|Publication number||US2586008 A|
|Publication date||Feb 19, 1952|
|Filing date||Jul 12, 1950|
|Priority date||Jul 12, 1950|
|Publication number||US 2586008 A, US 2586008A, US-A-2586008, US2586008 A, US2586008A|
|Inventors||Flavius E Davis|
|Original Assignee||Flavius E Davis|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (8), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 19, 1952 F. E. DAv|s,]]I
METER TESTING APPARATUS 2 SHEETSSHEET 1 Filed July 12, 1950 F. E. DAVIS,I|I METER TESTING APPARATUS Feb. 19, 1952 2 SHEETSSHEET 2 Filed July 12. 1950 Dal/58E [lave wfiar [Zeta jail; y W
jib C! 75 Patented Feb. 19, 1952 UNETED STATES PATENT OFFICE METER TESTING APPARATUS.
Flavius E. Davis, HI, Jackson, Mich.
Application July 12, 1950, Serial No. 173,423
6 Claims. 1
This invention relates to electrical control apparatus for comparing the rate of rotation of a watt-hour meter with the rate of a rotating standard. In a comparison test the. meter to be tested and the rotating standard are connected under common or identical load conditions and are started simultaneously and rotated for the same length of time. Both meters are then stopped together and the number of rotations of the meter and standard are compared to determine the error, if any, in the rate of rotation of the meter. In certain cases it is desirable to test the meter under various current-load con ditions, and when three phase current is used, with various power factors produced by a phase diiierence between the potential and current applied to the meter and standard.
Control apparatus has been proposed for automatically energizing the meter and rotating standard, counting the revolutions of the meter and deenergizing the standard after'a number of meter revolutions which may be preselected according to the common load conditions. It has also been proposed to employ more than one standard and prearrange the electrical circuits including the loading devices and rotating standards so that a sequence of tests may be performed more quickly and conveniently. Previous apparatus, however, has not been satisfactory in many instances for comparing a meter with a single rotating standard nor has it afforded an automatic comparison of the meter with a succession of rotating standards.
One object of the present invention is to provide improved apparatus for starting and stopping the rotating standard under the control of a counting device, and for insuring that both the counting device and the rotating standard are in starting condition when the test is begun, and that the counting device and standard are started together.
Another object is to provide control circuits for selecting one of a plurality of rotating standards for comparison with the meter. The circuits may be used to control individual comparison tests or an automatic sequence of comparison tests in which a plurality of standards are successively compared with the meter under different load conditions.
In one aspect the invention involves a counting device such as a stepping switch which responds to rotation of the meter under test so as to step from a rest position and count a preselected number of revolutions of the meter, relay means for starting the counting device and a automatic comparison of the meter with a rotating standard together, a holding switch closed by the counting device for a predetermined interval after said preselected number of revolutions have occurred, a stop relay energized by the counting device after said number of revolutions for controlling the start relay means to stop the rotating standard and, for holding the stop relay energized, a circuit including said holding switch, whereby after the preselected number of revolutions the stop relay is energized the start relay means are controlled to stop the standard, and after said interval the stop relay is deenergized. Preferably the apparatus includes a reset circuit for restoring the counting means to rest position, said reset circuit including said holding switch and a switch of the stop relay so that the stop relay is held energized during said predetermined interval until the counting device is restored to rest position and is thereafter deenergized. As will be set forth subsequently, other mechanism may be actuated by the stop relay during the interval in which it is held energized by the holding switch.
In a further aspect the invention comprises start relay means including a standard-start relay for energizing the rotating standard, a teststart relay for applying power to the standard and the counting means, and a start key for energizing the start relay, the start key including a contact for simultaneously applying power to reset mechanism associated with the rotating standard thereby restoring the standard to a start position so that the standard will be in start pasi tion when a comparison test is commenced on release of the start key.
In another aspect the apparatus may be used to compare the meter with one of several standards under different load conditions and com prises one or more control relays or like means for selectively interconnecting one of the rotating standards with the aforesaid standard-start relay, a control switch actuated to step through control positions, each of which corresponds to a standard so that the position of the control switch conditions the control relay means to select a standard, and preset switches, each corresponding to a standard, for actuating the control switch to step to a position in which the desired standard is selected.
In a further aspect the invention cession of rotating standards, and comp motor means for stepping the aforesaid switch from position to position, the motor means being responsive to the aforesaid stop relay, so
that after the meter is compared with one standard and the counting means and holding switch energize and hold the stop relay, the said standard is stopped and other standard is selected and thereafter said other standard and counting means are automatically controlled in a similar manner.
In this aspect the apparatus preferably includes an auxiliary start relay for by-passing the holding circuit of the test-start relay through an auxiliary start circuit including a normally closed switch of the stop relay and a switch of the auxiliary start relay, so that the test-start relay is deenergized each time the stop relay is energized, and energized when the stop relay is thereafter deenergized.
Preferably the auxiliary start relay is held energized through an auxiliary holding switch associated with the aforesaid control switch and, said auxiliary holding switch'being closed when the control switch is in a control position and open when the control switch is in other positions, so that the auxiliary start relay is held energized until the sequence of comparison tests with the several rotating standards is completed.
In a still further aspect the apparatus may be used for comparing the meter with an individual standard preselected by the aforesaid preset switches, or with a sequence of successively selected standards, and comprises a single-test start circuit including a start key for energizing the test-start relay, an auxiliary start relay, a by-pass switch for breaking the single teststart circuit and connecting the auxiliary start relay with the start key, an auxiliary start circuit for the test-start relay including a switch of the auxiliary relay and a switch of the stop relay for energizing and holding the test-start relay energized, whereby when the by-pass switch is in one position the test-start relay is energized only by said start key to start a single comparison test, whereas if the by-pass switch is in its other position the start-relay is energized on each deenergization of the stop relay so long as the auxiliary start relay is energized to close the auxiliary start circuit.
For the purpose of illustration typical embodiments of the invention are shown in the accompanying drawings in which Figs. 1 and 2 are schematic diagrams of control apparatus.
Single-test apparatus Fig. 1 illustrates apparatus for controlling a single comparison test between a watt-hour meter M and a rotating standard S. When prepared for a comparison test the current coil Im of the meter and the current coil Is of the rotating standard are connected in series with a loading resistor L. The potential coil Em of the meter is connected across the power terminals A so that the meter is operating whenever current is applied at the power terminals. The circuit through the potential coil Es of the rotating standard S is interrupted by a relay switch do, so that although current is applied through the current coil Is the standard does not rotate until switch 4a is closed.
Associated with the meter M is a photoelectric device including a photoelectric tube P and a lamp B. The lamp B is disposed so as to direct light through an anti-creep hole H in the rotating disk D of the meter M or toward the disk for interruption of the reflected light by a suitable mark or marks on the disk. On each partial or full rotation or cycle of the meter as the case may be or tl-tlfl to another.
the phototube P energizes a relay R5 which periodically closes keys 5a and 5b. Since the relay R5 produces keyed pulses of current in the circuits connected to the keys 5a and 5b it may be described as a keying relay. Since the disk D is constantly rotating whenever power is applied at the terminals A, the keying switches 5a and 5b will be opening and closing prior to the time the rotating standard is started. Direct current power for the lamp B and the control circuits is furnished by a rectifier R. If desired an alter nating current source direct may be used to 0perate the equipment arranged for such operation.
The control circuits for energizing the rotating standard and deenergizing it after a predetermined number of revolutions of the meter comprises a manual start key l3a, a test-start relay R2 which may be energized by transferring the start switch I3a, a standard-start relay R4 for closing the potential circuit of the rotating standard, a stop relay R3 and a counting device including a stepping relay Rl and the associated holding switch la and counting switch lb. The holding switch la is a bridging wiper which holds a circuit through one contact until it has been stepped to an adjacent contact, but may also be a contact that is closed in all positions of switch lb except the rest position 1 when it is open.
The standard-start relay R4 is energized through a circuit including the start switch l3a, the keying switch 5a, the counting switch lb, the start contact s of the counting switch and a switch 20 of the test-start relay R2. Holding circuits are provided for the test-start relay R2 and the standard-start relay R4. The holding circuit for the test-start relay includes a switch 312 of the stop relay R3 and a switch 2a of the teststart relay. The holding circuit for the standardstart relay includes a switch 3b of the stop relay and a switch 4b of the standard-start relay.
The stepping relay RI actuates a ratchet device Gl each time it is deenergized. The ratchet device Gl on each actuation steps the switches or wipers la and lb from one of the contacts 1', s As the counting switch lb steps from rest position 1' it completes a circuit, first through a start contact s and then through stop contacts tl-tl 0. When the counting switch lb is in the start position s a pulse of current is transmitted by the keying relay through a switch 20 of the start relay R2 to the standard-start relay R4. At each of the stop contacts tltll] are preset switches I2. Although shown as ordinary switches preferably switches l2 are interlocked so that only one remains closed at a time. When the counting switch lb reaches one of the contacts tl-tl 0 which is connected to a closed preset switch a pulse of current is transmitted by the keying switch 5a to the stop relay R3.
The stop relay after energization when the counting switch reaches a stop contact is held through a circuit including a switch 3b of the stop relay, the holding switch Ia and another switch 3a of the stop relay.
The stepping relay RI may be actuated either through a main motor circuit or an auxiliary motor circuit. The main motor circuit includes the start switch l3a, a switch 5b of the keying relay and a switch 2b of the test-start relay R2. The main motor circuit is closed periodically by the keying relay R5 which applies pulsed current to the stepping relay RI. When each pulse the stepping relay BI is energized and then deenergized. On deenergization it steps the holding switch la and the counting switch lb. The
auxiliary motor circuit includes a switch 31) of the stop relay, the holding switch la and an inertia switch lc. When the auxiliary circuit is closed the stepping relay RI operates the inertia switch to so that it opens and closes, periodically actuating the stepping relay RI. The inertia switch is weighted so that it cannot complete a.
number of revolutions which will afford an accurate comparison will depend on the speed of the meter and the standard, which in turn will depend upon the load placed upon the meter and the standard. If the load is light one to four revolutions may be suflicient; if the load is heavy five to ten revolutions may be required for an accurate comparison.
Single test operation When a preset switch has been closed the test is started by transferring contact Eta of the start switch to apply current from the positive terminal to the start relay R2. R2 will then be energized closing the switches 2a to 20, and will be held energized through the switch 2a. When the start switch lSa is transferred the reset switch l3b will apply power to the reset relay R9. The start switch is not released until the standard is in starting position.
After the start switch [3a is released and on the next closing of the keying relay R5 the main motor circuit is closed and stepping relay RI is energized and deenergized stepping the counting switch lb and the holding switch Ia to the start contact 5. such condition that on the next subsequent closing of the keying relay the standard-start relay R4 is energized and then held through its holding circuit. At the same time the stepping relay is energized through the main motor circuit stepping the counting switch lb to contact tl. Thus, the meter and the standard S begin a cycle as the counting switch begins to count the revolutions of the meter.
As the meter and standard rotate through a succession of comparison cycles the counting switch and holding switch are stepped from contact to contact at the same rate as the rate of revolution of the meter. When the counting switch reaches one of the contacts tl-tin which is connected with a closed preset switch E2 the stop circuit is completed energizing the stop relay R3. The stop relay is held through its holding circuit including switches 3b, la and 3a. When switch 32: is transferred the holding circuits of the test-start relay and the standardstart relay are broken deenergizing these relays. When the start relay opens the main motor circuit is opened and when the standard-start relay opens the circuit to the potential coil of the rotating standard is opened stopping the standard.
When the contact 31) of the stop relay R3 is transferred the auxiliary motor circuit is com pleted through switch 312, the holding switch la The standard-start circuit is then in and the inertia switch Id. The stepping relay is then intermittently actuated through its inertia switch stepping the holding switch to the rest contact r. Since the holding switch la is a bridging wiper it does not break the holding circuit of the stop relay as it steps to any of the contacts ii to H0. When the holding switch lb is stepped to the rest contact 1* the stop relay holding circuit is broken deenergizing the stop relay and opening the auxiliary motor switch. The counting switch is then in position to begin another test.
If at any time during the test it is desired to stop the test the key [4 is closed energizing the stop relay R3 and initiating the reset cycle described in the preceding paragraph.
Semi-automatic apparatus The embodiment of the invention illustrated in Fig. 2 includes all the elements of the embodiment of Fig. l with the addition of control circuits for comparing the meter with any one of three rotating standards SI to S3. The first rotating standard SI is connected for a heavy or full-load comparison test, the third standard S3 for a light-load test, and the second standard S2 for a 50% power factor test in which the potential is out of phase with the current measured. The current coils Is of the first and second rotating standards Si and S2 are connected in series with a heavy-load resistance FL while the current coil of the third standard S3 is in series with a light-load resistance LL.
The control circuits include a stepping relay and the associated stepping switches Illa-lilo, control relays R6 and R1, and an auxiliary start relay R8. The potential coils Es may be selectively connected with the standard-start relay R4 by the control relays R6 and R1 in such a way that only one of the potential coils Es will be energized at a time. A switch la of the control relay Rl determines whether potential between the power terminals X and Z which is in phase with the current, or potential between the power terminals X and Y which is out of phase with the current, is applied to the full-load and light-load standards or to the 50% power factor standard respectively. Power terminals X, Y and Z are arranged for connection with a three phase power supply. If single phase current is used the power lines are connected with terminals X and Z and a phase changing capacitance C or equivalent phase-shifting network is interposed between the power terminal Z and the switch la by transferring the contacts of switch 23.
Connected to certain of the stop contacts tI-tlfl of the counting switch lb are three sets of preset switches, a light-load set l2a, a 50% power factor set 121) and a full-load set I20, each corresponding to one of the three rotating standards, and effective only when the corresponding standard is connected with the meter under test.
The stepping relay Rlfl is associated with a meter selecting or control switch Illa, an auxiliary holding switch I lib and a stepping switch lilo. The meter selecting or control switch Illa has sets of control contacts cl to c3 and neutral contacts n. Contacts 02 and 03 respectively are connected to the control relays R6 and R1. When the control switch lea is in either of these positions a control circuit is completed through the switch 31) of the stop relay R3, the switch or wiper la, the contacts c2 or c3 and thence to the two'control relays R6 or R1. In control position cl and the neutral positions n the control 7 switch Illa does not affect the controls R6 and R1 and they will be in their normal deenergized condition, that shown in Fig. 2.
Relay R determines which of the three standards, the light-load standard S3, the full-load standard SI or the 50% power factor standard S2, is to be compared with the meter M. In the condition shown, switch So of the control relay R5 connects the current coils Is of the full-load standard SI and the 50% power factor standard S2, which are in series with the full-load resistor FL and the current coil Im of the meter M. In the position not shown switch 60 connects the current coil Is of the light-load standard S3 in series with the light load resistor LL and the current coil Im of the meter M. Switch Eb of the control relay R6 in the position shown connects the potential coil E5 of the full-load standard SI to a switch 4a of the standard-start relay R4 through a switch 1c of the control relay R'I. In its other position switch rib connects the potential coil Es of the light-load standard S3 directly with the standard-start relay switch la. Switch 6a of the control relay RE, as shown, connects a full-load set of preset switches I through switch 11) to the stop relay R3 so that this set of switches only will be effective to stop a test comparing the meter M and the full-load standard SI. In its other position the switch Ea connects the lightload set of preset switches IZa with the stop relay. lhus, the control relay R6 selectively interconnects both the current coils and the potential coils of the full-load or light-load rotating standards in series with the meter and the proper load, and selects the proper preset switches.
Control relay R1 is energized when the co-ntrol switch Illa is in a position at the control contact 03. In this position the control R6 is deenergized and is in the condition shown in Fig. 2
with its switch 60 connecting both the full-load will be connected with the standard-start relay switch ta through the control relay switch 6b. Switch lb of the control relay R! connects either the full-load set of preset switch I20, as shown in Fig. 2, or the power factor set I2b. Switch 'I a selects either the potential at the power terminal Z which is in phase with the current at the power terminal X or out-of-phase potential at terminal Y or the capacitor C.
A set of auxiliary preset switch Ila to He are used to predetermine the effect of the stepping relay RI 1 and its stepping switches IIlaI lid. The ganged set of switches I la and I II) are transferred when it is desired to compare the meter successively with each of the three standards SI- SS as will be hereinafter explained. The remaining preset switches I IcI le are used to preselect any one of the three standards for comparison with the meter. The auxiliary preset switches may be ordinary switches as shown but preferably are interlocked so that only one I Ic-I Ie or the ganged switches I Ia and I I1) may be transferred at one time. Each of the preset switches No to He corresponds to one of the rotating standards SI to S3. When one of the preset switches I I0 to I Is is transferred, the stepping switch IIlc completes a preset circuit to the stepping relay RI 0 unless the stepping switch I90 is in a position corresponding to the selected meter. For example, if switch IIc were transferred and if the stepping switch I00 were in position at conof the switches trol contact 02 a preset circuit would be completed through the switch 3b of the stop relay R3, the switch IIic contact 02, preset switch IId, preset switch Ho and the inertia switch I911 of the stepping relay RIO. RIO would be energized opening the inertia switch loci, and then deenergized stepping switches Illa-I00 to position 03. The preset circuit would still be completed through contact 03, switch He, and switch lie so that the control relay RIO would step the switches to one of the neutral contacts 11. At these contacts the preset switches are bypassed and the preset circuit is again completed, so that the switches would be stepped to contact'cl corresponding to the preset switch Me which has been transferred. As previously explained in this position the control relay R6 and R1 select the full-load standard SI which was preselected by transferring preset switch I I0.
Fully automatic apparatus Fully automatic apparatus for successively comparing the meter M with all of the rotating standards SI to S3, involves an auxiliary start relay R8, the ganged Icy-pass switches Ila and III), and an auxiliary holding switch Hit). The by-pass switch Ila connects the auxiliar start relay R8 with the start switch I3a. The auxiliary start relay is held energized through a holding circuit including the stop switch I4, the auxiliary holding switch I Jb, the holding contact cI-c3 and a switch 8a of the auxiliary start relay. A switch 81': of the auxiliary start relay completes an auxiliary start circuit including switch 32) of the stop relay, and the switch 82). The switch connects the stepping relay RI 0 directly with the switch 31) of the stop relay to provide a holding circuit for relay RIB which Icy-passes the control contacts cI-c3 of the stepping switch I60 and the inertia switch Hid. Since the stepping relay RH) actuates the ratchet mechanism G2 only on deenergization, the relay RIO can be actuated if this holding circuit is opened only when the step relay is energized and the switch 31) transferred of when switch 80 is opened. When switch 80 is opened, by-pass switch IIb provides a reset circuit through switch 311 of the stop relay, stepping switch I00, and thence through the contacts 02 or 03, the switches IId or Me and switch I Ic and I Ib or through a neutral contact n and the inertia switch IIId to the relay RIO. Thus, if switch 32) of the stop relay is in the position shown and the by-pass switch I I1) is transferred the stepping switch Iflc will be stepped to contact cI unless it is already in that position.
Semi-automatic operation For semi-automatic operation using the apparatus of Fig. 2 for a single comparison test between one of the standards and the meter, one of the preset switches I I c-I Ie is transferred causing the control device to step to a position in which the control switch Illa selects the desired standard. One switch of the corresponding set of preset switches IZa, 12b or I 20 is closed and the start switch I3a-I3b is then transferred energizing the test-start relay through switch Ila. As described with reference to Fig. 1 the counting switch It is stepped to the start position s on the next closing of keying relay R5, and on the following closing of keying relay the standard-start relay R4 is energized connecting the desired standard in series with the meter and the proper load. With each closing of the keying relay the counting switch is stopped until it reaches a contact which is connected to the closed preset switch 9 in the set corresponding to the selected standard. The "stop "relay is then energized, deenerg-izing *the start-relays-and-stopping the standard.
Fully. automatic. operation For fully r automatic operation :.the ganged bypass' switches Ha"l lb are transferred=from the position -shown in .Fig. 2 causing .athe stepping switches Illai 60 to step to :the full .'-.load position at the "control contact :cl. Oneswitch'of each set of the counting preset switches :2al2c is then closed. When the start switch:l:3a:l'3b is transferre'd the auxiliaryi-start relay is-"energized through switch i I la, "and it in "turn s-energizes the test start relay R2ithr0ugh switch r8b. When start switch l3a-l3b.is returned andithe keying ::sw-itch 512 :next closes, the counting switch 1 lb i is steppedflto ithe=fstarirposition :s, and on-the next closing 'ofzthe :keyi-ng' switch Sa'the standard-start relay .R i :is energized through the countingswitch 1b and'th'e switch 20 of'tthe.
test-start relayiRZ. Subsequentclosingsof the keying switch 51) advance 'the counting switch lb'to one of thesstop contacts tl'-.tl0 connected with the set of preset. switches HQ The control'relays-Rfiand R7 are in' the condition shown in Fig. 2 in which the set lZc of'presetswitches is connected with the stop :relay-through relay switchesfia and lb. The stop relay-is energized and then held throughholding switch la thus deenergizing the start relays R2 and R4 and breaking the circuit through switch "80' to the stepping relay R 0' thus causing stepping switch: lilcand-theassociate'd switches: 16a and Y I 0b to step-to contact c2. Switch 31) of theSt0pLTBIBIY'TZJSOBIOSES'the :auxiliary motor circuit :through "the holding switch Ia and the inertia'switchfic-to the'stepping :relay R! causing the :"stepping switch to advanceto the rest positionm -=The=stop-relay is "then deenergized and. switch 31) senergizes the test-start relay and the1stepping relay RH].
Since the control switch has been stepped to contact a2 thecontrol relays R6 and :R! ihav-e connected the current coil of the 50% *poweriactor standard S2 in series with full-load resistance SL and themeteriM, and connectedthe potential coilEs of the standard:S2 with-the'standard-startrelayR and with the out-'of-phase :terminal Y. 'On the'first closing of the keying switch '52) thecounting switch lb isnagain stepped torits start position-s. On thenext-subsequent closing the standard-startrelay R4 is actuated 'energizing'the potential coil of the second stand ard I S2. A comparison test between the second standard and the meter thenrproceedsuntil'the counting switch 'reaches a contact. connected to.
one of 'the closed preset switches rof the 50% power: factor. set. 82b. :The stop relay: is then. energized; the control switch l IGaradVa-nced to contact c3 and'the countingsw-itch restored tor-rest :position 7' ashefore. The meter-is :thenready ffOl' comparison with'the thirdstandard slrand aithird comparison test is run.
-At the end ofthethirdtest the stop relay is energized through closed. :switch of the light load preset switches-i211 resetting the; countingzswitch .to rest position. and "causingthe "holding switch it?) and the stepping switch I 00 to-advance to a neutral contact -n. 'When the auxiliary holding switch Hib isin the neutralrpos-itien-the sauxiliary start relay is deenergized and switchtb opens the auxiliarystart circuit for the -teststart relay so that-the -test start relay cannot .be energized again when the stop .relay. is-deenergized. .While the stepping switch l0c. is in 10 neutral position the reset circuit for the stepping *relay R1 0 --will,-=-whenthe stoprelay is subsequently deenergized, be completed through switch '31), stepping-switch 100, the neutral con- 5 tact n andthe inertia switch lfid to the stepping relay Rl ll, andthe stepping relay will advance the --stepping switch to the next contact cl. Since *the "switch 'I I b has broken the circuit "through-contact cl 'to'the inertia switch liib the steppin'gswitch'will stop in" this position in readiness for'thenext'sequence of comparison tests. If i it 'is desired to interrupt "the sequence of 'tests, the stop-reset switch 14 is transferred breaking the holding circuit of the auxiliary start relay RB andenergizing the'stop relay R3. When "switch 3b -transfers'the stepping relay R!!! will be deenergize'd advancing the'stepping switch one position. "The holding'an'd counting switches la -and* lb -willbe reset to rest' position whereupon zu' the 'stop relay will be 'fdeenergized. When switch 3b of thestop relay returns to the position shown =in'Figf2 therreset-circuitfor the stepping relay Rf-U is 'completed"th1ough the preset switches lb-Hc 'or through theneutral contacts nto is the inertia switch led restoring the stepping switchlflcand-the associated switches lea and" I 85 to a position at control contact cl.
"Thus' with the apparatus of Fig. 1 a sin'le "meter may' be tested and'the control apparatus as :"automatically restored to starting condition. Theapparatus of Fig. 2 adapts the circuits of Fig. lforsemi-automatic orfully automatic comparison with a plurality of meters.
It shm'Jldbe understoo'd'that thepresent dis- *closure'isfor the purpose of illustration only and that this invention' includes all modifications and equivalents which fall within the scope of the ap- E pended claims.
l'claimz =1. 'For'comparing'the rate of-revolution'of a I current meter with that of "a rotating standard i underlikeload conditions; test apparat s compris I sing start relay means including astandard-sta rt :relay% for applying power to the rotating standard andz-a test-start relay for actuating the standardstartvrelay, astoprelay for controlling the test- -start relay a holding circuit for the stop relay, mounting "means responsive to the meter to step "from astart position through a series of stop positions-ata'rate proportional to the rate of revolution ofmthe metergsaid' counting means including a -.-counting-swi-tchfor actuating the stop relay a preselected number of revolutions of the meter after power is applied to the rotatingstandard nand a holding switch in the holding circuit of the stop relay closed-when thecounting it- .is. in a stop positionya main circuit for applying \power to saidcounting means including a switch ..of..thetest-startrelay, and for restoring said 50 counting means to rest. position an auxiliary circuit including a switch of the stop. relay, whereby aftera selected. number of revolutions the stand- .ard isstoppedand themain circuit is opened ibut .the counting meanscontinuesto operate through said auxiliary circuit until said counting .means reachesa rest position.
'2. For comparing the rate. of revolution of a wattrhour. meter withthat of a rotating standard under likeloadconditions, testing apparatus ..compri'sing..a, counting switch movable through ..av series of, positions including. in sequence a rest ,position,..a. start position, .and a seriesof stop ,positionsand thenceto arest position, a start contact .1.at-;the..start position, stop contacts at .the stop positions, a holding switch associated with the counting switch, the contacts of the holding switch being closed when the counting switch is in stop positions and open when the countin switch is in another position, a motor for stepping said switches from contact to contact, a main motor circuit for connecting the motor to a power source, keying means responsive to the meter for modifying said main motor circuit to actuate the motor at a rate proportional to that of the meter, a test-start relay for closing the main motor circuit, a standardstart relay for starting the rotating standard, a circuit for the standard-start relay including a switch of the test-start relay, a start contact of said counting switch and a switch of the keying relay, whereby the rotating standard starts when the keying relay functions while the counting switch is in start position, a holding circuit for each of said starting relays, a stop relay for breaking said holding circuits, revolution preset switches for connecting the stopping relay with any one of the stop contacts of the counting switch, a holding circuit for the stop relay including said holding switch, and an auxiliary motor circuit including said holding switch whereby, when the counting switch reaches a stop contact connected to a closed preset switch, the rotating standard is stopped and the main motor circuit is opened but the motor continues to operate through said auxiliary motor circuit until the counting and holding switches reach a rest position.
3. For comparing the rate of revolution of a meter with the rate of each of a plurality of successively selected rotating standards, apparatus comprising means responsive to said meter for counting the revolutions of the meter, start relay means energizedto apply power to said counting means and to a selected standard, a stop relay actuated by the counting means after a predetermined number of meter revolutions to deenergize said start relay means, control relay means having a plurality of conditions in each of which a different rotatin standard is connected with the start relay means, for actuating the control relay means a control switch having a control position for each standard, the position of the control switch determining the condition of the control relay means, motor means responsive to the stop relay to step the control switch from position to position, an auxiliary start relay, a start key for energizing said auxiliary start relay, a start circuit for applying power to the start relay means including a switch of the auxiliary start relay and a switch of the stop relay, and a step circuit for the motor means including said start circuit switches, whereby when said stop relay is energized by the counting means said start circuit is opened deenergizing said start relay means to stop one standard, and also deenergizing said motor means to step the control switch to a position in which another standard is selected, and when the stop relay is deenergized after said predetermined interval the start relay means is energized to start said other standard.
4. For comparing the rate of revolution of a meter with the rate of each of a plurality of successively selected rotating standards, apparatus comprising means responsive to said meter for countin the revolutions of the meter, start relay means energized to apply power to said counting means and to a selected standard, a stop relay actuated by the counting means after a predetermined number of meter revolutiog Q9 deenergize said start relay means, control relay means having a plurality of conditions in each of which a difierent rotating standard is connected with the start relay means, for actuating the control relay means a control switch having a series of control positions, one for each standard, and neutral positions, the position of the control switch determining the condition of the control relay means, motor means responsive to the stop relay to step the control switch from position to position, an auxiliary holding switch closed when the control switch is in a control position and open in other positions, an auxiliary start relay, a start key for energizing said auxiliary start relay, a start circuit for applying power to the start relay means including a switch of the auxiliary start relay and a switch of the stop relay, a holding circuit for the auxiliary start relay including said auxiliary holding switch, a step circuit for the motor means including said start circuit switches, whereby after each standard in succession has been compared and said control switch is stepped to a neutral position, the auxiliary holding switch is opened breakin said start circuit and rendering the stop relay ineffective to start another test.
5. For comparing the rate of revolution of a watt-hour meter with that of a first rotating standard under one load condition and subsequently comparing said rate with that of another standard under different load condition, test apparatus comprising a standard-start relay for applying power to the rotating standard, a teststart relay for controlling the standard-start relay, a stop relay for deenergizing the test-start relay, a holding circuit for the stop relay, counting means responsive to the meter to step from a rest position through a series of stop positions at a rate proportional to the rate of revolution of the meter, said counting means including a counting switch for actuating the stop relay a preselected number of revolutions of the meter after power is applied to the rotating standard and a holding switch in the holding circuit of the stop relay closed in said stop positions, a main circuit for applying power to said counting means including a switch of the test-start relay, and an auxiliary circuit including a switch of the stop relay for restoring said counting means to rest position and deenergizing the stop relay, whereby after a selected number of revolutions the standard is stopped and the main circuit is opened but the counting means continues to operate through said auxiliary circuit until said counting means reaches a rest position and said holding switch opens the holding circuit of the stop relay; and for subsequently comparing the meter with another rotating standard under different load conditions, a control switch responsive to the aforesaid stop relay to step through a series of positions including a control position for each standard, control relay means having conditions determined by the respective control positions of said'selecto-r switch for successively interconnecting each of the rotating standards with the aforesaid standard-start relay, a manual start key, an auxiliary start relay energized by said start key, and an automatic start circuit including a switch of the auxiliary start relay and a switch of the stop relay, whereby after the first standard is stopped and said counting means is restored to rest position, said stop relay energizes the teststart relay through said automatic start circuit and the meter is compared with said second standard-start relay,
6. For comparing the rate of revolution of a watt-hour meter with that of a first rotating standard under one load condition and, subsequently comparing said rate with that of another standard under different load condition, test apparatus comprising a standard-start relay for applying power to the rotating standard, a teststart relay for controlling the standard-start relay. a stop relay for deenergizing the test-start relay, a holding circuit for the stop relay, counting means responsive to the meter to step from a rest position through a series of stop positions at a rate proportional to the rate of revolution of the meter, said counting means including a counting switch for actuating the stop relay a preselected number of revolutions of th meter after power is applied to the rotating standard and a holding switch in the holding circuit of the stop relay closed in said stop positions, a main circuit for applying power to said counting means including a switch of the test-start relay, and an auxiliary circuit including a switch of the stop relay for restoring said counting means to rest position and deenergizing the stop relay, whereby after a selected number of revolutions the stande ard is stopped and the main circuit is opened but the counting means continues to operate through said auxiliary circuit until said counting means reaches a rest position and said holding switch opens the holding circuit of the stop relay; and for subsequently comparing the meter with another rotating standard under different an Ma;
stopped and said counting means is restored to,
rest position, said stop rel-ay energizes the test start relay through said automatic start circuit and the meter is compared with said second standard-start relay, and a preset switch for selectively connecting said start switch to the aforesaid test-start relay or to said auxiliary start relay, whereby the test apparatus may be used for a single test or for a sequence of tests under different load condition.
FLAVIUS E. DAVIS, III.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS I Date Number Name 2,013,393 Strattner Sept. 3, 1935 2,249,068 Wagner July 15, 1941 2,435,522 Wagenknecht Feb. 3, 1948
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2013393 *||Feb 4, 1932||Sep 3, 1935||Strattner Frederick||Electric meter testing device|
|US2249068 *||Mar 8, 1939||Jul 15, 1941||Strattner Frederick||Precision-calibrating device with pointer|
|US2435522 *||Dec 29, 1944||Feb 3, 1948||Zenith Radio Corp||Ratchet driven tuning means|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2938165 *||Mar 12, 1956||May 24, 1960||Detroit Edison Co||Method and apparatus for testing meters|
|US2953440 *||Jun 15, 1956||Sep 20, 1960||Phillips Petroleum Co||Analyzer and control apparatus|
|US2957132 *||Aug 15, 1955||Oct 18, 1960||Duncan Electric Co Inc||Meter testing with digital counters|
|US2980856 *||Mar 3, 1955||Apr 18, 1961||Gen Mills Inc||Photoelectronic counter|
|US2989696 *||Apr 9, 1959||Jun 20, 1961||Clifton R Randolph||Watt-hour meter testing circuit|
|US5268633 *||Feb 27, 1992||Dec 7, 1993||General Electric Company||Testing operation of electric energy meter optics system|
|US5650717 *||Jan 25, 1993||Jul 22, 1997||Draus; Thomas A.||Portable apparatus for testing an electric utility meter|
|US6686731||Aug 19, 2002||Feb 3, 2004||Avo Multi-Amp Corporation||Watthour meter and optical pickup test device and method|
|U.S. Classification||324/74, 250/206, 235/132.00E|