US 258528 A
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2 snuff-sheet 1:
' y Patented May 28, 1882.
L EBOBOHARDT. Y BULLET PATI'NG MAGHINE.
,'(No Manel.) f
` (No Model.)
2 Sheets-Sheet 2. H. BORGHARDT. y 1 BULLET PATGHING MACHINE. No. 258,528. l l PatentedMay 23, 1882.
UNITED STATES HUGO BORCHARDI, F BRIDGEPORT, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR T() THE UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE COMPANY, .OF SAME PLACE.
srncxrxca'rron forming pmof Letters/erfasst No. 258,528, dated may 2e, 1882. Application olea ijcnrhary 1o, ieee'. (No man.)
To all whom it may concern: v
Beit known that I, HUGO oncnsnr, of Brid eport, Connecticut, havel invented .certain Improvements in Bullet'- Patehing Ma- 5 chiues, of which the following `is a specification.
My improvements relate to that class of hnlletetching machines in which bullets are ma o to euwrap the lower ,portions of 4their lo bodies with slips of paper byybeing rolled upou their longitudinal axes across the face of a magazine containing a-mass of paper slips `of the proper size and shape. A machine for ao complishingthis object is shown and described in Letters. Patent of the United States No.` 159,748, dated February 16,1675, granted-to me' for an improvement in bullet-patching machines.' 'In that machine thc instrumentality employed to roll the b ullets across the curved face of Ythe guardrail and the face ot' the magazine ish horizontal rotatingdislr having a pc riphery of elastic material.
My present invention embraces the substi` tution fOr the elastic periphery of. the rotating disk ofipairs of elastic rollers contained in recesses formed in the periphery of a rotating disk and mounted on vertical shafts, the bearings of `:,p'hich are atiixed to and rotate with the disk.y I preferably canse the rollers to ro-l tate positively with snliicient speed to im part to thebnllet, which `is' placed inlcontact with the two rollers and between them and the eou cave face of the curved rail, such a speed of v rotation as will cause ittodrawthepateh tight around its blo'dy as it rolls .across the face ot the 1n guaine. y
Al ther feature of my invention consists of a mucilageidistributer, by the operation ot' which a drop` of mneilage taken from a suita- 4oA ble reservoir is deposited uponthat part of the patch "with which the bullet first acquires contoch `.lhe paper slips or patches employed in this class ofliiachines are rhomboidul in shape, with theiracute an glas slightly rounded. `When i x 45 wrapped around the bullet the portion ot the patchextending below the ballet requires to` A be folded or Vcrimped in upon the base of the bullet.VH In the machine described in my former patent this object is accomplished by a 5o curyed rail 'arranged in a plane immediately beneath that lalong which the base of the bull let moves, in a position eccentric with reference to the path ofthe bullet, so that as the'bullet` i is progressively rolled along the projecting lower portion of the patch is gradually crimped 5 5 in upon the base ofthe bullet by contact with the curved edge of the crimping-rail. In my former machine the erimpiugraii hadasnxooth t" curved edge and was stationary. I now provide-it with a serrated edge and give it the ca- 6o pacity of yielding outwardly in a horizontal plane, so that if by anyaecident the bullet -drops too far down the crimping-rail will yield yto allow the bullet to pass on without stopping the machine. I also make the segment ofthe guard -ral aboveithe crimpingrail movable l-by 'pivoting thesegment at one end, thereby allowing a horizontal oscillation for lthe pur, pose of allowing convenientaccess to thecrimpin -rail. and I make the segment of the guard 7o rail which adjoins the oscillating segment. ad justable in a horizontal plane toward and from tli periphery ot the patchingl machine disk. for the purpose of employing it as a gage, and thereby eliecting the discharge in separate '75 places, respcctivel y,ot1 bulletaivhieh have been pnpperly patched and of bullets which yhave accidentally takenup more than onepatch, and hence have acquired too great thickness.
The accompanying drawings, representing 8o a.` bullet-patching machine embodying my improvements, are as follows: Figure l is top-"iew of the machine. Fig.
A2 is a vertical section through the line to 'w on Fig. 1 on an enlarged scale. Fignis a trans- 85 verse section Athrough the line a: :c ou Fig. 2 ou an lenlarged scale. Fig. 4 is a'. longitudinal view of aporlion of the serratededgederimper t on an enlarged scale. Fig. 5 is a top View up on an enlarged scale ofthe mucilage-distribu 9o ter und the contiguous portions of the machine.'
Fig. 6 is a side elevation, partly in section, of
the mucilage-distributing arm. Fig. 7 is u vertical section through ,the line y y on Fig. 5
of thc cam operating K the tail end of the mu 95 cilage-distributer; and FigrS is a vertical section through the radial linee#l on Fig. l, showing anadjustable gage' for et'ecting the dischargejnseparate places of bullets properly i and improperly patched. Y i, roc
In my improved machine the rotatingalisk A is provided with equidistant pairs et rollers B of elastic material. Each of these rollers is 4 mounted ,upon the upper end of a vertical shaft, b, extending downward through a bearing, b', atxed to or forming part of the rotating disk 5 A. The lower projecting end of the vertical shaft b is provided witha pinion, b2, which en'- gages a stationary circular' rack, 2)3. The rack b3 is supported by the crooked arms b4, atii'ed to the annular table C. The inneredge of the xo table G projects slightly under the edge ofthe rotating dislr A for a portion, C7, ot' its circumi ference, where thebullets arefed by hand into the spaces between the pairs of rollers and the -stationary curved guide-wall e. By the rotation of the disk A the bullets are ultimately broughtagainstithe curved face d of the sta tionaryr curved railgD, andare thereby slightly compressed against the yielding surfaces fof'l the `parallel rollers B. As 'they are rolled the plate E is rocked outward, and, after the .passage ot" the bullet, is returned' toits former position by aretr'acting-spring, E". There is thus imparted to the plate E, and hence to the 3o arm e2, oscillationina horizontal lplane. The arm c2 also has the-.capacity ot'oscillation in a vertical plane by virtue of itssupport lupon 1-the horizontal rock-shaft c. The 'oscillation Kot' .the rock-shaft e. is effected by the stationary 3 5 cam F,againstwhich -thefcnd of therockLshaft arme3 is held by theexpanding spiral spring F', the thrust of whiclr'is exerted upon the pin F2, inserted through the armes:
Y The mueilagefdistributngarm'is provided 4o 'at its extremity with ainger, c4, which, when at vrest,bears upon the bottom ot'them ucilagereserqoirG. Whenithe mucilagedistributer is set into aetionthe fingere4 has a"n1otion``which is induced partly by its connection with the os-y cllating. plate `E, which tends-to 'swing it in a horizontal plane, and partly by itsconnect'iou with the rock-shaft e', by which it is at lrst tilted upward as the rock-shaft arm e" traverses thesloirmvardlyinclined face f-'of the cam F.- 5o Hav-i-ngzbeenrtilted' iipvardsuteiently to'clear' thewlhot'thc mucilagesreserv'oir, the finger e4 swings ot-ward'in a horizontal* plane as the arm e3 traverses 'the shorthorizental part j" ot thccam F, andisrthcntilteddownward as the armfccin obedience tot'lieftliriistof the spring F,ftravcls u p the 'iircliiiedfncejf7l gf" e''cain F. llairin g the last l portioiil" "tithe` oscillatory moiicngent of theiplatefEith `arln e3 traverses the'lrorizontalface ffofjthe camLF, and the iin- 6o ger 2.6.41; is ft-hus swim r horizontally "outward againstithe the magazine-Laila deposits a'drep of lnucilageheartli'eappr ferwarded'ge ofthe patch -Where the bullet first acquire' contact withthe b5 patch.l
les.;uesnatieitnatn1 fingervhnepositing the drop of mnciiage, shall hear upon the r:which `isfplaced under that portion 'of` dropped at that point into a, (t 'A patch with' ayieldingpressnre', and shall have a slightla'terl movement to spread themuci.- lage. This rje'snltis accomplished by making 7o the arm ezsuiiciently slender to have tlexibility, orbly coiinectin git with the rock-shaft byrneans fot" the hinged joirtit as shownin the drawings, i'n 'which lat er case, as will be seen, the light spring c6 exerts a lateral pull, tending to 75 hold thearm c2 extended, but yields sniciently to permit the arm e2 to bend upon the joint e5` whenthe tin ger acquires contact with the patch. :The eiect of'this bending ot' the arln c2 is to bringit intoa position which is more nearly 8o radial with relation to the vertical axis of 'oscillation of the plate E, thus increasing the ra-L dial distance ot l the finger c4 from its vertical axis'otoscillation, It hence follows that during the latter partot' iheoutitnrd oscillatory y85 -movement'ot' the plate E the ingerc4 movesv horizon-tally ajshort distance across the face of the outer patch and spreads thereon the drop of mncilagewhich it has brought from the muv cilage-rese'rvoir.` As -the bullet travels alonggo the oscillating plateE springsback to its nor mal position, and the described motionsof the". finger .e4 being thus reversed it is again intro-` duced into the mucilage-rescrroir. j'
After the bullet has been rolled .across the face ot' the magazine I, and' has enwrapped its body witlra patch, the' portion o t' the patch projecting below 'the 4baseot" the bullet acquires contact with the serrated edge j 'of the crirnp- The serrated edge ot' the crimping-rail is eccentric with relation to the axisot the patchingmachinc'disk, and hence as the bulletrolls` along the projecting lower portion of thepatch is progressively crimped or folded in base of the bullet by continued contact with crimping-rail.
The portion 1) of the guard-rail is made movablcby being hung upon the shank of tho vertical screw D2, in order that it maybe swung; i f o outward, as shown in yFig'.Lto-allow access'to the crimpingrail,if'rcqu 'e'd The next'adf. joining section, D, of th .guard-rail is made adjustable toward and'froni the periphery ot',- the patching-disk for the'purpo'se ot' enabli f `r 15 it to act as a' gage for the patched bullets.
l'ilhedistance of the portion Kot' thcconcave face ot' the gage D3 from the patchingmachine disk is such as to permita lbullet covered with aV single p'atch to fall:4 from the space bctwccnnzo the disk and tjhe portionKof the g z ig` nto'asuitable receptacle for the .-patchffd V llets,
chine.Av "1 f,'howev er,' the bnlletfhasf/accildehtally pickedup' more than one patcht'iitsjin- )z5 creased thickness will cause it to be held .by.-
and the portion Kof the gage, a d it'willhence 'i be rolled along tothe wider sp ce between the.;
portion K' ofthe gage and the disk, andthe figo l eparat'e recepta- Itclatni as rnyinvention'f 1. In a bullet-patching/machine,a concave ing-rail J, held in position by the spring Je. roo
essere 3 ,v guardrail, in which is inserted a magazine of patches, in combination with a rotating,- disk provided with friction-rollers arranged in pairs near the periphery of the disk, and having their axes of rotation parallel with the axis ot' the disk, for the purpose of preserving the bullets in vertical positions while they are bein girolled across the guardrail and magazine, substantially as set forth.
2. A concave guard-rail, in which is inserted magazine of patches, and a rotating disk provided with friction-rollers arranged in pairs near the periphery ofthe disk, and having their axes ot' Vrotation parallel with the axis/ot" the disk, in combination with means for etecting the positive yrotation of the frictionrol1ers in directions opposite to thc direction of rotation ofthe rotating disk at a prescribed rate of speedand thereby imparting to the bullet a slightly more rapid speed of rotation upon 'its own longitudinal axis than that which would he caused by the progressive rolling ot' the bnllet across the concave face of the guard-rail, for the purpose ot' causing the bullet to draw thc patch tighty around its body, substantially as set forth.
'3. Incoznbination withbnlletpatcbingmechanism,l substantially such as described, a inucilage-rcservoir and a inncilagc-distribnter, consisting ot' a jointed arm operated as described, and having both a vertical and a horizintal axis ot' oscillation, for depositing muoilage upon the patches successively' at the parts ot' their surfaces with which the bullets rospectively first acquire contact.
4. The oscillating plate E and means for effeeling the oscillation thereof upon its verticai axis, andthe longitudinal rockshaft e', snp'a ported upon the oscillating;` plate E, carnyinp,r the niucilage-distributing arni c2, and provided with the arm c, in combination with the cani F, for the purpose ot' imparting to the muci- 'lage-distributing arin e2 and finger c4 the resultant motions due to the oscillation ot' the plato It) upon a vertical axis and the oscillaA tion ot' the rock-shaft c' upon a horizontal axis, substantially as described.
6. In combination with bullebpatching mechanism, substantially such as described, the os.- cillating plate E, provided with the retreatingspring E', and having its free end projecting over the space between the guardrail D and the rotating disk A, provided with" the pairs of rollers B, for the purpose -ot havrng the ossuccessively, as they are rolled afioug the face ot' the guardrail.
7 In combination with bullet-patching mechanism, substantially' such as described, the crimpingrail J, provided with a springi'J, sub-A stantially as shown, and for the purpose set forth. S. lIn combination with bullet-patching mech anisin, substantially such as described, the crimping-rail J, provided with the serrated concave edgej, as shown.
9. In cornbinatiouwith the rotating disk ot' a bullet-patching machine, suhstanticll such, as described, the movable segment Dfot the guardrail, having a range of movexnei t suiii cient to carry it out of its operative position,
as and for the purpose set forth.
cillation of the plate Eetiectedby the buliets,
10. In combination with the rotating dials of nooo nonenrtnn'r.
M. L. ADAMS, ASA Flinn.'