US 2586039 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 19, 1952 E J, HEGGEDAL 2,586,039
COMBINATION DISPLAY OR SUPPORTING BOARDl AND ATTACHING PARTS Filed April a, 1947 QH/IERE N (L5 RUAST BEEf IZ; f/7' N HAM a EGGS 7\ INVENTOR ATTORNEY malas m. it, issz UNIT-Ep? s'lrA'r assunse v COHBINATIQN DISPLAY 0R SUPPORTING BOARD AND ATTACHING PARTS Emil J. Heggedal, Lynbrook, N. Y., assigner to James S.
York, N. Y., and
Harold F. Moonert, Willoughby, Ohio Application April, 1947, Serial No. 740,099
s claim. (ci. 1 -125) This invention lrelates to a combination display l or supporting board and attaching parts to form signs such as menus, advertising signs and display signs, for forming pictorial displays such as designs and the like, and for forming mounting means for photo print albums andthe like.
Among the objects of the present invention it impervious face. In some instances, both faces of the sheet` yI are highly polished so that they ymay alternately or in combination be used to receive attaching parts or characters, such as the is aimed to provide an improved display or sup' porting board and attaching parts whereby with facility the average unskilled user may produce a decorative menu, advertising sign or display sign, or produce pictorial displays such as designs and the like, or produce means or supporting means for photo print albums and the like, which attaching parts may with facility be removed and repeatedly used without impairing or injuring the display or supporting board.
'I'hese and other features, capabilities and advantages of the, present invention will appear from 'the subioined detail description of specific embodiments thereof illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a front elevation of 'a menu sign having a transparent base and independent opaque markers according to one embodiment. y
Fig. 2 is a section on the lined-2 of Fig. l.
Fig. 3 is a front elevation of a menu sign havv ing an opaque base and independent opaque markers according to a second embodiment.
Fig. 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a front elevation of a menu sign having a base and strips bearing legends thereon according to a third embodiment.
Fig. Gis a fragmental front elevation of an ornamental display including a base and attaching parts cooperating with the base to form an ornamental display. picture or the like, according to af fourth embodiment.
Fig.- 7 is a fragmental front elevation of a base and photo prints, one attached to the base by cooperation therewith, and the other attached to the base by independent attaching parts, according to a nfth embodiment.
Fig. 8 is a 'perspective vof another embodiment showing the use of the invention for the game Y tick-tack-toe.
Fig. 9 is a perspective view of still another embodiment showing the use of this invention for an adjustable clock.
In the embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1, the display or supporting sheet I is preferably transparent and composed of some suitable material such as Celluloid sor other transparent plastic material having at least one smooth, nat, naturally glossy, press polished or highly polished air indices 2, preferably opaque or translucent'as distinguished from transparent and composed of some suitable materialsuch as polyvinyl chloride or the like. In such cases, the parts or characters 2 are homogeneous and fiat and preferably have one naturally glossy, press polished or highly polished, non-tacky',air impervious face to engage'the naturally glossy or highly polished, nontacky, air impervious face of the sheet I and due to pressure adhere to the sheet I. Such surfaces are conventionally defined as pressure sensitive surfaces. Excellent results have also been achieved when the sheet I was composed of glass and had a highly polished surface or surfaces to which the attaching parts 2 were attached by pressure. By means of this sheet and attaching parts 2 and the like, obviously various printed signs may be produced which" can be mounted in a frame and located on a counter or the like, or else suspended in the usual way. Or else the sheet I may have small openings, such as the I openings I and 4, formed at the upper left and right hand corners to receive pins extending from a wall or to receive a cord or` the like by means,4 of which the sign I may be suspended from a' wall or in a showcase display window or the like.
Without departing from the general spirit of the invention, obviously the transparent sheet I may be replaced by an opaque sheet 5, such as illustrated in Fig. 3, on which attaching parts, such as the parts I, may be secured, or else strips 'I having printed `matter formed thereon may be secured tothe sheet l, see Fig. 5. Preferably the color of the strip l will be different from the color of the sheet I, and of course the indices 9 be formed in or marked with colors which will distinguish them from the strip 1. The sheet l and strips 1 here too are preferably composed of materials,such as aforesaid, having pressure sensitive surfaces, which strips l may be readily attached to the sheet l, and in turn removed, and furthermore be repeatedly used if desired.
In the embodiment illustrated in Fig. 6. there is illustrated a sheet I0 which may be composed either of transparent or opaque material and have attached thereto pieces, such as the Pieces Il, lz, n and the like, of various irregular shapes to form pictorial designs and thelike.
The embodiment illustrated in Fig. 6 lndl'it selfparticularly for use as an educational toy for children. since thefchild depending upon his 3 creative ability and taste will be enabled to cut out various shaped pieces, such as the pieces II. I2 and I3 of different colors to form pictorial designs. Here too; according to the present invention. the sheet Il and pieces II, I2 and I3 are preferably composedof some suitable subh naturally glossy face-when formed into a sheet to form the sheet or page of a photo print album to which are secured photo prints. such as the prints I5 and Il. If the prints, such as the prints Il. are formed of .a material'having a pressure sensitive surface, and the sheet I4 also is composed of a material having a pressure sensitive surface, the print I 5 may be secured to the sheet I4 according yto-the taste of the mount-` er. If the print, such as the print It, is not composed of a material having a pressure sensitive surface, then the print I8 may be secured to the sheet I4 by attaching pieces, such as the corner pieces I1, which overlap the corners of the print I6 and engage the pressure sensitive surface of the sheet Il. In the latter case, the pieces I1 are preferably composed of a substance having a pressure sensitive surface so that it may cooperate with the pressure sensitive adhesive surface of the sheet I4.
Excellent results have been achieved when the sheet I of the embodiment illustrated in Fig. l is composed of transparent Celluloid or glass and the parts 2 composed of polyvinyl chloride, commonly known as Vinylite," and the opposing faces are naturally glossy or highly polished to cooperate with one another as pressure sensitive surfaces. In turn, excellent results have been achieved when the sheets I, 5, 8 and I4 of the embodiments illustrated in Figs. 1, 3, 5, 6 and 7 are composedof a sheet of polyvinyl chloride and the attaching indices 2, 6, I2` attaching strips 1, attaching parts II to I 3, inclusive,
and I1, and print I5, similarly are composed of polyvinyl chloride having naturally glossy or highly polished pressure sensitive surfaces which may cooperate with` one another upon being pressed into engagement with one another. From the foregoing it will thus beobvious that when the cooperating surfaces of the base andthe attaching parts are formed glossy. they will be non-aqueous, non-tacky, non-static and washable.
From the foregoing it will appear that without departing from the spirit of the invention, the sheets I, 5, I, I and I4 may be composed of some rigid substance, such as glass, acrylate, cellulose nitrate, or cellulose acetate, so long as one face is either naturally glossy or highly polished. While ythe attaching indices 2, 6, atlashing parts u. lz, n, n, and strips 1 are preferably composed of some flexible material such as pyroxylin. nitrocellulose, cellulose acetate and the like combined with a suitable plasticizer, if the print I is rigid then preferably the page or album sheet I4 is flexible. Excellent results have been achieved when both the base and attaching parts or the base alone or the attaching parts alone have been more or less flexible, so long as the opposing faces are either naturally glossy or highly polished and 'pressure is exercised to cause the two to attach to one another. Many plastic materials either have a or may have one face thereof highly polished when formed into a sheet, such for instance as poiymerized vinyl chloride, polymeriaed vinyl acetate, vco-polymerized polyvinyl alcohol and butylaldehyde, co-polymerized vinyl chloride and vinyl acetate, and co-polymeriaed vinyl chloride. vinyl acetate and maleic anhydride. cellulose nitrate such as oellulose esteriiled with nitric scid. preferably notv nitrated beyond 11%, nitrocellulose associated with camphor to 'produce pyro!- ylin, cellulose acetate such as cellulose esteriiied with acetic acidanhydride, urea-formaldehyde resins or melamine-formaldehyde resins. and acrylate formed from acrylic and methacrylic resins. When the sheet I. l, 1. I. Il or I l is to bemade flexible, depending upon the degree required, a greater or lesser amount of plasticizer or the like may be added. The plasticizer will, of course, depend upon the main plastic material used. While mineral oils,`such as linseed oil, castor oil and the like are extensively used as plasticizers, in the case of some of these plastic materials, such for instance as nitrocellulose, instead of castor oil, tributyl phosphate may be used. In the case of cellulose acetate, methyl-ethyl phthalate may be used.
`In the case of urea-formaldehyde resins and melamine, oil modied alkyds are preferably used. In the case of acrylate, on the other hand. excellent results have been achieved when the plasticizer used was either benzyl sebacate or butyl phthalate. It is well known in this art,rof course. to use plasticizers such as polyalcohol derivatives, naphthalene derivatives, phosphoric acid derivatives, phthalic acid derivatives, saturated and unsaturated fatty acid derivatives, various other aliphatic or aromatic acid derivatives, sucrose compounds, urea compounds, and the like.
Without departing from the spirit of the lnvention, a square sheet, such as the sheet i or B having intersecting demarcations thereon, such as the sheet I8 illustrated in Fig. 8, depicting the plan of a tick-tack-toe card, may be used in association with markers such as the marker I9 in black and other markers such as the marker 2l in red for opposing players.
Similarly without departing from the spirit of the invention, a card such asthe card 2| having indices thereon portraying the face of a time piece may be provided for use with a long arm 22 to serve as the minute hand, and a short arm 23 to serve as the hour hand. The cards Il and 20 may be made of the same material as the sheets -5 and 8 and the markers Il, 2l and arms 22 and 23 of the same material as the letter pieces 2 and 6 of Figs. l and 3. i
From the foregoing itwill appear that the adhesion here achieved is not achievedbyany electric charge in the two bodies engaging one another and adhering to one another, nor that this adhesion results from any adhesive substance which is inherently adhesive and supplies the adhesive character of the surface, but rather that the adhesion results from the ability of two substances to adhere to one another when the two engaging faces have expressed from between them all of the air so that the atmospheric pressure will now be relied upon to maintain the two sheets or substances in adhering engagement with one another. has been achieved by bringing together the two glossy or polished surfaces of the sheets or substances to be adhered to one another, one of which may be substantially rigid, as for instance In the present instance this a,sss,oso
a sheet of glass, the other of which, however. must not only be flexible, but be characterized by a fatigue factor which will not have sumcient resiliency after stress, that is, after having been pressed into engagement with the rigid glass polished face to return to normal. A sheet of vinyl chloride with a polished surface as distinguished from a sheet of rubber does have this characteristic. In order to simplify the claims the word settable will be used to define this fatigue factor characteristic of vinyl chloride as an instance, the resiliency of which after stress will not cause the sheet to return to normal and separate from the glass sheet when the polished surface of a sheet of vinyl chloride has been pressed into engagement with the polished surface of a sheet of glass to express from between them substantially all of the free air.
It is obvious that various changes and modiflcations may be made to the details of construction of both the board and markers without departing from the general spirit of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
1. A character for use as a display element, formed as a homogeneous element adapted to be attached to a glossy support merely by application of slight pressure, said character comprising a piece of flat, flexible, air-impervious plastic material having at least one glossy. press polished, non-tacky surface by which said character may be firmly attached to said support.
2. A display comprising a support having a smooth, glossy, air-impervious surface, and a character formed as a homogeneous element adapted to be attached to said support surface merely by the application of slight pressure, said character comprising a piece of fiat, flexible, airimpervious plastic material having at least one glossy, press polished, non-tacky surface by which said character may be nrmly attached to said support.
3. The combination as set forth in claim) in which the character is opaque and the support consists of a sheet of hard, transparent. nonplastic material.
4. The combination as set 'forth in claim 2 in which the support consists of a sheet oftransparent glass. and the characters are opaque.
5. The combination as set forth in claim 2 in which the character is composed of polyvinyl chloride.
r. A display comprising a support having a smooth, glossy, air-impervious surface, and a character formed as a homogeneous element u adapted to be attached to said support surface merely by application of slight pressure, said self-supporting.
- Number Name 1,259,787 y Segall Mar. 19, 1918 1,530,997 Gjorup -si Mar. 24, 1925 1,926,553 Morse Sept. 12, 1983 2,046,924 Pendergast v-; July'l. 1936 2,200,203 Heintz May '1, 1940 2,262,400 v Laws Nov. 11, 1941 2,293,887 'Chamberlain" .v lAug-25,- 1942 2,331,086 `Taylor Oct. 5,1943` 2,331,776 Heggedal Oct. 12, 1943 FOREIGN vPATENTS Number Country Date 475.555 Great Nov. 19, 1937 charactercomprisingapieceofiiatdlexiblaair-` impervious plastic material having at least one glossy, press polished, non-tacky surface adapted to be pressed into intimate contact throughout its area with the said support surface, vhereby molecular attraction between saidv intimately contacting surfaces will cause the same to become tightly attached to each other.
7. A character for use as a display element, formed as a homogeneous element adapted to be attached to a glossy support merely by application of slight pressure, said character comprising a piece of fiat, flexible, air-impervious elastomeric plastic material including a plasticizer, said material having at least one glossy,
. press polished, non-tacky surface by which said character may be firmly attached to said sup- -port, the amount of plasticizer in said material being sufficient to, make the material flexible for attachment as" defined, but insuillcient to make the material abby sol as to be nonself-supporting.
8. A display comprising a'support having a smooth, glossy, air-impervious surface, and a character formed as a homogeneous element adapted to be attached to said support surface merely by the application of slight pressure, said character comprising a piece of flat, flexible, airimperviouselastomeric plastic material including a plasticizer, saidmaterial having at least one glossy, press polished, non-tacky surface by which said character may be firmly attached to said support, the amount of plasticizer in said material being suiiicient to make the material flexible for attachment as defined, but insumcient to make the material iiabby so asv to be nonasm. J. HEGGEDAL.
REFERENCES crrED The following references are'of record inithe ille of this patent:
vUNITED s'rA'rEs APATENTS Date v