. operation of the tool.
Another important feature of the invention relates to a removable front panel 60 for the door it. This panel is preferably constructed from sheet metalhaving a front face which can be factory finished or refinished by enamel- 1,-
ing and baking inan oven. The panellis are. size substantially coextensivewi ththe front area of the cabinet, including the openingl2 and the walls 15 and IL'and its topand bottom margins are bent over U'-shaped at 62 and to provide inwardly facing parallel channels or guideways ,for. engaging top and bottom flangeslifi on the door piece l8, the'panel being slidable onto the door in the direction of its-hinged margin. .M'arginal flanges 68 (Fig. 3) are also provided on the changing the door hinge springs for repair purposes. The door is furthermore provided with the removable front panel 60 covering substantially the entire door and cabinet and serving as convenient and economical means for keeping the cabinets in good condition and repair and of attractive appearance.
Having thus disclosed my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letter Patent is, I 1-. A cabinet door comprising a "rectangular sheet metal body having two side margins and parallel top and bottom margins, the top'and bottom margins being bent laterally to provide horizontal flanges extending therealong, a sheet material panel of an area substantially commensurate with said body and having U-shaped par.- allel flanges along two opposite margins thereof providing parallel channels facing toward each other and receiving said horizontal flanges'in sliding engagement therein, said cooperating flanges serving to guide the panel in longitudinal sliding engagement with and to a position covering the front face of said body; and removable means carried by the body and panel for securing the panel against sliding movement relative to the body. ,1 2. The cablnet'door defined in claim 1 in which said removable means comprises screw threaded means removable only from the inner face of the door. i v
3'; The'cabinet door defined in claim 1 in which the first-named flanges extend outwardly of the door and the cooperating-panel flanges extend inwardly of the door, and a plurality of abutments carried in spaced relation on said body between the flanges .and extending outwardly thereof into supporting engagement with the panel.
FRANCIS D. STACKHOUSE, JR. 1
REFERENCES CITED The following references are ioflrecord inthe file'of'this patent: I V UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name 'zDate' 868,309 Dege Oct. 15, 1907 1,015,212 Schaffert Jan.'l6, 1912 1,560,255 Janes Nov. 3, 1925 1,712,024 Brogden May '7, 1929 1,714,950 Earhart May 28, 1929 1,748,849 Schmidt Feb; 25,1930 1,785,661 ,Wasmuth "a -'Dec.= 16, 1930 1,930,366 Matchette 'Oct: 10, 1933 1,970,836 Benson ='Aug.'2l, 1934 1,970,905 Gillen Aug.'2l; 1934 2,149,575 Bundy Mar..7,'- 1939 2,183,210 Anderson .1 Dec. 12, 1939 2,184,201 Schonitzer Dec. 19,1939 2,260,484, Rumsey 1 Oct. 28, 194l