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Publication numberUS2588580 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 11, 1952
Filing dateAug 7, 1950
Priority dateAug 7, 1950
Publication numberUS 2588580 A, US 2588580A, US-A-2588580, US2588580 A, US2588580A
InventorsScruggs Thomas M
Original AssigneeBemis Bro Bag Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus and method for manufacture of composite web material
US 2588580 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 11, 1952 T. M. SCRUGGS 2,588,580

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURE OF COMPOSITE WEB MATERIAL Filed Aug. 7, 1950 Patented Mar. 11, 1952 APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFAC- TURE OF COMPOSITE WEB MATERIAL Thomas M; Scruggs, Richmond Heights Moi, assignor to Bemis Bro. Bag Company, St. Louis,- Mo., a corporation of Missouri ApplicationAugust '7, 1950', Serial N 0. 178,143

8 Claims. (01. 1544.6)-

This invention relates to the manufacture of composite web. material and more particularly to .a method of andapparatus for adhesively combining a web of open-mesh fabric and a paper label stripnarrower than the web.

The invention pertains particularly to the production of composite web. material used in the manufacture of band-label open-mesh bags such as are shown in the coassigned and copending application of Brady et al. for Labeled Open- Mesh Bag, Serial No. 63,548, filed December 4, 1948, the composite web material consisting of a web of open-mesh fabric, such as a leno-woven fabric of paper yarn, and a paper label strip narrower than the open-mesh fabric and extending generally longitudinally the full length of the fabric, the fabric and the label strip being secured together by adhesive over substantially the entire area of the label strip. Prior to this invention, such composite web has beenmade by applying a stripe of adhesive as wide as the label strip to the fabric and combining the. fabric and label in a continuous process, the combined fabric and label strip being wound into a roll. However, due to relative lateral shifting or weaving of. the fabric and label strip, it frequently occurred that the label strip would be laterally displaced to one sideor thev other of the stripe. of adhesive on the fabric.v This. resulted in exposure of. ad'- hesive on one side of. the label strip and. in nonadherence of its other side. margin to the fabric. Exposure of adhesive caused the convolutions of the wound-up composite material to adhere together in the roll and caused trouble in subsequently unwinding the material from the roll.

At first. glance it may be thought that the above-mentioned difliculty may 'be avoided by making the stripe of adhesive on the fabricnarrower than the label strip, but this is unsatisfactory because it results in non-adherence of both side margins of the label strip to the fabric, which is conducive toward separation of the strip from the web. It may also be thought that the diificulty mightbe avoided by applying adhesive to the label strip over. its entire width rather than to the fabric, but this is wasteful of adhesive because of the open-mesh character of the fabric.

The purpose of this invention is the provision of a method and apparatus particularly for producing composite web of the above-mentionedtype without either exposure of adhesive or nonadherence of one or. both side; margins of the label strip tothe fabric, and without undue waste of adhesive. It will be understood; however; that in its broader aspects the invention may be applicable to materials other than open-meshfabric and apaper label strip.

In general, according to the method of this invention, adhesive is applied to the web in a stripe somewhat narrower than the strip asthe web'travelsto a combining guide where it is combined with the strip; with the width of the stripe of adhesive wholly within the width of the strip. Also, adhesive is applied in narrow stripes to the side marginal portions of the strip which face theweb as the strip travels toward the guide. Each of the strips of adhesive applied to the stripis of such width that, at the guide; the strip becomes adhesively secured over its entire'area, or at least substantially its entire area, to the web. Thus, while the main body of adhesive isapplied to the Web, as is desirable to conserve adhesive, due to the fact that the stripe of adhesive applied to the web is narrower than the strip, a considerable degree of lateral displacement of the strip relative to the web cannot result in exposure of adhesive on either side of the strip, and, due to the application of adhesive to the side margins of the strip, the side. margins ar efiectively: adhered to the web so that there are no loose edge portions of the strip in. the finished composite webmaterial.

In general, an apparatus of this invention for. carrying out the above method comprises a combining guide at. yghich the web and strip may be combined, and an adhesive-applying roller somewhat narrower than the strippositioned to apply a stripe of adhesive somewhat narrower than the strip to the surface of the Web facing the strip as the web travels over the roller to the guides The web-and strip becomecombined at the guide with the width of the stripe of adhesive wholly within the width of the strip. The apparatus also includes a pair'of adhesive applying rollers positioned to apply narrow stripes of adhesive to the side marginal portions of the strip facing the web'as the strip travels over the rollers to the guide Other features will be in part apparent and in part pointed'out hereinafter.

The invention accordingly comprises the ele-' ments and combinations of elements, steps and sequences ofsteps, features of construction and manipulation, and arrangements of parts which willbe exemplified in the structures and methods hereinafter described; and the scope of the application of which-will be indicated in the fol-- lowing claims. g I

In the accompanying drawing; inwhich-one or Fig. 3 is a transverse section of the composite web material produced by the method and apparatus of this invention.

Referring to the drawing, an apparatus of this invention is shown to comprise a pair of combining rolls I which function as a combining guide for combining a web 3 and a strip to form the composite web material I illustrated in Fig. 3. As herein illustrated, web 3 is an openmesh fabric, such as an open-mesh leno fabric woven of paper yarn, and strip 5 is a label strip having a substantially continuous surface, such as paper, narrower than the fabric. The web and the strip are pulled through the rolls I and the composite web material I issuingfrom the rolls is wound into a roll by a winder (not shown).

As the web 3 travels toward the rolls I, it travels over an adhesive-applying roller 9, being guided by guide rolls II and I3. The roller 9 rotates in a receptacle I5 for adhesive. Its width is somewhat less than the width of the strip 5, as will be seen in Fig. 2. It is so positioned relative to the strip 5 that it applies a stripe I1 of adhesive to the web 3 with the width of this stripe of adhesive wholly within the width of the strip 5. As particularly shown, the strip 5 is centered with respect to the roller 9 so that the stripe of adhesive I1 is centered with respect to the strip 5.

As the strip 5 travels toward the rolls I it travels over a pair of axially spaced coaxial adhesive-applying rollers I9, which apply comparatively narrow stripes of adhesive 2I to the side marginal portions of the strip facing the web. The rollers I9 rotate in receptacles 23 for adhesive, and their inner adjacent ends are spaced apart a distance somewhat less than the width of the roller 9, as will be seen in Fig. 2. The rollers I9 are wide enough to apply adhesive all the way from their inner adjacent ends to the side edges of the strip 5. As shown in Fig. 2, each of the stripes 2| has a width corresponding generally to the difference between the width of the stripe I! on the 'web and the width of the strip 5.

The web 3 and the strip 5 merge at the rolls 1' and become adhesively combined, with adhesive over substantially the entire area of the strip. The adhesive of the completed composite web I is designated 25 in Fig. 3, and is'a combination of the stripes I1 and 2|. Preferably, as shown in Fig. 2, the roller 9 (and consequently the stripe of adhesive I1) is narrower than the strip 5 by one half the amount of the expected lateral displacement of the strip 5 relative to the web 3 as they travel toward the rolls I so that such lateral displacement will not expose any of the adhesive I! on one side or the other of the strip. At the same time, the adhesive 2I insures that the sides of the strip will be adhesively secured to the web without any loose edge portions which would be conducive toward separation of the strip 5 from the web 3 in the finished composite web material I, and the lateral overlapping of the stripes I1 and 2I insures that the adhesive 25 of the completed web will be substantially continuous over the entire width of the strip 5. Also, it will be seen that the majority of the adhesive is appliedto the web 4 3 so that where this web is of open-mesh fabric material, adhesive is conserved.

In view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained.

As many changes could be made in the above constructions and methods without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

I claim:

1. The method of making composite web material consisting of a web of open-mesh material and a strip narrower than the web extending the length thereof and adhesively secured substantially over its entire area to the web, comprising applying adhesive to the web in a single stripe somewhat narrower than the strip as the web travels to a combining guide where it is combined with the strip with the width of the said stripe of adhesive wholly within the width of the strip, and applying adhesive in a single narrow stripe to each side marginal portion of the strip facing the adhesive-bearing surface of the web as the strip travels toward the guide, the width of the latter stripes being such that the strip becomes adhesively secured over substantially its entire area to the web.

2. The method of making composite web material consisting of a web of open-mesh material and a strip narrower than the web extending the length thereof and adhesively secured substantially over its entire area to the web, comprising applying adhesive to the web in a single stripe somewhat narrower than the strip as the web travels to a combining guide where it is combined with the strip with the center lines of the strip and the stripe at least substantially aligned, and applying adhesive in a single narrow stripe to each side marginal portion of the strip facing the adhesive-bearing surface of the web as the strip travels toward the guide, each of the latter stripes having a width corresponding to the difference between the width of the stripe on the web and the width of the strip.

3. The method of making composite web material consisting of a web of open-mesh fabric and a paper strip narrower than the fabric extending the length thereof and adhesively secured substantially over its entire area to the fabric, comprising applying adhesive to the fabric in a single stripe somewhat narrower than the paper strip as the fabric travels to a combining guide where it is combined with the paper strip, with the width of the said stripe of adhesive wholly within the width of the paper strip, and applying adhesive in a single narrow stripe to each side marginal portion of the paper strip facing the adhesive-bearing surface of the fabric as the paper strip travels toward the guide, the width of the latter stripes being such that the paper strip becomes adhesively secured over substantially its entire area to the fabric.

4. The method of making composite web material consisting of a web of open-mesh fabric and a paper strip narrower than the fabric extending the length thereof and adhesively secured substantially over its entire area to the fabric, comprising applying adhesive to the fabric in-a single stripe somewhat narrower than the paper strip as the fabric travels to a combining guide where it is combined with the paper strip with the center lines of the paper strip and the stripe stripes having a width corresponding to the dif ference between the width of the stripe on the fabric and the width of the paper strip.

5. Apparatus for making composite web material bonsisting of a web and a strip narrower than; the web extending the length thereof and adhesively secured substantially over its entire areafto the Web comprising a combining guide at which the web and the strip may be combined, means for applying a single stripe of adhesivel jsomewhat narrower than the strip to the surface of the web facing the strip as the web travels toward the guide, the web and strip becoming combined at the-guide with the width of said stripe of adhesive wholly within the width] of the strip, and means for applying a single narrow stripe of adhesive to each side marginal portiftin of the strip facing the web as the strip travels toward the guide.

6. apparatus for making composite web mate-1 rial consisting of a web and a strip narrower than the web extending the length thereof and adhesivelysecured substantially over its entire area to the Web comprising a combining guide at which the web and the strip may be combined, an ad hesiy'ie-applying roller somewhat narrower than the .s'gtrip positioned to apply a single stripe of adhesive somewhat narrower than the strip to the surface of the web facing the strip as the web travels over the roller to the guide, the web and stripfi becoming combined at the guide with the width of said stripe of adhesive wholly within the width of the strip, and a. pair of adhesive-applying rollers positioned to apply a narrow stripe of adhesive to each side marginal portion of the strip'jfacing the web as the strip travels over these rollers to the guide.

7. fApparatus for making composite web material consisting of a web of open-mesh fabric and a paper strip narrower than the fabric extending "the length thereof and adhesively secured substantially over its entire area to the fabric comprising a combining guide at which the fabric and the paper strip may be combined, means for applying a single stripe of adhesive somewhat narrower than the paper strip to the surface of the fabric facing the strip as the fabric travels toward the guide, the fabric and strip becoming combined at the guide with the center lines of the strip and the stripe at least substantially aligned, and means for applying a narrow stripe of adhesive to each side marginal portion of the paper strip facing the fabric as the strip travels toward the guide with each of said stripes having a width corresponding to the difference between the width of the stripe on the fabric and the width of the paper strip.

8. Apparatus for making composite web material consisting of a web of open-mesh fabric and a paper strip narrower than the fabric extending the length thereof and adhesively secured substantially over its entire area to the fabric comprising a combining guide at which the fabric and the paper strip may be combined, an adhesive-applying roller somewhat narrower than the paper strip positioned to apply a single stripe of adhesive somewhat narrower than the paper strip to the surface of the fabric facing the strip as the fabric travels over the roller to the guide, the fabric and strip becoming combinedat the guide with the center lines of the strip and the stripe at least substantially aligned, and a pair of adhesive-applying rollers positioned to apply a narrow stripe of adhesive to each side marginal portion of the paper strip facing the fabric as the strip travels over these rollers to the guide with each of said stripes having a width corresponding to the difference between the width of the stripe on the fabric and the Width of the paper strip.

THOMAS M. SCRUGGS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,907,601 Snyder May 9, 1933 2,372,008 Krueger Mar. 20, 1945 2,437,184 Brady et a1. Mar. 2, 1948 2,475,877 Chapman July 12, 1949

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1907601 *Jun 1, 1931May 9, 1933George C SnyderMethod and apparatus for making laminated paper board covers
US2372008 *Jul 24, 1943Mar 20, 1945Theodore H KruegerMaking of bags and envelopes
US2437184 *Feb 21, 1945Mar 2, 1948Bemis Bro Bag CoLabeled fabric bag and the like
US2475877 *Oct 9, 1942Jul 12, 1949Western Electric CoMethod of treating material in laminar form
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2958437 *Aug 29, 1956Nov 1, 1960Wolf Brothers IncMethod and apparatus for applying patches to a moving web
US2980159 *Aug 22, 1956Apr 18, 1961Sherman Paper Products CorpApparatus for applying flat strips to corrugated paper
US3003906 *Jan 5, 1956Oct 10, 1961Carey Philip Mfg CoMethod of preparing self-sealing shingles
US6179942Jul 19, 1999Jan 30, 2001Havco Wood Products, Inc.Method of manufacturing composite wood flooring
US6558765Dec 7, 2000May 6, 2003Havco Wood Products L.L.C.Method of manufacturing composite wood flooring
US6558766Dec 7, 2000May 6, 2003Havco Wood Products L.L.C.Composite wood flooring
US7926524Apr 19, 2011Prolam, Societe En CommanditeUtilization of coloration to improve the detection of “hit or miss” defects when using scanner equipment and an automated saw to remove defects in wood pieces
US7972707Jul 5, 2011Havco Wood Products, LLC.Trailer flooring with hotmelt coating
US8337994May 24, 2011Dec 25, 2012Havco Wood Products, LlcTrailer flooring with hotmelt coating
US20050266200 *Sep 2, 2004Dec 1, 2005Havco Wood Products LlcTrailer flooring with hotmelt coating
US20060179733 *Feb 11, 2005Aug 17, 2006Havco Wood Products, L.L.C.Durable wood-plastic composite flooring for trailers
US20070193179 *Jan 24, 2007Aug 23, 2007Prolam, Societe En CommanditeWooden laminated floor product to improve strength, water protection and fatigue resistance
US20080236704 *Oct 2, 2007Oct 2, 2008Prolam, Societe En CommanditeUtilization of coloration to improve the detection of "hit or miss" defects when using scanner equipment and an automated saw to remove defects in wood pieces
US20110223328 *Sep 15, 2011Havco Wood Products, LLC.Trailer flooring with hotmelt coating
Classifications
U.S. Classification156/291, 383/117, 156/548, 156/310
International ClassificationB32B27/00
Cooperative ClassificationB32B27/00
European ClassificationB32B27/00