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Publication numberUS2587534 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 26, 1952
Filing dateNov 26, 1947
Priority dateNov 26, 1947
Publication numberUS 2587534 A, US 2587534A, US-A-2587534, US2587534 A, US2587534A
InventorsBlum Jr Robert D, Schwartz Shepard B
Original AssigneeMay Hosiery Mills
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Design dyeing apparatus
US 2587534 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1952 s. B. SCHWARTZ ET AL DESIGN DYEING APPARATUS 4 SheetsSheet 1 Filed Nov. 26, 1947 INVENTORS. S. B. SCHWARTZ & R.D.BLU M.,JR.

ATTORNEY 1952 s. B. SCHWARTZ ET AL 2,587,534

DESIGN DYEING APPARATUS Filed Nov. 26, 1947 4 Sheets-$heet 2 IN V EN TOR S.B.SCHWARTZ & R.D.BLUM,JR.

ATTORNEY Feb. 26, 1952 s B, SCHWARTZ ET AL 2,587,534

DESIGN DYEING APPARATUS Filed Nov. 26, 1947 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTORS.

5.8. SCHWARTZ & RD. BLU M, JR.

ATTORNEY 26, 1952 s. B. SCHWARTZ ET AL 3 DESIGN DYEING APPARATUS Filed Nov. 26, 1947 ,4 Sheets-Sheet 4 FIG. 6

:mlllllllllll VENTORS. 8.8. SCHWARTZ .D.BLUM,JR.

ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 26, 1952 D-ESIGN'DYEING PPARATUS? V Shepard- K Schwartz'* and Robert D. Blum, Jr.,

Application November 26, 1947 fS'rial' N6} 788 186 12: This. inyention relateswo ornamentation; and more particularly to design dyeing and" appa ratus for'and process ofiaccomplishing the'same:

-One'specific*use of the invention is theappli cation of a single'ormulticolor-'design-' for pur=- poses *of'mmamentation-to finished or "fabricated tXti1eS""SlICh as; for "example: to hosiery orthelilier The--methoddoes' not pertain--to woven;

piece" goods which "are printed 1 continuously byat a cbmparatively lowiprice;inizth-erpresentadayi' highlyi competitiveamarket' where "competition-I is: keen, thereby precluding the manual application f such' designs?- Applicants process; of: applying; designer-is? a true dyeingz process inrithat the dyevissapplieda to the -fabricnan'd allowed'mo penetrate iand .compIfie1 00101 Zt1Ie fibers? thereinai Anzr aqueous; solution of a textile2coloring;icomponentnsuoh-;as%

such-* means as roller -printing with intagl-io 102 a zvat .idye; may bevaincorporatedsinathe printing cylinders? Ofnamentation h'a'sb'een accomplished in" manywaysg including th'e printi'ng-o-f designs-on good-s and on some= finished articles such piee as blo'uses T shirtsgoveralls;and-the likei ever, this type of ornamentation has either been-'- verylimited -as to colon-and durability, or has required the -use of muchl. skilled; labor in the 1 production thereof paste,:: -or:a1pigmented woileinewater ror waters-inoil two phase emulsiomaiwithsresin; binder amay; be; utilized; Theses: printings; pastesare well known? torthoseiski'lledrinothe artof Itextile print,

How- 155 ingiiz; Consequently the resulting;, product? iscornpletely-zwash-fastandithez design will retain substantially: itszsoriginall brilliance andchar-ace tersthnou'ghout @the 'liieeoiztherrfabric.

It is an object of the invention toa'pnoyide I-IQsiepyz; 119,51 also been i. h'eretgfore'fiproduced simple": inexpensivevapparatusaand l process with designs -'-'which have-:beenis knitted intoathehosiery; Thi'szsiszza VGIZYiCOStIYL DI OCBSS, requiring: the: use of JspeciaL coloredlyarns inQknitti -ng, andrequiringgspecialsmachineryzs Thezdesignsspossie' ble by this method .iare'lextremely limited: due to the inherent limitationsofkhitti'-iig:- machines;

Intricate: and'isharpndesignseare' 'not possiblefiby Funthenuthe design; hasi not beempermanent.

for-2' design; dyeing z iand employing a :multiplicity of colors which may be easilywariedand:imwhich: theizarticles'aare s -partiallyydriedprior towremoval from--:the:apparatuse v Another objectaofi the'inventionriszto ---provide= when 1' appliedg by ZFEEihEiHlODIflStiGQOIIf thermnset articlei relative: to theappa atus-:

A further object of the inventioniisatolprovide automatic apparatus for- .design dyeingr-Particularly hosiery,. and: utilizing; flexible; fine -.mesh

sc-reeningghthevdesigna portions-zofawhich isa-opens.

plished by manual operations using;tlie.:screen: s ands-the tremai-ni-ngi=coveredawtih:1a;materialiime process soitithe alike: The :roller; printing, process,

utilizingtthe same types iofndyes :or printing pastes 2 asappli'cantshprocess ds:not:adaptabletozfinished orfabricated articles. of textile appareLasuchlzas hosierys Initialmcost ofzmachinery andaengraw ing 'ofiriintaglio cylinders:preeludes;"practicability; of?! utilizing; this process: for; fabricated l textiles such -as h'osierywhere yardageiis'fsmal-lcompared,

tov'that :-:normally :run OIliiOIlB design' on; piece perviousdzo theprinting-paste and through: which;

design. portion---theridyev on oolor paste.-.is applied tol thei-productw V Anothemobject of theiinventionaresides a 40: process ofirproviding a-i multi -coloreda design-i 1 v knitted; ore-woven fabrics suchaasi-hosiery, or the like which sdesigns-is sharp :and. pleasing, to the eye; isi-washv-Yfast, orspermanen-t incharactenand; willasubstantially retain-wits; original-- brilliance.

goodsn Also;- the;rollerrprocessiahasw not gbeen. "?throughout-the:liferof thee-fabri yas swell as.;to'l

adapted unechanicallyi for; the printing;,of rsfa-brt.-

carted-articles suchlas =.hosiery: but issutilizedexclusivelyefor z. the printing'rof': piece; goods'w-in continuous fiat form's Applicants? apparatuse ;andiprocess has-been specificallyzcreatediifor applicationzof: a single- 0 multicolored v'design: tQa :hosiery. It is; desirable that theaiapplicationt'ofa-designssto: articles; such as; sockszsbezaccomplished:rapidly and. inexpen-ie sivelyxin :orderrthatsthese articles may; be sold. 1. A further :obj ect-of -the (invention resides inlthe provideaa processaeasily. adaptable for =useion an automatic machine.

A-sfurther obj ect of the-i-inventioni. vresides; in-r a process of dyeing designs in fabrics in which;

dyezonlcolor paste isiappliedithereto through one or;. more; screensncarnying the.-. design andjl in. which: :flow of therdye beyond the-edges of the design-.2 is rpreventedt by; treatment of: the fabric; priorytordyeingi process of dyeing designs in fabrics such as hosiery in which the hose or sock is treated with an oil-in-water emulsion, such as for example, an emulsion of paraflin wax in water prior to application of the dye.

Further objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 isa front elevation of an apparatus illustrative of the invention and showing the apparatus in condition to apply a three color design;

Fig. 2, a side elevation of the apparatus of Fig. 1 partially in section and with parts omitted for greater clarity;

Fig. 3, a rear elevation of the plate carrying the sock receiving cylinders and showing the drive mechanism for these cylinders and the dyeing screens as well as the means for retaining the sock carrying cylinders in proper position to obtain registry of the various portions of the design;

Fig. 4, a detailed elevational view showing the Geneva gear mechanism for obtaining step by step rotation of the cylinder carrying plate;

Fig. 5, a detailed perspective view of the dog used for maintaining the sock carrying cylinders in position prior to rotation thereof;

Fig. 6, a partial side elevation showing a sock in position on the cylinder with a portion of the design about to be applied thereto;

Fig. 7, a sectional elevational view showing details of the adjusting means for obtaining proper preliminary adjustment of the dyeing screens;

Figs. 8, 9, and 10, plan views of three screens prior to mounting on the screen cylinders and adapted to be used for applying a three color design and,

Fig. 11, a side elevation of a sock having applied thereto a three color design by use of the screens in Figs. 8, 9 and 10.

With continued reference to the drawings, particularly Figs. 1 and 2, there is shown an apparatus for dyeing designsin fabrics such as hosiery and having a frame Ill, comprising front and rear upright frame members II and I2 held in parallel spaced apart relationship by spacers I3. The lower portions of the frame members I I and I2 may be provided with feet or the like I4 for securin to a base or table.

Substantially centrally of the plates II and I2 a shaft I5 is journalled having a plate I5 fixed to one end. The plate I6 serves to rotatably carry a plurality of cylinders'I'I equally spaced around the plate and in the illustrated embodiment, since six such cylinders are shown, this spacing will be 60 degrees. Each of the cylinders I! are mount' ed on a shaft I8 journalled in the plate I6 and on the inner end of each shaft IB is fixed a gear I9. In order to obtain step by step rotation of the plate I-6 and cylinders I! carried thereby, there is provided on the shaft I5 between the plates II and I2 a Geneva gear 2|], the details of which are shown in Fig. 4. The Geneva gear 29 is provided in this particular embodiment with twelve: notches 2| in order that plate IE will make twelve steps in completing one revolution thereof.

In order to drive the Geneva gear 20, there is provided adjacent the upper portion of frame III a main drive shaft 22 journalled in plates II and I2 and having mounted thereon for engagement with Geneva gear 20 a Geneva drive member 23, the details of which are shown in Fig. 4. This plates I I and I2 and a bracket 36.

drive member 23 is provided with two arms 24 and 25 each of which arms is provided adjacent the end thereof with rollers 26 and 21 respectively. As shaft 22 rotates, rollers 26 and 21 successively engage slots 2I in the Geneva gear 20 to rotate the shaft I5 and plate I6 carried thereby through two 30 degree arcs.

In order to lock shaft I5 and plate I6 carried thereby in position while rollers 26 and 21 are out of engagement with slots 2|, there is provided on the peripheral surface of the Geneva gear 29 between each pair of slots 2| an arcuate surface 28 which is adapted to be engaged by arcuate surface 29 on plate 3I fixed to shaft 22 and arms 24 and 25 for rotation therewith. It will be noted that arcuate surface 29 is so disposed with relation to the arms 24 and 25 as to only engage the arcuate surface 28 on Geneva gear 29 during periods in which the rollers 26 and 21 are out of engagement with the slots 2|. It will thus be seen that immediately after each two 30 degree steps of rotation by the gear 20 that arcuate surface 29 will engage arcuate surface 28 and thus lock gear 20 and plate It in position until the roller 26 engages the next slot 2 I.

To the outer end of shaft 22 is fixed a pulley 32 having trained thereover a belt 33 engaging a pulley 34 on shaft 35 journalled for rotation in Also mounted on shaft 35 is a pulley 3i engaged by a belt 38 which in turn engages a pulley 39 mounted on a shaft 40 extending from a reduction gear box 4I mounted adjacent the lower portion of the frame II]. The gearing within box 4| may conveniently be driven by a motor 42 connected thereto through shaft 43.

Fixed to the opposite end of shaft 22 from pulley 32 is a dye applying cylinder indicated generally at 44, the construction of which is best shown in Fig. 2. The dye applying cylinder 44 comprises a cylindrical shell portion 64 which may be formed of a fine mesh silk or metallic screen sufficiently rigid to maintain the shape of the cylinder but which at the same time possesses suflicient flexibility to conform to irregularities in the surface of the fabric material to be dyed. The screen 64 is supported at the outer end thereof by an annular ring 46 and at the inner end by a circular disc 46 having hub portion 41 to which is secured a gear 48. Gear, 48, hub 41 and screen 64 are all mounted on shaft 22 for continuous rotation therewith.- In order to further strengthen the cylinder 44, there is provided, a bar 45 rigidly secured at its ends .to the ring 46 and disc 46'.

If a single color design is to be applied it is only necessary to use a single dye applying cylinder but since it is contemplated by this invention that a multi-color design will be applied, there are shown herein for purposes of illustration three cylinders, indicated generally at 49, 44 and 50,

resulting in an apparatus which will apply a three color design. Cylinders 49 and 50 are similar in construction to cylinder 44and are provided adjacent the rear ends thereof with gears 5I and 52 respectively of the same. size as gear 48 mounted on screen 44. Cylinders 49 and 50 are mounted on shafts 53 and 54 journalled in plate members II and I2 as best shown in Fig. 6.

In order that cylinders 49 and 50 may be adjusted longitudinally to initially position the design with respect to the design on cylinder 44 in order to obtain proper registration, shafts 53 and 54 are mounted to permit slidable movement in their journal bearings in the plates II and I2 aasgssc:

and there isaprovided' meansion adjusting-land:

locking cyli ndersfl fand'Bl-in the desired position:

This means is best .shown: in Figs. 6 .and fl andcom pr-ises a: sleeve 55'- threadedlyi received: onthreads :56 formedin shafts 53 and 54, the .sleeve.

55 being rotatably receivedibetween the :plates I I and- IZ-and being .ofsuch lengthas to have: sub-. stantiallyv no. end play. By rotating. sleeve. 55

with-relationto shafts 531 and 54; .thesershaftsrmay be moved longitudinally in either direction':.to.;

adjustizthe cylinders mounted thereon. and; this adjustmentmay bemaintainedby providing aslot-r 5.1;inzthe isleevei5 Ei'anda lockinglboltv 53:for .c1amp+.. in'g'tlre-s1otted..sleeve..55 about the thread 56.; thus;

preventing; undesired relative. rotation; between sleevea55iandi=shafts.53 and7544. It iseonlyvnecesisary to provide this adjustment on..two.;=of;the;

cylinders; .sincethese'i cylinders. may be adjusted irnaccordancewith the position .ofitheidesign .oncentral: cylinder 44.1

Cylinders 491: and 150. are driven from gear. l8?- onxshaft 221 by idler gears Ila-and 6 El respectivelyvv journalled on stub shaftsv SIandGZ respectively.

mountedin the plate l I; In will thus be seenthat; upon; rotation ofrshaft 22 and cylinder M that cylinders l9-and5flqwill :be rotated at the same speedgand in thesame direction.

' Cylinders 44, 49. and; 58rprovide a pluralitygoffine;:steel.wires but :obviously these screens maybesformed ofany other suitable material;

The; screens are prepared for use. in the. apparatus of this invention byapplying to the surface. thereof 1' a coating of material impervious ,to the dye being used to impregnate the fabric and form the design therein. Thesentire; surface of the screen-:is.coveredwithythis material Witlrathe exception.of'a-portion 'formingthe outline of the dQSign- Screen 53,; asshown in Fig. 8,; is in tended toeapply they p etal portion .65of aflower design-to each side ofthe cuff of a sockas shown in. .1 1. Thecolor of this petal design could,

for instance, be red,-as indicated in Fig. 8. Screen. 641s intended .toapply the leaf and -stem .design.

6 'I "to,.,the.-.petal designappliedhby screen-.53 and thecolor of theleaves. and stem may well be.

green as indicated'in Fig. 9. Screen 6511s designed toapply lines 68 completely. around thecufflfifi.

of 'Isock 65' and these lines mayv well be blue as indicated'ih Fig. 10. It is understood, however, that any design or color combination may be utilized by properlyforming the screens to .apply such a design.

In order to force the dye through the screens 63, 64 and 65'there-isprovided within each cylinder 49,. G4, and 50, asqueegee It which may be formed of rubberv or other relatively soft material. The squeegee I0 maybe-slidably mounted in a recess .10 in barf! I, Which bar in turnis adjustably; mountedon a bar 12;.by screw threaded members- I3. Bar 72 inturn may be adjustably mounted {01'1b1'2t0k6t-IqbY'fSCI'QW threaded members 15,-, bracket Hi i being fixed on plate I I "by a screw threaded member 15.; In'order to. properly; adinstfth l r ssure; of .g he:- queege eainst..t11e. 75:: raised ;.portions 1.83; 84. and-.285 mndapermitagean:

Consequently, it; has been. found.

Fig? 5:

inneznsurfaceeof :theiscreen-atidithereeisg provided in the bar 'II twoaperturesall '1 in eachof-whicha.

may; benplaced a'lcompressionspring 12 serving toaurge. squeegee; I 0::- into engagement with the. imrergisurfaceofrscreen .6.4.; The pressure on the springz-I'Z; and: the squeegee-i1 I) may. conveniently.

be.-1:.reg-.ulated:bys screw;- threaded members. I4 threadedlytreceivedz in the apertures; I I

a'ysbe;easilyrremoved rforscleaning, purposes desiredpressure on the-'innersurface of -screenii l.

lnzoperationy. itsiseonly necessary toapply a. dyein; theglform :of j;paste or. the. like. to the inner. 15 surfacesofiqthescreens-and upon: rotation thereof the; d-yexwill: be forced Zthroughthe treated portions of the screen by thezrubbing actioniof squee-x eaflil. One.squeegeeeiszprovidedfor ieachzof-athe cylinders: 49, 44" and ':5:I;'and each of tthese may- 0 be oftsimilarvconstruction.

Inzzthei' dyeing of catdesign in artic1es..such assock sicarried .on' thezcylinder. I1, ittis necessary toeb'ri-ng' thev external surface. of the socks: into engagement; with: the, external surface of they screensacarried byi cylinders 49, st and-5I3 andto rotatesthe. sock and'cylinder while in contact at the same surfacespeed during which rotation the design wil-l be impartedto thesock by action of thew squeegee: in: forcing.v the dye through the screen; In ordentorotate sockcarryingcylinders- I -atxthesame surface .speed as thecylindersdfi;

44 and 59 there is provided on the shaft I8sof:

eachcylinder 'II a--gearil9':which is adapted to engagegearil on cylinderr49;gear:48 on cylinder 57 44 andgear52 on cylinder 5llxwhen. the-respec-v tive-.sock. carrying'cylinders II are in ipositionto ,receivea dye from these cylinders; It will be obvious that once; in engagement, cylinder I'l will; be rotated'at a speed in accordance with the. gear; ratio between gears 4 I, .43? and .52 and .the

gears: I9.

Inorder that cylinder I'I'and gears I9'wi1l not vided on the rear; surface ofg'the plate- I6 a'plurahtwof:dogsa-indicated:generally at TI; shown 1rr-operative=position in'LFig: 3." and in'detail in dog being normally urged into engagement with its-associated igear by'a: spring 80..

In order-to; move. each dog. out of engagementwith its associated gear whenthat'gear engages the gear associated with the cylinders 49, 44 or 50, there is providedaacam indicatedgenerally at 8l 'whichicam may be: conveniently secured in fixed 0; relation to the outer surface of plate II by screw.

threaded members82. The peripheral surface andBBiareadapted toiengage avroller 86 "carried at.'the opposite .end ofieach dog I1 from th'egean engagingiportion I9 which will raise thegearen gagingxportions .1 9.1aW-ay from the gear and permit the sameitoturn.. Dog." will remain out of en:-.. gagement :with' gear: I 9. untilone revolution th'eree of:;is. -.completed at which time plate -.I 6 .will' move. 30'rdegrees. thus allowing .roller :86 to move: off of I ItlWill thusigbe:seenathatinethis arrangement squeegees.

ayi also; be; adjusted-z in; order to. give I the.

Onez-dog: 11- isprovided for. each of thegears I9 and :eachdog is-zpivotally mountedion" the; plate IBby ampintle 18, a. portion 19. of the plete revolution at the same surface speed, thus v imparting the portion of the design carried by the associated screen to the sock and that upon the completion of one revolution cylinders I? will be locked against rotation until engagement with the respective succeeding dyeing cylinder whereupon the cylinders will be unlocked for further rotation, thus assuring proper registration of the various portions of the design and preventing the overlapping of the different colors.

In order to facilitate positioning of the socks on the cylinders I! there is provided a ring 81 of contrasting color about each cylinder H, it being only necessary for the operator to apply the cuff of the sock over the cylinder and up to the ring 81 as shown in Fig. 6. Also, if desired the foot portion of the sock extending from the outer end of cylinder I! may be pushed inside of the cylinder in order to prevent engagement thereof with other parts of the machine or to impede the operator in the application and removal of socks from the apparatus and to permit dyeing the design on the outer part of a turned down cuff without turning the sock inside out.

In operation screens provided with the desired design are mounted on the machine and secured in place while dye of the desired color is applied to the inner surface thereof. A sock is applied to the sock carrying cylinder I! at load- I M ing station A whereupon the plate IE will be stepped around until the sock on cylinder I1 engages the first dyeing cylinder 49, at which time the first color of the design will be applied thereto. While this operation is carried out the next sock is applied to the following cylinder I] at station A. After completion of the first dyeing step at cylinder 49, plate It and cylinder I1 will be stepped through a 30 degree are which is halfway between cylinder 49 and cylinder 44, thus allowing the design time in which to partially dry before the next dyeing operation at cylinder 44 takes place. This process is repeated at cylinders 44 and 59 after which the sock is allowed to dry until it reaches station B, at which time the sock may be removed and a new sock applied as cylinder l1 moves to station A. The above operation may be repeated until the desired number of socks carrying this design have been completed.

The process of dyeing designs in fabrics such as hosiery or the like as carried out by the apparatus above described is a true dyeing process as distinguished from a painting or heat applied transfer process in which the color or ink is merelyapplied to the surface of the material whereas in the instant process the material is substantially impregnated to color the fibers thereof.

The dye or printing paste used may well be a water-in-oil or an oil-in-water emulsion incorporating the following ingredients: color, water, common salt as a stabilizer, a petroleum naptha solvent and a resin binder. The dye or printing paste may also be a color paste made up as a single phase system, utilizing water with no water immiscible substance or as an oil-in-water or water-in-oil emulsion in which an aqueous solution of a textile coloring componenhsuch as a vat dye may be incorporated in the thickening vehicle. The thickening vehicle may be a starch or starch derivative dispersion, or it may be a cellulose derivative solution, or simply an oil and water emulsion, with resin or other stabilizer, of the proper viscosity. This dye or color paste is prepared in the proper viscosity and applied to the inner surface of the screens as described above.

It has been found, however, that in applying a dye of the above type directly to the material it is extremely difficult to obtain a sharp design and one in which various colors donot run outside the lines of the design and also the character of the design is greatly effected by the squeegee pressure. I

The above difficulty appears to be caused by the fact that it is practically impossible to prepare the dye in the form of a perfect emulsion, that is, an emulsion in which all of the particles of water are completely emulsified in the solvent and it is also practically impossible to obtain an emulsion which does not contain some free solvent as well as free water. If a perfectly emulsified colored printing paste could be obtained as a practical matter, a clear sharp design would be produced and in all probability the colors would not run beyond the lines of the design.

This problem has been overcome by treating the fabric or the article to be dyed prior to the application of dye thereto with a water repellent solution which may conveniently be a simple oilin-water emulsion, such as, for example, an emulsion of a paraffin wax in water. Treatment with this water repellent solution appears to increase the surface tension in the fabric material outside of the design and that therefore the absorbency of the material inside the design is greater by comparison than that outside the design which results in the free solvent or free water in the dye having a greater attraction for the wet portion within the design and is thus not permitted to fiow freely outside the lines of the design where it is not desired.

It has been found that this process results in a clear sharp design which retains its outline, brilliancy, and character throughout substantially the life of the fabric material.

It will be seen that applicants by their invention have provided a novel dyeing. process for the application of designs to fabricated material such as hosiery and have further provided an automatic apparatus for carrying out this process in a relatively rapid and economical manner.

It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes may be made in the invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof and therefore the invention is not limited by that which is shown in the drawing and described in the specification but only as indicated in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. Apparatus for design dyeing of fabric articles comprising in combination a frame, a plate and Geneva gear rotatably mounted on said frame, a main drive shaft rotatably mounted on said frame, a Geneva drive member mounted on said drive shaft for cooperation with said Geneva gear whereby upon rotation of said drive shaft said plate will be intermittently rotated step by step, means associated with said Geneva gear and said Geneva gear drive member whereby said plate will be locked against rotation between each '9 movementthereof;aplurality-pf articlereceiving cylinders rotatably: mounted. on said plate; means on said cylinders .to:facilitateepropenpositioning of the articles thereon, a driveiigear':operatively associated with reach (article receiving scylinder,

1a .sdye 2: applying: cylinder mounted on said "::main 7 drive-"shaft ZfOl.ElfQllflfiiOIlillhGIBWith, iadditionalzdye :applying 'ccyflinders liourna'lled-zaon said ff-rame'disposed. i011. :either Jside of w said first mentioned Jdye applyinggzcylinder. and'fin-ispaced "relation "thereto, eaclrjof asaidi dye:applyingcylinders comprising a screencarry ing: ;a -design,aagear disposed: on the .inneriend-of eachtcylinder, :a squeegee adjustably mounted withinisaid-iscreen :and in contact with the inner surface thereof I whereby upon rotation of isa'ids'creen idye disposed on" the' i-n'ner surface thereof will be forced-through the design :thereon by the action of said squeegee, idler gears -dis- :posed between theigears on said cylinders whereby said cylinders will be -'simultaneously rotated atthe same speed and in the same direction said article receivingcylinders? being disposed on said :plate 'in a manner.=whereby the drive gear oneach article receivingcylinder'will successively engage the gear on each dye "applying, cylinder at intervals-during the step'by step rotation of said plate and whereby --articlescarried by said article receiving- 'cylinders wilt-engage said screens and be rotated --while --in engagement therewith at the same surfacaspeed toiapply v a design to the article, and means to 'look said article receiving cylinders against rotation while out of engagement with said dye applying cylinders.

2. Apparatus-for design-dyeingwf fabric articlescomprising in combination a frame, a. plate and Geneva gear rotatably "mounted son ;said frame, .a'm'ain' drive shaft rotatably mounted on said framea Geneva'drive member mounted on said drive 'shait'f'or cooperation: with said ,Geneva gear whereby "upon'rotationpf said drive,.,shaft said plate will-be intermittently rotated gstepby step, means associated withsaidGeneva gear and said Geneva drive 'mem'ber'jwhereby said; plate will be "locked against rotation; between .each movementfthereof,"a'plurality of articlereceiving cylinders rotatably mounted jonjsaid plate,means on. said. cylinders to "facilitate .prcper positioning ofllthe. articIesthereQn, a;drive gear operatively associated with each article receiving cylinder, a dye applying cylinder mounted on said main drive shaft for rotation therewith, additional dye applying cylinders journalled on said frame disposed on either side of said first mentioned dye applying cylinder and in spaced relation theretg; a screen carrying a design disposed on each dye applying cylinder, a gear disposed on the inner end of each dye applying cylinder, idler gears disposed between the gears on said dye applying cylinders, said article receiving cylinders being disposed on said plate in a manner whereby the nper'atively associated with i said "plate and said main. drive shaft to "intermittently srotate said plate :instep by step movements andito loci; said plate against rotation-between movements tfiereof, ;a plurality of article receiving cylinders rotatably mounted 'onasa'id plate, a drive gear :operativelyxjassociated with ,each article receiving cylindeiyra dye applying :cylinder mounted onisaid main drive shaft for "rotation therewith, additionalad-ye 'applying cylinders "journalled on said frame S'disposed iron either side 'of :saidzfirstmenticned dye applying cylinder andin spaced-rela- ,tionitheretogea screen carrying a idesigndisposed on ea'chiidyesapplying cylinder, a gear disposed on the innerrend ofxeach dyerapplying cylindeniidler gears "disposed between the gears on said dye applying: cylinders, *said' article receiving: cylinders beingidisposed "on said plate in a manner-whereby the drive gear on each article receiving cylinder will successivelysengage the gear on each dye applying cylinder at intervals during the step by step-rotation of :said plate and wherebyartic'les carried by saidarticle-receiving cylinders-will engage said screens'and be rotated whilein engagementtherewith at the same surface speed to applyaidesign to the article and means to lock said :article receiving cylinders against rotation while out of engagement withsaid dye applying cylinders.

{4. Apparatus for design dyeing of fabrio articles comprising in combination a 1 frame, a plate rotatably mounted on saidframe, a main drive shaft --rotatably mounted on 'said' frame, -means' operatively associatedwith said plate and said main drive 7 shaft to intermittently rotate said plate in step by step movements and 'to lock said plate againstrotation'between movements there of, :aplu'rality ofarticle receiving'cylin'ders rotatably mounted on said plate, a drive gear-operatively associated-with each article receiving cylinder, a dye applying cylinder'mounted onsaid main drive shaft for rotation therewith, additional dyeapplying cylinders "journalledon said frame disposed on either side of 'said flrstmen- I tioned'dye'applying cylinder and in spaced relation thereto, a screen-carrying a'design disposed on each dye applying cylinder, a gear disposed-on the inner end of'each'dye applyingcylinden'idler gears disposed between the gears on said dye applying cylinderssaid article receivingcylinders being disposed on said plate in a manner whereby the drive gear on each article receiving cylinder will successively engage the gear on each dye drive gear on each article receiving cylinder will successively engage the gear on each dye applying cylinder at intervals during the step by step rotation of said plate and whereby articles carried by said article receiving cylinders will engage said screens and be rotated while in engagement therewith at the same surface speed to apply a design to the article, and means to lock said article receiving cylinders against rotation while out of engagement with said dye applying cylinders.

3. Apparatus for design dyeing of fabric articles comprising in combination a frame, a plate rotatably mounted on said frame, a main drive shaft rotatably mounted on said frame. means applying cylinder at intervals during the step by step rotation of said plate and whereby articles carried by said article receiving cylinders will engage said screens and be rotated while in engagement therewith at the same surface speed to apply a design to the article.

5. Apparatus for design dyeing of fabric articles comprising in combination a frame, means rotatably mounted on said frame and carrying a plurality of rotatably mounted article receiving members, a plurality of rotatably mounted dye applying members, means operatively associated with said article receiving members whereby articles carried thereby will successively engage said dye applying members, means to rotate said dye applying members and said article carrying mem-'' bers during engagement therebetween and at the same surface speed, means to apply a design to said articles during said engagement and means to lock said article receiving members against rotation while out of engagement with said dye applying members said last named means comprising a pivotally mounted dog adjacent at least one article receiving member, resilient means normally urging said dog into engagement with a pfirtion of an article receiving member, and cam'means mounted on said frame to move said dogs out of engagement with said article receiving member during engagement between said article receiving members and said dye applying members whereby said article receiving members may rotate freely during such engagement.

6. Apparatus for design dyeing of fabric arti cles comprising in combination a frame, means rotatably mounted on said frame and carrying a plurality of rotatably mounted article receiving members, a plurality of rotatably mounted dye applying members, means operatively associated with said article receiving members whereby articles, carried thereby will successively engage said dye applying members, means to rotate said dye applying members and-said article carrying members during engagement therebetween and at the same surface speed, means to apply a design to said articles during said engagement, means to lock said article receiving members against rotation while out of engagement with said dye applying members and cam means for releasing said lock means during engagement of said article receiving members with said dye applying members.

7. Apparatus for designdyeing of fabric articlescomprising in combination a frame, a plate rotatably mounted on said frame, means to intermittently-rotate said plate in step by step movements, a plurality of rotatably mounted article holders on said plate, a drive gear operatively associated with each holder, a dye applying cylinder rotatably mounted on said frame, additional dye applying cylinders journalled on said frame and disposed on either side of said first mentioned dyeapplying cylinder and in spaced relation thereto, a screen carrying a design disposed on each dye applying cylinder, a gear disposed on each dye applying cylinder, idler gears disposed between the gears on said dye applying cylinders, means to drive one of said dye applying cylinders, said article receiving holders being disposed on said plate in a manner whereby the drive gear on each article holder willsuccessively engage the gear on each dye applying cylinder at intervals during the step by step rotation of said plate and whereby articles 12 carried by said article holders will engage said screens and be rotated while in engagement therewith at the same surface speed to apply a design to the article.

8. Apparatus for design dyeing of fabric articles comprising in combination a frame, a plate rotatably mounted on said frame, means to intermittently rotate said plate in step by step movements, a plurality of rotatably mounted article holders on said plate, drive means operatively associated with each holder, a dye applying cylinder rotatably mounted on said frame, additional dye applying cylinders journalled on said frame and disposed on either side of said first mentioned dye applying cylinder and in spaced relation thereto, a screen carrying a design disposed on each dye applying cylinder, means to drive each of said dye applying cylinders, said article receiving holders being disposed on said plate in a manner whereby the drive means on each article holder will successfully engage the means to drive each dye applying cylinder at intervals during the-step by step rotation of said plate and whereby articles carried by said article holders will engage said screens and be rotated while in an engagement therewith at the same speed to apply a design to the article.

- SHEPARD B. SCHWARTZ.

ROBERT D. BLUM, JR.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2803191 *Aug 9, 1954Aug 20, 1957George Harding ErnestApparatus for printing knitted articles of footwear
US2863345 *Aug 12, 1955Dec 9, 1958Fiechter Rene AWatch winding machine
US2927526 *Feb 2, 1956Mar 8, 1960Burlington Industries IncSock printing machine
US3099146 *Jun 15, 1961Jul 30, 1963 Roller type continuous dyeing apparatus
US3934500 *Dec 13, 1974Jan 27, 1976Chromax LimitedMachine for printing on cylindrical or frusto-conical containers with ultra-violet-light-setting ink
US4869165 *Jun 29, 1987Sep 26, 1989Fabrication D'ouvrages De DamesSilkscreen process for producing a design and proximate inscription
Classifications
U.S. Classification101/115, 101/40.1, 101/37
International ClassificationB41F17/00
Cooperative ClassificationB41F17/003
European ClassificationB41F17/00E