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Publication numberUS2588582 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 11, 1952
Filing dateDec 1, 1950
Priority dateDec 1, 1950
Publication numberUS 2588582 A, US 2588582A, US-A-2588582, US2588582 A, US2588582A
InventorsSivertson Clifford P
Original AssigneeSivertson Clifford P
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Card shuffling and dealing device
US 2588582 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 11, 1952 c. P. SIVERTSON CARD SHUFFLING AND DEALING DEVICE 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec.

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ATTO QM EYS March 11, 1952 c. P. SIVERTSON CARD SHUF'FLING AND DEALING DEVICE Filed Dec. 1, 1950 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVEN TOR.

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Patented Mar. 11, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CARD SHUFFLING AND DEALING DEVICE Clifford P. siver tson, Washington, D. 0.

Application December 1, 1950, Serial No. 198,683

4 Claims.

This invention relates to card shuffling and dealing devices and more particularly to a power operated device for automatically shufiiing a deck of playing cards and dealing the cards out into a predetermined number of hands with a predetermined number of cards in each hand.

It is among the objects of the invention to provide a power operated card shufiiing and dealing device which provides a thorough shufiling of a deck of cards by first moving cards alternately from two separate stacks to a third stack and then distributing the cards one at a time from the third stack into a predetermined number of hands; which will move all of the cards in the two separate stacks to the third stack regardless of uneven distribution of cards in the two stacks; which will automatically discontinue distribution of the cards when a predetermined number of cards have been dealt to each hand; which will not mark or damage the cards and will not become jammed by the cards sticking together or turning in the device; which is quiet and without objectionable vibration in operation yet will shuffle and deal a deck of cards more rapidly than the cards can be shuffied and dealt by hand; which positions the hands for convenient removal by the players; and which is simple and durable in construction, economical to manufacture and operate, requires no fine adjustments, and is positive and effective in operation.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent from a consideration of the following description and the appended claims in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

Figure 1 is a top plan view of a card shuffling and dealing device illustrative of the invention;

Figure 2 is a side elevational view of the device illustrated in Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a cross sectional view on the line 3-3 of Figure 1;

Figure 4 is a fragmentary cross sectional view on the line 44 of Figure 3 looking in the direction of the arrows;

Figure 5 is a fragmentary cross sectional view n the line -5 of Figure 3;

Figure 6 is a fragmentary cross sectional view on the line 66 of Figure 3;

Figure '7 is a fragmentary cross sectional view Figure 10 is a fragmentary cross sectional view on the line Ill-10 of Figure 3.

With continued reference to the drawings, the card shufiiing and dealing device comprises, in general, a support I 0 in the form of a hollow housing, a shaft ll journaled in the housing, a table l2 secured at its center to the upper end of the shaft I I for rotation on the housing, a power actuated device l3, such as an electric motor. mounted in the housing Ill and drivingly connected to the shaft H for rotating the table l2, a motor controlling switch 14 mounted on the housing ID, a structure [5 supported on the support or housing It! above the table l2 by the brackets 16 and I1 and including a center compartment l8 and end compartments l9 and 20, double acting card picking means 2| mounted on the structure I5 and extending longitudinally of the latter above the compartments l8, l9 and 20 for moving cards alternately and one at a time from the end compartments l9 and 20 into the center compartment l8, means 22 drivingly connecting the table [2 to the card picking means 2| for imparting reciprocating movement to the latter, a single acting card picking means 23 mounted on the structure l5 above the center compartment l8 substantially at the mid-length location of the structure and substantially perpendicular to the card picking means 2| for moving cards away from the center compartment I8, pockets 24, 25, 26 and 21 carried by the table and angularly spaced therearound for successively receiving cards from the single acting card picking means 23, means 28 connected to the single acting card picking means 23 and actuated by the pockets 24 to 21 inclusive for imparting reciprocating movement to the single acting card picking means in timed relationship to the rotation of the pockets, means 30 responsive to the presence of cards in the end pockets to maintain the double acting card picking means in operation as long as there are one or more cards in the end pockets and to discontinue operation of this double acting card picking means as soon as all of the cards have been moved from the end pockets to the center pocket, means 3| connected between means 30 and means 28 operative to maintain the single acting card picking means out of operation as long as the double acting means is operating and to initiate operation of the single acting means upon termination of the operation of the double acting card picking means, and means 32 responsive to operation of the single acting card picking means 23 to discontinue operation of this single acting means when a predetermined number of cards have been moved from the center compartment l8 into each of the pockets 24 to 21 inclusive.

The support I may conveniently comprise a hollow, sheet metal housing having fiat and substantially parallel top and bottom ends adapting the housing to set on a substantially horizontal supporting surface, such as a table top, and support the table I2 and structure I5. substantially parallel to the table top. The small electric motor I3 mounted in the housing I0 may be conveniently connected to the table driving shaft II through a Worm 35 connected to the motor shaft through a speed reducing gear unit 36, and a worm gear 31 mounted on the lower end of the shaft II. The table I2 may comprise a sheet metal plate disposed immediately above the top wall of the housing Ill and secured to the upper end of the shaft II,"a suitable bearing 38 surrounding the shaft I I between the table and the top wall of the housing. The table is in the shape of a square having rounded corners and the pockets 24,25, 26 and 21 extend one along each of the four straight edges of the table. Each of these pockets comprises a rectangular 'box having end walls, as indicated at 39 and 40 for the pocket 24, a front wall 41 pivotally connected at its two upper corners to the front or outer upper corners of the corresponding end walls and a bottom wall 42 inclined outwardly and downwardly from the top edges of theend walls at the inner ends of the latter to the bottom edge of the front wall. The front wall M is resiliently retained in closing position between the outer edges of the end walls and thefront edge of the bottom Wall by a suitable spring 43 connected to the front wall and the end wall I4 at the pivotal connection between the front wall and this end wall and the front and bottom walls are provided intermediate their length with recesses, as indicated at 44 and 45 for the pocket 21, as shown in Figure 2, so that the fingers and thumb of a player can be inserted through these recesses to grasp a stack or hand of cards in the corresponding pocket and remove the cards from the pocket by pulling the front wall of the pocket outwardly against the force of the corresponding springs, such as the spring 43.

In the arrangement illustrated, the end walls of the pockets are provided by upwardly extending projections at the rounded corners of the table, each projection providing end walls for two adjacent pockets, the end walls provided by each projection being disposed substantially at right anglesto each other, as is clearly illustrated in Figure 1.

The structure I is of elongated, rectangular shape having a length somewhat greater than the width .of the table- I2 and corresponding to three times the length of a standard playing card and a width corresponding to the width of such a playing card. This structure may conveniently be formed of sheet metal and is disposed above the upper edges of the pockets 24 to 21 inclusive and substantially parallel to the table I2. The three compartments l8, l9 and included in the structure I5 are each substantially of the length and width of a standard playing card, the cards being freely received therein and the center compartment I8 is disposed lower than the end compartments and 20 and between the pockets 24 to 21 inclusive, the upper edge of the center'compartm iil being able bottom 55 and the fixed bottom 54.

disposed slightly above the inner upper edges of the bottom walls of the pockets.

The outer ends of the end compartments I9 and 20 are left open and movable bottom plates 46 and 41 are respectively disposed in the compartments I9 and 20 substantially parallel to the bottom walls of the compartments. These plates have a width slightly less than the width of the corresponding compartments and a length greater than the length of the compartments so that the bottom plates project outwardly of the open outer ends of the compartments, as is clearly illustrated in Figures 1, 3 and 7. As illustrated in Figure '7 in connection with the compartment 20, two U- haped springs 48 and 48 are disposed between the movable bottom wall 41 and the fixed bottom wall 50 of the compartment with their open ends fixed to the bottom wall at respectively opposite sides of the midlength location of the latter and their legs crossing over between the fixed and movable walls of the compartment. Rollers BI and 52 are 'mounted on the bight portions of the springs 43 and '49 respectively and bear against the under side of the movable bottom wall 41 near the respectively opposite ends of the latter so that the springs resiliently urge the movable bottom wall 41 away from the fixed bottom wall 50 of the'compartment. Rods, as indicated at 53, are

secured-to themovablebottom wall 41 near the inner end of the latter and depend perpendicularly from'this bottom wall through apertures in the fixed bottom wall 56 to guide the movable'bottom in its movement toward and away the under surface of the movable bottom of the center compartment and extend longitudinally of the movable bottom one near each side of the latter. Two levers 58 and 59 are pivotally mounted intermediate their length to the respectively opposite ends of the fixed. bottom Wall54 substantially at the mid-width locations of "the ends of this bottom Wall and extend through openings in the end walls of the compartment I8 into the space between the mov- These levers are provided at their ends within the center compartment with sleeve formations which sleeve formations receive crossbars extending transversely of the movable bottom wall 55 and received at their opposite ends between the bottom surface of the movable bottom wall 55 and the tracks 55 and 51. Rollers, as indicated at 60 in Figure 5, are mounted on the crossbars between the corresponding levers and the tracks 55 and 57 to bear against the under side of the movable bottom wall 55. A control lever 66 extends transversely of the under side of the fixed bottom wall 54 of the center compartment adjacent the mid-length location of the fixed bottom Wall and a pivot pin 6'1 extends through the control lever 66 adjacent the midlength location of the latter and through the bottom wall 54 substantially at the center thereof to pivotally connect the control lever 66 to the fixed bottom wall of the compartment. Links 68 and 69 connect the control lever 66 at respectively opposite sides of the pivot pin 61 to the ends of the lever 58 and 59 disposed outside of the center compartment. As illustrated in Figure 4, each link is provided near its ends remote from the control lever 66 with an aperture and each of the levers 58 and 59 is provided with a headed extension, as indicated at in Figure 7, received in the aperture of the corresponding link.

A tension spring 1| is connected between one end of the control lever 66 and one end of the fixed bottom wall 54 of the center compartment and resiliently urges the control lever 66 in a direction to swing the portions of the levers 59 and 59 within the center compartment upwardly to raise the movable bottom wall 55 by moving the latter away 'from the fixed bottom wall 54. At its other end the lever 66 extends slightly beyond the side of the center compartment and is provided with a reduced extension 12 for a purpose to be presently described.

Brackets 13 and 14 are secured at their lower ends to the end compartments l9 and 20 respectively and extend upwardly from these compartments at the open, outer ends of the latter. Each of these brackets is provided at its lower end with a flange, as indicated at 15 in Figure '7, for the bracket 14, which flanges extend inwardly of the outer open ends of the end compartments l9 and and overlie the movable bottom walls 46 and With this arrangement, a deck of cards can be divided into two substantially equal parts or stacks, the end of one stack may be placed on the outwardly projecting portion of the movable bottom wall 46, the end of the other stack placed on the outwardly projecting end portion of the movable bottom wall 41, and the movable bottom walls 46 and 41 then forced downwardly so that the stacks of cards can be slid under the bracket flanges and into the end compartments 9 and 20. When the pressure on the'movable bottom walls 46 and 41 is released, the springs under these movable bottom walls will force the bottom walls upwardly, slightly compressing the stacks of cards between the movable bottom walls and the corresponding bracket flan es. This operation will load the device for shuflling and dealing a deck of cards.

A bar 16 of elongated, rectangular cross sectional shape is disposed between the brackets 73 and 14 at the upper ends of the latter and is connected at its respectively opposite ends to these brackets. This bar has its major faces substantially vertically disposed and is spaced above the mid-width locations of the three compartments l8, l9 and 29. Slides 1'! and 18 are mounted on the bar 16 at respectively opposite sides of the mid-length location of the bar and these slides depend below the bar and are movable both longitudinally and transversely relative to the latter. Stops 19 and 80 on the upper edge of the bar near the respectively opposite ends thereof limit movement of the slides 11 and 18 respectively toward the corresponding ends of the bar. A rubber suction cup 8| is secured on the lower end of the slide 11 and a similar rubber suction cup 82 is secured on the lower end of the slide 16. The bar 16 is provided at respectively opposite sides of its mid-len th location with longitudinally extending slots 83 and 84, the outer ends of which are curved downwardly transversely of the bar,

as indicated at as for the slot 84. Pins as and 76 81 extend through the slides 11 and 18 respectively and through the corresponding slots 83 and 84 so that, when either slide is moved inwardly away from the adjacent end of the bar it is raised upwardly by the downwardly curved outer end portion of the slot and will then travel substantially horizontally to the inner end of the slot and, upon being returned to its outer position, will be moved downwardly as the corresponding pin travels through the downwardly curved outer end portion of the corresponding slot.

The two slides are connected together by a movable bar 88 which extends along the fixed bar 16 and is pivotally connected at its respectively opposite ends to the slides 11 and 18.

If the two slides 11 and 18 and the bar 88 be now reciprocated longitudinally of the fixed bar 16, starting from the position illustrated in Figure 3, the suction cup 8| will be moved downwardly into contact with the top card in the end compartment I9 and, upon movement of the slides and connecting bar toward the other end of the fixed bar 16, will move this top card from the end compartment l9 to a position immediately above the center compartment I8. Similarly, when the slide 18 is moved to the adjacent end of the fixed bar 16, the suction cup 82 will be moved downwardly into contact with the top card in the end compartment 20 and, upon movement of the slides and connecting bar in the opposite direction, will pick up this top card and move it to a position immediately above the center compartment l8.

A release pin 89 is slidably mounted in a bracket 9!] carried by the slide ll near the lower end thereof and this release pin extends through a small aperture in the suction cup and has its lower end substantially at the lower end of the suction cup 8|. At its upper end the release pin has a downwardly inclined portion 9| and a compression spring 92 surrounding the release pin between the collar 9|] and the end portion 9| resiliently urges the release pin upwardly to a position limited by engagement with the stop washer 93 with the under side of the collar in which its lower end is substantially out of contact with the suction cup 9|. A triangular cam 94 is mounted on the bar 16 near the inner end of the slot 83 and when the slide 11 approaches the inner end of the slot 83 the end portion 9| of the release pin strikes the cam 94 which forces the pin downwardly against a card carried by the suction cup 8| and causes the suction cup to release the card which it has carried to a position immediately above the center compartment III.

The slide 18 is equipped with a similar release pin 95 slidably mounted in a collar 96 supported on the slide 18 near the lower end thereof and having a downwardly inclined upper end portion 91 engageable with a triangular cam 98 mounted on the bar I6 near the inner end of the slot 84. A spring 99 surrounding the release pin 95 between the collar 96 and the end portion 91 resiliently urges the release pin upwardly to a, position determined by contact of the stop washer I09 secured on the pin near the lower end thereof with the under side of the collar 96.

With this arrangement, as the slides 11 and I8 and the bar 88 are reciprocated longitudinally of the fixed bar 16 cards will be alternately picked, one at a time, from the end compartments l9 and 20 and delivered into the center compartment l8.

The means 39 for imparting the reciprocating ates-ps2 movement to the double acting card picking means includingthe slides '11 and '18, the suction cups BI and 82 and the connecting bar 88, includes a shaft IOI disposed substantially perpendicular to the structure I5 and journaled in a bearing I02 secured on one side wall of the center compartment I8 near one end of the center compartment. A gear I03 is secured on the lower end of this shaft and four gear sectors I04, I05, I06 and I! are mounted on the table I2 at substantially equal angular intervals around the table supporting shaft I I. The two gear sectors I and I0! have their gear teeth on their inner sides facing the shaft II and the two oppositely disposed gear sectors I04 and I06 have their gear teeth on their outer sides remote from the shaft II. These gear sectors are spaced outwardly from the shaft I I so that the teeth of the sectors I05 and I0? will engage the teeth of gear I03 at the outer side of the gear and the teeth of gear sectors I04 and I06 will mesh with the teeth of the gear I03 at the inner-side of the gear as the table rotates. These reverse gear sectors will impart rotational movement to the gear I03 and the shaft I0! in alternately opposite directions as the table rotates past the gear I03 and will impart four rotational movements to the gear I03 for each rotation of the table.

A rod like arm I08 is pivotally connected at one end to the shaft IOI near the upper end of the latter against rotational movement of the shaft relative to the arm and a tubular arm or sleeve I09 receives the arm I08 at the end of the latter remote from the shaft IM and the tubular arm I 09 is pivotally connected at its other end to the slide 71 by a bracket I I0 secured to the slide by a link III which is apertured to receive the pin 86 and to receive a pin I I2 extending through the bracket, the link III and the slot 83 in the bar I6.

With this arrangement, when the table I2- rotates, imparting periodic rotational movements in opposite directions to the shaft IOI, the double acting card picker will be reciprocated longitudinally of the bar I6 to move cards alternately and one at a time from the end compartments I9 and 20 into the center compartment I8.

While the cards are being moved from the end compartments into the center compartment the movable bottom wall 55 of the center compartment is held down against the fixed bottom wall 54 against the force of spring'll. This is accomplished by a manually operated lever I I3 pivotally mounted intermediate its length by a pivot pin II4 on the side wall of the center compartment at the side of the latter from which the reduced end I2 of the control lever 66 projects. At its lower end this lever H3 is pivotally connected to the reduced end portion I2 of the control lever 66 by a slotted link II'5 so that, when the lever H3 is in one position the control lever 66 is held in a position to maintain the movable bottom wall 55 adj acent the fixed bottom wall 54 and when the lever I I3 is in a different operative position, the control lever 66 is moved to free the spring II to resiliently urge the movable bottom wall 55 upwardly away from the fixed bottom wall 54.

An arm H6 is pivotally connected at one end to the hand lever I I3 immediately above the pivot pin H4 and bears at its upper edge against a fixed slide block III mounted on the adjacent side wall of the center compartment I8. vAspring I I8 acting between the lever I I3 and'the arm I I 6 resiliently maintains the arm in contact with the 8 slide block. A plunger H9 is vertically disposed adjacent the side wall of the center compartment andslidably mounted in a bracket I20 carried by the center compartment side wall. The plunger H9 is of elongated, rectangular cross sectional shape and is provided with an outwardly extending shoulder near its lower end. The arm H6 is provided near it distal end with stepped recesses, as clearly illustrated in Figure 10 and, when the hand lever H3 is moved to a position to hold the movable bottom wall 55 of the center compartment down, the arm II6 is moved so that the larger recess at the distal end thereof registers with the adjacent end of the plunger I I9 permitting the plunger to drop. A link I2I is pivotally connected at one end to the plunger I I9 near the upper end of the latter and at its other end to the adjacent side wall of the end compartment I9. Intermediate its length this link is in engagement at its upper edge with an annular collar I22 on the shaft IOI. When the plunger H9 is permitted to drop, the link I2I moves down permitting the shaft IOI to descend and bring the gear I03 into engagement with the sector gears I04 to I01 inclusive, thereby placing the double acting card picking means 2| in operation.

A lever I23 is pivotally mounted intermediate its length on the side of the end compartment adjacent the outer end of the latter and has at its upper end an offset portion extending over the adjacent portion of the compartment I9. A similar lever I24 is pivotally mounted intermediate its length on the side of the end compartment near the outer end of the latter and has at its upper end an offset portion overlying the adjacent portion of the compartment 20. An elongated link I25 is pivotally connected at its respectively opposite ends to the levers I23 and I24 by lost motion connections and underlies intermediate its length a lateral shoulder I26 on the plunger II9.

A looped spring I2! is mounted in the end compartment H9 at the outer corner thereof adjacent the lever I23 and has one leg in registry with a slot in the movable bottom wall 46 compartment.

Assuming that one end compartment is emptied before the other, when the associated lever I23 or I24 is turned in the above indicated manner, it will raise the link I25 until the link is brought into firm engagement with the shoulder I26 on the plunger [I9 but will not raise the plunger to any material extent. When the last card is now removed from the other compartment and the corresponding lever is turned by the associated spring, the corresponding end of the link I25 will also be raised, further raising the intermediate portion of the link and lifting the plunger H9. Lifting of the plunger II9 raises the link I2I, as explained above, which link acting against the collar I22, will raise the shaft IOI and bring the gear I03 out of mesh with the gear sectors I04 to I01 inclusive. This '75 will discontinue the operation of the double act- 9 ing card picking means when the last card has been removed from the end compartments I9 and 20.

The single acting card picking means now comes into operation to move the cards one by one from the center compartment I8 into the pockets 24 to 21 inclusive carried by the table 2|.

The single acting card picking means comprises a bar I30 of elongated, rectangular cross sectional shape secured at one end to the bar I6 and extending perpendicularly from the midlength location of the latter with its major faces substantially vertically disposed. The distal end of the bar I30 is disposed above the pockets 25 to 21 inclusive, as the pockets rotate past this bar, and a slide I3I is slidably mounted on the bar I30 and depends therebelow. A rubber suction cup I32 is mounted on the lower end of the slide I3I and the bar I30 is provided with a longitudinally extending slot I33 having a downwardly curved portion I34 at its inner end. A pin I35 extends through the slide I3I and the slot I33. carried by the slide I3I and extends through an aperture in the cup I32 and this pin is actuated by a triangular cam, similar to the cams 94 and 98, disposed near the distal or outer end of the bar I30 to force the pin downwardly and release a card from the cup I32 when the slide I3I is moved to the outer end of the slot I33. When the slide I3I is moved to the inner end of the slot it is moved downwardly by the downwardly curved slot portion I34 and brought into engagement with the top card in the center compartment I8. Reciprocation of the slide I3I longitudinally of the bar I30 will thus move cards one by one from the center compartment I8 and drop them into the pockets 24 to 21 inclusive as the pockets move past the outer end of the bar I30.

The mechanism for imparting reciprocating movement to the slide I3I comprises a bell crank A card releasing pin I36 is slidably lever I3! journaled in an elongated bearing I38 mounted on the side of the end compartment 20. The distal end of the crank at one end of the bell crank lever I 31 is pivotally connected by an elongated link I33 to the slide l3l and the crank at the other end of the bell crank lever depends into the path of the end walls of the pockets 24 to 21 inclusive so that, as the table rotates with these pockets, rotational movements will be periodically imparted to the bell crank lever which movements will be converted by the link I3? into reciprocating movements of the slide I3l.

Contact of the pocket end walls with the end of the bell crank will move the slide I3I inwardly. Movement of the slide outwardly is resiliently compelled by a spring I40 acting between the side wall of the end compartment 20 and the crank on the corresponding end of the bell crank I31 at the end of bearing I38 remote from bar I30.

An angle bracket MI is mounted on the bar 10 opposite the adjacent end of the bar I30 and projects outwardly over the end of the bell crank I3? connected to the link I39. A latch dog I42 pivotally mounted on the outer end of the angle bracket I4I engages the distal end of the crank connected to link I39 and holds the bell crank in position such that the crank at the other end thereof is out of contact with the end walls of' the pockets. .Under these conditions the single acting card picking means is held out of operation. A rectangular abutment I43 is hingedly mounted at one edge to the upper edge of the side wall of the center compartment on which the plunger H9 is mounted and is spring urged to a position in which it is disposed entirely outside of the interior of the center compartment.

When the plunger II 9 is moved upwardly upon emptying of'both of the end compartments I9 and 20, as explained above, its upper end engages the rectangular abutment I43 and moves this abutment to a position in which it extends inwardly of the top edge of the center compartment. At the same time, the lower end of the plunger disengages from the arm IIO permitting the manually operated lever II3 to swing and free the spring II for raising the movable bottom or" the center compartment upwardly away from the fixed bottom wall of this compartment. The cards in the center compartment are then slightly compressed between the movable bottom wall 55 and the abutment I43 and held in position to be picked up by the suction cup I32 of the single acting card picking means. At the same time, the plunger 9 raises a hook I44, one end of which is connected to the plunger H3 at the upper end of the latter, and the other end of which is connected to the latch dog I42 near the distal end of the latter. Raising of the hook I44 lifts the latch dog I42 to free the bell crank I31 thereby initiating operation of the single acting card picking means when the operation of the double acting card picking means is terminated by removal oI- all of the cards from the end compartments I9 and 20.

As the single acting card picking means is actuated by the end walls of the pockets as they rotate with the table I2,'the operation of this single acting card picking means will be timed relative to the rotational movements of the pockets so that a card will be deposited in each pocket by this single acting means as the pockets move successively past the distal end of the bar i 30.

The card shuiiiing and dealing device thus thoroughly intermixes the cards contained in the two stacks originally placed in the end compartments I9 and 20 and then reshufiies these cards as it deals by placing only the fourth card dealt in any particular one of the card receiving pockets As the single acting card picking means 23 operates to deal the cards from the center stack successively into the card receiving pockets, the means 23 for predetermming the number of cards dealt into each of the pockets comes into operation.

This means 29 comprises a small wheel I45 journaled at its center on one side of the bar I30 at the distal end of the latter and having an annular series of ratchet teeth I43 on the face thereof remote from the bar I30. A light, resilient lever I4? is pivotally mounted intermediate its length on the bar I30below the wheel I45 and has one end in "engagement with the ratchet teeth I46. The other end of the lever is curved upwardly, as indicated at I48, and is disposed below the suction cup I32 when the latter is at its limiting position adjacent the distal end of the bar I30, as is particularly illustrated in Figure 5.

With this arrangement, when a card is moved outwardly by the suction cup I32 it strikes the lower end of the lever I41 moving this lever about its pivotal connection with the bar I30 so that the upper end of the leverwill step back one ratchet tooth I46. The card strikes the lever before the slide I 3I' reachesth'e outer end of slot I33 and further movement of the slide causes the slide to engage thelever I41 near its upper end and rotate the wheel I45 a distance corresponding to the angular space occupied by a ratchet tooth I46. Step by step movement is thus imparted to the wheel I45 as the slide I3I 'is reciprocated back and forth longitudinally of the bar I30.

A slide rod I49 isslidably mounted on the bar I30 near the upper end of the latter by the bearings I50 and II and has a pointed detent I52 projecting downwardly therefrom and terminating near the axle I53 ofthe wheel I45. Pins I54 and I55 project from the face of the Wheel I45 from which the ratchet teeth I46 extend at diametrically opposed positions on the wheel and are successively engageable with the detent I52 of the slide rod 149 to force this slide rod longitudinally in a direction away from the wheel axle I53.

There are preferably eight ratchet teeth on the wheel and two pins so that 'the slide rod I49 will be given a longitudinal movement each time four cards are dealtby the 'si'ngle acting card picking means. i

' A 'disc I56 is journaled at its center on the angle bracket I4I immediately above the bottom leg of the angle'bracket'which carries the latch dog I42. This dischas' an annular series of ratchet teeth"l60"on one face thereof and has an annular series "of angularly spaced apart, screw threaded holes I6'I'disposed immediately within the series of ratchet teeth. These holes are consecutively numbered to indicate the number of cards that will be dealt in' each hand by the device before a particularhole reaches a predetermined position as the disc is rotated.

A lever I62 is pivotally mounted intermediate its length on the'bar I near the proximal end of the latter and the adjacent ends of the lever I52 and the slide rod I49 are pivotally interconnected by a link I63. The link I63 is disposed at an angle to the slide rod I49 so that, as the slide rod reciprocates, the lever will be swung about its pivotal connection with the bar I30. The other end of the lever I62 is in engagement with the ratchet teeth I60 on the disc I56 and swinging over the lever will impart step by step rotational movement to the disc. At its opposite side the disc is provided with an annular groove I64 within which is an annular series of angularly spaced apart depressions I65. A spring latch I66 mounted at one end on the angle bracket has at its other end a detent engaging in the notches I65 to hold the disc against return rotational movement.

A clock spring I61 surrounds the disc axle I68 and is secured at one end to the latter. The other end of the spring is secured to the disc adjacent the groove I64, as indicated at I69, and urges the disc to rotate in a direction opposite that in which it is rotated by the lever I62 engaging the ratchet teeth I60.

A pin I10 is threaded into a selected one of the holes I6I and is engageable in a predetermined rotational position of the disc with an upwardly projecting arm of a trigger I1I slidably mounted on the angle bracket I4I at the lower side of the disc. A shaft I12 is journaled on the angle bracket MI and carries near one enda cam I13 disposed between thelever I62 and the spring latch I66. The lever I62 is also resilient, being provided as a flat spring, and when cam I13 is ere f t r see we 12 the lever I 62 away from the disc to free the disc for rotation by the clock spring I61.

An arm I14 is secured to the end of the shaft I12 remote from the cam I13 and this arm is pivotally connected at its end remote from the shaft I12 to the end of the slide I1I remote from the upwardly projecting tongue I15.

With this arrangement, when the pin I10 strikes the tongue I15 and moves the slide I1I, the cam I13 is turned to release the disc I56 which is then turned by the spring I61 back to its neutral position, as illustrated in Figure 5, suitable stop means being provided for stopping the disc in this neutral position.

As the disc I56 is advanced one hole I6I each time a card is dealt in each of the card receiving pockets, the pin I10 will contact the tongue of the slide I1I when a predetermined number of cards has been dealt into each pocket depending on the hole selected for the pin.

A small bell crank I16 is mounted intermediate its length on the angle bracket MI and has one end disposed adjacent the distal end of the slide tongue I15 so that this end of the bell crank will be contacted by the pin I10 when the pin reaches the tongue of the slide. The other end of the bell crank I16 engages an extension I11 provided on the adjacent end of the latch dog I42 to swing the latch dog down into engagement with the adjacent end of the bell crank I31 and thereby terminate operation of the single acting card picking means.

As the termination of the operation of the single acting card picking means discontinues the dealing of cards into the card receiving pocke ets, the number of cards dealt into each pocket will be predetermined by the setting of the pin I10 relative to the disc I56.

The device is conditioned for a subsequent shuflling and dealing operation by first inserting the two parts of a deck of cards into the end compartments I9 and 20 and then moving the lever II3 to permit the plunger II9 to drop and to hold the movable bottom wall of the center compartment down. Dropping of the plunger H9 will permit the gear I03 to re-engage the gear sectors I04 to I01 inclusive whereupon, if the table is being rotated by the motor I I3, operation of the double acting card picking means will begin and the shuffling and dealing operation of the device will be automatically carried out in the manner particularly pointed out above.

The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiment is, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are, therefore, intended to be embraced therein.

What is claimed is:

l. A card shuffling and dealing device comprising a support, a table rotatably mounted on said support, power operated means carried by said support and connected to said table for rotating the latter, card receiving pockets carried by said table and angularly spaced apart therearound. a structure carried by said support above said table and providing aligned card receiving compartments including a. center, compartment and. end compartments disposed ones at. eachendof: said center compartment, said end compart-.

ments being arranged to receive parts of a deck of cards through the outer ends thereof, means in said compartments resiliently supporting cards therein for convenient removal therefrom, double acting card picking means mounted on said structure and effective upon reciprocating movement thereof to move cards alternately and one at a time from said end compartments into said center compartment, means drivingly connecting said table to said double acting card picking means for imparting reciprocating movement to the latter upon rotation of said table, single acting card picking means mounted on said structure and effective upon reciprocation thereof to move cards one at a time from said center compartment into said pockets, means connected to said single acting card-picking means and actuated by said pockets to impart reciprocating movement to said single acting card picking means in timed relationship to the rotation of said pockets, means connected to said means drivingly connecting said table to said double acting card picking means and to said means connected to said single acting card picking means and responsive'to the presence of cards in said end pockets to maintain said double acting card picking means in operation and said single acting card picking'means out of operation as long as one or more cards remain in either of said end pockets and to discontinue operation of said dour ble acting card picking means and initiate operation of said single acting card picking means as soon as all cards have been removed from said end pockets, and adjustable means connected to the means connected to said single acting card picking means and responsive to operation of the latter to discontinue operation of said single acting card picking means when a predetermined number of cards has been moved thereby from said center compartment into each of said pockets.

2. A card shufiiing and dealing device comprising a support, a table rotatably mounted on said support, power operated means carried by said support and connected to said table for rotating the latter, card receiving pockets carried by said table and angularly spaced apart therearound, a structure carried by said support above said table and providing aligned card receiving compartments including a center compartment and end compartments disposed one at each end of said center compartment, said end compartments being arranged to receive parts of a deck of cards through the outer ends thereof, means in said compartments resiliently supporting cards therein for convenient removal therefrom, double acting card picking means mounted on said structure and effective upon reciprocating movement thereof to move cards alternately and one at a time from said end compartments into said center compartment, means drivingly connecting said table to said doubleacting card picking means for imparting reciprocating movement to the latter upon rotation of said table, single acting card picking means mounted on said structure and effective upon reciprocation thereof to move cards one at a time from said center compartment into said pockets, means connected to said single acting card picking means and actuated by. said pockets to impart reciprocating movement to said single acting card picking means in timed relationship to the rotation of said pockets, means connected to said means drivingly connecting said table to said double acting card picking means and to said means connected to said single acting card picking means and responsive to the presence of cards in; said end pockets to maintain said double acting card picking means in operation and said single acting card picking means out of operation as long as one or more cards remain in either of said end pocketsand to discontinue operation of said'double acting card picking means and initiate operation of said single acting card picking means as soon as all cards have been removed from said end pockets, adjustable means connected to the means connected to said single acting card picking means and responsive to operation of the latter to discontinue operation of said single acting card picking means when a predetermined number of cards has been moved thereby from said center compartment into each of said pockets, manually operated means connected to said power operated means for controlling the operation of the latter, and manually operated means connected to the means imparting reciprocating movement to said card picking means for resetting the motion imparting meansto place said double acting'card picking means ,in operation and said single acting card picking means out of operation for a subsequent card reshufiiing and dealing operation of the device.

3. A card shuffling and dealing device comprising a support, a table rotatably mounted on said support, power operated means carried by said support and connected to said table for rotating the latter, card receiving pockets carried by said table and angularly spaced apart therearound, a structure carried by said support above said table and providing aligned card receiving compartments including a center compartment and end compartments disposed one at each end of said center compartment, said end compartments being arranged to receive parts of a deck of cards through'the outer ends thereof, means in said compartments resiliently supporting cards therein'for convenient removal therefrom, double acting card picking means mounted on said structure and effective upon reciprocating movement thereof tomove cards alternately and one at a time from said end compartments into said center compartment, means drivingly connecting said table to said double acting cardpicking means for imparting reciprocating movement to the latter upon rotation of said table, single acting card picking means mounted on said structure and eiTective upon reciprocation thereof to move cards one at a time from said center compartment into said pockets, means connected to said single acting. card picking means and actuated by said pockets to impart reciprocating movement to said single acting card picking means in timed relationship to the rotation of said pockets, means connected to said means drivingly connecting said table to said double acting card picking means and to said means connected to said single acting card picking means and responsive to the presence of cards in said end pockets to maintain said double acting card picking means in operation and said single acting card picking means out of operation as long as one or more cards remain in either of said end pockets and to .discontinue operation of said double acting picking means and initiate operation of said single acting card picking means as soon as all cards have been removed from said end pockets, and adjustable means connected to the means connected to said single acting card picking means and responsive to operation-of'the la'tter'to discontinue operationoi said singleacting card picking meanswhena predetermined number of cards has been moved thereby from said center compartment into each of said pockets; said double acting card picking means comprisin a bar disposed above and substantially paralleltosaid structure and having longitudinallyex'ten'ding slots therein: dis-- posed: one' at each side of the mid-length location thereof, slides'mounted on' saidbar and slidable one along each of said slots, each of said slots having a downwardly turned portion at. its end adjacent the" corresponding end of said bar and each of saidslides depending below said bar and having a pin extending through the corresponding slot, suction cups mounted one .on each slide at the lower end of the" latter, card releasing pins slidably mounted one on ea ch slide and extending through the associated suction cup, and cams mounted on said bar and engaging said card releasing pins at predetermined p'osltionsof said slide'alon'g'sa'id bar.

4: A card shuflling and dealing devicecomprisinga support, a-table' rotatably' mounted on saidsupport, power operated means carried by said support and connected to said tableior'rotating' the latter, card receiving pockets carried by said table and angularly spaced apart therea'round', a structure carried by said support above said table and providing aligned card receiving compartments including a center compartment and end compartments disposed one at each end of said center compartment, said end compartments being arranged to receive parts of a deck of'cards through the outer ends thereof, means in said compartments resiliently supporting cards therein for convenient removal therefrom, double acting card picking means mounted on said structure and eifective upon reciprocating movement thereof to move cards alternately and one at a time from said end compartments into said center compartment, means drivingly connecting said table to said double acting card picking means for imparting reciprocating movement to the latter upon rotation of said table, single acting card picking means mounted on said structure and effective upon reciprocation thereof to move cards one at a time from said center compartment into said pockets, means connected to said single acting card picking means and actuated by said pockets to impart reciprocating movement to said single acting card picking means in timed relationship to the rotation of said pockets, means connected to said means drivingly connecting said table to said double acting card picking means and to said means connected to said'single acting card picking means and responsive to the presence of cards in said end pockets to maintain said double acting card picking means in operation and said single acting card picking means out of operation as long as one or more cards re- 16 main ineith'er of: said: end pockets and to discon tinue operation of said double actingcard picking means and initiate operation of said single acting card picking means as soon as all cards have been removed from said end pockets, and adjustable means connected to the means connected to said single acting card picking means and responsive to operation of the latter to discontinue operation of said single acting card picking: means when a predetermined number of cards has been moved thereby from said center compartment into each of said pockets, said double acting card picking means comprising a bar disposed above and substantially parallel to said structure and having longitudinally extendingslots therein disposed one at each side of the midlength location thereof, slides mounted on said bar and slidable one along each of said slots, each of. said slots having a downwardly turned portion at its end adjacent the corresponding end of said bar and each of said slides depending below said bar and having a pin extending through the corresponding slot, suction cups mounted one on each slide at the lower end of the latter, card releasing pins slidably mounted one on each slide and extending through the associated suction cup, and cams mounted on said bar and engaging said card releasing pins at predetermined positions of said slide along said bar, and said single acting card picking means comprising a bar secured at one end to the bar of said double acting card picking. means and extending perpendicularly from the latter at the mid-length location thereof, the bar of said single acting means having a slot extending longitudinally thereof and provided with a downwardly turned end portion ad jacent the bar of said double acting means, a slide mounted on the bar of said single acting means for reciprocation along the corresponding slot and depending below' such bar, a suction cup mounted on the lower end of the last mentioned slide, and a card releasing pin slidably mounted on said last mentioned slide and extending through the last mentioned suction cup, and a cam carried by the bar'of said single actingmeans at theouter'end of said'barfor'engaging said card releasing pin and moving the latter to release a card from the associated suction cup.

CLIFFORD P. SIVERTSON'.

REFERENCES CI-TED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Germany Oct. 8; 1931

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3147978 *Jan 14, 1958Sep 8, 1964Emanuel Sjostrand HjalmarPlaying card dealing devices
US4148473 *Mar 30, 1977Apr 10, 1979Johnson Harold KApparatus for handling stacks of flat articles such as bag-forming tubes and for separating and delivering the same individually
US5275411 *Jan 14, 1993Jan 4, 1994Shuffle Master, Inc.For facilitating playing a card game
US6568678Nov 16, 2001May 27, 2003Shuffle Master, Inc.Method and apparatus for automatically cutting and shuffling playing cards
US7584962Oct 7, 2004Sep 8, 2009Shuffle Master, Inc.Card shuffler with jam recovery and display
US7946586Nov 4, 2008May 24, 2011Shuffle Master Gmbh & Co KgSwivel mounted card handling device
US7976023Mar 23, 2005Jul 12, 2011Shuffle Master, Inc.Image capturing card shuffler
US8590896Aug 8, 2011Nov 26, 2013Shuffle Master Gmbh & Co KgCard-handling devices and systems
US8628086Mar 5, 2012Jan 14, 2014Shfl Entertainment, Inc.Shuffling devices including one or more sensors for detecting operational parameters and related methods
US8720891Jul 7, 2005May 13, 2014Shfl Entertainment, Inc.Image capturing card shuffler
DE2440459A1 *Aug 23, 1974Mar 6, 1975Francoise PicAutomatischer spender, insbesondere fuer spielkarten oder dergleichen
Classifications
U.S. Classification273/149.00R, 271/14
International ClassificationA63F1/12, A63F1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63F1/12
European ClassificationA63F1/12