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Publication numberUS2584586 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 5, 1952
Filing dateFeb 26, 1948
Priority dateFeb 26, 1948
Publication numberUS 2584586 A, US 2584586A, US-A-2584586, US2584586 A, US2584586A
InventorsHubbard David C
Original AssigneeChance Co Ab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fuse drop-out cutout
US 2584586 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 5, 1952 D, gB RD 2,584,586

FUSE DROP-OUT CUTOUT Filed Feb. 26, 1948 2 SHEETS- SHEET 1 David Ci/zzbbard ew/QM afar/2g Feb. 5, 1952 BAR 2,584,586

FUSE DROP-OUT CUTOUT Filed Feb. 26, 1948 2 SHEETS-SI-IEET 2 I/VVE/VTOR Beam?! C. Hubbard 790M 7a. Wand! after/2g Patented Feb. 5, 1952 FUSE DROP-OUT CUTOUT.

David C. Hubbard, Centralia, Mo., assignor to A. B. Chance Company, Centralia, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Application February 26, 1948, Serial No. 11,076

17 Claims. (Cl. 200-'-114) The present invention relates to fuse drop-out cut-outs and is particularly concerned with auto matic fuse devices of the type adapted to be used upon transmission lines for interrupting the flow of current when the current exceeds a pre-determined amount, the interruption being accompanied by the melting of the fuse and the expulsion of the parts of the fuse, accompanied by the automatic mechanical opening of the circuit, after the circuit is broken, to assure the permanent breaking of the circuit until it is manually closed, and to give an indication of the condition of the circuit.

One of the objects of the invention is the provision of an improved drop-out type fuse cutout adapted to utilize the standard universal fuse links and provided with a fuse tube, which is closed at the top and open at the bottom and so constructed that the lower contact of the fuse tube is ejected from the bottom contact of the circuit, so that the fuse tube will hang with its opening downward before and after operation, thus protecting the fiber liner of the fuse tube from. all adverse weather conditions.

Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved fuse drop-out cut-out in which the actual parting of the lower contacts upon rupture of the fuse link is delayed until after the arc has been extinguished inside the fuse tube.

Another object is the provision of an improved device of the class described in which the ejector arm travels over a predetermined are before unlatching the lower contact, so that the actual mechanical opening of the circuit will be delayed until the arc has been definitely extinguished within the fuse tube. Another object is the provision of an improved device of the class described in which there is a wiping contact between the contacts on the fuse tube and those on the support so that the contacts may be kept in good condition and so that the wiping contact at the lower contact of the fuse tube may be used during the unlatching of the fuse tube to assist in delaying the mechanical opening of the circuit until the arc has been extinguished within the tube.

A further object of the invention is the provision of an improved drop-out fuse construction in which the jet action from the opening at the lower end of the fuse tube reacts with the upper trunnion to produce a torque that tends to swing the lower end of the fuse tube inward towards its contactto hold the lower contact in engaged position during the blast of the are so z as to delay the mechanical opening until the arc has been extinguished.

Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved construction for devices of the class described in the form of the resilient contact springs and the provision of stops which protect the springs during jet action to prevent the straining of the springs and to cause the forces to react in such manner that the top trunnion of the fuse tube is also held in closed position during the violent jet action from the lower end of the fuse tube.

Another object is the provision of an improved ejector construction adapted to pull the fuse link from the fuse tube quickly at all times even though the rupturing currents are too light to generate sufficient gases within the fiber tube to eject the link rapidly, thus assuring the extinguishment of the arc in a minimum time.

Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved fuse tube drop-out cut-out, the parts of which are protected from the weather at all times and which is also adapted to be operated in a conventional way as a disconnect by permitting the manual disengagement of the upper contacts by merely pulling outward on this end of the tube, leaving the tube supported by its lower contacts and indicating that it has been manually operated as a disconnect.

Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved fuse construction which is adapted to be re-fused and operated in accord ance with conventional procedure so that the operators will already be familiar with the mode of handling the device.

Another object of the invention is the provision of an improvedfuse drop-out cut-out which. is trip free even during the manual closing of the circuit so that when the fuse tube unit is being connected with its contacts, the operator v cannot force the closing of the circuit during the existence of an overload, but while the operator is swinging the upper contact into closed position and holding it, the device may never theless open at the bottom contact automatically if a short circuit exists at that time. Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved fuse tube unit which is provided with means for guiding and diverting the molten elements and the major force of the blast which takes place on fusing, away froni'the operator,-so as to provide limited but effective protection for the operator and particularly for his face.

Another object is the provision of an improved device of the class described having a mechanism energizing of the circuit for repairs or other reasons.

Another object is the provision of an improved contact structure which is self-aligning with relation to the trunnions on the fuse tube unit and the provision of stops and buffers to arrest the reaction that is due to the jet action and to prevent over-stressing the contact springs.

Another object is the provision of an improved fuse tube unit and support therefor, which is so constructed that the forcible closing of the contacts by slamming the fuse tubeinto position. tends to force the ejector arm against: the bottom of the fuse tube rather than to causethe arm to place additional tension on the, fuse link element, thus eliminating the shocks that are imparted to the fragile fuse link in the devices of the prior art.

Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved drop-out cut-out in which suitable contact pressures are obtained for good electrical connection of both ends of the fuse tube unit without subjecting the fuse tube to endwise compressive forces, which may eventually result in the bending of the fuse tube, thereby eliminating any tendency toward the bending or deformation of the tube after a long period of use.

Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings, in which similar characters of reference indicate similar parts throughout the several views.

Referring to the two sheets of drawings accompanying the specification,

Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a fuse dropout cut-out embodying the invention showing the assembly in the fused position in full lines and showing two alternative positions of the fuse Fig. 3 is a fragmentary top plan view of the assembly omitting the cross-arm bracket;

Fig. 4: is a similar .bottom plan view of theassembly;

Fig. 5 is a side elevational view of the fuse tube unit in partial section on a plane determined by the axis of the tube showing the parts in the position which they assume after the fuse has blown; and

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary top plan view showing the upper end of the fuse tube unit and its supporting contact arm.

Fig. '7 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a modification utilizing a simpler type of fuse tube unit, which does not have a baffle for directing gases from the tube.

Referring to Fig. 1, l0 indicates in its entirety the fuse drop-out cut-out assembly, which preferably includes a supporting structure H and fuse tube unit I2 carried thereby. The supporting structure ll may be embodied in the single insulator type shown in Fig. 1 or the two insulator type shown in Fig. 2. The single insulator type of Fig. 1 has a porcelain insulator l3, which is formed with a multiplicity of peripherally extending skirts l4 separated by grooves l5, and the insulator preferably has a reduced cylindrical portion I6 adjacent at its middle, and addi tional reduced cylindrical portions l7 and I8 at each end. The middle cylindrical portion l6 of the insulator is surrounded by a metal. band I9, the ends of which are provided with two laterally projecting attaching flanges and 2|, having a screw bolt 22 passing through them and clamping them together.

One of the attaching flanges 2| has a side extension 23 provided with an aperture for receiving another screv. bolt 24, which passes through the attaching flange 25 of an offset bracket 28 securing it to the clamping band 19. The offset bracket 26 has its body 21 extending at right angles to the attaching flange 25 and has an other attaching flange 28 extending at an obtuse angle to the body 21.

Attaching flange 28 is secured to the supporting flange 29 of a cross-arm clamping member 30 by means of a screw bolt 3|. The cross-arm clamping member 30 is adapted to engage one side of a cross-arm, the other side being engaged by a clamping plate 32, and the two clamping members 30 and 32 are drawn together by longer screw bolts 33, 34 passing through suitable apertures and located, one above the crossarm and the other below it.

Thus the insulator I3 is adapted to be supported from a horizontal cross-arm in a tilted position, so that the fuse tube unit l2 will extend diagonally upward and away from the cross-arm in such manner that whenever the fuse tube unit hangs only from the upper contact arms, it hangs in a vertical position by gravity. By reason of this position of the insulator and fuse tube unit, the fuse tube unit is so supported that it may pivot upon either the upper trunnions or the lower trunnions by gravity to a position which it will retain by gravity.

The reduced cylindrical portions I1 and H at each end of the insulator l3 are bordered by one of the insulator skirts M on one side and a. radially projecting rib 35 on the other side, forming a groove for receiving the clamping bands 36 or 31 of the upper and lower contact supporting arms 38, 39. These contact supporting arms comprise elongated narrow straps of sheet metal each having a partially cylindrical portion 36 or 31, which embraces the insulator, and each having a pair of parallel laterally projecting portions 4!, 42, for supporting the spring contacts.

The parallel portions M, 42 are provided with aligned apertures for receiving the clamping screw bolt 43, by means of which the cylindrical portion 36 or 31 is clamped on the insulator.

The contact supporting arm 38 is adapted to support a pair of fixed contact springs 44, 45, one being on each side of the arm 38, and the two other contact springs 44, being spaced sufliciently from each other to receive the fuse tube unit I2 between them.

The contact springs 44 and 45 may be identical. and each is preferably formed with a U-shaped portion 46 that serves for its attachment to the arm 38. The U-shaped portion 45 has its legs separated sufficiently to receive a pair of screw bolts 41 and 48, which pass between the legs of this U-shaped portion and are provided with washers for engaging the U-shaped portion 46.

The bolts 41 and 48 also pass through suitable aperatures in each of the flanges 4|, 42 of the supporting arm 38, and are used to clamp a similar spring contact 44 on. the other side of the flange 4|. The flanges 4|, 42 are preferably spaced from each other by a metal spacer 49 having parallel apertures for the bolts 41, 48; and the spacer 49 may be provided with a connector 56 adapted to be used to secure a line conductor to the upper contact arm 38.

This connector comprises an apertured bolt passing through a flange and provided with a nut to clamp a conductor in said aperture against.

said flange.

The U-shaped portion 46 of the contact spring has each of its legs provided with a circular turn 5| to add to the resiliency of the contact; and the circular turn 5% supports a diagonally extending straight portion 52, which extends out ward and downward, and is provided with a partially circular groove 53 having substantially the same radius as the cylindrical trunnion 54 on the fuse tube unit which it engages.

From the curved trunnion engaging portion 53 the spring contact 45 is bent outwardly at 55, and has its extreme end 55 flaring downwardly away from a similar flared end portion 57 on the upper portion of the spring contact 45. The other leg of the U-shaped portion 46 also has a circular .turn and a diagonally upwardly extending portion 58,, which has a partially circular trunnion engaging portion 59. Thus the two diagonal portions 52 and 58 cross each other, and are so shaped that they engage the opposite side of the trunnion 54; and the springs are so initially tensioned that they come together at the out ward bends 55, closing up when the trunnion 54 is not in between the springs.

The flaring end portions 56 and 51 are adapted to guide the trunnion 54 into the position of Fig. 1, when the fuse tube unit is supported by the operator by means of a clamp stick or fuse cutout pole having an end fitting engaged in the ring 60.

The upper flaring portion 51 of each contact spring is preferably made longer to increase the length of the surface against which the trunnions 54 are to be engaged by the operator when he lifts the fuse tube unit I2 upwardly into engagement with the contact springs 44, 45.

The U-shaped portions 46 are adapted to be firmly anchored to the straps 4| and 42 by the two bolts 41 and 48; and the circular turns 5| engage the ends of the straps 4| and 42 and pre vent the springs from sliding backwardly on the bolts 41, 48.

- The spring contacts 44, 45 may be made of any suitable material, such as wire or rod, depending on the size of the device; and may be constructed of spring copper or spring bronze having suitable resilient and electrical conducting characteristics.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 4, the lower contact springs 6| and 62 may be substantially similar in construction to contact springs 44 and 45 just described, and may be secured to the lower contact supporting arm 39 in the same way by bolts 63, 64. The lower contact supporting arm 39 is preferably shorter than the arm 38 at the top for the reason that the fuse tube unit has such a construction at its lower end that thetrunnion 65 is located closer to the insulator I3.

The two attaching flanges 66, 6'! of the contact supporting arm 39 are spaced from each other by means of a metal spacer 68, which also the single insulator I3.

4 in the upper end of each insulator.

has apertures for the screw bolts 63, 64. Spacer 68 may be provided with a downward extension 69 having an electrical connector ID for attachment of the line wire similar to that indicated at 56 on the upper contact arm and described above. Spacer 68 also has a forwardly projecting stop lug "II, which extends over a stop surface 12 on the contact casting I3 carried at the lower end of the fuse tube unit I2.

Stop surface I2 is preferably convex so that it may engage a concave stop surface I4 on the stop I I, tending to retain the lower contact casting "I3 in the position of Fig. 1 when the jet action of the blowing of the fuse urges the lower end of the fuse tube unit I2 upward and to the left. This action serves to delay the mechanical opening of the circuit at the lower trunnion 65 until the arc has been extinguished in the fuse tube unit I2.

The spacer 68 is also provided with a curved cam abutment "I6 on the end toward the fuse tube unit I2 to be engaged by the cam surface I6 on the fuse ejector lever 11, so that the cam I6 on this lever may be used to push the trunnion 65-downwardly toward the right out of its plac between the contact springs 6| and 62.

Referring now to Fig. 2, this illustrates the construction of the supporting structure when it is provided with two insulators I8, I9, instead of In such case the insulators are preferably supported by means of a channel supporting bracket 86, the web of which has apertures for passing the screw bolts 8|, which are threaded into metal flttings firmly anchored The screw bolts 8| also pass through apertures in the attaching flanges 82 of an angel bracket 83 which has two body portions 84 and 85 at right an les to each other. Either body portion 84 or 85 may be used with a clamping plate 86 and a pair of embracing bolts 81, 88, to clamp the bracket 83 on a cross-arm or some other structural member, depending on the angular position of the part to -which the bracketall is to be secured.

The upper flange of the bracket 83 will be used with the plate I36, shown in dotted lines, to secure the bracket to a structural member which extends horizontally, instead of having its edge extending vertically.

The insulator pins I33, carried by the insulators I8. 19, have attaching flanges I32 provided with apertures for screw bolts I3I, by means of which the up er and lower contact arms are supported. A pair of steel straps I26 have their laterally turned ends I25 secured to the attaching flange I 32 of the upper pin I 33 with the straps extending parallel to each other.

A casting I34 is carried by the ends of the straps I26, and the casting I24 is of substantially U-shape, having a central yoke I35 and two side walls I36, I31. The straps I26 engage the inside of the side walls I35. I5? to which they are secured by screw bolts I 38.

The outer surface of the side walls I36, I3! is formed with a groove I39 of substantially U -shape in elevation and adapted to receive the U-sha ed end I4!) of the upper contact spring I4I. With the upper contact spring socketed in the casting I34, it may be clamped in place bythe same screw bolt I38 which secures the casting I34 to the strap I26.

Casting I34 also has a transversely projecting flange I42 provided with an apertured screw bolt connector I43 for secureinent to a tan wire or ,line conductor. The yoke I35 of the U- shaped casting I34 has a clearance with respect to the edge of the straps I25, so that the casting I34 may have a limited pivotal movement on the straps I26. This makes the upper contacts adjustable as a unit to provide for vertical self-adjustment between the upper and lower contacts.

Each of the contact springs I4I may consist of one unitary spring wire member formed as previously described, and shown in Figs. 2 and 6. The lower contact arm, which is carried by lower insulator pin I33, may consist of a casting I44 which has an attaching flange I45 for securernent to the attaching flange I32 by bolts ISI. This contact supporting casting I44 again has its sides 43 formed with a U-shaped groove I4? for receiving the U-ohaped supporting part I48 of the lower contact springs I49.

Casting I44 has depending from one of its sides a connector fiange I50, provided with an apertured screw bolt II within which a conductor may be inserted and clamped toconnect the device to a line conductor or to a tap wire.

The sides of the casting I44 are also recessed at I52, to provide space for the coils I53 of the contact springs i524 which are used on the casting I44. These contact springs are two in numer and they project longitudinally from the body of the casting I44, in position to engage the trunnion I 35 of the fuse tube unit I56, which may be identical with that previously described.

The shape and construction of the contact sprin s !54 may be similar to that previously described. The casting I44 also has a dependcurved stop flange I51, which extends over a complementary abutment I58 on the lower contact fixture i551. The abutment or stop I5! is engaged by the part I58 when the fuse blows to resist the distortion of the spring contacts the force of the blast reacting on the fuse tube unit i5 3.

The ejector lever I60 again has the cam shaped formation ifil for engaging the end I62 of the casting I44, when the fuse ejector I60 pivots in a clockwise direction, thus forcing the contacts I55 out from their closed circuit position and from engagement with the springs I54.

The fuse tube unit I2 preferably comprises an elongated hollow tube of a suitable insulating composition, such as phenolic condensation compound, or a fibrous tube suitably impregnated with such a compound. The insulating tube 9! is adapted to house a standard fuse link having a fusible portion and a pig tail lead 92. The tube 9! supports metal castings or fittings T3 at the bottom and 93 at the top, preferably made of a copper alloy or other highly electrical conducting metal. The upper tube fitting 93 comprises a cylindrical, tubular body 94, the bore of which receives the tube '9I to which it is anchored by a plurality of transversely extending pins 95, Fig. 1.

The upper end of the tubular body 94 is threaded to receive a threaded cap 98, which clamps the head of the fuse against an annular shoulder in the fitting 93. Thus the upper end of the fuse is anchored in the tube fitting 93 and the fuse extends downwardly and out of the open end of the tube 9|.

The upper fitting 93 also has a forward extension provided with a pair of cylindrical trunnions 54, one on each side, for engagement with the contact springs 44 and 45, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3. The forward extension also supports the integral ring 60, by means of which the fuse tube unit is manipulated.

The lower fuse tube fitting I3 also has a tubular portion 91 for receiving the lower end of the insulating tube 9I, to which it is anchored by a plurality of transverse pins 90. The pins are riveted in the fitting and engage in grooves in the tube 9|, whereby they prevent rotation of the fitting on the tube and anchor it against longitudinal movement.

The tubular portion 91 is open at 99, its lower end, but it preferably supports a discharge-directing baffle I00, which is intended to divert the molten and gaseous products downwardly and to the right away from the operator, who will be standing on the pole toward the left. This is important where the fault that caused the blowing of the fuse has not yet been corrected and the fuse blows again while the operator is installing a re-fused unit. The baffle I00 consists of'apair of parallel side walls IOI and a curved back wall I02, the inner surface of which curves downwardly and forwardly to direct the gases which come out of the open end 99 of the lower fitting I3.

The rear bafiie wall I02 may have an aperture or groove for passing the leader 92 from the fuse, which also extends into a groove I93 in the end of the ejector lever TI. The outside of the ejector lever I! may have a groove I94 in which the leader 92 extends and a pin I05, preferably provided adjacent the pivot point for the ejector lever, about which the leader 92 extends, to be finally anchored under a thumb nut I06 on the lower fitting T3.

The thumb nut I06 is carried by an integral web I01, which is also joined to a diagonally extending tubular spring housing I08. The web I01 and spring housing I08 also support an integral ring I09 on the lower fitting 13, which is used with a suitable operating stick to lift the fuse tube unit into engagement with its support. At that time the fuse tube unit, being supported from the lower ring I09, the tube SI will hang downwardly in a position similar to the lower dotted line position of Fig. 1.

The ejector lever has its rear end adjacent the stop member 12 provided with a flat portion adapted to be received between parallel flanges III carried by web I0! and the ejector lever I7 is pivotly mounted on the fixture I3 by means of a pintle I I Do. The location of this pintle I I0a is concentric to the inner curved surface of the stop I2.

The tubular spring housing I08 of the lower fixture 13 carries a pair of laterally projecting trunnions 65, which are adapted to be received between the spring contacts EI and 52 in the same manner as the trunnions 54 are received by springs 44 and 45. Tubular spring housing I08 has a bore H0 receiving a helical compression spring I I2, which bears upon a forked push rod II3 engaging in a groove H4 in the edge of the ejector lever 11, urging the ejector lever in a clockwise direction.

The operation of the cut-out is as follows:

A fuse is first located in the tube 9I, having the cap at its end clamped by the fuse cap 96. The leader 92 of the fuse extends out of the open end 99 and it is guided into the groove I03 in the ejector lever I1, which is moved clockwise until it engages the outside of the blast chute I00. The leader of the fuse is then passed around the pin I05 and clamped by the thumb screw I06 under tension.

The purpose of passing the leader about the pin I05 is to have the point of its attachment to the ejector lever 'I'! close to the point of pivot I III of the lever so that there will be less tendency for the cable to slide across the end groove I03 of the ejector lever as the ejector lever pivots outward. Such sliding of the cable on the end of the levers causes friction which might interfere with the ejector lever action and the sliding can be wholly eliminated by attachment of the cable in alignment with the pivotal axis of the ejector lever. The passing of the cable around the pin I05 approximates this desirable position.

The fuse tube unit I2 now having been refused, it is supported upon a clamp stick or fuse stick, which passes through the ring I09 and the tube 9I then-hangs downward in approximately the lower dotted line position of Fig. 1. It may then be lifted by the operator and the trunnion 65 brought into engagement with the spring con.- tacts 6|, 62 with the lower fixture 13 between the contacts and the trunnions between the flaring portions of each contact.

A push on the pole supporting the fuse tube unit will cause the fiaring portions of the contacts to spread and permit the trunnions 65 to move into the groove, which will retain the trunnions 65 on the lower contact arm 69. The operator may then remove his pole from the ring I09 and insert it in the ring 60, and by means of the tool he may swing the fuse tube unit upward at its free end, pivoting about the trunnions 65 which are carried by the lower contact arm 68.

In this pivotal movement the upper trunnions 54 will come into substantial registry with the flaring ends 56, 51 of the upper contacts '44, 45 and the upper trunnions 54 may then be pushed in between the contacts into the grooves provided for the trunnions 54, where the trunnions will then be retained.

The fuse tube unit is now connected in circuit, but assuming that a fault still existed on the line when the upper trunnions 54 were pushed into engagement with the upper contacts 44, 45, the fault would not interfere with this motion, but at the same time if the fuse blew, such action would take place at the lower end of the fuse tube unit I2 and would result in the trunnions 65 being made free of the lower contact arm 68. ,Thus the final act of connecting the fuse tu-be unit in circuit does not interfere with the working of the drop-out, which may take place at the same time if a fault still exists.

When there is a surge of current of sufficient amount to melt the fuse, the fuse in the tube 9| melts and the resulting combustion and gases and explosion cause the melted parts of the fuse and the cable leader 92 to be ejected from the lower end of the tube 9|. The melted metal, gases and other materials ejected from the lower end of tube SI are diverted away from the operator by the blast chute IIII], which protects the face and person of the operator standing on the pole to the left of Fig. 1.

As soon as the fuse has melted, the tension on the leader 92 is then relieved and the ejector lever 11 is urged clockwise by its spring 2', pulling out the loose end of the cable 92 and aiding in extinguishing the are inside the tube 9|. The forces exerted on the fuse tube unit If by the ejection of gases and fuse parts from the blast chute I00 urges the lower end of the tube upward and toward the left until the stop surface 12 engages the stop 14, thus preventing further strain on the spring contacts.

This same force, being held against further movement in the steps 12, 14, causes the upper trunnions 64 to tend to move backward into the upper contacts 44, 45, and does not tend to release the upper trunnion 54 from its contacts. thus the construction assures the retention of the upper trunnions by the upper contact arm 38, and while the blast is going on the lower trunnions 65 are also retained by the lower contact arm 39. This also effects a delay in the mechanical opening of the lower contacts until after the arc is definitely extinguished.

As the ejector 11 moves clockwise its camming surface 16 engages the forward end of the spacer 68 and the ejector 11, having an increasing radius, cams the lower end of the fuse tube unit I2 downward and to the right until the trunnions pass out from between the parts of the contact springs SI, 62. Since the tube hangs in a tilted position and is pivoted at its upper end, the releasing of the lower end by the contacts 6|, 62 permits it to pivot by gravity until it hangs almost vertically from the upper contact arm 38 with the circuit definitely broken between the lower contact fixture 13 and the contacts 6|, 62. The hanging of the fixture in this dotted line position, shown at the right of Fig. 1, indicates that the circuit was broken due to a short circ-uit or other fault on the line.

Referring to Fig. 7, this is a fragmentary side elevational view of a modification similar to Fig. v

1, but which employs a fuse tube unit I10 of a simpler construction. In this case the lower contact fixture I1I does not have a blast chute or baflle for directing the gases.

In this embodiment of the invention the supporting structure, comprising an insulator and the upper and lower contact supporting arms 38 and 39, may be exactly the same as previously described.

The same is true of the upper and lower contacts and the upper contact fixture 93 on fuse tube I12. The lower contact fixture comprises a tubular body I13, which is mounted on the fuse tube I12 at a point that is slightly spaced from the lower end I14 of the tube.

The tubular collar I13 is again secured by means of a plurality of transverse riveted pins I15, which engage grooves in the fuse tube I12. The collar I13 supports the diagonally extending tubular spring housing I16, which has the same ring I09 for engagement with a disconnect pole.

The tubular spring housing I16 contains the same compression spring, which urges the fuse throw-out lever 11 in a clockwise direction. The spring housing member I16 also supports the same trunnions 65; and the structure of the fuse throw-out lever or fuse ejector 11 is the same as in Fig. 1. A relatively small web I11 depends from the spring housing member I16 and has a clamping nut I18 for clampin the end of the leader cable, which passes around a pin I19.

The fuse tube I12 has its lower end extending slightly beyond the collar I13 in order to bring the open end I 14 adjacent the end of the ejector lever I11.

For all practical purposes the lower contact fixture IN is again located substantially at the lower end of the fuse tube I12.

The present embodiment is exemplary of another for-mof fuse tube unit embodying my invention and having contact fixtures at each end of a tube.

The present fuse cut-out is also adapted to be used as a simple disconnect switch, and this may be done at any time by pulling on the ring 60 until the trunnions 54 are pulled out of engagement with the upper contacts 44, 45, the

fuse tube unit l2 pivoting on its lower trunnions 65, which are kept in engagement with the lower contacts El, 62. The fuse tube unit (2 will then swing by gravity to the dotted line position shown at the left of Fig. 1, which is also the position that the fuse tube assumes in the course of its being remounted, as previously described. This left-hand dotted line position of Fig. 1 is an indication that the circuit was broken purposefully by the operator instead of being broken automatically by the blowing of a fuse.

It will thus be observed that I have invented an improved fuse drop-out cut-out which has the following advantages:

1. It is adapted to use standard universal fuse links of any manufacturer and to be handled accordin to conventional practise.

2. The lower contact of the fuse tube is ejected from the bottom contact arm upon rupture of the fuse link so that the fuse tube will hang with its opening extending downward after operation, thus protecting the interior of the fuse tube from all adverse weather conditions.

3. The construction of the mechanism is such that the mechanical opening of the lower contacts is delayed until the are has been definitely extinguished.

4. The jet action from the lower end of the tube tends to keep the upper end of the fuse tube in its proper position and to hold the lower end in position until after the blast, thus delaying mechanical opening until the are has been extinguished.

5. The resilient spring contacts with their wide flaring ends are adapted to register with the trunnions .of the fuse tube units, even though the dimensions may vary due to manufacturingtolerances and the contacts may give sufiiciently to become self-aligning as they engage the trunnions.

6. Any undue strain on the spring contacts is prevented by the provision of stop surfaces which take the thrust that is caused by jet action during rupture of a fuse.

7. The present fuse unit may be operated as a disconnect switch, but when so operated its automatic mechanism is still trip free, so that a fault on the line will open the lower contacts even while the operator is closing and holding the upper contacts.

8. The device gives a visual indication at all times whether it is actively in the circuit or whether the circuit has been broken purposefully at the top or automatically by rupture of a fuse at the bottom.

The present fuse construction and that of the assembly is relatively simple, sturdy, capable of economical manufacture, and adapted to be used for a long period of time without necessity for repair or replacement of any of its parts.

While I have illustrated a preferred embodiment of my invention, many modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, and I do not wish to be limited to the precise details of construction set forth, but desire to avail myself of all changes within the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:

1. In a fuse drop-out cut-out the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact arms carried in spaced relation to each other by said support, each of said contact arms carrying a pair of resiliently supported contact assemblies and each of said assemblies including a pair of diverging contact members leading to a pair of opposed curved portions adapted to receive and to retain for rotative motion a trunnion carried by a fuse tube unit, and each of said contact assemblies comprising a resilient wire bent backwardly upon itself and clamped to the contact arm, the two legs of each contact being formed with circular coils intermediate their point of attachment and the curved portions which engage the trunnions.

2. In a fuse drop-out cut-out the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact arms carried in spaced relation to each other by said support, each of said contact arms carrying a pair of resiliently supported contact assemblies and each of said assemblies including a pair of diverging contact members leading to a pair of opposed curved portions adapted to receive and to retain for rotative motion a trunnion carried by a fuse tube unit, and a fuse tube unit comprising an insulating tube adapted to receive a fuse and having metal contact fixtures at each end, each fixture being provided with a pair of oppositely extending trunnions for engaging with said contact members.

3. In a fuse drop-out cut-out the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact arms carried in spaced relation to each other by said support, each-of said contact arms carrying a pair of resiliently supported contact assemblies and each of said assemblies including a pair of diverging contact members leading to a pair of opposed curved portions adapted to receive and to retain for rotative motion a trunnion carried by a fuse tube unit, and a fuse tube unit comprising an insulating tube adapted to receive a fuse and having metal contact fixtures at each end, each fixture being provided with a pair of oppositely extending trunnions for engaging with said contact members, said fixtures each being provided with lifting rings for engagement with a pole line tool.

4. In a fuse drop-out cut-out the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact arms carried in spaced relation to each other by said support, "each of said contact arms carrying a pair of resiliently supported contact assemblies and each of said assemblies including a pair of diverging contact members leading-to a pair of opposed curved portions adapted to receive and to retain for rotative motion a trunnion carried by a fuse tube unit, and a fuse tube unit comprising an insulating tube adapted to receive a fuse and having metal contact fixtures at each end, each fixture being provided with a pair of oppositely extending trunnions for engaging with said contact members, the said tube being open at its lower end and the lower fixture being provided with a fuse-held mechanism for ejecting the trunnions from their engagement with the contacts at the lower end, whereby both in the fused condition and in the ruptured condition the tube is held with its open end downward andclosed end upward to protect the interior of the tube from weather conditions.

5. In a fuse drop-out cut-out the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact arms carried in spaced relation to each other by said support, each of said contact arms carrying a pair of resiliently supported contact as semblies and each ofsaid assemblies including a pair of diverging contact members leading to a pair of opposed curved portions adapted to receiveand to retain for rotative motion a. trunnioncarried by a fuse tube unit, and a fuse tube unit comprising an insulating tube adapted to receive a fuse and having metal contact fixtures at each end, each fixture being provided with a pair of oppositely extending trunnions for engaging with said contact members, one of the contact fixtures on said fuse tube unit having a stop surface located below an adjacent stop surface on a contact arm, whereby the upward reaction of the fuse tube unit due to the jet action of a blast caused by rupture of a fuse is resisted by the stopping surfaces, which prevent overstraining of the spring contacts.

6. In a fuse drop-out cut-out the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact arms carried in spaced relation to each other by said support, each of said contact arms carrying a pair of resiliently supported contact assemblies and each ofsaid assemblies including a pair of diverging contact members leading to a pair of opposed curved portions adapted to receive and to retain for rotative motion a trunnion carried by a fuse tube unit, and a fuse tube unit comprising an insulating tube adapted to receive a fuse and having metal contact fixtures at each end, each fixture being provided with a pair of oppositely extending trunnions for engaging with said contact members, the said fuse tube unit having its lower fixture provided with a blast chute which directs the force of the blast from the fuse tube downwardly and away from the normal position of the operator with respect to the cut-out.

'7. In a fuse drop-out cut-out the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact arms carried in spaced relation to each other by said support, each of said contact arms carrying a pair of resiliently supported contact assemblies and each of said assemblies including a pair of diverging contact members leading to a pair of opposed curved portions adapted to receive and to retain for rotative motion'a trunnion carried by a fuse tube unit, and a fuse tube unit comprising an insulating tube adapted to receive a fuse and having metal contact fixtures at each end, each fixture being provided with a pair of oppositely extending trunnions for engaging with said contact members, the said trunnions being so located with respect to the direction of discharge of the blast resulting from the rupture of a fuse from the lower end of the fuse tube that the reaction from the blast urges the trunnions into engagement with their contacts, thereby delaying mechanical opening until the blast has finished and the arc is therefore extinguished.

8. In a fuse drop-out cut-out the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact arms carried in spaced relation to each other by said support, each of said contact arms carrying a pair of resiliently supported contact assemblies and each of said assemblies including a pair of diverging contact members leading to a pair of opposed curved portions adapted to receive and to retain for rotative motion a trunnion carried by a fuse tube unit, and a fuse tube unit comprising an insulating tube adapted to the trunnions out of engagement with the lower contacts upon rupture of the fuse.

9. In a fuse tube unit for a fuse drop-out cutout the combination of a tube of insulating material having a bore adapted to receive a fuse with its leader, metal fixtures carried by each end of said fuse tube, each of said fixtures being provided with a pair of laterally extending cylindrical trunnions, one of said fixtures being provided with means for securing the end of the fuse in the tube and for closing the tube and the other of said fixtures being provided with an open end for discharge of the gases from the tube, the said open end being provided with baffle means for directing the blast which is caused by the rupture of a fuse away from the position of the operator who may be working near the fuse tube unit.

10. In a fuse tube unit for a fuse drop-out cutout the combination of a tube of insulating mate-' rial having a bore adapted to receive a fuse with its leader, metal fixtures carried by each end of said fuse tube, each of said fixtures being provided with a pair of laterally extending cylindrical trunnions, one of said fixtures being provided with means for securing the end of the fuse in the tube and for closing the tube and the other of said fixtures being provided with an open end for discharge of the gases from the tube, the said open end being provided with baifie means for directing the blast which is caused by the rupture of a fuse away from theposition of the operator who may be working near the fuse tube unit, the other of said fixtures also having a spring pressed ejector lever pivotally mounted thereon and provided with a cam adapted to engage a part carried by an adjacent contact arm, whereby the release of the ejector lever due to the rupture of a fuse causes the cam to react against the contact arm, to separate the adjacent trunnions from their contacts.

11. In a fuse tube unit for a fuse drop-out cut-- out the combination of a tube of insulating material having a bore adapted to receive a fuse with its leader, metal fixtures carried by each end of said fuse tube, each of said fixtures being provided with a pair of laterally extending cylin drical trunnions, one of said fixtures being provided with means for securing the end of the fuse in the tube and for closing the tube and the other of said fixtures being provided with an open end for discharge of the gases from the tube, the said open end being provided with baflle means for directing the blast which is caused by the rupture of a fuse away from the position of the operator who may be working near the fuse tubeunit, the other of said fixtures also having a spring pressed ejector lever pivotally mounted thereon and provided with a cam adapted to engage a part carried by an adjacent contact arm, whereby the release of the ejector lever due to the rupture of a fuse causes the cam to react against the contact arm, to separate the adjacent trunnions from their contacts, the leader of the fuse extending out of the lower end of the fuse tube unit and across the end of the ejector lever and being carried about an abutment on the ejector lever, which is adjacent the point of pivot of the ejector lever to minimize the sliding of the leader across the end of the ejector lever.

12. In a fuse tube unit for a fuse drop-out cut-out the combination of a tube of insulating material having a bore adapted to receive a fuse with its leader, metal fixtures carried by each end of said fuse tube, each of said fixtures being provided with a pair of laterally extending cylindrical trunnions, one of said fixtures being provided with means for securing the end of the fuse in the tube and for closing the tube and the other of said fixtures being provided with an open end for discharge of the gases from the tube, the said open end being provided with baffle means for directing the blast which is caused by the run: ture ,of a fuse away from the position of the operator who may be working near the fuse tube unit, the other of said fixtures also having a spring pressed ejector lever pivotally mounted thereon and provided with a cam adapted'to engage a part carried by an adjacent contact arm, whereby the release of the ejector lever due to the rupture of a causes the cam to react against the contact arm, to separate the adjacent trunnions from their contacts, the said other fixture being provided with a tubular spring housing, and a helical spring in said housing, said spring engaging a forked push rod which acts upon the ejector lever.

13. A fuse tube unit for a drop-out cut-out comprising a tube of insulating material and a contact fixture carried by its upper end, said fixture having a bore for receiving a fuse tube and having a pair of laterally projecting trunnions for providing a pivotal mounting at its upper end, a lower contact fixture carried adjacent the other end of the tube, said contact fixture having a bore for receiving the insulating tube, and having a laterally projecting arm, a spring biased fuse ejector lever pivotally mounted on said arm, said lever having its end located to'engage a fuse leader coming from the lower end of the insulating tube, and a pair of trunnions carried by said laterally projecting arm on said lower fixture, the said lower contact fixture having a downwardly extending wall extending beyond the end of the insulating tube and open only on the side away from the operator, said wall having its rear inner surface shaped to direct discharge gases and parts of the fuse downwardly and laterally away from the operator.

14. In a fused disconnect switch, the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact supporting arms extending in substantially the same direction from said support and spaced from each other, each of said arms being provided with a plurality of pairs of contact members, and each pair of contact members including parts opposing each other and formed with opposed trunnion retaining formations and diverging guide formations, so that the trunnions of a fuse tube unit may be releasably held by either or both of said contact arms and may be forcibly engaged or disengaged with the pairs of contact members, said insulating support being disposed at an angle to the vertical, so that the fuse tube unit, when released by the lower contact arm, may pivot on the upper contact arm to a vertical position, and when the fuse tube unit is released by the upper contact arm, it may pivot on the lower contact arm to the vertical position, these two vertical positions depending from the upper contact arm or the lower contact arm, respectively, indicating two different modes of disconnection to the user.

15. In a fused disconnect switch, the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact supporting arms extending in substantially the same direction from said support and spaced from each other, each of said arms being pro vided with a plurality of pairs of contact members, and each pair of contact members including parts opposing each other and formed with opposed trunnion retaining formations and diverging guide formations, so that the trunnions of a fuse tube unit may be releasably held by either or both of said contact arms and may be forcibly engaged or disengaged with the pairs of contact members, said insulating support being disposed at an angle to the vertical, so that the fuse tube unit, when released by the lower contact arm, may pivot on the upper contact arm to a vertical position, and when the fuse tube unit is released by the upper contact arm, it may pivot on the lower contact arm to the vertical position, these two vertical positions depending from the upper contact arm or the lower contact arm, respectively, indicating two different modes of disconnection to the user, and a fuse tube unit comprising an insulating tube housing a fuse and a conducting fixture carried by each end of said insulating tube and electrically connected to the ends of said fuse, each of said fixtures being provided with a pair of oppositely extending cylindrical trunnions for simultaneous engagement between the pairs of contact members carried by either contact arm.

16. In a fused disconnect switch, the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact supporting arms extending in substantially the same direction from said support and spaced from each other, each of said arms being provided with a plurality of pairs of contact members, and each pair of contact members including parts opposing each other and formed with opposed trunnion retaining formations and diverging guide formations, so that the trunnions of a fuse tube unit may be releasably held by either or both of said contact arms and may be forcibly engaged or disengaged with the pairs of contact members, said insulating support being disposed at an angle to the vertical, so that the fuse tube unit, when released by the lower contact arm, may pivot on the upper contact arm to a, vertical position, and when the fuse tube unit is released by the upper contact arm, it may pivot on the lower contact arm to the vertical position, these two vertical positions depending from the upper contact arm or the lower contact arm, respectively, indicating two different modes of disconnection to the user, and a fuse tube unit comprising an insulating tube housing a fuse and a conducting fixture carried by each end of said insulating tube and electrically connected to the ends of said fuse, each of said fixtures being provided with a pair of oppositely extending cylindrical trunnions for simultaneous engagement between the pairs of contact members carried by either contact arm, and automatic means operated responsive to the rupture of the fuse, for ejecting the trunnions from engagement with the lower contact members, the tube pivoting about its upper trunnions to a position depending from the upper contact members.

1'7. In a fused disconnect switch, the combination of an insulating support with a pair of contact supporting arms extending in substantially the same direction from said support and spaced from each other, each of said arms being provided with a plurality of pairs of contact members, and each pair of contact members including parts opposing each other and formed with opposed trunnion retaining formations and diverging guide formations, so that the trunnions of a fuse tube unit may be releasably held by either or both of said contact arms and may be forcibly engaged or disengaged with the pairs of contact members, said insulating support being disposed at an angle to the vertical, so that the fuse tube unit, when released by the lower contact arm, may pivot on the upper contact arm to a vertical position, and when the fuse tube unit is released by the upper contact arm, it may pivot on the lower contact arm to the vertical position, these two vertical positions depending from the upper contact arm or the lower contact arm, respectively, indicating two difierent modes of disconnection to the user, and a fuse tube unit comprising an insulating tube housing a fuse and a conducting fixture carried by each end of said insulating tube and electrically connected to the ends of said fuse, each of said fixtures being provided with a pair of oppositely extending cylindrical trunnions for simultaneous engagement between the pairs of contact members carried by either contact arm, and automatic means onerated responsive to the rupture of the fuse, for ejecting the trunnions from engagement with the lower contact members, the tube pivoting about its upper trunnions to a position depending from the upper contact members, said automatic means being operable while the switch is being re-fused, when the fuse unit is being pivoted on its lower trunnions in an upper direction into engagement with the upper trunnions.

DAVID C. HUBBARD.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,925,624 Boll Sept. 5, 1933 2,212,633 Bodendieck Aug. 27, 1940 2,290,382 Ramsey July 21, 1942 2,347,641 Ramsey May 2, 1944 2,354,907 Bennett et a1. Aug. 1, 1944 2,357,772 Schultz Sept. 5, 1944 2,446,676 Yonkers Aug. 10, 1948 2,461,898 Hubbard Feb. 15, 1949

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6392526Apr 28, 2000May 21, 2002Hubbell IncorporatedFuse cutout with mechanical assist
US6462639Jul 14, 2000Oct 8, 2002Hubbell IncorporatedFuse cutout with dome top contact and knurled fuseholder cap
US7639113 *Jan 22, 2008Dec 29, 2009Impact Power, Inc.Enclosed insulator assembly for high-voltage distribution systems
US7646282 *Dec 14, 2007Jan 12, 2010Jiri PazdirekInsulator for cutout switch and fuse assembly
US20110291793 *Dec 1, 2011Schneider Electric Canada Inc.Wire-fuse circuit-breaker proviced with a fuseholde and a fuse-breaker of improved drive and operation safety
Classifications
U.S. Classification337/170, 337/167, 337/179, 337/178, 74/2, 200/325
International ClassificationH01H31/12, H01H31/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01H31/127
European ClassificationH01H31/12B2