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Publication numberUS2585781 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 12, 1952
Filing dateMay 1, 1947
Priority dateMay 1, 1947
Publication numberUS 2585781 A, US 2585781A, US-A-2585781, US2585781 A, US2585781A
InventorsWhitaker Johnson Keith
Original AssigneeWhitaker Johnson Keith
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Construction toy
US 2585781 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 12, 1952 K. w. JOHNSON 2,585,781

CONSTRUCTION TOY Filed May 1, 1947 Patented Feb. 12, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CONSTRUCTION TOY Keith Whitaker Johnson, Arlington County, Va. Application May 1, 1947, Serial No. 745,258

1 Claim. 1

This invention relates to a construction toy, more particularly, a construction toy adapted for the construction of simulations of figures or the like, such as camels, giraffes, horses, alligators, snakes, trains, or other animate or inanimate objects.

One object of this invention is to provide a construction toy, or take-apart toy, having an elastic connector adapted to hold together with suitable security a variable number of construction elements of various shapes and sizes, with the construction elements being readily connected to and removed from the connector.

Another object of this invention is t provide a construction toy with which may be constructed simulations adapted to be caused to move or bend in a realistic manner.

Another object of this invention is to provide a construction toy adapted to create a percussive sound when its parts are pulled apart and then released so as to snap together.

Another object of this invention is to provide a construction toy with which may be constructed figures having some parts in contact with and other parts elevated above a supporting surface.

Another object of this invention is to provide a construction toy with which may be constructed figures having parts aligned at an angle with other parts.

Another object of this invention is to provide a construction toy which is simple and economical to manufacture.

These and other objects of this invention are accomplished by means hereinafter set forth, particularly in the appended claim, and illustratively exemplified in the accompanying drawing,inwhich:

Figure 1 is a side view of an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 2 is a top view of the tailward portion of the same;

Figure 3 is a side view of the connector;

Figure 4 is a plan view of one of the construction elements; and

Figure 5 is a plan view of another of the construction elements.

Referring to the figures, the connector shown separately in Figure 3 consists of an elastic cord I, to one end of which is attached a bead 2 simu-.

I, 8, 9, I0, and II. The cord I lies within grooves in the construction elements, for example the grooves I3 and I I shown in Figures 2, 4, and 5.

The construction element 1, shown separately in Figure 4, is employed with the bifurcated leg portions I2 extending downward to support the toy, as in Figure 1. This element 1 has a groove I3 opening upward and adapted to receive the cord I. with the cord tending to settle to the bottom of the groove when the parts are assembled as shown in Figure 1. In Figure 1, the two elements 1 support the figure above any level supporting surface upon which the leg portions I2 of the elements I may be placed.

The construction element 9, shown separately in Figure 5, has a groove I4 opening downward and extending upward to above the center of mass of the element. Hence, when the cord I is within the groove I4, the element straddles the cord I and tends to settle downward until the cord reaches the upper end of the groove and passes tangentially into the aperture I5 so that the upper surface I6 of the aperture rests upon the cord I. Since the aperture is above the center of mass of the element 9, the element tends to remain upright upon the cord and not fall off. The shoulder H at the lower portion of the aperture I5 and adjacent the upper end of the groove I4 also aids in hindering the too ready dislodgment of the element 9 from the cord.

The construction elements 5, 6, 8, I0, and II have grooves opening downward, the groove being either like groove I3 or groove I4, that is, without or with inward termination tangentially into an aperture having a shoulder adjacent said inward termination.

Construction element 6 is adapted to permit the construction of bends in toy figures. The two opposite end surfaces I8 of the element are in upwardly approaching or converging planes, with the result that thetension in the cord tendsto draw the cord toward the upper part of the groove in the element, thereby increasing the security with which the element is held in place. Removal of element 6 from the cord would involve stretching the cord and increasing the tension therein as the wedge-shaped element is moved so as to bring the cord toward the outward por- In Figure 1, all of the separate construction elements are in an end to end abutting relationship and held in such relationship by the pres sure of the beads 2 and 3 of the connector upon the elements adjacent the beads and by the pressure of the elements upon each other as the result of the tension in the cord I. The beads 2 and 3 of the connector prevent the cord I from pulling longitudinally through the grooves in the elements. Each of numerous and varied elements may be placed in various positions upon the connector, with the cord within the groove of the element, and each of the elements may also be separated from the connector, thereby permitting the construction, alteration, and disassembly of numerous and varied figures. Due to the tension in the cord when a sufiicient number of elements are connected to form a figure, such figure may be lifted by one or more of its parts without the figure falling apart.

, The construction elements H shown in Figures 1 and 2 have ends l9 convex as seen from above, thereby'permitting the tail or other portion of a figure constructed of such elements to be bent orwiggled from side to side, or bent and then released to spring back into straightward position under the influence of the tension in the cord.

When a toy figure has been constructed, either of the beads 2 and 3, or a bead and adjacent element or elements, may be pulled out longitudinally of the cord and outwardly from the remaining elements. When released from this position, the tension in the cord will snap the parts together with a percussive sound, amusing to a child.

' The elements and beads may be made of wood, plastic, or other suitable material. The dimensions, shapes, and designs of the parts of this toy may be varied considerably, thus increasing the variety of'figures which may be constructed.

Within the scope of the appended claim, one skilled inthe art may make considerable changes and modifications without departing from the spirit of the invention.


A construction toy comprising an elongated elastic connector and separate construction elements adapted to be placed in end to end abutting relationship; each of said construction elements having a groove in its longitudinaledge for receiving the connector, and means at each end of said connector to prevent the ends of said connector from. pulling longitudinally through the groove in the construction element when the connector is within the groove of such construction element; the groove in at least one of said construction elements having an unenlarged portion and having an enlarged terminal portion centrally of the element, the unenlarged portion of said groove meeting the enlarged portion in tangential relation thereto, and forming at the juncture with the enlarged portion a shoulder adapted to hinder but not prevent removal of the connector from said enlarged portion, so that the connector may be more securely retained within the enlarged portion of the groove.


' REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of. this patent:

' UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 956,632 Finch May 3, 1910 1,345,052 Williams June 29, 1920 1,441,164 Murry Jan. 2, 1923 1,521,573 Myers Dec. 30, 1924 1,537,293 Da Costa May 12', 1925 1,555,661 Grove Sept. 29, 1925' 1,777,948 Van Berde Oct. 7, 1930 1,960,876 Passarelli May 29, 1934 2,092,687 Yancey Sept. 7', 193-7 2,098,124 Yancey Nov. 2, 1937 2,105,517 Auslander Jan. 18, 1938

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US956632 *Dec 8, 1909May 3, 1910Stanley W FinchToy building-block.
US1345052 *Oct 27, 1919Jun 29, 1920Williams Davis SJointed figure
US1441164 *Jun 10, 1921Jan 2, 1923Robert Murray GeorgeFreak toy
US1521573 *Sep 17, 1923Dec 30, 1924Philip MyersWheeled toy
US1537293 *Nov 12, 1921May 12, 1925Da Costa Arthur VToy
US1555661 *Feb 3, 1923Sep 29, 1925Grove Rene DJointed toy figure
US1777948 *Jun 7, 1929Oct 7, 1930Frederick B WardToy
US1960876 *May 12, 1933May 29, 1934Frank PassarelliDoll
US2092687 *Jun 17, 1936Sep 7, 1937Yancey William OBlock toy
US2098124 *Jun 17, 1936Nov 2, 1937Yancey William OBlock toy
US2105517 *Jul 15, 1936Jan 18, 1938Henry AuslanderSectional cigarette case
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4798553 *Oct 7, 1987Jan 17, 1989Gentles David GAnimated toys
US5395245 *Nov 4, 1993Mar 7, 1995Heinz; TedElastic pattern abacus and tool for changing arrangement of abacus beads
US5766700 *Aug 6, 1996Jun 16, 1998Cedric M. BorcherdsLoop fastening device
US5946780 *Feb 5, 1998Sep 7, 1999Cedric M. BorcherdsManufacture of bath ruffles or sponges
US6413000Nov 28, 2000Jul 2, 2002Jean Charles IncorporatedMesh sponge with flexible pouch
US6443527Jun 2, 2000Sep 3, 2002Jean Charles IncorporatedManufacture of bath ruffles or sponges
US6510577Jun 2, 2000Jan 28, 2003Jean Charles IncorporatedMesh sponge with loofah
US7506872 *Apr 14, 2006Mar 24, 2009Michael R. UzuanisPuzzle
US7566491Aug 4, 2003Jul 28, 2009Kimberly Clark Worldwide, Inc.Disposable and reusable pouf products
WO2005016103A1Apr 16, 2004Feb 24, 2005Tammy Jo BalzarDisposable and reusable pouf products
U.S. Classification446/99, 446/119, 428/16
International ClassificationA63H3/00, A63H3/16
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/16
European ClassificationA63H3/16