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Publication numberUS2589101 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 11, 1952
Filing dateMar 23, 1948
Priority dateMar 23, 1948
Publication numberUS 2589101 A, US 2589101A, US-A-2589101, US2589101 A, US2589101A
InventorsKatzenmeyer Edwin B, Leguillon Charles W
Original AssigneeGoodrich Co B F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lift truck fork tube
US 2589101 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 11, 1952 c. w. LEGUILLON ETAL 2,

LIFT TRUCK FORK TUBE Filed March 23, 1948 IIIIIIII I Illllllm Ill/f U &7 A f T u Patented Mar. 11, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,589,101 LIFT TRUoK FORK TUBE v Charles W. L'eguillon, Akron, and Edwin B. ,Katzenmeyer, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, assignors to The 'B. "F. Goodrich Company, New York, 'N. Y., a corporation of New York Application March 23, 1948, Serial No. 1'6,566

11 Claims. 1

This invention relates to lift-truck forks and more particularly to a distender for releasably exerting gripping pressure on articles to be conveyed between the tines of the forks.

Objects of the invention are to provide an improved article-conveyor distender, to provide for a substantial effective pressure face of the distender, to provide a surface with .a contour-conformable or compliant to the surface contour of the retaining body, to provide for extensive range of movement of the pressure face, to provide a distender in the form of a tube adapted to be mounted on the side of a fork tine, to provide for facilitating return movement of the pressure face upon deflation of the distender, to'provide for distension of the distender with a minimum of stretching of the wall, and to provide for simplicity of assembly and effectiveness in operation. These and other objects will be apparent from the following description, reference'being had to the accompanying drawing in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a forked supporting structure having retaining distenders constructed in accordance with and embodying the invention, parts being broken away.

Fig. 2 is a section taken along line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a section taken along line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a section taken along line 44 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a section taken along line 5-5 of Fi 2.

Fig. 6 is a section taken along line .6-6 of Fig.2.

Fig. 7 is a section like Fig. 5 of a modified distender construction, parts being broken-away.

Fig. 8 is a front elevation of a forked supporting structure with the distenderin th inflated condition showing supported articles in dot and dash lines, parts being broken away.

The invention makes possible a distensible tube having a substantially fiat pressure face wheninfiated for effectively gripping a body such as a box, brick or the like or a group of the same by exerting substantially the same unit pressure over the entire pressure face of the tube. This is desirable in that it provides improved gripping and lessens the distending pressure required. While a flat pressure face in the distended condition is desirable for gripping fiat faced articles the pressure face may be shaped as desired to suit the articles being gripped. Uniform distribution of pressure over the pressure face is especially advantageous in handling fragile articles such as ment of the pressure face while nevertheless providing a pressure face area that remains sub-, stantially constant throughout the range of movement and resists outward bowing which g would reduce the desired unit pressure distribution.

The article-conveyor distender of this invention is useful especially in connection with a forked commodity handling and supporting structure In as shown in Fig. 1. In this structure I0 parallel tines I I, II of the fork are disposed at spaced-apart positions for embracing articles I2, I2 therebetween. The opposing faces of the tines II, II have upper and lower flanges I3 and I4 for supporting distenders I5, I5. Cover plates I6 and I! for retaining the distenders I5, I5 are mounted on the flanges l3 and I 4 at the ends of the tines II, II. The cover plates I1, I! at the free ends of the tines II, II are mounted on the tines by bolts I8, I 8 and nuts I9, 19.

Each distender I5, in accordance with the invention, may be of resilient rubber or other rubber-like material and is tubular and may be rectangular in cross-section as shown in Fig. 5 and have a reinforcing strip 2I embedded in a rib 22 of the distender base wall. The reinforcing strip 2| may be molded in the distender I5 or inserted in a cavity therein and projects from the,end of the distender. The strip 21 has an aperture 'in the projection for receiving the bolt IB which fastens the cover plate I1 to the tine I I. Each distender I5 has an opening 23 at one end which is adapted to receive a nipple 24 of a conduit 25 which is connected to a manifold 26 which supplies fluid to all the distenders I5, I5 from a fluid pressure source which may be connected to the'm'anifold by a flexible conduit 21.

A wall 28 opposite the base wall of each distender 5| is constructed to move outwardly upon an increase of fluid :pressure within the distender and to return to its original position upon a decrease in the fluid pressure. The outer margin of the wall 28 of the distender I5 is disposed in a devious configuration in section such as in corrugations 29, 29 which may be disposed substantially parallel to the edges of the wall. The pressure face 3| of the distensible wall 28 which is engageable with the article to be retained may be relatively thicker than the margin and may be bowed with the thickened central portion decreasing in thickness toward the margin providing an outer concave and an inner convex surface as shown in Fig. 5. In addition the engaging surfaces of the pressure face 3| may have parallel lands 32, 32 with intervening grooves extending longitudinally of the tube to assist the gripping action of the pressure face.

In operation, when the fluid pressure, which may be pneumatic or hydraulic, is increased in the distender 15 the resulting forces tend to urge the distensible wall 28 outwardly from the tine II. The resistance to movement of the wall 28 is relatively small because the major resistance to be overcome is the bending of the corrugations which are straightened during distension of the wall 28. The resistance to bending of the margin of the wall 28 is not large because the wall is relatively thin and is of a resilient flexible rubberlike material. This construction enables the pressure face 3| to maintain a substantially flat surface without undesirable outward bowing and in so doing provides a highly uniform distribution of pressure over the contact area. The tendency for outward bowing which is present in all inflatable articles but which is slight in the construction herein described, may be compensated for by the concave-convex cross-section of the pressure face 3|.

Referring to Fig. 7 a modified form of the distender I is shown in which a reinforcing element such as fabric 33 is added to provide greater strength to the distender when this is desired. As shown, this fabric 33 may be embedded in the wall 28 of the distender and united with the rubber by vulcanization, and may extend through the distensible wall 28 and into the sidewall and if desired entirely around'the distender.

Variations may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as it is defined in the following claims.

We claim:

1. An article-conveyor distender for gripping the article in the conveying thereof, said distender comprising a chamber having a flexible article-gripping wall comprising an extensive flexible pressure face for exerting pressure compliantly against the article, said wall having a movable marginal portion of flexible material of devious shape in cross-section extending in the direction from the edge of said face towards the outer margins of said wall in the undistended condition of said distender and of a relatively straightened shape in cross-section in the distended condition of said distender to accommodate extensive movement of said face and flexure thereof without substantial outward bowing of said face finder fluid pressure distension of said wall.

2. An article-conveyor distender for gripping the article in the conveying thereof, said distender comprising a chamber having a flexible article-gripping wall of resilient rubber-like material comprising an extensive flexible pressure face portion for exerting pressure compliantly against the article and said wall having a movable marginal portion of devious shape in crosssection extending in the direction from the edge of said face towards the outer margins of said wall in the undistended condition of said distender and of a relatively straightened shape in cross-section the distended condition of said distender and of relatively less thickness than said pressure face portion to accommodate extensive outward movement of said face and flexure thereof without substantial outward bowing of said face under fluid-pressure distension of said wall.

3. An article-conveyor distender for gripping the article in the conveying thereof, said distender comprising a chamber having a flexible article-gripping wall of resilient rubber-like material comprising an extensive flexible pressure face portion for exerting pressure compliantly against the article, said pressure face portion being bowed inwardly of said chamber in the undistended condition and having greater thickness centrally of its margin than at its margin, providing for outward movement of said pressure face and flexure thereof without substantial outward bowing of said face under fluid pressure distension of said Wall.

4. An article-conveyor distender for ripping the article in the conveying thereof, said distender comprising a tube of resilient rubber-like material, said tube having a base including a reinforcing member therein and a flexible articlegripping wall opposite said base comprising an extensive flexible pressure face for exerting pressure compliantly against the article and said wall having a movable marginal portion of devious shape in cross-section extending in the direction from the edge of said face towards the outer margins of said wall in the undistended condition of said tube and of a relatively straightened shape in cross-section in the distended condition of said tube to accommodate extensive outward movement of said face and flexure thereof without substantial outward bowing of said face under fluid pressure distension of said tube.

5. A lift-truck fork'distender for gripping an article interposed between the tines of the fork comprising a tube disposed along the side of a tine, said tube having a flexible article-gripping wall including an extensive flexible pressure face for exerting pressure compliantly against the article and said wall having a movable marginal portion of devious shape in cross-section extending in the direction from the edge of said face towards the outer margins of said wall in the undistended condition of said tube and of a relatively straightened shape in cross-section in the distended condition of said tube to accommodate extensive movement of said pressure face toward the opposing tine and flexure of said pressure face without substantial bowing of said face under fluid-pressure distension of said tube.

6. A lift-truck fork distender for gripping an article interposed between the tines Of the fork comprising a tube disposed along the side of a tine, said tube having a flexible article-gripping wall including an extensive flexible pressure face for exerting pressure compliantly against the article and said wall having in section a thickened portion centrally in said face thereof decreasing in thickness toward the margin thereof and continuing in a movable marginal portion of devious shape in cross-section extending in the direction from the edge of said face towards the outer margins of said wall in the undistended condition of said distender and of a relatively straightened shape in cross-section in the distended condition of said distender to accommodate extensive movement of said pressure face toward the opposing tine and flexure of said pressure face without substantial bowing of said face under fluid-pressure distension of said tube.

7. A lift-truck fork distender for gripping an article interposed between the tines of the fork comprising an elongated tube disposed along the side of a tine, said tube having a wall including an extensive pressure face for exerting pressure against the article and said pressure face having grooves and lands disposed longitudinally of said tube, said wall having a marginal portion of flexible material of devious shape in cross-section to accommodate extensive movement of said pressure face toward opposing tines without substantial outward bowing of said face under fluid-pressure distension of said tube.

8. A lift-truck fork distender for gripping an article interposed between the tines of the fork comprising an elongated tube of resilient rubberlike material, said tube being mounted on a tine and having a wall including an extensive pressure face for exerting pressure against the article to urge the article toward the opposing tine, said pressure face having alternate longitudinal lands and grooves thereon, said wall being thicker in cross-section at the central portion in said face than at the marginal portion, said central portion being bowed inwardly and said marginal portion having a devious shape in cross-section to accommodate extensive movement toward the opposing tine without substantial outward bowing of said face under fluid pressure distension of said tube.

9. An article-conveyor distender for gripping the article in the conveying thereof, said distender comprising a chamber having a flexible article-gripping wall of resilient rubber-like material comprising an extensive flexible pressure face for exerting pressure compliantly against the article, and said wall having a movable marginal portion of devious shape in cross-section extending in the direction from the edge of said face towards the outer margins of said Wall in the undistended condition of said distender and of a relatively straightened shape in cross-section in the distended condition of said distender to accommodate extensive outward movement of said face .and flexure thereof without substantial outward bowing of said face under fluid-pressure distension of said wall.

10. An article-conveyor distender for gripping the article in the conveying thereof, said distender comprising a chamber having a flexible article-gripping wall of resilient rubber-like material and a reinforcing fabric element embedded therein, said wall comprising an extensive flexible pressure face for exerting pressure compliantly against the article, and said wall having a movable marginal portion of devious shape in crosssection extending in the direction from the edge of said face towards the outer margins of said wall in the undistended condition of said distender and of a relatively straightened shape in cross-section in the distended condition of said distender to accommodate extensive outward movement of said face and fiexure thereof without substantial outward bowing of said face under fluid-pressure distension of said wall.

11. An article-conveyor distender for gripping the article in the conveying thereof, said distender comprising a chamber having a flexible article-gripping wall including an extensive pressure face for exerting pressure against the article, said pressure face having grooves and lands for gripping the article, and said wall having a movable marginal portion of flexible material of devious shape in cross-section extending in the direction from the edge of said face towards the outer margins of said wall in the undistended condition of said distender and of a relatively straightened shape in cross-section in the distended condition of said distender to accommodate extensive outward movement of said face without substantial outward bowing of said face under fluid-pressure distension of said tube.

CHARLES W. LEGUILLON. EDWIN B. KATZENMEYER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,819,947 De Lavaud Aug. 18, 1931 2,127,730 Gunderson Aug. 23, 1938 2,182,262 Pierce et al. Dec. 5, 1939 2,208,282 Shelor July 16, 1940 2,211,499 Fontaine Aug. 13, 1940 2,213,629 Fontaine Sept. 3, 1940 2,247,168 Fontaine June 24, 1941 2,323,810 Fontaine July 6, 1943 2,431,937 Hunter Dec. 2, 1947 2,468,999 Pettler May 3, 1949 2,503,698 Williams Apr. 11, 1950

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2701085 *Oct 26, 1950Feb 1, 1955Davis Caser CompanyCase filling machine
US2708046 *Nov 25, 1952May 10, 1955Walton W CushmanIndustrial lift-truck
US2768018 *Jul 7, 1952Oct 23, 1956Hyster CoHydraulic load arm
US2784997 *Apr 5, 1955Mar 12, 1957Baxter Laboratories IncInflatable gripping mechanism
US2983397 *Sep 29, 1958May 9, 1961Hirschboeck Stephen LGripping mechanism for a lifting fork
US3015142 *Nov 14, 1958Jan 2, 1962Richard A RosanoffFriction gripping device
US3030138 *Apr 8, 1959Apr 17, 1962Gordon H BennettLifting, loading or stacking equipment
US3073260 *May 7, 1958Jan 15, 1963Evans Prod CoFreight supporting members
US3881762 *Jan 10, 1974May 6, 1975Ball Brothers Service CorpGripper
US3981528 *May 19, 1975Sep 21, 1976Firma Carl FreudenbergRobot finger
US4209280 *Dec 18, 1978Jun 24, 1980Cascade CorporationLift truck load clamp having nonresilient contact pad surfaces textured for directionally variable resistance to slippage
US4410210 *Oct 15, 1981Oct 18, 1983Compagnie Francais Des PetrolesRetaining grippers
US4690630 *Apr 24, 1986Sep 1, 1987CeraverDevice for stripping from a mold a composite electrical insulator
US5364146 *Aug 4, 1992Nov 15, 1994United Parcel Service Of America, Inc.Robotic gripper for handling objects of various sizes
US8632110 *Nov 28, 2012Jan 21, 2014Multivac Sepp Haggenmueller Gmbh & Co. KgGripping device
US20130134726 *Nov 28, 2012May 30, 2013Multivac Sepp Haggenmuller Gmbh & Co. KgGripping device
DE1019245B *Mar 14, 1955Nov 7, 1957Enzinger Union Werke AgVorrichtung zum Entnehmen von Flaschen aus Flaschenkaesten
DE1139621B *Jul 5, 1958Nov 15, 1962Peter MoskopfVorrichtung zum Greifen horizontal oder etwa horizontal liegenden Greifgutes, insbesondere einer Schicht gestapelter Betonformsteine
DE1139960B *Jul 5, 1958Nov 22, 1962Peter MoskopfVorrichtung zum Greifen horizontal oder etwa horizontal liegenden Greifgutes, insbesondere einer Schicht gestapelter Betonformsteine
DE1211101B *Dec 19, 1962Feb 17, 1966Enzinger Union Werke AgPneumatisch betaetigter Flaschengreifer
DE2107318A1 *Feb 16, 1971Aug 24, 1972 Title not available
DE3413633A1 *Apr 11, 1984Oct 24, 1985Dorstener Maschf AgApparatus for gripping newly moulded blocks supplied during the manufacture of blocks, especially sand-lime blocks
Classifications
U.S. Classification414/619, 294/63.2, 294/119.3, 414/623, 254/31
International ClassificationB66F9/18
Cooperative ClassificationB66F9/188
European ClassificationB66F9/18L